Project

Morphology of the immature stages Lepidoptera

Goal: Eggs, larva and pupa Noctuoidea? Lepidoptera

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Irina V. Dolinskaya
added a research item
On the basis of comparative-morphological analysis of 43 genera and 92 species of Palaearctic Notodontidae, as well as the study of the eggs of outgroup species, complexes of characters that are diagnostic, taxonomic or phylogenetic are singled out. It is shown that the egg characteristics are of great taxonomic value at species and generic levels. Some characters are useful for grouping genera. In general, a complex of characters should be used, because different species or genera often share the same characters. Possible apomorphic and plesiomorphic states of the different characters are discussed in relation to the different taxa. The results of this study are discussed with reference to recently published classifications of Notodontidae. As a result of the studies, the keys for identification to the eggs of 43 genera and 92 species of notodontid moths from the Palaearctic region are presented. Reliable diagnostic characters that do not disappear with the injury of eggs or with eggs preserved in alcohol were used. Characters including egg shape, egg and chorion colour, the shape of gnawed holes in eggs when caterpillars hatched, chorionic sculpture, the type of oviposition, foodplants, and geographic distribution of the genera and species were applied. Occasionally, characters that are typical for live eggs, which vary during development, were used. These are characters of egg colour and pattern. The keys are illustrated with photographs made using a digital camera and a scanning electron microscope.
Irina V. Dolinskaya
added 23 research items
Eggs of 7 species belonging to 6 genera of the Lithosiinae (Arctiidae) from Primorskiy Krai (Far East Russia) were examined with the use of scanning electron microscopy. The descriptions and the comparative morphological analysis are provided for all of these species. The diagnostic characters for genera and species are chosen
Eggs of 10 species. belonging to 6 genera of Arctiidae (subfamily Arctiinae) were examined with the use of the scanning electron microscopy. The descnptions and the comparative morphological analysis are provided for all these taxa. As a result, all the examined genera are divided into 2 groups; the diagnostic characters for genera and some species are chosen. A characteristics of the subfamily Aretiinae is given basing on the egg charclers. ZusammcDfassung: Die aussere Morphologic der Eiem von 10 Arten aus 6 Gattungen Arctiidae (Untcrfamilie Arctlinae) ist auf Grund cler Untersuchung des Materials aus Primorje (Russland) beschrieben. Die vergleichendmorphologische Analyse der Eiemsculptur der Arten und Gattungen ist durchgefuhrt. AIle untersuchten Gattwlgen sind in 2 Gruppen eingeordnet. Die diagnostishe Merkmale sind fur Gattungen wld manche Arten gegeben. Die Unterfamilie Arctiinae ist auf Grund der Eiennerkmale characterisiert. Resume: Les ocufs de 10 cSpCces d'Arctiidae (Arctiinae) appartenant a6 genres ant ete etudies au moyen d'un microscope eleclronique scaJmeur. L'analyse comparative de la morphologic des ocufs ctudies a etc faite. Les genres etudies ant etc partages en 2 groupes~ des caracteres diagnostiques des oeufs pour les genres et certaines especes sont etablis. Une caracteristique de la sous-familie des Arctiinae d'apres leurs oeufs est proposee. Introduction.
Irina V. Dolinskaya
added a research item
External Morphology of the Eggs of Some Lappet Moths (Lepidoptera, Lasiocampidae). Dolinskaya I. V. • Pljushch I. G. -'Eggs of 9 species belonging to 5 genera of Lasiocampidae were examined with the use of scanning electron microscopy. Descriptions and comparative morphological analysis are provided for all these species. As a resuh,'all the examined species arc divided into 2 groups and 2 subgroups; the diagnostic characters for genera and species are chosen. HapYJKuaJl Mop4>OJlOnIJl Jlllll nCKOTopblX KOKOltonpJUlOB (Lepidol)tcra, Lasiocampidae). .uOJlIIHCKaJl M. B., nJUow M. f. -C nOMOIllbK> 3J1CKTpoHHOro cKaH~lpYK>UlerO MUKpocKona H3Y~leHbl Jlj.{ua 9 BH.llOB Lasiocampidae. OTHOCflllU1eCSI K 5 pOllaf>1. BblJJCnCHbl .oWlrHOCTI1'ICCKl1e npH3HaKI1 DJIfI pOJJOS 11 I3H.o08. npo-BellCHa OUCHKa 3Ha'1l1MOCTH npH3HaK013. Ha OCH013<lHIIH CpaI3HHTellbHO-MOp(~OllOrH'leCKOro aHMH3a Bce I1cCllcnyeMblc lH1l1bJ pa311eJleHbi Hn 2 rpynnbl 11 2 no.arpynnbL K1110 'I e Bbl e en 0 13 a: Lcpidoptem. Lasiocampidae. flHua, Mopcl>ollOrI1H, cKYllbnTypa 3K30XOp110Ha, onl1ca-HIHI, llJ.1<lrHOCTWleCKHC npH3H<lKI1.
Irina V. Dolinskaya
added 4 research items
Dolinskaya I. V. The chorionic sculpture in eggs of some Hadeninae (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) from Ukraine. Summary. The eggs of 17 species from 12 genera of some Hadeninae from Ukraine (Noctuidae) are described and illustrated with using scanning electron microscopy. The diagnostic characters of genera and species are selected. Долинская И. В. Cкульптура хориона яиц некоторых совок подсемейства Hadeninae (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) фауны Украины. Резюме. С помощью сканирующего электронного микроскопа изучены и проиллюстрированы яйца 17 видов из 12 родов Hadeninae (Noctuidae) фауны Украины. Выделены диагностические признаки для родов и видов. Ключевые слова: Hadeninae, Noctuidae, Lepidoptera, яйцо, хорион, описание, диагностические признаки, сканирующая электронная микроскопия. Долинська І. В. Скульптура хоріону яєць деяких совок підродини Hadeninae (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) фауни України. Резюме. За допомогою скануючого електронного мікроскопу вперше вивчено та проілюстровано яйця 17 видів з 12 родів Hadeninae (Noctuidae) фауни України. Висвітлено діагностичні ознаки для родів і видів.
The Chorionic Sculpture of the Eggs of Some Xyleninae (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) Eggs of sixteen species of fifteen genera of the subfamily Xyleninae occurring in Ukraine are described and illustrated with scanning electron microphotographs. The diagnostic characters of the genera and species are se-lected.
Larval cranial setae of each larval instar of 66 species belonging to 35 genera of Palaeartic Notodontid moths from Ukraine and Far East of Russia (Primorskii krai) was examined with the use of a scanning electron microscope. A comparison with outgroup species - Lasiocampoidea (Lasiocampidae), Sphingoidea (Sphingidae) and Noctuoidea (Erebidae: Lymantriinae, Arctiinae; Noctuidae) is conducted. Main kinds of setae during larval development and their transformation are discussed. Possible apomorphic and plesiomorphic states of the different characters are discussed in relation to the different taxa.
Irina V. Dolinskaya
added 3 research items
Diversity of the Larval Cranial Setae in Palaearctic Notodontidae (Noctuoidea) and and their Taxonomic Distribution. Dolinskaya I. V. – Larval cranial setae of each larval instar of 66 species belonging to 35 genera of Palaeartic Notodontid moths from Ukraine and Far East of Russia (Primorskii krai) was exam-ined with the use of a scanning electron microscope. A comparison with outgroup species – Lasiocampoidea (Lasiocampidae), Sphingoidea (Sphingidae) and Noctuoidea (Erebidae: Lymantriinae, Arctiinae; Noctuidae) is conducted. Main kinds of setae during larval development and their transformation are dis-cussed. Possible apomorphic and plesiomorphic states of the different characters are discussed in rela-tion to the different taxa. K e y w o r d s: Notodontidae, Lepidoptera, larvae, morphology, larval cranial setae, classification, scan-ning electron microscopy. Ðàçíîîáðàçèå ùåòèíîê ãîëîâû ïàëåàðêòè÷åñêèõ õîõëàòîê (Notodontidae, Noctuoidea) è èõ òàêñîíî-ìè÷åñêîå ðàñïðåäåëåíèå. Äîëèíñêàÿ È. Â. – Ñ ïîìîùüþ ñêàíèðóþùåãî ýëåêòðîííîãî ìèêðîñêî-ïà èçó÷åíû ùåòèíêè ãîëîâû ãóñåíèö âñåõ âîçðàñòîâ 66 âèäîâ èç 35 ðîäîâ ïàëåàðêòè÷åñêèõ õîõ-ëàòîê èç Óêðàèíû è Ïðèìîðñêîãî êðàÿ Ðîññèè. Ïðîâåäåíî ñðàâíåíèå ñ ïðåäñòàâèòåëÿìè âíåø-íåé ãðóïïû – Lasiocampoidea (Lasiocampidae), Sphingoidea (Sphingidae) è (Erebidae: Lymantriinae, Arctiinae; Noctuidae). Ðàññìîòðåíû âåðîÿòíûå íàïðàâëåíèÿ ïðåîáðàçîâàíèé â âîëîñÿíîì ïîêðî-âå ãîëîâû ó ãóñåíèö ðàçëè÷íûõ âîçðàñòîâ. Îáñóaeäàþòñÿ âîçìîaeíûå àïîìîðôíûå è ïëåçèî-ìîðôíûå ñîñòîÿíèÿ ïðèçíàêîâ ðàçëè÷íûõ òàêñîíîâ. Ê ë þ ÷ å â û å ñ ë î â à: Notodontidae, Lepidoptera, ãóñåíèöû, ìîðôîëîãèÿ, ùåòèíêè ãîëîâû, êëàñ-ñèôèêàöèÿ, ñêàíèðóþùèé ýëåêòðîííûé ìèêðîñêîï.
A comparative morphological analysis is provided for 70 species belonging to 59 genera of 13 subfamilies of Noctuidae from Ukraine. Diagnostic characters of the eggs for some species are identified. A comparison with representatives from other families of Noctuoidea is conducted. Some characters typical for separate species and general characters typical for most species are discussed.
Key to the Species of Ukrainian Notodontid Moths (Lepidoptera, Notodontidae) on the Egg Characters. Dolinskaya, I. V. — A key for identifi cation of 39 species from 20 genera of Ukrainian notodontid moths based on the the eggs is provided. Reliable diagnostic characters, which do not disappear with the injury of eggs or eggs preserved for a long time in alcohol were used. Th e characters as egg shape, egg and chorion colour, shape of gnawed holes in eggs before setting out of caterpillars, the type of oviposition and the chorionic sculpture are applied. Clear characters that are typical for the live eggs, which vary in the process of egg development are revealed. Th ese are characters of egg colour and pattern. In the key such characters are kept by stable signs that do not disappear aft er eggs traumatizing. Th e key is illustrated in details with photographs made using a digital camera and scanning electron microscope.
Irina V. Dolinskaya
added a project goal
Eggs, larva and pupa Noctuoidea? Lepidoptera