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Nano oscillators - Telescopic oscillations

Methods: Continuum Mechanics

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Benyamin Motevalli
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Different mechanisms of nano-oscillators with telescopic oscillations have attracted lots of attention due to the possible generation of GHz frequencies. In particular, nested carbon nanotubes are of special interest for which different mechanisms have been examined. In this paper, we will show that insertion of an additional inner tube into a conventional double walled carbon nanotube (DWCNT) oscillator not only can increase the oscillatory frequency considerably but also provides a wide range of system parameters for tuning the oscillatory behavior as well as its frequency. The insertion of an additional tube results in a number of different vdW force profiles (which only depend on the length ratios of the three tubes). Being subject to these different vdW force profiles and trigged with different initial velocity, an oscillating tube can exhibit various types of motions. We use a phase division diagram to discriminate the system parameters according to the different types of motions. Accordingly, a comprehensive study of the oscillatory frequency is also carried out. To perceive an insight into the effectiveness of insertion, a comparison is also made with the counterpart DWCNT oscillator. It is observed that this new mechanism offers a number of new possibilities in designing and characterizing a carbon nanotube based oscillator.
Peyman Shadmani
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Telescopic oscillation of nested carbon nanotubes is capable of generating GHz frequency. A main challenge against their practical applications is how to control and tune such oscillations. In this paper, we demonstrate that by displacing the tip of a semi-infinite tube inside a conventional double-walled oscillatory system, we can change the vdW force distribution acting on the oscillating tube. By changing this distribution, the dynamics of the system is altered; hence, the oscillations are retuned. The positioning of the tip can be controlled externally by moving its other end. The proposed mechanism provides a solution to control and tune this type of oscillatory systems during the course of oscillations. Concerning the different system parameters (i.e. geometrical parameters and initial conditions), we perform a thorough study to reveal how the oscillatory frequency will change by moving the tip of the semi-infinite tube.