Project

Intelligence Optimization Algorithms for Wireless Communication and Wireless Sensor Networks

Goal: We investigate how the nature inspired intelligence optimization solves the critical issues in wireless communications and WSNs more efficiently.

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Project log

Abhilash Singh
added a research item
Node localisation plays a critical role in setting up Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). A sensor in WSNs senses, processes and transmits the sensed information simultaneously. Along with the sensed information, it is crucial to have the positional information associated with the information source. A promising method to localise these randomly deployed sensors is to use bio-inspired meta-heuristic algorithms. In this way, a node localisation problem is converted to an optimisation problem. Afterwards, the optimisation problem is solved for an optimal solution by minimising the errors. Various bio-inspired algorithms, including the conventional Cuckoo Search (CS) and modified CS algorithm, have already been explored. However, these algorithms demand a predetermined number of iterations to reach the optimal solution, even when not required. In this way, they unnecessarily exploit the limited resources of the sensors resulting in a slow search process. This paper proposes an Enhanced Cuckoo Search (ECS) algorithm to minimise the Average Localisation Error (ALE) and the time taken to localise an unknown node. In this algorithm, we have implemented an Early Stopping (ES) mechanism, which improves the search process significantly by exiting the search loop whenever the optimal solution is reached. Further, we have evaluated the ECS algorithm and compared it with the modified CS algorithm. While doing so, note that the proposed algorithm localised all the localisable nodes in the network with an ALE of 0.5-0.8 m. In addition, the proposed algorithm also shows an 80% decrease in the average time taken to localise all the localisable nodes. Consequently, the performance of the proposed ECS algorithm makes it desirable to implement in practical scenarios for node localisation.
Abhilash Singh
added a research item
In order to solve the critical issues in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), with concern for limited sensor lifetime, nature-inspired algorithms are emerging as a suitable method. Getting optimal network coverage is one of those challenging issues that need to be examined critically before any network setup. Optimal network coverage not only minimizes the consumption of limited energy of battery driven sensors but also reduce the sensing of redundant information. In this paper, we focus on nature-inspired optimization algorithms concerning the optimal coverage in WSNs. In the first half of the paper, we have briefly discussed the taxonomy of the optimization algorithms along with the problem domains in WSNs. In the second half of the paper, we have compared the performance of two nature-inspired algorithms for getting optimal coverage in WSNs. The first one is a combined Improved Genetic Algorithm and Binary Ant Colony Algorithm (IGA-BACA), and the second one is Lion Optimization (LO). The simulation results confirm that LO gives better network coverage, and the convergence rate of LO is faster than that of IGA-BACA. Further, we observed that the optimal coverage is achieved at a lesser number of generations in LO as compared to IGA-BACA. This review will help researchers to explore the applications in this field as well as beyond this area.
Abhilash Singh
added a research item
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) found application in many diverse fields, starting from environment monitoring to machine health monitoring. The sensor in WSNs senses information. Sensing and transmitting this information consume most of the energy. Also, this information requires proper processing before final usages. This paper deals with minimising the redundant information sensed by the sensors in WSNs to reduce the unnecessary energy consumption and prolong the network lifetime. The redundant information is expressed in terms of the overlapping sensing area of the working sensors set. A mathematical model is proposed to find the redundant information in terms of the overlapping area. A combined meta-heuristic approach is used to achieve the optimal coverage, and the effect of the overlapping area is considered in the objective function to reduce the amount of redundant information sensed by the working sensors set. Improved genetic algorithm (IGA) and Binary ant colony algorithm (BACA) are used as heuristic tools to optimise the multi-objective function. The objective was to find the minimum number of sensors that cover a complete scenario with minimum overlapping sensing region. The results show that optimal coverage with the minimum working sensor set is achieved and then by incorporating the concept of overlapping area in the objective function, sensing of redundant information is further reduced.
Abhilash Singh
added a project goal
We investigate how the nature inspired intelligence optimization solves the critical issues in wireless communications and WSNs more efficiently.