Project

Landscape Anthropology in Protected Areas

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27

Project log

Pablo Vidal-González
added a research item
Climate change is an indisputable reality, but it seems that we still consider that it does not concern us directly, as if it only affected the melting ice in the Arctic, the polar bears or the glaciers of the Himalayas. We intend to show, through interviews with elderly people who live in rural areas and who have worked in activities in close contact with nature, how climate change affects us, our society. To do this we have collected the perceptions that these older people, who can compare with a greater perspective the before with the now, have about the various manifestations of climate change in nature, in their professional activities, as well as distinguishing those changes caused directly by the hand of man. The choice of these people has been made with scientific criteria, looking for those informants who, because of their work and place of residence, are privileged observers of a reality that, for those of us who live in the city, goes more unnoticed, before the comforts offered by opening a faucet or turning on the air conditioning, but that do nothing more than hide a serious environmental alteration. The precise data collected, which go beyond mere personal opinion and are based on empirical, verifiable and measurable data, present us with an unquestionable reality: the drastic transformations of nature, affected by the reduction of precipitation and its lack of regularity, the increase of heat and its earlier arrival, as well as by the drastic reduction of winter snowfall and the delay of winter.
Pablo Vidal-González
added a research item
Human contact with nature is more important than ever before considering the global confinement brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic , the increased urbanization of society, and increased rates of mental disorders and threats to human well-being. This article conveys the importance of contact with nature from three perspectives: historical, sociocultural, and scientific. These perspectives convey the many ways in which contact with nature is essential to human life, the multiple ways in which this is expressed , and the broad range of benefits this has. The case for preserving the natural environment continues to be made in light of the dangers of climate change, the deleterious effects of pollution, and the importance of habitats. We add to the case by underscoring how human well-being has depended on contact with natural environments and how the need for this contact is more salient now than ever before. o Human contact with nature now is a luxury or pastime for many, which of course is odd given our evolutionary origins. We evolved completely in nature in virtually every possible way for food, clothing, living quarters , but also walking, socializing, and playing sports. We need not go back to the beginning of human evolution. Even within our current time frame of merely the past two thousand years, cities often were closely connected with nature as evident in the work of hunter-gatherers, farmers , miners, fishermen, and foresters. Unfortunately, contemporary life throughout the world has helped us lose sight of our origins and the many roles that contact with nature can play in our lives. For example, currently approximately 55 percent of the world's population lives in urban areas and this is expected to increase to 68 percent by 2050 (United Nations 2019). Opportunities for employment, education, culture , and health care are among the motives for moving to urban areas. Urban planning and development of cities often include parks and
Pablo Vidal-González
added a research item
Nature sports in general and hiking in particular have become, in our urban and post-industrial societies, a growing phenomenon practiced by millions of citizens. The motivations and interests of this large group are varied, but they have a common element: to disconnect from stressful modern life and reconnect with nature. National parks and other protected areas are the preferred destinations, but they present an challenging contrast for land management: conservation versus tourist use. While once considered a romantic practice of escape and discovery, hiking is now a consumer product and a tourist experience. It promises experiences of disconnection, quiet and health; yet, natural spaces are increasingly scarce and more often than not they are crowded by other recreationalists. This book presents a multidisciplinary perspective on the latest trends and developments in hiking. In particular, the authors work from a European perspective with various outdoor recreation models represented and different conservation initiatives explored in the contexts of Spain, Norway, Poland, Germany and Lebanon. Collectively, the authors attend to hiking as a social phenomenon and economic opportunity, which has the potential to sustainably revitalize rural destinations, if managed properly. The first research-focused book on hiking and mountain sports in Europe by leading mountain sports researchers.
Pablo Vidal-González
added a research item
The Mosquera valley, in the heart of the Sierra de Espadán Natural Park, is known for being a true natural treasure, one of the best preserved and most renowned spaces in the Park. However, since the mid-19th century, this space has been profoundly altered by people making commercial use of the forest. Paradoxically, it is precisely this anthropic transformation that makes the place more attractive to visitors, to the extent that it continues to be a leading destination for nature observation and outdoor sports. Since the area was designated as a natural park, visitor numbers have increased exponentially, whilst its use as a managed forest has gone into decline. Both situations pose a challenge for the maintenance and preservation of this mountain area. The aim of this research is to present the strong symbolic component of the Mosquera valley and to evaluate the new uses of this privileged space, the new forms of tourism, the rise of sports practice, the enhancement of heritage or the improvement of behaviour in favour of sustainability.
Pablo Vidal-González
added a research item
Didactic guide for high school students on the landscapes of the natural park of the Sierra de Espadán, in Castellón, Spain
Pablo Vidal-González
added 6 research items
El inicio de una intensa actividad corchera en la Sierra de Espadán a partir de 1862 propició la aparición de una fiesta popular al término de la recogida del corcho en la masía Mosquera, corazón del parque y la propiedad privada más grande dedicada a la explotación suberícola de toda la zona.
This article analysis, through the carrying out of field work, the social structures and organisation of the extraction of cork in Extremadura and Andalucia, comparing it with the same activity carried out in Girona and Castellón. Special attention is paid to the división of labour, to the basic characteristics of this work and its transformation over the last fifty years,
Rural Settlement Ethnography in a Mountain Area, where life conditions were until abandoning, hard and fare away from modernity commodities, In this article, life conditions in this hamlet, where dry stone is very important. Former settlers interview offer ethnographic information.