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MAMMALIAN PESTS OF LARGE CARDAMOM

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Bharat Gudade
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Himalayan palm civet (Paguma larvata C. E. H. Smith) and Indian wild boar (Sus scrofa Linnaeus) are reported in Sikkim and Darjeeling dististrict of West Bengal as the mammalian pests of the large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.). The Himalayan palm civet split open the capsules and swallows the seeds along with sweet mucilage. Husks of the capsules remain at the base of the infested clump and heap of excreta containing large cardamom seeds can be located somewhere in the plantation are the signs for the presence of palm civet. Digging of soil near the base of the clump in search of earth worms and as a result falling apart or uprooting of clump is the sign of wild boar damage in large cardamom plantation. Himalayan palm civet affects the crop during October-December depending on the altitude when the capsules reach maturity. Indian wild boar damages the crop during the rainy season (June-August).