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History of Ethnographic Collecting
Preprint of a Spanish translation of a revised, enlarged and fully illustrated version of “The Collecting of American Indian Artifacts in Europe, 1493–1750,” originally published in: Karen O. Kupperman (ed.), America in European Consciousness, 1493–1750 (Chapel Hill, NC 1995: University of North Carolina Press for Institute of Early American History and Culture), 324–360. The essay provides a history of the collecting of North, Middle, and South American Indian material in European collections prior to 1750, summarizes the American Indian contents of these collections, and discusses the way they were displayed and appreciated.
Objects of Native North American origin have entered European collections since the sixteenth century and to this day remain important documents of historical ethnography. Owing to their dispersal to institutions that often lack the expertise required for their proper assessment, and also to the fragmented nature of the available literature in various languages, they have yet to receive the full attention they deserve. The present overview summarizes the results of research and publications on this subject matter since 1992. For the full text go to: https://academic.oup.com/jhc/pages/north-american-ethnography or: https://doi.org/10.1093/jhc/fhz041
An 1784 ethnographic and natural history sales exhibit in Vienna, featuring items collected by James Cook, the visit of Georg Forster in Vienna in 1784, acquisitions before 1806 of lithic artifacts presumably collected by Cook and preserved in the Mineralogical Cabinet in Vienna, and early Polynesian material in Vienna (including "Poulaho's headdress") not deriving from the sale of the Leverian Museum in 1806 are discussed in terms of their possible association with Cook's voyages.
Two "Guiana war clubs" with incised designs, a woman's apron of glass beads, and a man's conical cap made from the spathe of the troolie palm in the collection of the former Museum Stobæanum (now part of the Historical Museum of Lund University), collected apparently on different occasions during the eighteenth century, with comparative notes.
Illustrated overview of the small Native American collection at the Roemer-Museum in Hildesheim, Germany. Includes a collection assembled in 1847 among the Comanche in Texas by Ferdinand Roemer, Yup'ik material collected by Adrian Jacobsen, and a variety of Northeastern/Great Lakes pieces, mainly of tourist art, from the second half of the nineteenth century.
Perceptions of indigenous peoples of the Americas in Europe and ethngraphic collecting, early 16th century to early 20th century.