Project

Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence for WSNs and Wireless Communication.

Goal: This project aims to evaluate the potential of machine learning and artificial intelligence model to address the key problem domains of WSNs and wireless communication.

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Project log

Abhilash Singh
added 2 research items
Momentous increase in the popularity of explainable machine learning models coupled with the dramatic increase in the use of synthetic data facilitates us to develop a cost-efficient machine learning model for fast intrusion detection and prevention at frontier areas using Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). The performance of any explainable machine learning model is driven by its hyperparameters. Several approaches have been developed and implemented successfully for optimising or tuning these hyperparameters for skillful predictions. However, the major drawback of these techniques, including the manual selection of the optimal hyperparameters, is that they depend highly on the problem and demand application-specific expertise. In this paper, we introduced Automated Machine Learning (AutoML) model to automatically select the machine learning model (among support vector regression, Gaussian process regression, binary decision tree, bagging ensemble learning, boosting ensemble learning, kernel regression, and linear regression model) and to automate the hyperparameters optimisation for accurate prediction of numbers of k-barriers for fast intrusion detection and prevention using Bayesian optimisation. To do so, we extracted four synthetic predictors, namely, area of the region, sensing range of the sensor, transmission range of the sensor, and the number of sensors using Monte Carlo simulation. We used 80% of the datasets to train the models and the remaining 20% for testing the performance of the trained model. We found that the Gaussian process regression performs prodigiously and outperforms all the other considered explainable machine learning models with correlation coefficient (R = 1), root mean square error (RMSE = 0.007), and bias = − 0.006. Further, we also tested the AutoML performance on a publicly available intrusion dataset, and we observed a similar performance. This study will help the researchers accurately predict the required number of k-barriers for fast intrusion detection and prevention.
Wireless communication networks have much data to sense, process, and transmit. It tends to develop a security mechanism to care for these needs for such modern-day systems. An intrusion detection system (IDS) is a solution that has recently gained the researcher's attention with the application of deep learning techniques in IDS. In this paper, we propose an IDS model that uses a deep learning algorithm, conditional generative adversarial network (CGAN), enabling unsupervised learning in the model and adding an eXtreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) classifier for faster comparison and visualization of results. The proposed method can reduce the need to deploy extra sensors to generate fake data to fool the intruder 1.2-2.6%, as the proposed system generates this fake data. The parameters were selected to give optimal results to our model without significant alterations and complications. The model learns from its dataset samples with the multiple-layer network for a refined training process. We aimed that the proposed model could improve the accuracy and thus, decrease the false detection rate and obtain good precision in the cases of both the datasets, NSL-KDD and the CICIDS2017, which can be used as a detector for cyber intrusions. The false alarm rate of the proposed model decreases by about 1.827%.
Abhilash Singh
added a research item
The dramatic increase in the computational facilities integrated with the explainable machine learning algorithms allows us to do fast intrusion detection and prevention at border areas using Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). This study proposed a novel approach to accurately predict the number of barriers required for fast intrusion detection and prevention. To do so, we extracted four features through Monte Carlo simulation: area of the Region of Interest (RoI), sensing range of the sensors, transmission range of the sensor, and the number of sensors. We evaluated feature importance and feature sensitivity to measure the relevancy and riskiness of the selected features. We applied log transformation and feature scaling on the feature set and trained the tuned Support Vector Regression (SVR) model (i.e., LT-FS-SVR model). We found that the model accurately predicts the number of barriers with a correlation coefficient (R) = 0.98, Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) = 6.47, and bias = 12.35. For a fair evaluation, we compared the performance of the proposed approach with the benchmark algorithms, namely, Gaussian Process Regression (GPR), Generalised Regression Neural Network (GRNN), Artificial Neural Network (ANN), and Random Forest (RF). We found that the proposed model outperforms all the benchmark algorithms
Abhilash Singh
added a research item
Sensors in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) sense, process, and transmit information simultaneously. They mainly find applications in agriculture monitoring, environment monitoring, smart city development and defence. These applications demand high-end performance from the WSN. However, the performance of a WSN is highly vulnerable to various types of security threats. Any intrusion may reduce the performance of the WSN and result in fatal problems. Hence, fast intrusion detection and prevention is of great use. This paper aims towards fast detection and prevention of any intrusion using a machine learning approach based on Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) model. We proposed three methods (S-GPR, C-GPR and GPR) based on feature scaling for accurate prediction of k-barrier coverage probability. We have selected the number of nodes, sensing range, Sensor to Intruder Velocity Ratio (SIVR), Mobile to Static Node Ratio (MSNR), angle of the intrusion path and required k as the potential features. These features are extracted using an analytical approach. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method III accurately predicts the k-barrier coverage probability and outperforms the other two methods (I and II) with a correlation coefficient (R = 0.85) and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE = 0.095). Further, the proposed methods achieve a higher accuracy as compared to other benchmark schemes.
Abhilash Singh
added a research item
Node localisation is one of the significant concerns in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). It is a process in which we estimate the coordinates of the unknown nodes using sensors with known coordinates called anchor nodes. Several bio-inspired algorithms have been proposed for accurate estimation of the unknown nodes. However, use of bio-inspired algorithms is a highly time-consuming process. Hence, finding optimal network parameters for node localisation during the network set-up process with the desired accuracy in a short time is still a challenging task. In this paper, we have proposed an efficient way to evaluate the optimal network parameters that result in low Average Localisation Error (ALE) using a machine learning approach based on Support Vector Regression (SVR) model. We have proposed three methods (S-SVR, Z-SVR and R-SVR) based on feature standardisation for fast and accurate prediction of ALE. We have considered the anchor ratio, transmission range, node density and iterations as features for training and prediction of ALE. These feature values are extracted from the modified Cuckoo Search (CS) simulations. In doing so, we found that all the methods perform exceptionally well with method R-SVR outperforming the other two methods with a correlation coefficient (R = 0.82) and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE = 0.147m).
Abhilash Singh
added a project goal
This project aims to evaluate the potential of machine learning and artificial intelligence model to address the key problem domains of WSNs and wireless communication.