added a project goal
Negotiation for Social Mobility & Transformation
Throughout the 1990s, advocates sought to ensure the future inclusion of women and girls both in the analysis of the effects of armed conflict and in peacebuilding processes. Their efforts came fruition; by the close of 2000, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1325 which added the gender lens advocates demanded; other related resolutions codified UN commitment to broader engagement of civil society. In the past twenty years, these resolutions lent support to initiatives seeking to engage community-level actors in conflict analysis and resolution. Unfortunately, these opportunities remain sporadic and incomplete. Genuine representation and participation in formal, national-level processes remain limited, albeit crucial for lasting peace. This article first advocates for inclusion of these groups for their intrinsic and instrumental value; we then examine specific inclusive peacebuilding efforts in Yemen, Syria, Libya, and Nigeria to demonstrate some of the attempts and challenges faced by those leading these efforts in the past two-decades. We conclude by advocating for increased inclusion of civil society representatives at all level of peace processes and post- conflict governance, even when such inclusion does not produce the immediate strategic outcomes outlined by elites.
This professional article about negotiation discusses how the training I received in the Harvard Business School needed to be adapted for students at the University of Baltimore. They helped me see the gaps in the methods and redesign the course to serve their deeper needs. The changes they inspired can serve many others interested in negotiation.