Project

Memory policy to the Russian-Ottoman war 1877-1878

Goal: ,Memory policies, places of memory, memory models and religions, emigrants and minorities, women and war

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Project log

Kristina Popova
added 2 research items
The paper presents the biography and philanthropic activities of Lady Emily Ann Strangford (1826-1887) for Bulgarian peasants (1876-1877) and for Turkish refugees (1877 - 1878). The authors deal also with the way the memory about her surfaced in the next decades. Although streets and schools in Bulgaria were named after her, the memory about her as an important local historical figure is particularly strong in some small places (like Radilovo village). The reasons of the ‘regionalization’ of the memory about Lady Strangford in Bulgaria are to be found in the characteristics of the memory cultures. She was convinced in her duty as a Christian, as a Victorian British noble, and as a woman to help Christian and Muslim people who suffered before, during and after the Russo-Ottoman war. Her motives for making people of both sides less suffering were not understandable for everybody. Those who expected absolute and unconditional support for their political cause were disappointed. In Bulgaria she was criticized for sympathies for the Turks. In the Ottoman Empire her active charity work in organization of hospitals and orphanages was overshadowed by other great philanthropic projects. The official politics of national memory, as well as the popular memory are similar in Bulgaria and in Turkey. They are similar in their demands of unconditional support for their national causes. Both cultures of memory show more higher appreciation for political than for humanitarian activities. © 2016, International University Seminar for Balkan Studies and Specialization. All right reserved.
The Russo-Ottoman war 1877 - 1878 was an important challenge for the peace activists in Europe: for religious war-resistance groups, for pacifists, as well as for supporters of social justice. Pacifists started new iniatives for maintaining peace. They tried to prevent the war by organization of international conferences, to reduce the participation in the war, to find new forms like arbitration or Inter-parliamentary union. For many of the most prominent figures of the peace movement in the second half of the 19th century: Henri Richard, Frederic Passy, Leo Tolstoy, Bertha von Suttner, the experience they achieved during the Russo-Ottoman war was very important for shaping their views. Bertha von Suttner (1843-1914) lived during the time of the Russo-Ottoman war 1877 - 1878 in Caucasus not far from the front line. Traditionally educated to admire military activities, she described in her memoirs how her attitude toward the war started to changeas a result of her experience there. Her expeperience from 1877 - 1878 contributed to the change of her views which made her a leading person in the anti-war movement in Europe in the next decades. © 2016, International University Seminar for Balkan Studies and Specialization. All right reserved.
Petar Vodenicharov
added 2 research items
The paper analysis the institution of military clergy on Caucasus and its role in the Russian-Ottoman war 1877-1878
The paper is based on the British archives and anlysis the economic and political reasons of the Russian Ottoman war 1877-1877 hidden behind religious rhetoric. The role o the Nobel brothers in the Caspian oil production is also analysed.
Petar Vodenicharov
added 2 research items
The article analysis the transformation of memory about the Russian-Otoman war 1877-1878 form the liberation to the present days
Petar Vodenicharov
added a project goal
,Memory policies, places of memory, memory models and religions, emigrants and minorities, women and war