Project

POST-TERY (PPJIA2020.12): Sistemas productivos cerámicos post-medievales del sureste peninsular ibérico: Arqueología y Arqueometría [POST-TERY: Post-medieval pottery production systems in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula: Archaeology and Archaeometry]

Goal: Post-tery estudia la sociedad post-medieval del sureste peninsular ibérico analizando los sistemas productivos cerámicos a través de la Arqueología y la Arqueometría. Se centra en los talleres granadinos y sus producciones entre los siglos XV y XVII con su caracterización arqueológica y arqueométrica, proponiendo un protocolo de análisis de cerámica post-medieval que complemente técnicas destructivas y no-destructivas. Se nos plantean 2 interrogantes: ¿existe una continuidad en la cerámica que se hace en Granada desde finales de época nazarí hasta el siglo XVII? O, por el contrario, ¿nos enfrentamos a un proceso de sustitución y ruptura?

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Miguel Busto-Zapico
added a research item
Ríos Jiménez, J. M., & Busto Zapico, M. (2022). The Royal Workshops of the Alhambra. The modern kilns. En A. García Porras, C. N. Duckworth, & D. J. Govantes-Edwards (Eds.), The Royal Workshops of the Alhambra. Industrial Activity in Early Modern Granada (27-47). Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer. https://boydellandbrewer.com/9781783276813/the-royal-workshops-of-the-alhambra/ The current state of preservation of the pyrotechnological structures in the Secano of the Alhambra is not always as clear as could be wished, owing to the aggressive and indiscriminate reconstructions to which they were subjected in the 1960s and 1970s. A better understanding of the structural features of these industrial facilities is essential for the overall understanding of the Nasrid and post-medieval industrial complexes and their integration in the madīna’s urban structure. In order to compile first-hand data about the existing remains, a two-stage programme was implemented (both in trenches 1 and 2 and in the remaining pyrotechnological structures scattered throughout the site). First, the extant structures were examined in detail, paying close attention to such characteristics as construction materials (brick, mortar) and construction techniques to ascertain the actual extent of medieval and post-medieval remains, and record them accordingly. These structures were examined stratigraphically in order to determine phases, reconstructions, and repairs, which can also be indicative of the industrial activities developed within them. Second, the furnaces and kilns were recorded photographically, prior to the production of photogrammetric 3D models, to allow for the remote examination of these structural eatures in great detail. Moreover, the 3D modelling was not limited to they rotechnological structures alone, but extended to the whole trenches, as an extra piece of information with which to examine the complex stratigraphy of both trenches.
Miguel Busto-Zapico
added 6 research items
Busto Zapico, M. (2021). A Mandatory Stop: The Trade of Imported Pottery in Asturias (NW Iberian Peninsula) during the Early Modern Period. En M. E. Naum, J. Linaa, & S. Escribano-Ruiz (Eds.), Material Exchanges in Medieval and Early Modern Europe: Archaeological Perspectives (Vol. 9, 113-142). Turnhout: Brepols. This research presents the analysis of 3066 sherds, which were found in thirty-four archaeological excavations carried out across six regions of Asturias (NW of the Iberian Peninsula, Spain). The fragments come from twenty-one different pottery production sites and date between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries. The archaeological study of this ceramic material has offered new insights into the pottery trade in Asturias during the early modern period. The results of this study help us to reconstruct the historical processes that shaped the society of Asturias in that period.
Busto Zapico, M. (2020). Standardisation and units of measurement used in pottery production: the case of the post-medieval botijuela or Spanish olive jar made in Seville. Post-medieval Archaeology, 54(1), 42-59. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/00794236.2020.1750145 The aim of this paper is to determine the degree of standardization of pottery production and the units of measure that regulated their production. The group chosen to test this methodology is known as the Spanish olive jar. It is a series of productions manufactured in the south of the Iberian Peninsula throughout the Early Modern Period. The methodology begins with the morphometric characterisation of each vessel around a series of quantitative variables. Then, the Test for Normality is performed, and the Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient is calculated. Subsequently, a Cluster Analysis identifies different groups of Spanish olive jars. The Principal Component Analysis provides additional information that allows for a deeper understanding of the groups obtained. As a final step, calculating the Coefficient of Variation allows us to know the degree of standardization of each variable. Finally, once all these data are known, the possible units of measure that governed the production system of the Spanish olive jar can be recognized. [El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar el grado de estandarización de una producción cerámica y las unidades de medida que regulan su producción. El grupo elegido para probar esta metodología se conoce como Spanish olive jar o botijuela, fabricada en el sur de la Península Ibérica a lo largo del período moderno temprano. La metodología hace una caracterización morfométrica de cada vasija usando varias variables cuantitativas. Después se realiza la ‘prueba de normalidad’, y se calcula el coeficiente de ‘correlación producto momento’; a éste sigue un análisis de grupos de las diversas botijuelas. El análisis de componentes principales identifica además diversos grupos de botijuelas, mientras el análisis de componentes principales ayuda a entender mejor dichos grupos. También se calcula el coeficiente de variación para identificar el grado de estandarización de cada variable. Finalmente, con todos estos datos se pueden identificar las posibles unidades de medida que regían el sistema de producción de estas botijuelas.]
The major social and political shifts undergone by the south eastern Iberian Peninsula, and specifically Granada, Spain, between the fourteenth and seventeenth centuries brought about clear changes in the ceramic repertoire. This work analyzes these changes through the comparative analysis of three archaeological sites: the Castle of Moclín, the Palace of the Abencerrajes, and the Fortress of Lanjarón. These sites present a clear transitional sequence spanning Nasrid repertoires and Early Modern Castilian productions, including instances of both continuity and rupture. The article advances a new statistical methodology to analyze the degree of standardization of these productions, the coefficient of variation.
Miguel Busto-Zapico
added a research item
Busto Zapico, M. (2021). Consumo de cerámicas sevillanas en Asturias durante la Edad Moderna. Investigaciones Históricas, época moderna y contemporánea, 41, 309-346. doi:https://doi.org/10.24197/ihemc.41.2021.309-346 Resumen: Esta investigación estudia 919 piezas cerámicas sevillanas procedentes de 36 excavaciones arqueológicas realizadas en Asturias (España). La metodología empleada ha clasificado la cerámica en diferentes producciones, grupos funcionales, series y tipologías, tomando como base la literatura precedente. Se ha creado una base de datos y un sistema de información geográfica que recoge variables de cada una de las piezas. Estos datos nos han permitido ofrecer, por primera vez, una estimación del consumo de cerámica sevillana en el norte de la península ibérica durante la Edad Moderna. Se trata de un proceso dinámico sometido a vicisitudes políticas y económicas. Abstract: This research is based on the study of 919 Sevillian potteries from 36 archaeological excavations carried out in Asturias (Spain). The methodology used has classified ceramics of Seville according to their different products, function groups, series, and typologies, according to the preceding literature. This project created a database and geographic information system that includes variables for each pottery piece. These data have allowed us to offer, for the first time, an estimate of the trade and evolution of the consumption of these ceramics in the north of the Iberian peninsula during the Early Modern Period. It is a dynamic trade and consumption subject to the political and economic vicissitudes of the moment.
Miguel Busto-Zapico
added a research item
Busto Zapico, M. (2020). Comercio y consumo cerámico en el Cantábrico asturiano durante la Edad Moderna. NAILOS Estudios Interdisciplinares de Arqueología, 7, 59-91. La región de Asturias, localizada en el noroeste de la costa cantábrica de la Península ibérica, formó parte de una red de intercambios transnacionales durante la Edad Moderna. Las excavaciones arqueológicas desarrolladas en Asturias durante los últimos años han sacado a la luz una gran cantidad de cerámica arqueológica. Esta investigación presenta el estudio de 3066 fragmentos cerámicos, procedentes de treinta y cuatro excavaciones arqueológicas. Las cerámicas provienen de veintiún centros de producción diferentes y están datadas entre los siglos XVI y XVIII. Esto nos muestra cómo Asturias estaba abierta al mundo a través de sus puertos cantábricos en la Edad Moderna. Estas relaciones permiten a los asturianos consumir, junto a sus cerámicas locales, porcelanas, lozas, mayólicas o greses. The region of Asturias, located in the northwest of the Cantabrian coast of the Iberian Peninsula, was part of a network of transnational exchanges during the Early Modern Period. The archaeological excavations of the last years that have taken place in Asturias have brought light to a great amount of archaeological pottery. This research presents the analysis of 3,066 pottery fragments, which were found in thirty-four archaeological excavations. The fragments come from twentyone different pottery production sites and date between the 16th and 18th century. It clearly shows us how Asturias was open to the world through its Cantabrian ports in the Early Modern Period. These relations let Asturians to consume, together with their local productions, porcelain, lusterware, delftware or stoneware.
Alberto García Porras
added 2 research items
Busto Zapico, M., García Porras, A., Lentisco Navarro, J. D., & Linares Losa, M. J. (2017). Trasformazioni sociali e produzioni ceramiche nel Regno di Granada tra l’epoca islamica e quella cristiana (Secc. XIII-XVII). En AAVV (Ed.), Atti 48° Convegno internazionale della ceramica 2015: Confronto dai castelli e dagli insediamenti: contesti rurali e urbani a confronto (X-XI secolo) (pp. 5-23). Albisola: Centro ligure per la storia della ceramica. Le grandi trasformazioni sociali che hanno avuto luogo nel sud-est della Penisola Iberica, e in particolare a Granada (Spagna) tra i secoli XIII-XIV fino al XVII, ebbero una chiara manifestazione nei raperti ceramici che circolavano negli ambienti privilegiati occupati dall'oligarchia nazarí e, in seguito, quella castigliana. In questo contributo proponiamo un’analisi di questi cambiamenti a partire dallo studio comparativo di due contesti archeologici. Da una parte il Castello di Moclín, fortificazione nazarí di confine che dopo la conquista castigliana diventa un castello tardo-feudale. D'altra parte il Palazzo dei Abencerrajes, nel’Alhambra, che dopo la conquista si trasformò in una casa ad uso privato. Ci troviamo di fronte a due siti di fondazione nazarí e con una forte rioccupazione castigliana. Essi ci offrono una chiara sequenza di transizione tra la ceramica nazarí e quella propriamente castigliana, potendosi osservare sia elementi di rottura che di continuità.
En el presente trabajo trazaremos una visión panorámica de la evolución de la producción cerámica medieval en el sureste de la Península Ibérica prestando atención a los hitos evolutivos identificados que conllevaron la introducción de nuevas tecnologías así como los factores que podrían explicarlos.
Miguel Busto-Zapico
added a project goal
Post-tery estudia la sociedad post-medieval del sureste peninsular ibérico analizando los sistemas productivos cerámicos a través de la Arqueología y la Arqueometría. Se centra en los talleres granadinos y sus producciones entre los siglos XV y XVII con su caracterización arqueológica y arqueométrica, proponiendo un protocolo de análisis de cerámica post-medieval que complemente técnicas destructivas y no-destructivas. Se nos plantean 2 interrogantes: ¿existe una continuidad en la cerámica que se hace en Granada desde finales de época nazarí hasta el siglo XVII? O, por el contrario, ¿nos enfrentamos a un proceso de sustitución y ruptura?