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This Book presents an approach for planning and revitalization of the public spaces between the prefabricated concrete apartment buildings in the context of space-time values of its citizens. The topic is turned to the frequency of recent civil protests against the construction of new buildings into the spaces between the block of Bulgarian post-soviet flats. The involvement of community members throughout the whole urban planning process, starting with decision making and reaching to a strategy implementation is a key condition for building a socially and spatially sustainable, harmonious and vibrant urban environment as well as for consolidating the community itself. In the first part of the book the priorities for sustainable revitalization of the spaces are conducted through preliminary studies, urban and socio-anthropological research. In the second part the hypothesis has been presented, and at last three innovative “Open innovation” components are highlighted in order to apply the "Open source architecture" for intergenerational and cross-sectoral perspective. As conclusion there is submitted an open innovation approach for revitalization of the neglected spaces between the block of flats’ spaces.
The paper presents a method for generating possible predictions for the condition of spaces between the prefabricated concrete housing in Sofia. On its basis the method is defined by two general discourses: energy efficiency and cultural identity. They, in combination with nine contemporary problem themes in the architectural environment, identified through questionnaire among residents: parking, landscape, lighting, hygiene, security, waste, noise, homeless animals and public places, are structureа into 18 scenarios where the main questions are what might happened and to what level goes the realistic forecast. The aim of method is through condition prediction to construct strategies for renovation of the spaces between the prefabricated concrete housings in Sofia.
As part of a science project developed by the UACEG and funded by National Science Fund in Bulgaria under contract DFNI E02/20 in this article is presented an approach for detection the main planning problems of the terrains between the block of flats in the post-industrial mass housing in Sofia. Through detailed empirical research on the planning of the spaces between the buildings we propose typology concerning nine types of cumulative spaces for revitalization of this wintry habitat.
The article presents urban empirical research concerning the state of the terrains between the blocks of flats formed by mass housing buildings in Sofia city. The analysis is based on 1059 subjects localized in 63 residential complexes of Sofia Municipality. The aim of the study is to be selected the most suitable cases for detection of the wintriest habitat which is eligible for future revitalization. This publication shows both statistical analysis and results of on-line inquiry on the opinion of the inhabitants collected by http://blockareas.bg. The project is financed by the National Science Fund in Bulgaria under contract DFNI E02/20.
The construction of large residential complexes have as a global trend in the 50s of the last century in the US and Europe after the Second World War. It is the result of rapid urbanization, industrialization, overproduction and concentration of enormous human resources in big cities. The emergence, development and decline of housing estates is a phenomenon in the history of 20th century-one of the largest experiments in residential environment-an attempt to cardinally solve the housing problem. Its heyday was in the 60s and 70s and during the 90s already seen the first attempts to seek appropriate practices for upgrading. The publication analyzes the issues relating to: (1) history of landscaping and public works in spaces between residential blocks and surrounding environment; (2) trends in landscaping and urbanization of the spaces between residential blocks, innovation and development opportunities; (3) the impact of vegetation and park furniture on the sanitary situation and comfort in the spaces between residential blocks, and possible guidelines for the conservation and management of these areas in the context of socioeconomic sustainability of the micro-level.
Large-scale residential complexes having a global trend initially in the US and later in Europe after World War II as a result of rapid urbanization, industrialization, over-production and concentration of enormous human resources in big cities. Then called micro areas and today they represent a real challenge to solve in terms of depreciated buildings, as well as degradation and obsolescence received in the past spaces. Attempts to achieve universal solutions to the housing problem in this period inevitably lead to a number of urbanistic and planning difficulties raise questions about their appropriateness.
The construction of large residential complexes having a global trend initially in the USA and later in Europe after World War II. This is a result of rapid urbanization, industrialization, overproduction and concentration of enormous human resources in big cities. They occur somewhat later in the countries of the so called socialist camp for the same reasons. The emergence, development and decline of residential complexes is a remarkable phenomenon in the history of the 20th century as one of the largest experiments with living environment and experience to dramatically solve the housing problem in big industrial cities.
The problems of the residential quarters built by industrialized technology in 60-70 years of the last century, have their physical, social, economic, demographic and environmental aspects. Material and obsolescence of the buildings is readily apparent. Demographic changes in the age structure, size and number of households, the scale of unemployment and the change in lifestyle impose different requirements on the size, content and functional organization of both the buildings and the spaces between them. Discussion. The total number of panel apartments in Bulgaria today is about 30% of the housing stock. The dynamics in the development of socioeconomic relations over the last 27 years have changed the face of the panel complexes. Trade sites spontaneously entered the residential environment. Diversity and self made improvements made improvised and interesting neighborhoods, but not them closer to the modern idea of a quality place to live. The processes of social restructuring and stratification of society are still less pronounced due to the retaining force of property ownership and limited opportunities for financial investment. However grown requirements for the residential environment are the reason for the departure of prefab housing estates of residents who can not afford it. In parallel, wealthy entrepreneurs buy and renovate apartments for sale at significantly higher prices and, especially, for the purpose of renting (not to be overlooked doubling of the population in the capital in those same 27 years). However, there remain thousands of families, and not only in Sofia, laden with the burden of ownership without funds for its maintenance and renewal. The problems of the residential quarters built by industrialized technology in 60-70 years of the last century, have their physical, social, economic, demographic and environmental aspects. Material and obsolescence of the buildings is readily apparent. Demographic changes in the age structure, size and number of households, the scale of unemployment and the change in lifestyle impose different requirements on the size, content and functional organization of both the buildings and the spaces between them. Existing buildings can not meet these requirements due to serious structural difficulties in attempts to internal changes. Renovation of these housing estates with good location and developed technical and social infrastructure supports limiting the extensive expansion of urban structures and building on valuable agricultural land, as well as existed for many years natural parks or untouched landscapes around cities. In this regard, it is appropriate to seek main roads out of this negative trend caused by the limited capacity of the state and its people mastering the above processes. Regarding the spaces between residential blocks we undoubtedly define basic question to solve – land ownership. From now on everything can be solved quickly and efficiently in a more or less acceptable compliance of the country. We can continue to reflect this trend with examples of overscaled (oversized or miniature) spaces, unkempt lawns without professional maintenance. Reconstruction and landscaping in the past often acted randomly campaign shares like "Leninski sabotnik", "Forest Week", student brigades, 45-day teams of employees, etc. These events were mandatory for participants and in most cases unpaid. Today they continue and are much more varied, but based on completely amateurish programs like "Green Sofia", "Ariana search the company in front of the block" and others. Continuous are tolerated and financed unprofessional and unprincipled development activities between block spaces by incompetent but very active subjects. Complete absence of economic feasibility in all planning and park development activities today is disguised under the code concepts such as sustainability biocenoses, development of ecological potential, performances, installations and other urban-ecological events. The comparative analysis of the problems and the state of the block's spaces in
Juggling landscaping activities with other measures to modernize spaces between residential blocks imposes a more detailed analysis on the use and maintenance of alleys, available and newly designed tree and shrub vegetation and park furniture.
Approaches to update these territories based on a common understanding of the global objective of sustainable development with its three main aspects: economic, social and environmental - namely the achievement of a balanced and stable living environment. Regarding the spaces between residential blocks means building and managing a harmonious and healthy environment capable of operating long- term physical and socioeconomic, with minimal negative impact on nature..