Project

Mapping Public Housing. A critical review of the State-subsidized residential architecture in Portugal (1910-1974) | PTDC/CPC-HAT/1688/2014

Goal: https://mappingpublichousing.up.pt/en/

Mapping Public Housing. A critical review of the State-subsidized residential architecture in Portugal (1910-1974) is a project carried out within Atlas da Casa [AdC], one of the seven research groups of Center for Architecture and Urban Studies [CEAU] at Faculty of Architecture, University of Porto [FAUP].
The aim of the project is to identify the public programs and their spatial concretizations: estates, collective buildings or single-family houses.
In order to establish a processual, contextual, comparative and interpretative study, it is intended to analyse the documental archives of the entities of promotion and tutelage of public housing in Portugal. This approach will enable the setting of a narrative with several purposes:
* Establishing a relation between public housing programmes and political and legal contexts;
* Identifying construction systems and housing types;
* Understanding social policies;
* and Georeferencing urban contexts in which the initiatives are inscribed.
This project relies on the achievements brought up by former sectorial studies both in the social and in the architectural perspective, seeking mostly the articulation of knowledge and the supplementing of lacking periods, areas or programs towards a global and systemic overview.

Date: 1 May 2016 - 1 July 2019

Updates
0 new
2
Recommendations
0 new
0
Followers
0 new
20
Reads
4 new
348

Project log

Rui J. G. Ramos
added a research item
In the context of the development of the research project Mapa da Habitação: Reflexão Crítica sobre a Arquitetura Habitacional Apoiada pelo Estado em Portugal entre 1910 e 1974 (Housing Map: A Critical Reflection on Residential Architecture Supported by the Portuguese State between 1910 and 1974) (FCT 2016-2019), this article aims to establish a comprehensible guide of the political action that led to a proposal of different housing programmes or similar actions in this field. It is intended not only to report an extensive list of nei- ghbourhoods and their legislative resolution but also to understand how they translated a political construction, based on an intricate power hierarchy and, after 1933, on a corporate project. It is possible to identify the vicissitudes of the programmes, institutions, and servi- ces, articulated or in tension, facing several challenges, such as lack of housing, the image of poverty that dominated the national territory, or the internal struggles of the regime against its own contradictions. Thus, there was a development not only in the strength and weak- ness of a totalitarian regime unable to solve the contradictions of the Portuguese social formation, but also in an architectural culture open to modernity and eventually leading to the outburst of 1974. Keywords: social housing, housing programmes, architecture, First Republic, New State, Portugal
Rui J. G. Ramos
added 2 research items
Social housing has a long tradition in Europe. Since the early 20th century, these often anonymous and sometimes unappreciated buildings have formed the suburbs of large European cities. With the multidisciplinary international research project "Mapping Public Housing," the Center for Studies in Architecture and Urbanism at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Porto traces this architectural heritage and shows that often lively settlements and entire city districts have emerged from subsidized housing. There we find today a qualified urban fabric, somewhat under risk of deprivation, yearning for strategies that focus on sustainability and refurbishment of housing and housing estates. This book takes a closer look at notable cases from Portugal, Great Britain, Germany, Switzerland, and Spain, among others, with a spectrum that ranges from the beginnings of social housing in Portugal, after World War I, to the fall of the dictatorial regime in 1974. Gathering only apparently scattered interests and researches, it establishes a heterogeneous reading of its subject and suggests sustainable conceptual approaches to housing for the future. The result is a broad panorama that understands the development of subsidized construction as part of Europe's cultural history and traces the fundamental role that state-subsidized housing played in the emergence of the European welfare state.
Eliseu Gonçalves
added a research item
Stable access to affordable quality housing is a core feature of public health principles and practices. In this report, we provide an update on the research project “Mapping Public Housing: A Critical Review of the State-subsidised Residential Architecture in Portugal (1910–1974)” (MdH), developed between 2016 and 2019 at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Porto (FAUP) in Portugal. This funded research project (PTDC/CPC-HAT/1688/2014) brought together an international and multidisciplinary team composed of architects, sociologists, historians, an economist, an anthro- pologist, information scientists and archivists, from different academic levels (senior researchers, postdoctoral, PhD and Master’s degree students), adopting a variety of approaches and operating in a range of different contexts. The aim of the research undertaken was to investigate the reality of social and state-subsidised housing in terms of its architecture, while, at the same time, seeking to broaden our understanding of this phenomenon and of the transition to a democratic regime. Furthermore, this research project was designed to contribute towards the development of common ground for supporting decisions in the environmental, social and economic fields relating to housing management, as well as architectural heritage management and protection. This review is based on the submitted application (2015) and final report (2020).
Eliseu Gonçalves
added a research item
The thesis analyses the process of developing new forms of dwelling addressed to the working classes starting from the moment when, in the late nineteenth century, life in the city was under reform measures instigated by the social economy and the hygienism with strong impact on habits, ways of dwelling, domestic and public space renovation and, consequently, structuring a new urban order. In this scope, the study focuses on the establishment of low-income housing in Porto taking place amid 1899 and 1933. The aim of the investigation was to understanding the dynamics related to the emergence of new conceptual models about simple and regular urban housing. The empirical material involving primary sources was mainly obtained in national and municipality archives, consisting essentially of architectural design projects. By means of this information the research verifies the circumstances in which the housing solutions were idealized under the imperative of being cheap, healthy and comfortable. Those three conditions appear to have determined a new architecture of the house distinct from one historically used to build the industrial and liberal urban form of Porto. In the dissertation a number of disciplinary problems considered as keys were identified and isolated to verify the genesis of this type of housing: the discussion between single and multi-family housing; the regulatory effect on domestic space conception; the relationship between city and countryside related to informal urban growth areas; or the problem amid model and type as distinct reproducers of architectural solutions. Thus, an early stage of the minimum modern house is enunciated within a narrative centered on affordable housing issue confirming, in the timeframe between the end of the Constitutional Monarchy and the beginning of Estado Novo dictatorship, an ideological continuity dominated by single-family houses architecture.
Marta Rocha Moreira
added 3 research items
Caderno de Habitação n.º 006 – Os CADERNOS DE HABITAÇÃO (CDH Portugal) decorrem de um acordo de cooperação entre o Mapa da Habitação · MdH (FAUP-CEAU/FCT), o GIVCO (ETSAM-UPM) e o PC3 (FAUUSP) que resultou na elaboração da versão portuguesa dos “Cuadernos de Viviendas”, originalmente desenvolvidos pelo GIVCO – Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda Colectiva, cuja Investigadora Responsável é a Prof. Carmen Espegel Alonso. Esse acordo visa a sistematização de informações sobre edifícios de habitação coletiva, que ficarão disponíveis para investigadores, arquitectos, instituições públicas e outros interessados. – The CADERNOS DE HABITAÇÃO (CDH Portugal) emerged from a cooperation agreement between Mapping Public Housing · MdH (FAUP-CEAU/FCT), GIVCO (ETSAM-UPM) and PC3 (FAUUSP) researchers which led to the portuguese version of “Cuadernos de Viviendas”, originally published by GIVCO – Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda Colectiva, with the supervision of the Main Research Prof. Carmen Espegel Alonso. The aim of this agreement is to systemize information on collective housing which will be made available to researchers, architects, public organizations and other interested parties.
Cadernos de Habitação n.º 004 – Os CADERNOS DE HABITAÇÃO (CDH Portugal) decorrem de um acordo de cooperação entre o Mapa da Habitação · MdH (FAUP-CEAU/FCT), o GIVCO (ETSAM-UPM) e o PC3 (FAUUSP) que resultou na elaboração da versão portuguesa dos “Cuadernos de Viviendas”, originalmente desenvolvidos pelo GIVCO – Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda Colectiva, cuja Investigadora Responsável é a Prof. Carmen Espegel Alonso. Esse acordo visa a sistematização de informações sobre edifícios de habitação coletiva, que ficarão disponíveis para investigadores, arquitectos, instituições públicas e outros interessados. – The CADERNOS DE HABITAÇÃO (CDH Portugal) emerged from a cooperation agreement between Mapping Public Housing · MdH (FAUP-CEAU/FCT), GIVCO (ETSAM-UPM) and PC3 (FAUUSP) researchers which led to the portuguese version of “Cuadernos de Viviendas”, originally published by GIVCO – Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda Colectiva, with the supervision of the Main Research Prof. Carmen Espegel Alonso. The aim of this agreement is to systemize information on collective housing which will be made available to researchers, architects, public organizations and other interested parties.
3 links dos teasers do documentário "Morada" (2019 MdH): Teaser 1 - https://youtu.be/lHI5U83QC4g Teaser 2 - https://youtu.be/nVsNtOLncuQ Teaser 3 - https://youtu.be/Y8JYoDdP3RI
Eliseu Gonçalves
added 2 research items
The so-called Duque de Saldanha's Block, in Porto, constituted a landmark in the panorama of the production of social housing in Portugal. Doubts about its conception, the development of the design process or construction, and also the authors involved, underline the strangeness of this object in the city. Thus, the text is a "biographycal" overview of the buiding aligning information from primary documentary sources.
Eliseu Gonçalves
added 2 research items
Right through the history of social housing in Portugal, a first cycle can be circumscribed that closes in the 1930s. Here the degree of intervention of the central administration for the resolution of the decent housing deficit had been previously discussed and simultaneously the construction of a diverse set of solutions which functioned as models to test against slums. On the one hand, the so-called “casa barata” (cheap house) began to be seen as an important political instrument in the struggle for power and social control; on the other hand, it continued to be understood as desirable real estate integrated in the complex fabric of economic interests woven into urban housing production. Some neighbourhoods were authentic condensers of the complex debate inherited from the eighteenth century, which, based on scientism, sought in this way the orderly and progressive reform of society in order to, among other issues, solve the so-called social question in which the problem of working-class housing was included. In many cases the economic, social and cultural valuation of the new dwelling and its particular technical and formal constraints redirected the modus operandi and the professional interest of the architect onto other themes hitherto adjacent to the central problem of style. In this transformational process of the architectural field, one of the aspects that must be mentioned concerns the regulation and normalization imposed by the hygienist rationality, putting the binomial art and science at stake.
In the second half of the nineteenth century the textile industry was an important engine of the process of national industrialization and, in this context, the river Ave valley revealed to have geographic and socio‑cultural conditions particularly favorable to its development in the region. Numerous mills will emerge in the river basin, which will take advantage of the driving force of the water, the rail and the road network to set up. The availability of an illiterate workforce, cheaper and less demanding and organized than the urban working class, was also decisive, and easily adjustable to the new production of cotton by the long local tradition of cultivation, spinning and weaving of linen. These were important factors for the rapid spread of the textile sector in the territory and for the consequent appearance of new urban centers. Thus, in the context of the philanthropic and real estate interests of industrialists, ex‑nuovo settlements would be created with unprecedented types of housing and social facilities anchored in the mill. An exemplary case identified in river Ave valley corresponds to Fafe's Ferro's Textile Mill, founded in 1887, on the banks of the river Ferro. In this work, we analyze the urban structure formed from the factory, consubstantiated in the social housing, identifying possible logics of relationship between industrial buildings, neighborhoods, equipment and landscape. The hypothesis is the need to preserve in the territory and in network a heterogeneous set of signs capable of constituting a collective memory of the region's industrial heritage in its broad sense.
Sergio Dias Silva
added 4 research items
Cadernos de Habitação n.º 007 – Os CADERNOS DE HABITAÇÃO (CDH Portugal) decorrem de um acordo de cooperação entre o Mapa da Habitação · MdH (FAUP-CEAU/FCT), o GIVCO (ETSAM-UPM) e o PC3 (FAUUSP) que resultou na elaboração da versão portuguesa dos “Cuadernos de Viviendas”, originalmente desenvolvidos pelo GIVCO – Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda Colectiva, cuja Investigadora Responsável é a Prof. Carmen Espegel Alonso. Esse acordo visa a sistematização de informações sobre edifícios de habitação coletiva, que ficarão disponíveis para investigadores, arquitectos, instituições públicas e outros interessados. – The CADERNOS DE HABITAÇÃO (CDH Portugal) emerged from a cooperation agreement between Mapping Public Housing · MdH (FAUP-CEAU/FCT), GIVCO (ETSAM-UPM) and PC3 (FAUUSP) researchers which led to the portuguese version of “Cuadernos de Viviendas”, originally published by GIVCO – Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda Colectiva, with the supervision of the Main Research Prof. Carmen Espegel Alonso. The aim of this agreement is to systemize information on collective housing which will be made available to researchers, architects, public organizations and other interested parties.
Cadernos de Habitação n.º 005 – Os CADERNOS DE HABITAÇÃO (CDH Portugal) decorrem de um acordo de cooperação entre o Mapa da Habitação · MdH (FAUP-CEAU/FCT), o GIVCO (ETSAM-UPM) e o PC3 (FAUUSP) que resultou na elaboração da versão portuguesa dos “Cuadernos de Viviendas”, originalmente desenvolvidos pelo GIVCO – Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda Colectiva, cuja Investigadora Responsável é a Prof. Carmen Espegel Alonso. Esse acordo visa a sistematização de informações sobre edifícios de habitação coletiva, que ficarão disponíveis para investigadores, arquitectos, instituições públicas e outros interessados. – The CADERNOS DE HABITAÇÃO (CDH Portugal) emerged from a cooperation agreement between Mapping Public Housing · MdH (FAUP-CEAU/FCT), GIVCO (ETSAM-UPM) and PC3 (FAUUSP) researchers which led to the portuguese version of “Cuadernos de Viviendas”, originally published by GIVCO – Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda Colectiva, with the supervision of the Main Research Prof. Carmen Espegel Alonso. The aim of this agreement is to systemize information on collective housing which will be made available to researchers, architects, public organizations and other interested parties.
Cadernos de Habitação n.º 003 – Os CADERNOS DE HABITAÇÃO (CDH Portugal) decorrem de um acordo de cooperação entre o Mapa da Habitação · MdH (FAUP-CEAU/FCT), o GIVCO (ETSAM-UPM) e o PC3 (FAUUSP) que resultou na elaboração da versão portuguesa dos “Cuadernos de Viviendas”, originalmente desenvolvidos pelo GIVCO – Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda Colectiva, cuja Investigadora Responsável é a Prof. Carmen Espegel Alonso. Esse acordo visa a sistematização de informações sobre edifícios de habitação coletiva, que ficarão disponíveis para investigadores, arquitectos, instituições públicas e outros interessados. – The CADERNOS DE HABITAÇÃO (CDH Portugal) emerged from a cooperation agreement between Mapping Public Housing · MdH (FAUP-CEAU/FCT), GIVCO (ETSAM-UPM) and PC3 (FAUUSP) researchers which led to the portuguese version of “Cuadernos de Viviendas”, originally published by GIVCO – Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda Colectiva, with the supervision of the Main Research Prof. Carmen Espegel Alonso. The aim of this agreement is to systemize information on collective housing which will be made available to researchers, architects, public organizations and other interested parties.
Sergio Dias Silva
added 2 research items
Cadernos de Habitação n.º 001 – Os CADERNOS DE HABITAÇÃO (CDH Portugal) decorrem de um acordo de cooperação entre o Mapa da Habitação · MdH (FAUP-CEAU/FCT), o GIVCO (ETSAM-UPM) e o PC3 (FAUUSP) que resultou na elaboração da versão portuguesa dos “Cuadernos de Viviendas”, originalmente desenvolvidos pelo GIVCO – Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda Colectiva, cuja Investigadora Responsável é a Prof. Carmen Espegel Alonso. Esse acordo visa a sistematização de informações sobre edifícios de habitação coletiva, que ficarão disponíveis para investigadores, arquitectos, instituições públicas e outros interessados. – The CADERNOS DE HABITAÇÃO (CDH Portugal) emerged from a cooperation agreement between Mapping Public Housing · MdH (FAUP-CEAU/FCT), GIVCO (ETSAM-UPM) and PC3 (FAUUSP) researchers which led to the portuguese version of “Cuadernos de Viviendas”, originally published by GIVCO – Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda Colectiva, with the supervision of the Main Research Prof. Carmen Espegel Alonso. The aim of this agreement is to systemize information on collective housing which will be made available to researchers, architects, public organizations and other interested parties.
Sergio Dias Silva
added a research item
APRESENTAÇÃO DE UM PROJETO/Rui Jorge Garcia Ramos 1 - CONTEXTO A CIÊNCIA E A TÉCNICA AO SERVIÇO DE CIDADES MAIS MODERNAS E SALUBRES/Ana Cardoso de Matos A QUESTÃO HABITACIONAL EM PORTUGAL – ENTRE O FINAL DA MONARQUIA E A REPÚBLICA/Paulo M. Almeida CORPORATIVISMO E HABITAÇÃO ECONÓMICA EM MEIO URBANO EM PORTUGAL (1933-1974) /Paula Borges Santos, José Maria Brandão de Brito ESTADO, HABITAÇÃO SOCIAL E RECONFIGURAÇÃO DA CIDADE: O CASO DO PLANO DE MELHORAMENTOS DA CIDADE DO PORTO DE 1956/Virgílio Borges Pereira, João Queirós PORTUGAL NO PÓS-GUERRA. ENTRE O CONSERVADORISMO E A MODERNIDADE/Fernanda Rollo LECTURES ET RELECTURES DE L’ESTADO NOVO /Victor Pereira 2 - PROGRAMA ANACRONIA DAS CASAS ECONÓMICAS: BASES PARA UM ESTUDO DO PROGRAMA-BANDEIRA DO ESTADO NOVO (1933-1974)/Sérgio Dias Silva ENTRE O INQUÉRITO À HABITAÇÃO RURAL E O INQUÉRITO À ARQUITECTURA POPULAR. A HABITAÇÃO DOS COLONOS DA JUNTA DE COLONIZAÇÃO INTERNA 1936-1960/Filipa de Castro Guerreiro LEITURAS DE UM PERCURSO NA HABITAÇÃO EM PORTUGAL: AS «HABITAÇÕES ECONÓMICAS» - FEDERAÇÃO DE CAIXAS DE PREVIDÊNCIA/MARIA TAVARES HABITAR EM LISBOA: O CASO DO GABINETE TÉCNICO DE HABITAÇÃO (DESDE 1959)/Jorge Mangorrinha ANTES DE ABRIL. A QUESTÃO DA HABITAÇÃO /José António Bandeirinha 3 - PROJETO CIÊNCIA E MODERNIDADE NA ARQUITETURA DA CASA ECONÓMICA REPUBLICANA (1910-1933)/Eliseu Gonçalves HABITAÇÃO SUBSIDIADA PELO ESTADO EM PORTUGAL. UMA PANORÂMICA TIPO-MORFOLÓGICA NO ÂMBITO DO PLURIFAMILIAR (1910-1974)/Gisela Lameira INTERVENÇÕES CONTEMPORÂNEAS EM EDIFÍCIOS DE HABITAÇÃO PLURIFAMILIAR SUBSIDIADOS PELO ESTADO: O PLANO DE MELHORAMENTOS PARA A CIDADE DO PORTO ENQUANTO LABORATÓRIO / Luciana Rocha 4 - PARALELOS FRANKFURT AM MAIN. UNA VIDA COMPARTIDA/Carmen Espegel NON CASE, MA CITTÀ - NON PROGETTI, MA PROGETTISTI. I QUARTIERI INA-CASA NELL’ITALIA DEGLI ANNI CINQUANTA/ Orsina Simona Pierini LOS POLÍGONOS DE VIVIENDA DE LA GERENCIA DE URBANIZACIÓN EN ESPAÑA: EL URBANISMO OPERATIVO DE BIDAGOR/Luis Moya
Eliseu Gonçalves
added 4 research items
In the 19th century, according to Frederic Le Play, the collective effort to social and economic harmonization had to be carried out through an organic order inspired by certain rural and secular communities of medieval origin. With the aim of achieving social peace and economic progress, a new rural morality would be applied to urban communities under the hierarchical play between Church, industrial patronage and the working-class. It was a social engineering propose, gradually updated with hygienists’ observations, to control daily practices and domestic space. Among others, the individual ownership, the guarantee of transferable heritage, individual housing with gardens as complement for livelihood and playful, were base conditions to the strengthening, sedentarization, and perpetuation of the family group and, consequently, the physical and emotional stability of the individual. Le Play’s sociology school arrived in Portugal in 1908 through his disciple Léon Poinsard at the invitation of the University of Coimbra and the King D. Manuel II. At the beginning of the 20th century, one of the main doubts concerning housing policies was related about the dialectic between single-family homes and collective housing models. Through the last years of the monarchy, the whole republic, and the foundation of the dictatorship, the great majority of the politicians supported detached houses for ideological reasons. But, on the other hand, technicians and people linked to local grim urban problems chose massive solutions in order to solve working-class accommodation properly and quickly. - Who loses and who wins? What were the political orientations and its housing models? What objectives they pursue and how they were implemented? How the opposition between field and city had structured the thinking? What was the relationship between power and architecture? What kind of buildings came up from this long-lasting historical process? These are some of the questions that the lecture intends to enunciate having, as leitmotif, the presence in Portugal of Le Play’s ethics and social methodology.
Exposição sobre a investigação levada a cabo sob convite do IHRU no ãmbito das comemorações dos cem anos do lançamento da primeira lei sobre habitação social em Portugal. Explicação dos objectivos, metodologia e resultados obtidos no âmbito de alguns cruzamentos temáticos que, do ponto de vista da nova historiografia, interessou desenvolver para lançar um olhar distinto da produção de habitação no primeiro terço do século passado.
Gisela Lameira
added a research item
The research project “Mapping Public Housing: a critical review of the State-subsidized residential architecture in Portugal (1910-1974)” [P2020-PTDC/CPC-HAT/1688/2014] was developed at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Porto (FAUP), Center for Studies in Architecture and Urbanism (CEAU) between 2016 and 2019. The Guide to a specific terminology within the framework of this research project is a key piece in the consolidation of systematized knowledge. It has become a performative and constantly updated collective work tool. Also, the Guide is an instrument that, instead of closing the knowledge of the subject through categorical definitions, establishes a theoretical tool to dynamize new readings, amplified through bibliographical references, parallel definitions in international contexts and sample listings. In this sense, it is structured as a permanent hypertext. The objectives of this document, therefore, extend beyond the defi nition of concepts. Each selected entry constitutes a universe of its own, in which, albeit with a variable characterization, the construction of a framework of references is sought, amplified by parallel definitions, or relevant quotations collected in specialized national or international bibliography.
Rui J. G. Ramos
added 3 research items
The CADERNOS DE HABITAÇÃO (CDH Portugal) emerged from a cooperation agreement between Mapping Public Housing · MdH (FAUP-CEAU/FCT), GIVCO (ETSAM-UPM) and PC3 (FAUUSP) researchers which led to the portuguese version of “Cuadernos de Viviendas”, originally published by GIVCO – Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda Colectiva, with the supervision of the Main Research Prof. Carmen Espegel Alonso. The aim of this agreement is to systemize information on collective housing which will be made available to researchers, architects, public organizations and other interested parties. The production of small essays about housing neighbourhood architecture was coordinated with the development of master theses at FAUP. It was possible to systematize a large number of significant urban and architectural case studies by means of characterization data sheets. The aim was to produce six Booklet Periodical Issues focused on specific aspects, systems or cases: Affordable Houses Estate of Alvito (Lisbon); Duque de Saldanha Residential Block (Porto); Affordable Houses Estate of the Cooperative “O Lar Familiar” (Porto); “Rainha D. Leonor” Housing Estate (Porto); Santa Marta Housing Estate (Barcelos); Pasteleira Housing Estate (Porto). For more specified information can be accessed the MdH Website: <https://mappingpublichousing.up.pt/en/booklets>
Rui J. G. Ramos
added 4 research items
The documentary "Morada" proposes a cinematographic route for the housing architecture supported by the State in Portugal studied in the project "Mapping Public Housing". Through a continuous movement in a fictitious dwelling, contexts are suggested and some of the most emblematic buildings constructed by public housing programs are presented along one of the most contested periods of recent Portuguese history.
International Congress FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PORTO | CASA DA MÚSICA. PORTO, PORTUGAL, 06 - 08 MAY 2019
Graphical record of the research developed throughout the project, in order to articulate complex relationships between historical time, housing programs and relevant contextual data. © Mapping Public Houssing
Gisela Lameira
added a research item
The research project “Mapping Public Housing: a critical review of the State-subsidized residential architecture in Portugal (1910-1974)” [P2020-PTDC/CPC-HAT/1688/2014] was developed at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Porto (FAUP), Center for Studies in Architecture and Urbanism (CEAU) between 2016 and 2019. The Guide to a specific terminology within the framework of this research project is a key piece in the consolidation of systematized knowledge. It has become a performative and constantly updated collective work tool. Also, the Guide is an instrument that, instead of closing the knowledge of the subject through categorical definitions, establishes a theoretical tool to dynamize new readings, amplified through bibliographical references, parallel definitions in international contexts and sample listings. In this sense, it is structured as a permanent hypertext. The objectives of this document, therefore, extend beyond the defi nition of concepts. Each selected entry constitutes a universe of its own, in which, albeit with a variable characterization, the construction of a framework of references is sought, amplified by parallel definitions, or relevant quotations collected in specialized national or international bibliography.
Rui J. G. Ramos
added an update
Rui J. G. Ramos Investigador Responsável CEAU | FAUP
Eliseu Gonçalves Coordenador do MdH CEAU | FAUP Eliseu Gonçalves
Maria Tavares CEAU | FAUP
Marta Rocha CEAU | FAUP Marta Rocha Moreira
Raquel Paulino CEAU | FAUP Raquel Paulino
Teresa Cálix CEAU | FAUP
Gisela Lameira CEAU | FAUP (Bolsa MDH) Gisela Lameira
Luciana Rocha CEAU | FAUP (Bolsa MDH) Luciana Rocha
Sérgio Dias Silva CEAU | FAUP (Bolsa FCT) Sergio Dias Silva
Virgílo Borges Pereira ISUP
Fernanda Ribeiro CETAC.MEDIA | FLUP @Fernanda Ribeiro
Maria Fernanda Rollo IHC | FCSH | UNL
Carmen Espegel GIVCO | ETSAM
Daniel Movilla GIVCO | ETSAM
 
Rui J. G. Ramos
added 3 research items
The online glossary has 59 records and is a reduced version of the book edited by the MDH Project: https://db.up.pt/fmi/webd/mapa_habitacao_db
These and many other questions might now start to find their answers after decades of omitting their social, economical, political, territorial and architectural relevance. The Mapping Public Housing Database, under permanent construction, will be available for this line of questioning and for others the future might bring. The “Mapping Public Housing” Database is a part of the Investigation Project by the same name and an open device designed to boost a critical reflection and propagation of the architecture that erected, through different programmes, affordable housing in the Portuguese 20th century. The focus is on an “other architecture”, framing a debate on the day-to-day production of architectural design that, although largely forgotten by history, shaped our territory and paved the way to our modernity. This partly open-access database is hence not only a typological chart of housing estates and programmes and of the documentary sources that they generated but also a starting point for an updated discussion of narratives and counter-narratives that rebel against orthodox historiography and suggest different canons. The extent of its data will also surpass the limits of the Project’s study period, encompassing the final decades of the 20th century and the first years of the 21st to include seminal references in the field of collective housing. A broad national and international context is therefore made available for the observation of the trading of norms and models between public promotion and private investment. https://mappingpublichousing.up.pt/en/database
In the early 20th Century in Portugal, a new architecture was produced as the offspring of different references, conforming a process of “Portugueseness” based on the picturesque. From the beginning of the dictatorship in 1926, the State took advantage of that phenomenon to sublimate nationalist values. Through the first programmes of mass housing construction, the single-family house became an object of consumption and a cornerstone of national identity. The search for identity brings together different architectures across the century featuring a renewed Portuguese sentiment infused with different perspectives on the “homeland”, its history and its culture.
Rui J. G. Ramos
added 14 research items
A produção da grande casa burguesa, pelos arquitectos formados entre tendências clássicas e românticas das escolas europeias do final do século XIX, é simultânea a uma outra produção sistematizada e racional, de um vasto número de casas mais pequenas. Os mesmos ateliers respondem a uma nova consideração do espaço social da burguesia, registada nos contornos da vida privada, do espaço doméstico e do seu investimento controlado. The bourgeois mansions, produced by architects with classical and romantic tendencies by the 19th century European schools, are simultaneous to other rational and systematised production. The same offices took into account a new concern on the bourgeois social space, abiding to the shape of private life of the dwelling space under a controlled investment. [NW noroeste. Revista de História]
Cinco edifícios de habitação colectiva. O estudo da Zona da Pasteleira (integrado nas propostas do Plano Director da Cidade de Robert Auzelle, 1961), coordenado pelo Arq. Alberto Rosmaninho, propõe a sua divisão em diferentes sectores urbanização. Num deste sectores desenvolvido pelo Arq. Rogério Barroca, situado numa pequena encosta junto do Rio Douro, localizam-se cinco edifícios de habitação colectiva dos arquitectos Pedro Ramalho e Sergio Fernandez. Projectados e edificados entre 1964 e 1973, estes edifícios singularizam-se pela forma inédita como o empreendimento é organizado através de uma associação de condóminos e pelos inovadores critérios de qualidade que definem, passando a ser uma referência de qualidade neste tipo de habitação. O plano para este sectorda Pasteleira e os cinco edifícios reflectem tempos diferentes. O primeiro, ligado a uma concepção formal próxima do formulário decorrente da Carta de Atenas; o segundo, preso à disciplina geométrica de um plano ortodoxo, já parcialmente executado, vai tentar através da concepção dos edifícios interrogar a estratégia moderna de que o plano faz eco. Assim estes edifícios surgem como reflexo da critica que os autores realizam aos valores do Movimento Moderno. Sinal da época em que foram projectados e construídos, estes edifícios permitem-nos ler, para além da afirmação pelos seus autores de um modo próprio de olhar a arquitectura do seu tempo, perscrutar os compromissos e circunstâncias, que de um modo mais alargado, podem ser reconhecidos na arquitectura portuguesa deste período.
ABSTRACT: In Portugal, as in other countries, multifamily housing in the urban context is prevalent in large and important cities such as Lisbon and Porto. Although this housing type in Lisbon dates back to the 17th century, in Porto the first examples appear only in the first half of the 20th century. Between the early 1920s and the late 1960s, this reality brought about the emergence of multiple types of housing buildings, carried out by different types of promoters, such as private individuals, real estate developers, and public and cooperative housing initiatives, the latter being more constrained at an economic level. This paper focuses specifically on state-subsidized and municipal housing initiatives and proposes the analysis of a set of buildings constructed in these decades in Porto: the Rainha D. Leonor Housing Complex, the Housing Block at Duque de Saldanha,and theRamalde Residential Unit. The aim is to identify types and levels of architectural interventions in the common areas of the buildings and, simultaneously, to establish the relationship between the ownership of the buildings and its levels of transformation in the present day. The methodology to achieve these objectives is based on archival research (primary sources), bibliographic survey (secondary sources) and terrain research (visits to case studies). Thus, this study will focus on a comparative analysis of the original architectural project and the recent interventions. More than a reflection on strategies for valorisation, rehabilitation or reuse, this paper aims to discuss the ongoing social, economic and environmental transformations and their effects on the preservation of the originality/identity of these buildings.
Rui J. G. Ramos
added 2 research items
A narrativa aborda uma solução particular de casa económica –o Carré Mulhousien–. Esse foi o modelo tomado como ideal no Porto de 1900 e a sua análise permite fixar temas desenvolvidos posteriormente pelas práticas modernas da habitação social na sua relação com a cidade. O texto expõe alguns temas importantes para compreender, entre geografias diversas, a reforma da habitação operária no final do século XIX centrada no unifamiliar e no ideal das cidades jardim.
The Mapping Public Housing investigation project (MdH), based at the University of Porto, Faculty of Architecture, Centre for Studies in Architecture and Urbanism, is building a database of State-subsidized residential architecture in Portugal designed between 1910 and 1974. An ongoing survey of laws directly or indirectly influencing housing construction, and of their concretization, allows for a reading of the influence of the State in housing architecture. This paper will focus on two scopes of segregation through housing design in the Portuguese 20th century, both in private initiatives—the “Ilhas”, low rent housing built in the backyards of Porto in the first half of the century—and in public investments—using the example of the “Affordable Houses”, a housing programme created by the Portuguese dictatorial regime in 1933 in which the buyers of the houses were subjected to surveillance by the State. An ongoing context of market pressure caused by speculative real estate investing and mass tourism, suggests an evolution of the original processes of segregation into systems of gentrification, transforming the cultural and social fabric.
Marta Rocha Moreira
added a project goal
Mapping Public Housing. A critical review of the State-subsidized residential architecture in Portugal (1910-1974) is a project carried out within Atlas da Casa [AdC], one of the seven research groups of Center for Architecture and Urban Studies [CEAU] at Faculty of Architecture, University of Porto [FAUP].
The aim of the project is to identify the public programs and their spatial concretizations: estates, collective buildings or single-family houses.
In order to establish a processual, contextual, comparative and interpretative study, it is intended to analyse the documental archives of the entities of promotion and tutelage of public housing in Portugal. This approach will enable the setting of a narrative with several purposes:
* Establishing a relation between public housing programmes and political and legal contexts;
* Identifying construction systems and housing types;
* Understanding social policies;
* and Georeferencing urban contexts in which the initiatives are inscribed.
This project relies on the achievements brought up by former sectorial studies both in the social and in the architectural perspective, seeking mostly the articulation of knowledge and the supplementing of lacking periods, areas or programs towards a global and systemic overview.