Project

Mixed-Reality based construction in architecture

Goal: augmenting fabrication and design processes

Updates
0 new
0
Recommendations
0 new
0
Followers
0 new
1
Reads
0 new
18

Project log

Garvin Goepel
added 2 research items
This paper focusses on teaching the integration of Augmented (AR) and Mixed Reality (MR), combined referred to as Extended-Reality (XR), and photogrammetry technology into handicraft using an online-taught digital fabrication workshop as an educational case study. Set up in response to restrictions from Covid-19, workshop "Secret Whispers & Transmogrifications" had students and instructors around the world participate in a course that challenged our understanding of educating craft and technology without the necessity of physical presence. The integration of AR into craftsmanship enhances architectural design and fabrication processes as it overlays computation-driven information onto the hands of the end user. These computer-numerically-controlled workflows incorporate and rely on manual actions as an integral part of a process that is typified by inevitable, unpredictable, human error. In doing so, the workshop questions common infatuation with precision in digital fabrication and construction by striving for alternative approaches that embrace the inaccuracies and imprecisions innate to technologically-augmented human craftsmanship. Participants took part in a hands-on clay modelling "secret whispers" experiment that was designed to introduce theoretical concepts and applications of XR technology into the production workflows. This paper concludes by highlighting that the accessibility of today's technology enables AR-enhanced craftsmanship to be successfully taught remotely and online.
Garvin Goepel
added a project goal
augmenting fabrication and design processes
 
Garvin Goepel
added a research item
ARgan is a geometrically complex bamboo sculpture that relied on Mixed Reality (MR) for its joint creation by multiple sculptors and used latest Augmented Reality (AR) technology to guide manual fabrication actions. It was built at the Chinese University of Hong Kong in the fall of 2019 by thirty participants of a design-and-build workshop on the integration of AR in construction. As part of its construction workflow, holographic setups were created on multiple devices, including a series of Microsoft HoloLenses and several handheld Smartphones, all linked simultaneously to a single digital base model to interactively guide the manufacturing process. This paper critically evaluates the experience of extending recent AR and MR tool developments towards applications that centre on creative collaborative production. Using ARgan as a demonstrator project, its developed workflow is assessed on its ability to transform a geometrically complex digitally drafted design to its final physically built form, highlighting the necessary strategic integration of variability as an opportunity to relax notions on design precision and exact control. The paper concludes with a plea for digital technology’s ability to stimulate dialogue and collaboration in creative production and augment craftsmanship, thus providing greater agency and more diverse design output.
Garvin Goepel
added a research item
This paper discusses the integration of Mixed Reality in the design and implementation of non-standard architecture. It deliberates a method that does not require conventional 2D drawings, and the need for skilled labor, by using the aid of holographic instructions. Augmented Construction allow builders to execute complex tasks and to understand structural relations intuitively by overlaying digital design information onto their field of view on the building site. This gives the implementation system authors different levels of control. As a proof of concept, a group of non-professionals reconstructed the south wall of Corbusier’s Ronchamp chapel, the Notre-Dame du Haut, at scale 1:5 using no architectural 2D drawings but only custom-built Augmented Reality apps for HoloLens and mobile devices. This project focused on the assembly of non-standard prefabricated elements, based on an optimized parametric structure that enables designers to integrate imprecision within the construction phases into the design through a constant feedback-loop between the real and the digital. The setup was designed in a non-linear process that allows the integration of new information during the Augmented Construction phases. The paper evaluates applied Augmented Construction for further improvements and research and concludes by discussing the impact potential of Augmented Construction on architectural design, socio-cultural, and economical levels.