Project

PAPAartis - Paraplegia Prevention in Aortic Aneurysm Repair by Thoracoabdominal Staging With 'Minimally-Invasive Segmental Artery Coil-Embolization': A Randomized Controlled Multicentre Trial - PAPA-ARTiS

Goal: PI: Prof. Christian D. Etz

PAPAartis is a research project jointly funded by the EU H2020 programme and the German Research Foundation (DFG) to carry out a clinical trial of a new therapeutic strategy for aortic aneurysms.

Chronic aortic aneurysms are permanent and localized dilations of the aorta that remain asymptomatic for long periods of time, but continue to increase in diameter before they eventually rupture. Left untreated, the patients' prognosis is dismal, since the internal bleeding of the rupture brings about sudden death. Although successful treatment cures the disease, the risky procedures compromise spinal cord blood supply acutely and permanently, frequently leading to paraplegia, particularly for aneurysms involving crucial segmental arteries, i.e. thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms of Crawford type II & III. Although various strategies have achieved a remarkable decrease in the incidence of paraplegia, it is still no less than 10-20%.
However, it has recently been found that the deliberate staged occlusion of the segmental arteries to the paraspinous collateral network finally supplying the spinal cord can trigger arterial collateralization, thus stabilizing blood supply from alternate inflow sources and preventing ischaemia.
This has been translated to a clinically available therapeutic option, 'minimally invasive staged segmental artery coil embolization' (MISACE), which proceeds in a 'staged' manner to occlude groups of arteries under highly controlled conditions, after which time must be allowed for arteriogenesis to build a robust collateral blood supply.
PAPA-ARTiS is a multi-national, prospective, open-label, two-arm, randomized controlled trial to demonstrate, that a minimally invasive staged treatment approach can reduce paraplegia and mortality in patients undergoing thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair.
Patients with planned aneurysm repair will be included in the study and will be randomized 1:1 in the control group or the MISACE-group. The control group receives treatment as per standard institutional protocol - open or endovascular repair without MISACE. In the MISACE-group, segmental arteries will be occluded in one to three sessions some weeks before the definite repair. Segmental arteries are occluded with coils or plugs.This induces arteriogenesis and the building of a robust collateral network ultimately supplying the spinal cord. During aneurysm repair, these new arteries provide an alternate blood supply to the spinal cord and thereby help prevent paraplegia.

Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 500 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

NCT03434314

Date: 1 January 2017 - 31 December 2021

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Project log

David Petroff
added a research item
Introduction Spinal cord injury (SCI) including permanent paraplegia constitutes a common complication after repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. The staged-repair concept promises to provide protection by inducing arteriogenesis so that the collateral network can provide a robust blood supply to the spinal cord after intervention. Minimally invasive staged segmental artery coil embolisation (MIS ² ACE) has been proved recently to be a feasible enhanced approach to staged repair. Methods and analysis This randomised controlled trial uses a multicentre, multinational, parallel group design, where 500 patients will be randomised in a 1:1 ratio to standard aneurysm repair or to MIS ² ACE in 1–3 sessions followed by repair. Before randomisation, physicians document whether open or endovascular repair is planned. The primary endpoint is successful aneurysm repair without substantial SCI 30 days after aneurysm repair. Secondary endpoints include any form of SCI, mortality (up to 1 year), length of stay in the intensive care unit, costs and quality-adjusted life years. A generalised linear mixed model will be used with the logit link function and randomisation arm, mode of repair (open or endovascular repair), the Crawford type and the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (euroSCORE) II as fixed effects and the centre as a random effect. Safety endpoints include kidney failure, respiratory failure and embolic events (also from debris). A qualitative study will explore patient perceptions. Ethics and dissemination This trial has been approved by the lead Ethics Committee from the University of Leipzig (435/17-ek) and will be reviewed by each of the Ethics Committees at the trial sites. A dedicated project is coordinating communication and dissemination of the trial. Trial registration number NCT03434314.
Christian Etz
added a project goal
PI: Prof. Christian D. Etz
PAPAartis is a research project jointly funded by the EU H2020 programme and the German Research Foundation (DFG) to carry out a clinical trial of a new therapeutic strategy for aortic aneurysms.
Chronic aortic aneurysms are permanent and localized dilations of the aorta that remain asymptomatic for long periods of time, but continue to increase in diameter before they eventually rupture. Left untreated, the patients' prognosis is dismal, since the internal bleeding of the rupture brings about sudden death. Although successful treatment cures the disease, the risky procedures compromise spinal cord blood supply acutely and permanently, frequently leading to paraplegia, particularly for aneurysms involving crucial segmental arteries, i.e. thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms of Crawford type II & III. Although various strategies have achieved a remarkable decrease in the incidence of paraplegia, it is still no less than 10-20%.
However, it has recently been found that the deliberate staged occlusion of the segmental arteries to the paraspinous collateral network finally supplying the spinal cord can trigger arterial collateralization, thus stabilizing blood supply from alternate inflow sources and preventing ischaemia.
This has been translated to a clinically available therapeutic option, 'minimally invasive staged segmental artery coil embolization' (MISACE), which proceeds in a 'staged' manner to occlude groups of arteries under highly controlled conditions, after which time must be allowed for arteriogenesis to build a robust collateral blood supply.
PAPA-ARTiS is a multi-national, prospective, open-label, two-arm, randomized controlled trial to demonstrate, that a minimally invasive staged treatment approach can reduce paraplegia and mortality in patients undergoing thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair.
Patients with planned aneurysm repair will be included in the study and will be randomized 1:1 in the control group or the MISACE-group. The control group receives treatment as per standard institutional protocol - open or endovascular repair without MISACE. In the MISACE-group, segmental arteries will be occluded in one to three sessions some weeks before the definite repair. Segmental arteries are occluded with coils or plugs.This induces arteriogenesis and the building of a robust collateral network ultimately supplying the spinal cord. During aneurysm repair, these new arteries provide an alternate blood supply to the spinal cord and thereby help prevent paraplegia.
Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 500 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
NCT03434314