The case of study take place in Italy, in the municipal territory of Barbianello (PV). It is part of a researching project promoted in collaboration with the DadaLab.-University of Pavia-Scientific Board Prof. Sandro Parrinello and Dott. Francesca Picchio. The primary aim of the survey researching project is about the conservation and the valorization of the architectural, cultural and historical heritage of the landscape; in particularly the identification of the various relationships between the built environment and the surrounding context. It define a researching method that can be applied to any urban system. The study of the structure of the area and of the natural and artificial system has allowed to obtain the necessary knowledge required for a full synthesis and interpretation of the territory, underline its Strengths and its Weaknesses. The study consisted of two phases: the first phase at the local level during which the entire municipal area was analyzed at a descriptive landscape level and consequently redrawn in order to have a complete synthesis of the current state of the area; in the second phase the analysis was limited to the case study of the historical center of Barbianello. The major urban fronts in the town centre were firstly detected and then each building was recorded in several data sheets in order to have a detailed catalog of the actual state of the site. The above mentioned research and the territorial study were not only a detailed analysis of an urban system but also could prove to be a useful tool when dealing with any form of future planning, management and conservation actions concerning the historical center of the town.
The present paper illustrates part of the project of methodological analysis, which focuses on the comprehension, and representation of the landscape of the Oltrepò region, in order to preserve and maintain its historic cultural significance. The census of the territory and its elements has allowed to obtain a complex and articulated fact-finding framework of the hinterland of Pavia, which is almost totally absent today. The test area on which to experiment with systems of interpretation and analysis of the site was chosen in an attempt to trigger a network that, starting from the case study of Barbianello, was able to extend to the neighboring municipalities the methodology documentation and the promotion of cultural traditions in that territory. The research activity has started a collaboration that, in 2013, saw the participation of the City of Barbianello and the Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture of the University of Pavia in actions for the protection and preservation of a highly identified landscape system.