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Organizational Sustainability

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Sreeramana Aithal
added a research item
The organizational fate depends on a committed effective decision maker who can predict the future business situations based on various affecting parameters on the organizational business. Such right decisions at right time to be taken by a decision maker can transform himself as an acceptable leader. Such decisions can also decide the fate of the organization along with the livelihood of its employees. A winning leader is an asset of an organization and the employees are directly and indirectly get the benefits of such leader. If the leader fails in predicting the future of a profit oriented organization or not for profit organizations, the employees are directly going to be the victims of such wrong decisions. In this paper, with case studies and prediction model support we have developed a theory on Acceptable Leadership called AB Theory of Leadership which depends on the attributes of Attitude, Behaviour, Choice, Decision of leader while analysing and making decisions on a problem solving by considering organizational perspective.
Sreeramana Aithal
added a research item
The organizational fate depends on a committed effective decision maker who can predict the future business situations based on various affecting parameters on the organizational business. The right decisions taken at right time can elevate an organization as winning organization and the decision maker can transform himself as an acceptable leader. Such decisions can also decide the fate of the organization along with the livelihood of its employees. A winning leader is an asset of an organization and the employees are directly and indirectly get the benefits of such leader. If the leader fails in predicting the future of a profit oriented organization or not for profit organizations, the employees are directly going to be the victims of such wrong decisions. Leaders should able to make correct judgement while taking decisions based on effective predictions by using predictive analysis framework. The attitude of the leader plays an important role while making decisions on solving organizational/individual problems. In Simon's model of decision making, the attitude of the leader decides his ability of identifying a problem, finding alternative solutions, analysing these alternatives to find optimum alternative, and finally to implement the best alternative to practically solve the problem. Attitude is the mental status of a human being which represents the emotions based on his/her feelings at a given time and controls his/her instantaneous behaviour. In this paper, we have developed a theory on winning leaders actions based on their behaviour in organizations. It is argued that the behaviour of a leader depends on his/her attitude which may be positive or negative depends on the four factors identified as feelings, emotions, belief, and environment. Thus a supportive, effective, good environment creates positive attitude and hence winning leaders. The bad environment supports negative attitude due to wrong belief, negative emotions, and frustratiive feelings which are again depends on the present and past environment of the decision maker.
Sreeramana Aithal
added a research item
The organizational fate depends on a committed effective decision maker who can predict the future business situations based on various affecting parameters on the organizational business. The right decisions taken at right time can elevate an organization as a winning organization and the decision maker can transform himself as an acceptable leader. Such decisions can also decide the fate of the organization along with the livelihood of its employees. A winning leader is an asset of an organization and the employees are directly and indirectly get the benefits of such a leader. If the leader fails in predicting the future of a profit oriented organization or not for profit organizations, the employees are directly going to be the victims of such wrong decisions. Leaders should able to make a correct judgment while taking decisions based on effective predictions by using predictive analysis framework. The attitude of the leader plays an important role while making decisions on solving organizational/individual problems. In Simon’s model of decision making, the attitude of the leader decides his ability to identify a problem, finding alternative solutions, analysing these alternatives to find optimum alternative, and finally to implement the best alternative to practically solve the problem. Attitude is the mental status of a human being which represents the emotions based on his/her feelings at a given time and controls his/her instantaneous behaviour. In this paper, we have developed a theory of winning leaders actions based on their behaviour in organizations. It is argued that the behaviour of a leader depends on his/her attitude which may be positive or negative depends on the four factors identified as feelings, emotions, belief, and environment. Thus a supportive, effective, good environment creates a positive attitude and hence winning leaders. The bad environment supports a negative attitude due to wrong belief, negative emotions, and frustrative feelings which again depend on the present and past environment of the decision maker. The various components which are affecting leaders’ environmental factor and their important characteristic elements are identified.
Sreeramana Aithal
added a research item
Theory X, Theory Y and Theory Z in organizational behaviour (OB) are related to human motivation and management. Theory X and Y coined by Douglas McGregor in the late 1960s, says that the average human being is lazy and self-centred, lacks ambition, dislikes change, and longs to be told what to do. The corresponding managerial approach emphasizes total control. Theory Y maintains that human beings are active rather than passive shapers of themselves and of their environment. They long to grow and assume responsibility. Theory Z of William Ouchi focused on increasing employee loyalty to the company by providing a job for life with a strong focus on the well-being of the employee, both on and off the job. The above theories were developed based on research conducted in various production related organizations in the 20th century. But in the 21st century, changes in business models, automation of production process, changes in technology & business environment, and changes in people‟s perception, are transforming organizations into global entities. In the context of emergence of service industries and global e-business organizations, these are no longer applicable and need modification. In this paper, we have made an attempt to relook into human motivational theories and developed a new Organizational Attitude Theory called “Theory of Accountability” (Theory A). The four major constructs of Theory A are fixing Responsibility, maintaining Accountability, continuous Monitoring, and fulfilling pre-determined Target (RAMT). In this paper, some of the existing theories of organizational behaviour are examined, and basic postulates and detailed organizational model for Theory A is depicted.
Sreeramana Aithal
added a research item
Employability is on the decline in most areas and employers are being faced with the issues of finding people with adequate soft skills. There have been various measures adopted to improve soft skills in employees, even after the employees have been absorbed by the employers companies are looking at avenues to increase soft skills and build capabilitites in empCertain practices that are prevalent widely in the IT industry in terms of options of work from home, and elimination of strict office hours have seen a decline as employers realise that this added to enhanced productivity by human interface in physical environments. This paper is an exploratory study of a few companies in the information technology industry and some such trends in the IT industry that contributes to improved effectiveness of employees and enhances skill sets availbility.
Sreeramana Aithal
added 2 research items
The recently developed theory called Theory of Accountability (Theory A) for organizations of 21st century identifies the various factors which affect the organizational human resources performance. The essential components identified to improve the productivity of any organization based on the postulates of Theory A are (1) Planning, (2) Target setting, (3) Motivation, (4) Work Strategies, (5) Responsibility, (6) Role model, (7) Monitoring & Guiding, and (8) Accountability. The objective of this paper is to apply the components of Theory A to Indian Banking system and to study how to improve the productivity of the banking system for economic progress in India. Accordingly we analysed the business model and the organizational strategy of Indian Banks in terms of their business objectives, service planning, target setting for the employees, employee motivational factors, working strategies to improve productivity, self-and mutual responsibilities among individual employees and in their teams, concept of role model in banking service innovation, continuous monitoring and guiding strategies, and finally accountability of each and every employee at different organizational levels. The applicability of Theory A on both private and public sector banks are discussed in general and suitable suggestions are proposed to the banking sector to improve productivity based on the postulates of Theory A.
India is poised on a renewed growth path and several new initiatives are a brainchild of this vision. Programs such as Skill India, Digital India, and Make in India are certain key strategies for driving growth and sustainable socio economic development. The base of the pyramid sector is predominantly characterized by people with very low incomes; it is known that the bottom of the pyramid is the largest but poorest socio-economic group in the world. The current usage of the term ‘bottom of the pyramid’ refers to the four billion people living on less than $ 2 per day, the definition was familiarized and became widely known in 1998 through the works of C. K. Prahalad and Stuart L. Hart. The wealth and revenue generation capabilities at the base of the pyramid, especially in emerging markets have been the topic of many studies and research in recent years. The potential of the customers, who live on less than $ 2 per day, is immense. It is estimated that India accounts for close to 300 million adults and is a significant percentage of the population. If there has to be inclusive and all round growth and development it has to be aimed at empowering the poorest of the poor. This is a conceptual paper and looks at the sustained growth of India during India 2.0 period (1992 onwards) and further fuelled by PM Modi Government, aimed by the various initiatives and explores avenues to create sustained development from the BOP perspective with special focus on Economic development, Social development, Environmental protection, and Industry development.
Sreeramana Aithal
added a research item
Recently based on human motivational theories we have developed a new Organizational Attitude Theory called “Theory of Accountability” (Theory A). The four major constructs of Theory A are fixing Responsibility, maintaining Accountability, continuous Monitoring, and fulfilling pre-determined Target (RAMT). Theory A focuses innate human potential, the inherent urge for creativity, self-expression and contribution to the organization as motivators. As such, managers have to transform average employee to real performers using role models and self-exploration. Similarly, ABC model which is developed recently by our team focuses on measuring annual research performance of an education or Research & development organization. According to this model, an organization can calculate its annual research performance using its annual research output by taking into account on a number of articles published in Refereed journals (A), the number of books published (B) and the number of Chapters in edited book or number of business cases published in Journals (C). As per ABC model, one can determine the institutional annual research index α = [(2A+5B+C)/F)] or institutional weighted annual research index β = [2A+5B+C)/8F], where F is fulltime faculty members of the organization. In this paper, we made an attempt to interconnect ABC model of Organizational Research Productivity in Higher Educational Institutions with Theory A by comparing their features.
Sreeramana Aithal
added a research item
The question of survival and sustenance is very critical for every individual or organization. There are various factors that are essential for growth and sustenance of companies. There have been many research studies undertaken to gauge the success factors or to break down the components and study success in detail. Since Prahalad and Hart propounded the need for multinationals to serve the large base of the pyramid markets, which could be done profitably and need not be left only to government and aided agencies, many multinationals across the world have been made significant steps in reaching out to these markets especially in emerging economies. In these strategies, there have been some successes and many failures. In previous papers we have studied many such strategies and we have proposed a "theory of sustainable and scalable growth for organizations and individuals" also called the "Cockroach theory".