Project

Islamic Legacy: Narratives East, West, South, North of the Mediterranean (1350-1750)

  • Antonio Urquizar-Herrera
  • Alicia MiguelezAlicia Miguelez
  • Inês COUTINHO

Goal: The purpose of the Action is to provide a transnational and interdisciplinary approach capable of overcoming the segmentation that currently characterizes the study of relations between Christianity and Islam in late medieval and early modern Europe and the Mediterranean. Over the last thirty years, some separate geographic and academic areas have been defined in this research field: the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Central Europe and the Balkans, and Greece and the different islands of the Mediterranean. These different geographical areas have been analysed in isolation and have been further disjointed in a scientific context defined by the separation of disciplines and chronologies. The intention of the Action is to mitigate this academic distortion by creating a common space for scientific exchange and reflection. This space will involve institutions from 26 different European and Mediterranean countries as well as 59 senior and junior researchers coming from different disciplines (history, history of art, philology, anthropology, social sciences, history of the science, politics, etc.). The creation of this network will help to provide a comprehensive understanding of past relations between Christianity and Islam in the European context through the addressing of three main research problems: otherness, migration and borders. Beyond the strictly academic realm, the Action also aims to revive diversity and Euro-Mediterranean relations in education, at a moment when Europe is at a cultural and political crossroads.

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Ferenc Tóth
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RÉSUMÉ : Durant la campagne en 1664, Louis XIV envoya une armée auxiliaire de 6000 hommes et plusieurs jeunes nobles volontaires en Hongrie à la demande de l’empereur Léopold Ier. Le commandant de l’armée française était le comte Jean de Coligny-Saligny. Cette force se joignit à l’armée principale sous la direction de Raimondo Montecuccoli à Saint-Gotthard où elle contribua à la bataille victorieuse du 1er août 1664. Les témoignages des participants résument bien les évènements et nous donnent également des détails culturels intéressants de leur séjour dans la Hongrie occidentale. SUMMARY: During the campaign of 1664, Louis XIV sent a 6,000-strong French auxiliary army and several volunteering young noblemen to Hungary upon the request of Emperor Leopold I. The commander of the French army was Count Jean de Coli- gny-Saligny. This force joined the main army under Raimondo Montecuccoli’s high command at Szentgotthárd and contributed to the victorious battle on August 1st, 1664. The participants’ reports summarize the events and give some interesting cultural details about the stay of the French participants in the western part of Hungary.
Agata S. Nalborczyk
added a research item
The memoir is unique in 18th-century Polish travel literature and among works on the Ottoman Empire and Muslims. Since Pilsztynowa had received no formal education in her homeland, she had had no exposure to the biased stereotypes of the Turks and Islam that the educated found in their European reading material, so she describes Islamic religion and customs as she sees them, without dislikes and prejudices (though she was also a child of her time). One can sense a liking for the Turks in her memoir and understand that she felt comfortable in Istanbul. After all, her material status and social position in Turkey was better than at home because the earning prospects in Turkey were better for her and as a physician she was treated with some esteem.
Orhan Jasic
added 3 research items
The beginning of this paper defines the notion of bioethical sensibility, and its place in a practical philosophy. What follows are the philosophical aspirations of Pythagoras of Samos and his disciples and followers. Particular attention is directed to the universally known fact that Pythagoras first brought to Greece learning that every born living being shares kinship, as well as the opinion by the Founders of the Pythagorean Braterhood that ensouled beings should not be eaten animals are related to people through the identical elements and relationships between them. Further, two branches of the Arab philosophical traditions are presented: Eastern and Western philosophical tradition; with special reference to Ihwan a?-?afa' (10th century) from the East, and on the other hand, the philosophy of Ibn ?ufayla (12th century) from the West. In fact, the words of one Arab Eastern philosophical and theological neopithagorian school known as Ihwan a?-?afa' discuss animal suffering and, which was presented to their understanding of the animal world. Addittional discussion of bioethical sensibility towards animal life is presented in the philosophical novel ?ayy ibn Yaq?an the rationalist Arab-Spanish philosopher from the western provence Ibn ?ufayl. Comarisons are made between the philosophical tradition Ihwan a?-?afa' and Ibn ?ufayla, as well as their common bond with ancient Greek i.e. Pythagorean teachings about refraining animal consumption.
SAžETAK Uvod: Alkoholizam je jedan od gorućih problema suvremene civilizacije, a samim time ističe se i kao problem među studentskom populacijom. Kvaliteta života danas se najčešće procje-njuje u fizičkom, duhovnom, materijalnom i okolišnom blagostanju. Religioznost je oduvijek bila dio sustava vrijednosti u ljudskom životu. Cilj rada: Istražiti alkoholni status, zadovoljstvo kvalitetom života i religioznost studenata Sve-učilišta u Tuzli. Na osnovi navedenih elemenata, ocijeniti postoji li korelacija između stupnja konzumacije alkohola, kvalitete života i religijskog statusa studenata. Ispitanici i metode: Istraživanje je provedeno tijekom 2010. godine među studentima treće i četvrte godine većine fakulteta tuzlanskog sveučilišta. Korištena su 2 upitnika: WHOQOL-BREF upitnik o kvaliteti života WHO i Upitnik za ispitivanje religioznosti (prilagođen za Federaciju BiH na osnovi upitnika iz: Martin Rieger, Karin Bawidamann, Matthias Jäger, Religionsmonitor, 2008, Bertelsmann Stiftung, Gütersloh, 2008), uz dodatak i pitanja o al-koholnom statusu. Za obradu podataka korišteni su Kruskall-Wallisov i ANOVA test sa stati-stičkom značajnošću među varijablama p < 0.05. Rezultati: Testirano je 526 ispitanika, od kojih 41 % muškaraca, a 59 % žena. Alkohol sva-kodnevno konzumira 0.8 %, par puta tjedno 5.4 %, par puta mjesečno 20.9 %, rijetko 35.2 % i nikada 37.7 % ispitane studentske populacije. Ukupna kvaliteta života kroz domene psihičkog i fizičkog zdravlja i domenu okoline u odnosu na različite stupnjeve konzumacije alkohola nije pokazala statističku značajnost za razliku od domene socijalnih odnosa, gdje postoji statistička značajnost na razini p < 0.005. Različite navike konzumiranja alkohola i sve domene religijskog statusa (ideologijska, iskustvena, ritualna, intelektualna i posljedična domena) pokazale su visoku značajnu statističku razliku na razini p < 0.0001. * Adresa za korespondenciju: Orhan Jašić, Medicinska škola-Jezero Sarajevo, Patriotske lige 67a, BA-71 000 Sarajevo,
Edmond Manahasa
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@ Inês COUTINHO
 
Edmond Manahasa
added a project goal
The purpose of the Action is to provide a transnational and interdisciplinary approach capable of overcoming the segmentation that currently characterizes the study of relations between Christianity and Islam in late medieval and early modern Europe and the Mediterranean. Over the last thirty years, some separate geographic and academic areas have been defined in this research field: the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Central Europe and the Balkans, and Greece and the different islands of the Mediterranean. These different geographical areas have been analysed in isolation and have been further disjointed in a scientific context defined by the separation of disciplines and chronologies. The intention of the Action is to mitigate this academic distortion by creating a common space for scientific exchange and reflection. This space will involve institutions from 26 different European and Mediterranean countries as well as 59 senior and junior researchers coming from different disciplines (history, history of art, philology, anthropology, social sciences, history of the science, politics, etc.). The creation of this network will help to provide a comprehensive understanding of past relations between Christianity and Islam in the European context through the addressing of three main research problems: otherness, migration and borders. Beyond the strictly academic realm, the Action also aims to revive diversity and Euro-Mediterranean relations in education, at a moment when Europe is at a cultural and political crossroads.