added a research item
Nature of Reality
The concept of reality and its various interpretations exist both in science and religion. The advent of Relativity theory and Quantum mechanics in modern physics led to formu- lations of new concepts regarding matter, space, time and reality. The introduction of Uncertainty Principle by Heisenberg and the concept of dual nature of matter and radia- tion by Louis de Broglie gave a serious blow to the philosophy of determinism based on Newtonian world - view. The great debates between Einstein and Bohr at Solvay Confer- ences about the inadequacy of quantum mechanics to describe physical nature of reality are a part of history of science now. To the Indian philosopher, experience is the ultimate test of truth or reality. Since the reality is trans-empirical, it cannot be known through sense experience in the way in which empirical/scientific knowledge is gained. Reality is comprehended through intuitive experience for it transcends both the rational and the sensory aspects of human experience. The concept of reality in the Aad Guru Granth Sahib (AGGS) is most scientific, precise and dynamic in nature. It is summed up in Manglacharan (the Commencing Verse of the AGGS). According to Nanakian philosophy, Reality is both transcendental and immanent, i.e., it has dual nature as nirguna and sarguna at the same time. Reality is also equated with Being and Existence. It was experienced by Guru Nanak in Nature and the whole of the AGGS is a vision of reality.
Cosmology deals with the problem of the creation of the universe. Almost all religions have dealt with the problem of creation of the universe from time immemorial in their sacred texts. Guru Nanak, the founder of the Sikh faith, critically examined the theories of creation of the universe prevalent in India before his advent, from prehistoric times to the end of 15 th century. The seeds of modern cosmology, namely, the Big-Bang cosmology are explicitly visible in the sacred writings of Guru Nanak and his successors, compiled during 1604 in the form of Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS), the Sikh holy book.
This presentation is based on Evidence/Ideas recorded in Sikh Scripture, known as Sri Guru Granth Sahib (SGGS), regarding Nature of Reality, Cosmology, Creator of Universe, Halley Comet and Dual Nature of Reality.The ideas have compatibility with modern scientific theories.
Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity (1916) had predicted the expansion of universe. But Hubble’s experimental discovery of expanding universe prompted contemporary cosmologists to go backwards in time and speculate that the universe was smaller in earlier periods. George Gamow in 1946 presented a model about the origin of universe from a singular point. Space and time were zero at that point. This presentation covers all aspects of Big Bang Cosmology; Quantum Cosmology and its implications and many more aspects.
The presentation describes the march of Physical Science (Physics) from Renaissance to 21st Century. It covers eras of Classical Physics, Quantum Physics, QFT, and Standard Model. The approach is based on the book ”Discovery of Reality” by George Luke, yet to be published.
It is a Review cum Preface of a forthcoming book by George Luke: " Discovery of Reality". This volume is a compendium of many views on nature of Reality and covers all subjects under the Sun.