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HERAF - Hermenéutica y Antropología Filosófica

Goal: This is a resesearch group on hermeneutics and anthropological philosophy at the University of Zaragoza, Spain, organising publications, conferences, lectures, seminars, summer courses, etc. Website: http://heraf.unizar.es/miembros-del-grupo/jose-angel-garcia-landa/

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José Angel García Landa
added a research item
English abstract: Jonathan Gottschall took from Graham Swift's 'Waterland' the title for his book 'The Storytelling Animal'. My contention in giving this paper the title 'The Storymaking Animal' is that human beings storify the world in order to make sense of it, as pointed out by both Swift and Gottschall, but 'Storymaking' is more precise in the sense that many stories are not told or communicated, but rather lived out, inhabited and experienced. Our storymaking ability, as noted by Michel Butor, far exceeds literature and is a basic mode in which humans experience reality in a distinctive way. Spanish abstract: Jonathan Gottschall tomó de 'Waterland' de Graham Swift el título de su libro 'The Storytelling Animal', 'el animal que cuenta historias'. Lo que pretendo al titular este artículo 'El animal que hace historias' ('the storymaking animal') es que los seres humanos narrativizan el mundo para darle sentido (algo que señalan tanto Swift como Gottschall), pero que es más exacto decir que somos 'hacedores de historias" en el sentido en que muchas historias no se cuentan ni se comunican, sino que más bien se habitan, se viven y se experimentan. Nuestra capacidad narrativizadora, según observó Michel Butor, desborda con mucho la literatura y es una modalidad básica de experimentar la realidad propiamente humana.
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
Un comentario del prólogo a la Biblia de Ferrara (1553) permite a José Manuel Blecua Perdices ejemplificar los elementos básicos que deben subyacer a un enfoque filológico de los textos, tanto en la investigación como en la enseñanza. Dos cuestiones se enfatizan: la importancia de la semiótica del lenguaje y de la escritura (la 'tecnología de la palabra') puesta de manifiesto en el texto, y la necesidad de que el estudioso conozca la propia tradición académica y sus transformaciones históricas. Este artículo resume y comenta la contribución de Blecua, enfatizando el papel del intérprete como mediador entre el texto original y una diversidad de discursos y disciplinas culturales que median su recepción. ____________________________________________________________________ English abstract: A commentary of the prologue to the Ferrara Bible (1553) allows José Manuel Blecua Perdices to exemplify the basic elements which must underlie a philological approach to texts, both in the research and in teaching. Two issues are emphasized: the importance of the semiotics of language and writing (the 'technology of the word') evinced in the text, and the need for a familiarity with the student's own scholarly tradition and its historical transformations. This paper summarizes and comments Blecua's contribution, emphasizing the role of the interpreter as a mediator between the original text and a variety of cultural discourses and disciplines which mediate its reception.
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
Esta tesis examina la técnica narrativa de la novela de Charles Dickens HARD TIMES (Tiempos Difíciles, 1854). Lleva a cabo un ejercicio práctico de análisis del relato en la línea del estructuralismo francés, ateniéndose en particular a los modelos de análisis narrativo propuestos por Gérard Genette y Mieke Bal. Nuestro objetivo ha sido el estudio del espacio comprendido entre el argumento y la caracterización por una parte, y la superficie textual o discursiva por otra. Ejemplificamos en el análisis de una típica novela victorian la manera en que las distintas categorías que actúan sobre la historia (las distorsiones temporales, el punto de vista, la voz) mediatizan la percepción que de ella tenemos y constituyen un sistema particular que orienta el significado de la historia de acuerdo con la intencionalidad del autor. Al estudio práctico de la obra se une una reflexión sobre el método seguido y, en su caso, una concretización o ampliación del mismo. English abstract: Aspects of Narrative Technique in Charles Dickens's HARD TIMES This thesis examines narrative technique in Charles Dickens's novel HARD TIMES (1854), carrying out a practical exercise of literary analysis in the line of French structuralist criticism (in particular the analytic models proposed by Gérard Genette and Mieke Bal). Our aim is to study narrative structure, more specifically the analytic level situated between plot and characterization on one hand and the actual text or discursive surface on the other. The way narrative categories (time, point of view, voice) act on the story is exemplified through the analysis of this typically Victorian novel; these categories are shown to build a specific system used by the author to control the reader's perception of the story and of its ultimate meaning. Along with the practical study of the book a parallel study of the method is to be found in which development or specification has been made whenever necessary.
Este artículo examina dos obras narrativas tardías de Samuel Beckett, "Mal Vu Mal Dit" y "Worstward Ho", situándolas en el desarrollo de la estética metaficcional y autorreflexiva del autor. Los rasgos minimalistas de estas obras se ven como una modalidad de autorreferencialidad narrativa y estética. _______________________________________________________ This paper examines two of Samuel Beckett's late narrative works, "Ill Seen Ill Said" and "Worstward Ho", setting them in the context of the author's developing metafictional and self-reflexive aesthetics. The minimalist features of the works are analyzed as a mode of narrative and aesthetic self-referentiality.
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
Aspects of the Narrative Technique in Hard Times is a practical exercise of literary analysis in the line of French structuralist criticism. Our aim is to study narrative resources: our concern is with the space between plot and characterization on one hand and the actual text on the other. The way narrative categories (time, point of view, voice) act on the story is exemplified in a Victorian novel; they are shown to make up a specific system used by the author to control the reader's perception of the story and of its ultimate meaning. Along with the practical study of the book a parallel study of the method is to be found in which development or specification has been made
Efectuamos en este artículo una integración de la narratología cognitiva, el interaccionismo dramatístico, y la teoría evolucionista. Definimos los conceptos de cartografía narrativa y anclaje narrativo, y desarrollamos el marco conceptual constructivista definido por Schutz, Luckmann y Berger en sus estudios de fenomenología social. La teoría de los marcos de Goffman también se trata y se incorpora al modelo, así como diversos modelos narratológicos que van desde la poética aristotélica a la hermenéutica de Ricœur, o los estudios bajtinianos de Morson y Bernstein sobre las patologías del tiempo. Sostenemos que la narración y las operaciones mentales narrativizadoras son un fenómeno emergente de importancia crucial para la construcción del nicho cultural humano; que de hecho son nada menos que la operación cognitiva fundamental que sirve como base para la emergencia del tiempo considerado como una dimensión compleja y multiestratificada de la realidad. _____________________________________________________________ English Abstract: This paper effects an integration of cognitive narratology, dramatistic interactionism, phenomenology, and evolutionary theory. It defines the concepts of narrative mapping and narrative anchoring, and builds up from the constructivist conceptual framework established by Schutz, Luckmann, and Berger in their studies in social phenomenology. Goffman's frame theory is also dealt with and integrated into the model, as well as a number of narratological approaches ranging from Aristotle's poetics to Ricœur's hermeneutics and Morson and Bernstein's Bakhtinian studies of the pathologies of time. A case is made for narrative and narrativizing mental operations as a major emergent phenomenon in the construction of the human cultural niche, and as nothing less than the major cognitive operation resulting in the emergence of time as a complex multi-layered dimension of reality. Notes: Downloadable document is available in Spanish.
José Angel García Landa
added 5 research items
Spanish abstract: Presentamos una descripción narrativística de la causalidad, que complementa la explicación materialista de la ontología de la causalidad formulada por Gustavo Bueno, con la desconstrucción efectuada por Nietzsche de la atribución de causalidad, desde un punto de vista epistemológico.___________________________________________________________________________________ English abstract: This is a narrativist account of causality, bringing together Gustavo Bueno's materialist account of the ontology of causality, and Nietzsche's deconstruction of the attribution of causality formulated from an epistemological viewpoint. Keywords: Causality, Philosophy, Metaphysics, Nietzsche, Gustavo Bueno, Materialism, Narrativity, Epistemology,
An overview of some central ideas and movements in nineteenth-century criticism and aesthetics during the Victorian period, after the heyday of Romanticism. This lecture centers on the development of historical scholarship and its context in the history of ideas, followed by some notes on incipient sociological theories of literature and proto-Marxist critical approaches in Czarist Russia. Keywords: Criticism, Literary scholarship, Literary history, Sociology of literature, Literary theory, History of criticism, Politics of literature
Muchos de los rasgos de la escritura de madurez de Beckett comienzan a perfilarse en sus relatos de 1945, donde la historia y los personajes son máscaras de la escritura más bien que criaturas del realismo, pues la historia admite una doble lectura reflexiva, en la que el acto de escribir y las aventuras del personaje producidas por esta escritura establecen relaciones paradójicas que convierten a la aventura en un reflejo de la escritura, y a la escritura en una aventura metaficcional.Many traits of Beckett's mature writing begin to take shape in the stories he wrote in 1945, in which the story and the characters are masks for the act of writing rather than realistic creatures, since the story may be given a reflexive reading, in which paradoxical relationships are established between the act of writing and the character's adventures which are produced by this writing, transforming the adventures into a reflection of the writing, and the writing into a metafictional adventure.
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
George Herbert Mead's symbolic interactionalism provides a social behaviorist theory of the origin of role-playing. Being a perspective which stresses the inherent theatricality of human interaction and of the human mind, it is therefore, in an indirect way, a theory of the psychosocial roots of drama. Where we find the origin of language, and the origin of the human self, there we find, as well, the origin of drama. Besides, Mead's concept of self-interaction resulting from internalized interaction is crucial for an adequate understanding of the generative process which gives rise to the complexity of the human mind. Keywords: George Herbert Mead, Dramatism, Social Psychology, Mind, Role-Playing, Internalization, Interactionism, Social Behaviorism, Drama, Self
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
This is a note on Walter Benjamin's essay on collecting, "Unpacking My Library" (orig. published in German in 1931). Benjamin's reflections on collecting are analyzed with reference to Modernist themes in Baudelaire and Proust, and to the Modernist concern with memory in the structuring of the self. The essay is held to be a half-ironic self-portrait showing some tensions or uncertainties in Benjamin's class positioning and allegiances.
Some critical notes on Fredric Jameson's article "Postmodernism, or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism" (New Left Review 146 [1984]: 53-92), from the standpoint of a more comprehensive cultural criticism.
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
Annotations on V. N. Voloshinov's study "Marxism and the Philosophy of Language" (1929), on topics such as reflexion vs. refraction, consciousness and signs, language and ideology, Saussurean structuralism, verbal interaction, and theme vs. meaning.
Spanish Abstract: "Acción, Relato, Discurso" es un tratado sistemático de narratología estructuralista. La primera sección (1.1) estudia las raíces del concepto estructuralista de acción narrativa tal como se encuentran en la poética clásica (Platón y Aristóteles) y en las teorías de los formalistas rusos y los Nuevos Críticos anglosajones a principios y mediados del siglo XX. English Abstract: "Action, Story, Discourse" is a systematic treatise in structuralist narratology. The first section (1.1) traces out the roots of the structuralist notion of narrative action in classical poetics (Plato and Aristotle) and in the early and mid- twentieth-century theories of the Russian Formalists and the New Critics. Note: Full text is in Spanish.
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
Stanley Fish es el máximo exponente norteamericano de la estética de la recepción postestructuralista, y se cuenta entre quienes extendieron a la literatura la teoría pragmalingüística de los actos de habla. También es célebre su crítica de la lingüística formalista. Este artículo critica sus teorías sobre la arbitrariedad del significado literario tomando como punto de partida las insuficiencias de su teoría del lenguaje, y más en particular la interpretación que hace Fish de la estructura del acto de habla, en una discusión de los conceptos desarrollados por Austin y Searle.
Annotations on Georg Lukács's Hegelian study THE THEORY OF THE NOVEL, prior to his Marxist development—mainly on the contrast between the world-views of the novel and the epic. From a course on Marxist literary theory at Brown University (1988).
José Angel García Landa
added 3 research items
Reseña, con análisis intertextual e ideológico, de la película postapocalíptica 'Soy Leyenda', protagonizada por Will Smith, sobre la supervivencia tras un colapso de la civilización. Está basada en una novela de Richard Matheson, y dirigida por Francis Lawrence. 'I Am Legend'. Dir. Francis Lawrence. Based on the novel by Richard Matheson. Cast: Will Smith, Alice Braga, Dash Mihok, Salli Richardson. USA, 2007. http://www.soyleyenda-es.com Research Interests: Cine, Ideologia, Richard Matheson, Will Smith, Post-apocalipsis y Francis Lawrence
This paper is an overview of the medieval "matter of Troy" as a source and context for the Renaissance reception of the Homeric epics. The main sources and works are taken into account, as well as their impact and the image of the Homeric poems through the medieval and early modern period.
Defensa de la tesis doctoral de José Angel García Landa, "El relato en la trilogía de Beckett: 'Molloy', 'Malone Dies', 'The Unnamable'." El acto público de defensa se realizó en diciembre de 1988, y la tesis obtuvo la calificación máxima, apto "cum laude", y el Premio Extraordinario de Doctorado de la Universidad de Zaragoza.
José Angel García Landa
added 4 research items
This is a brief introduction to the basic concepts of structuralist narratology and to the structure of communication in narrative fiction. The paper also provides some notions on the directions taken by post-structuralist narratology.
This book-length paper is a Brown University dissertation in American literature and literary theory. A theoretical analysis of the concept of authorial intention in narrative fiction, and of its structural and communicational implications, is followed by an in-depth examination of Stephen Crane's novella 'The Monster' (1898) as a case study in both structural analysis and critical controversy. The critical responses to this work are examined with regard to their ideological and aesthetic assumptions, thus showing the relevance of the model proposed and providing a detailed analysis of the way in which the meaning and structure of a text are interactionally constructed.
Many recent critics of 'The Faerie Queene' have established an artificial distinction between the narrator of 'The Faerie Queene' and Spenser, one which posits an olympian detachment of the author from the work, and of both from the historical circumstances in which the work was written. An analysis of the poem reveals the limited sense in which a distinction between the narrator and the implied author may be drawn, and shows how the incompleteness of the work and some of its structural and thematic tensions are due to its changing significance as a political project undertaken by Spenser.
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
This is an overview of Samuel Beckett's bilingual poetics and his activity as a self-translator from English to French and from French to English, as it relates to the evolution of his minimalist narrative style.
This paper defines the concepts of literary theory and literary criticism as dialectically related activities, and puts forward a semiotic classification of literary theories. To conclude a preliminary approach to literary theory, it sketches out the origins of literary theorizing and critical practice in pre-philosophical thought and in the Greek writers and philosophers before Plato and Aristotle's foundational works.
José Angel García Landa
added 5 research items
Evolutionary cosmologists, notably Lee Smolin and Roberto Mangabeira Unger, have recently formulated an evolutionary theory of physical science, extending to physics the Darwinian principle of "descent with modification". In so doing, they provide a novel perspective on the laws of physics and the origin and nature of the Universe which might result in a revolutionary scientific paradigm. Taking seriously the evolutionary nature of reality involves a recognition of the singularity of events at all scales, and of the reality of time as the grounding dimension of the universe. There is a great narrative being told here, one highly consonant with the integrational perspective on history and science provided by the proponents of Big History. One might argue, though, that there is an insufficient narratological awareness in the theories of evolutionary physicists and cosmologists. Narrative is a prime instrument to deal with emergence and singularity, but the concepts of narrative and narratology are missing in the conceptual toolkit of the theory. This paper spells out some narratological implications and concomitances of this evolutionary theory of physical reality and of its new conception of ontological singularity. Keywords: Evolution, Cosmology, Narrative, Contingency, Singularity, Representation, Complexity, Ontology, Paradigms, Evolutionism, Lee Smolin, Roberto Mangabeira Unger, Big History, History
Este artículo proporciona una visión estructuralista de los conceptos básicos de la narratología literaria, partiendo de los términos necesarios para una definición del concepto mismo de narración. Se propone una representación gráfica de los diferentes niveles de inserción comunicativa en una narración literaria __________ This paper offers a structuralist account of the basic concepts in literary narratology starting from the terms necessary for a definition of narrative itself. A graphic representation of the different levels of embedded communication in literary narrative is proposed.
This paper derives from an M.A. dissertation on Stephen Crane ("Reading 'The Monster'," Brown University, 1989). It examines the critical reception of Stephen Crane's story 'The Monster,' with a special focus on the issue of racial representation and on the way authorial intentions bearing on this issue are constructed by critics. The critical approach expands narratological analysis in the direction of the sociology of literature, in this case through reception aesthetics. Focusing on racial representations and attitudes, the paper upholds the relevance of authorial intention as a critical concept, understanding criticism as a specific discursive discipline or "language game," on the basis of the continual use critics make of this concept in order to make sense of the works they read. At the same time, the limits of such intentions are shown to be ideologically determined in the critical act. Interpretation emerges, therefore, as an interactive practice which is often blind to the discursive conventions that enable it.
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
'Narrative Theory' is an online introduction to classical structuralist narratological analysis. The third section deals with the narrative articulation of time, taking as a guideline Gerard Genette's theory in 'Narrative Discourse', modified as required. Outline: 1. The Generation of Story Time. 2. Fabula time. 3. Story time: order. 4. Story time: duration. 4. Story time: Aspect. 6. Time and status of the narrating.
'Narrative Theory' is an online introduction to classical structuralist narratological analysis. The first section addresses the structure of the action or fabula, a mode of analysis that originates in Aristotle's 'Poetics', a seminal work in the theory of narrative. Aristotle's main concepts bearing on fabula structure are examined: his definition of plot and unity of action, his classification of kinds of plots, taking into account the characters' knowledge, and his conception of the sections of plots. This is followed by an account of his theory of characters. Keywords: Poetics, Narratology, Action, Representation, Plot, Discourse structure, Literary theory,
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
Notes on the book Hermeneutics: Interpretation Theory in Schleiermacher, Dilthey, Heidegger, and Gadamer—a book by Richard E. Palmer (Evanston: Nortwestern UP, 1969). Part I: On the Definition, Scope, and Significance of Hermeneutics; Part II: Four Major Theorists (Schleiermacher, Dilthey, Heidegger and Gadamer); Part III: A Hermeneutical Manifesto to American Literary Interpretation. Notes taken by José Angel García Landa.
'Narrative Theory' is an online introduction to classical structuralist narratological analysis. The fourth section deals with the modes of narrative, "showing" and "telling", as theorized by Henry James and other theorists of the dramatic aesthetics in narrative. Outline: 1. Two concepts of narrative distance. 2. The theory of the novel before James; Besant's 'Art of Fiction'; 3. James and the Art of the Novel; 4. The Novel as an Organic Unit; 5. Point of View; 6. The Revaluation of Narrative; 7. Distance: Conclusion.
José Angel García Landa
added 4 research items
Análisis desconstructivo de la voz narrativa y de las estructuras metaficcionales y reflexivas en la novela de Samuel Beckett L'INNOMMABLE / THE UNNAMABLE.
This paper examines the representation of characters in two medieval French epic poems, "Le Couronnement de Louis" and "Le Pèlerinage Guillaume," with special attention to the conventions of this particular epic genre, and the ideology implicit in their positive as well as in their negative values, such as the ahistorical representation of the Moors.
Cet article examine la représentation des personnages dans deux chansons de geste médievales françaises, "Le Couronnement de Louis" and "Le Pèlerinage de Charlemagne", en prêtant une attention particulière aux conventions de ce genre épique concret, et à l'ideólogie implicite dans leurs valorisations aussi bien positives que négatives, en particulier en ce qui touche la représentation des Sarrasins. ________ This paper examines the representation of characters in two medieval French epic poems, "Le Couronnement de Louis" and "Le Pèlerinage de Charlemagne," with special attention to the conventions of this particular epic genre, and the ideology implicit in their positive as well as in their negative values, such as the ahistorical representation of the Moors.
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
¿Cuándo es ficticio un blog? Es una pregunta sin respuesta sencilla. No se puede presuponer una línea divisoria clara entre blogs ficticios y blogs no ficticios, y habría que estudiar las diversas maneras en que puede haber elementos de ficcionalidad en un blog. O, igualmente, en un texto cualquiera: pues muchas cuestiones que atañen a la textualidad electrónica son problemas generales de comunicación textual, y sólo algunas formas específicas aparecen en los blogs por su medio o estructura. Por otra parte, la noción de ficción es en sí misma un concepto borroso, aunque uno de sus sentidos principales se refiere un juego consensuado entre emisor y receptor, el juego lingüístico de la ficción. English abstract: When is a blog a fictional blog? There is no easy answer to this question. There is no clear dividing line between fictional and non-fictional blogs, and this would require a study of the diverse ways in which elements of fictionality may be present in a blog. Or, for that matter, in any kind of text: many of the issues relevant to the study of electronic texts are general problems of textual communication, and only a few specific forms appear in blogs due to their medium or structure. Besides, the notion of fiction is in itself a fuzzy concept, although one of its main senses refers to a consensual game between sender and receiver, the language game of fiction.
José Angel García Landa
added 3 research items
This paper compares two very different cosmological accounts (a classical creationist one, from the Enlightenment poet Abraham Cowley) and a contemporary theory coming from the field of physics, Lee Smolin's evolutionary theory of cosmology, which upholds the notion of the changing nature of physical laws. This comparison is made in order to point out some striking coincidences. Evolutionary accounts of phenomena may display such seemingly enigmatic points in common due to two reasons: the nature of the physical processes described, and the cognitive instruments available to the human mind in dealing with the formation of stable objects of cognition, such as physical laws, order, regularity, and physical objects.
This paper discusses the question of the scientific status of the specialised vocabulary of narratology and rhetoric, and puts forward a moveable, situational and pragmatic interpretation of the value and use of this vocabulary, and of scientific vocabulary generally, as a means of communication within and between disciplines at a given stage of their development and of their interdisciplinary links. Paper presented at the Susanne Hübner Seminar, "Terminología de Uso Común en las Ciencias del Lenguaje, Crítica Literaria y Estudios Socio-Culturales," Departamento de Filología Inglesa y Alemana, University of Zaragoza, Jan. 30-Feb. 1, 1991.
This paper examines the ways in which Samuel Beckett's experimental writing subverts the standard use of pronominal persons, transforming the first person singular pronoun and its avatars into the protagonist of a plot line. This is a clear illustration of the fact that the usual meaning and value of a linguistic element in the grammatical system is infinitely manipulable and reprogrammable in the right discursive context, so that (contra Benveniste) only the textual analysis of the effective and contextualized use of an element allows us to determine in which sense that element is a "person" or a "non-person", and to determine the way in which it helps construct the speaker's subjectivity, in the specific case of pronouns.
José Angel García Landa
added 3 research items
This paper analyzes Samuel Beckett's novel THE UNNAMABLE: more specifically, its reflexive and metafictional dimensions, and the particular mode of narrative structuring and of closure articulated in this novel. The approach is halfway between aesthetics, semiotics and phenomenology. It examines the sense in which it can be said that silence is a constitutive element in Beckett's writing. This phenomenon presents itself naturally as a paradox, and is articulated through an artistic use of metalanguage. Se trata de un estudio, en español, de la novela "El Innombrable" de Samuel Beckett, en particular de sus aspectos reflexivos y metaficcionales, y la especialidad modalidad de estructuración narrativa y de clausura articulada en esta novela. Es una aproximación situada entre la estética, la semiótica y la fenomenología. Estudiamos aquí el sentido en que puede decirse que el silencio es un elemento constituyente de la escritura de Beckett. Este fenómeno se presenta evidentemente como una paradoja, y se articula a través del uso artístico del metalenguaje.
There are many literary versions of the death of King Arthur before the well-known works by Malory and by Tennyson. This paper is concerned with one of the medieval French versions of the story, the anonymous 13th-century narrative "La Mort le roi Artu," the third section of the "Lancelot en prose," and part of the so-called Vulgate version of the French 'matière de Bretagne'. This paper comments some thematic concerns of the work and analyses some aspects of its structure and style from a narratological viewpoint.
Una nota sobre la relación entre narración y complejidad. La narración, en su sentido extendido que va desde la percepción de relaciones temporales entre fenómenos hasta la reelaboración retrospectiva de los mismos mediante estructuras textuales, es a la vez una manifestación de la complejidad avanzada, y un instrumento cognitivo que permite la gestión de esa misma complejidad.
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
espondemos al artículo de Umberto Eco "Hay cosas que no se pueden decir: En torno al Realismo Negativo". Criticamos la postura positivista lógica de Eco desde una perspectiva pragmática, interaccionista y dialógica, ligando la efectividad en la argumentación y la definición de la verdad a una multiplicidad de posibles contextos comunicativos. English abstract: This is an answer to Umberto Eco's article "There Are Things Which Cannot Be Said: On Negative Realism", in which Eco's logical-positivist position is criticised from a pragmatical, interactionist and dialogic standpoint. Validity in argumentation and the definition of truth are linked to a variety of possible contexts of communication. Notes: Downloadable document is in Spanish. Keywords: Argumentation, Truth, Logic, Realism, Dialogism
José Angel García Landa
added 5 research items
This paper is a critical examination of two antithetical theories on the role of authorial intention in the criticism and interpretation of literature: the New Critics' "intentional fallacy" and E. D. Hirsch's historicist objectivism. A third way is put forward: a regulative objectivism which emerges as a a result of critical debate.
This paper examines some of Samuel Beckett's late narratives ("Company", "Ill Seen Ill Said", "Worstward Ho" and "Stirrings Still"), with a focus on the evolution of his metafictional techniques, and more specifically the growing importance acquired by the thematization of the compositional process itself, as well as the attention paid to closure. These texts are interpreted here as explorations of the element of reading inherent to writing (implied reception). The paper also analyzes the stylistics of Beckett's prose and discusses its significance.
Comentamos los descubrimientos sobre engaño y autoengaño comunicativos expuestos por Michael Gazzaniga en '¿Qué nos hace humanos?', conjuntándolos con algunas reflexiones sobre la dinámica compleja de la indirección comunicativa derivadas de la teoría goffmaniana de la interacción estratégica, y de la lingüística cognitiva de Pinker. English abstract: The insights on communicational deception and self-deception expounded in Michael Gazzaniga's 'Human' are supplemented with some reflections on the complex dynamics of indirect communication drawn from Goffman's theory of strategic interaction and Pinker's cognitive linguistics. Notes: Downloadable document is in Spanish Keywords: Simulation, Detection, Communication, Interaction, Strategy, Lies, Psychology, Nonverbal communication, Proxemics
José Angel García Landa
added 3 research items
Lectura de la novela de no-ficción o memoria (auto)biográfica de Fernando Sánchez Dragó 'Muertes Paralelas' en tanto que ejemplo de la experiencia traumática resultante de la herencia familiar del autor como víctima de segunda generación de la guerra civil, y en tanto que ejemplo del trauma colectivo nacional de España, producido tanto por la guerra civil como por los conflictos reprimidos a resultas de la reconciliación forzosa bajo la dictadura franquista. English Abstract: A reading of Fernando Sánchez Dragó's nonfiction novel or (auto)biographical memoir 'Muertes paralelas' as an instance of the traumatic experience undergone by the author's family heritage as a second-generation victim of the Civil War, and as an instance of a collective Spanish national trauma, resulting both from the Civil War and from the repressed conflicts generated by reconciliation under duress in the times of Franco's dictatorship. Notes: Downloadable document is available in Spanish. Keywords: Traumas, Victims, Spanish Civil War, Spanish literature, Spanish history, Fernando Sánchez Dragó, Repression, Conflict studies
Analizamos en este artículo las maneras en que la escritura experimental de Beckett subvierte el uso estándar de la persona pronominal, transformando al pronombre de primera persona y sus avatares en el protagonista de una línea argumental. Se expone así de modo gráfico cómo el valor estándar de un elemento lingüístico a nivel de sistema gramatical es infinitamente manipulable y “reprogramable” en un contexto discursivo adecuado, de tal modo que (contra Benveniste) sólo el análisis textual del uso efectivo y contextualizado permite determinar el sentido en que un elemento es “persona” o “no persona” y la manera en que constituye la subjetividad del hablante, en el caso concreto de los pronombres.
Estudio sobre historia de la teoría literaria y sobre la novela de Samuel Johnson "The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia" (1759), examinando la teoría literaria de Johnson allí expuesta a la luz de sus otros pronunciamientos críticos y del pensamiento estético de la época. Las relaciones de Johnson tanto con el clasicismo como con el prerromanticismo empirista se resisten a una interpretación que desdeñe la tensión entre la lucidez y el voluntarismo del autor. Este artículo vuelve por tanto, esta vez con ocasión de la teoría literaria de Johnson, al tema de la interpretación de los niveles de intencionalidad y sus huellas estilísticas en la estructura textual. En esencia se descubren dos modalidades diferentes de coherencia textual en Johnson, resultado de conflictos ideológicos y emocionales del autor.
José Angel García Landa
added 3 research items
This paper has a double aim: to draw a general outline or the critical reflection on the relationship between science and literature in the past, and to classify the possible modes of inquiry into this subject at present. The main focus falls on some representative discussions of the relationship between science and literature in mid-20th-century theorists (I. A. Richards, Max Eastman, Aldous Huxley, Roland Barthes...). I conclude that no 'true' relation between science and literature can be defined once and forever, due to several reasons. The first is that the relationships that we effectively discern change with time. Therefore, a definition of the relationship between literature and science must be a history of the relationship between literature and science. Moreover, as both science and criticism develop, we manage to discern new kinds of relationships between both disciplines. And great writers constantly appear and modify through their work the panorama we tried to describe. The diverging channels of of science and literature are the result of the division and specialization of labour and discourse that we call 'progress'. New scientific perspectives on literature, new literature which takes scientific doctrine in stride, or new accounts of the way in which science is still 'poetic' are also the result of this division of discourses, and a further complication of their relationship.
Introducción a la problemática de las relaciones entre ciencia y literatura, en especial al panorama de mediados del siglo XX, intentando establecer una tipología de las diversas relaciones posibles. A la vez se exponen críticamente algunas de las teorías más influyentes sobre el particular formuladas por críticos de la época (Richards, Eastman, Huxley, Barthes...) que representan diferentes perspectivas posibles sobre la cuestión. Se concluye de este examen de que no puede sentarse como "cierta" ninguna teoría determinada sobre la relación entre la ciencia y la literatura, por diversas razones. Primero, las relaciones que discernimos cambian con el tiempo. Por tanto, una definición de la relación entre ciencia y literatura debería ser una historia de la relación entre ciencia y literatura. Además, a medida que se desarrollan la ciencia y la teoría crítica, nos hacemos capaces de discernir nuevos tipos de relaciones entre ambas disciplinas. Y los grandes escritores que continuamente aparecen desarrollan nuevas relaciones y cambian con su obra el panorama que describimos. Los canales divergentes de la ciencia y la literatura son resultado de la especialización del trabajo y del discurso que llamamos 'progreso'. Las nuevas perspectivas científicas sobre la literatura, la nueva literatura que asimila las doctrinas científicas, o los nuevos estudios críticos sobre la medida en que la ciencia es todavía "poética" son también resultado de esta especialización del discurso, y llevan a una complicación ulterior de las relaciones entre ciencia y literatura.
En el último capítulo de 'L'Évolution créatrice' (1907) Henri Bergson realiza una crítica radical del idealismo transcendentalista que domina la filosofía occidental desde los griegos, con vistas a sentar una teoría evolucionista de la emergencia de la complejidad que incluya toda la experiencia mental, incluidos los objetos ideales. El alcance de esta crítica al idealismo se ha subestimado por una incomprensión del rechazo que plantea Bergson a la existencia trascendental de leyes físicas o de principios como los que rigen las matemáticas. En este artículo relacionamos la crítica al idealismo efectuada por Bergson (que tomamos como una formulación ejemplar de la crítica a la denominada 'falacia modélica') con otras críticas a esta falacia que consiste en última instancia en la confusión entre el significante y el significado, que da lugar a una hipostatización del significado. Por último, señalamos la manera en que Bergson presenta un importante fundamento filosófico para una teoría radical del emergentismo evolucionista en las ciencias físicas tal como la que plantean Roberto Mangabeira Unger y Lee Smolin en su libro 'The Singular Universe and the Reality of Time' (2015). English abstract: In the last chapter of 'L'Évolution créatrice' (1907) Henri Bergson carries out a radical critique of the transcendentalist idealism which has dominated Western philosophy since its Greek origins. This is done in order to lay down the foundations of an evolutionary theory of the emergence of complexity which may comprise the whole of mental experience, including ideal objects. The far-reaching consequences of this critique of idealism have been underestimated due to a lack of understanding of Bergson's rejection of the transcendental existence of physical laws or of such principles as govern mathematics. In this paper we relate Bergson's critique of idealism (which we take to be an exemplary formulation of what we call the 'model fallacy') to other critiques of this fallacy, which consists in the last analysis in a confusion between the signifier and the signified giving rise to a hypostatization of the signified. As a conclusion, the paper points out that Bergson provides a major philosophical foundation for a radical theory of evolutionary emergentism in the physical sciences, such as is presented in 'The Singular Universe and the Reality of Time' by Roberto Mangabeira Unger and Lee Smolin (2015). Notes: Downloadable document is in Spanish. Keywords: Emergentism, Evolution, Henri Bergson, Roberto Mangabeira Unger, Lee Smolin, Idealism, Philosophy, Ideal Objects
José Angel García Landa
added 3 research items
Efectuamos en este artículo una integración de la narratología cognitiva, el interaccionismo dramatístico, y la teoría evolucionista. Definimos los conceptos de cartografía narrativa y anclaje narrativo, y desarrollamos el marco conceptual constructivista definido por Schutz, Luckmann y Berger en sus estudios de fenomenología social. La teoría de los marcos de Goffman también se trata y se incorpora al modelo, así como diversos modelos narratológicos que van desde la poética aristotélica a la hermenéutica de Ricœur, o los estudios bajtinianos de Morson y Bernstein sobre las patologías del tiempo. Sostenemos que la narración y las operaciones mentales narrativizadoras son un fenómeno emergente de importancia crucial para la construcción del nicho cultural humano; que de hecho son nada menos que la operación cognitiva fundamental que sirve como base para la emergencia del tiempo considerado como una dimensión compleja y multiestratificada de la realidad. _____________________________________________________________ English Abstract: This paper effects an integration of cognitive narratology, dramatistic interactionism, phenomenology, and evolutionary theory. It defines the concepts of narrative mapping and narrative anchoring, and builds up from the constructivist conceptual framework established by Schutz, Luckmann, and Berger in their studies in social phenomenology. Goffman's frame theory is also dealt with and integrated into the model, as well as a number of narratological approaches ranging from Aristotle's poetics to Ricœur's hermeneutics and Morson and Bernstein's Bakhtinian studies of the pathologies of time. A case is made for narrative and narrativizing mental operations as a major emergent phenomenon in the construction of the human cultural niche, and as nothing less than the major cognitive operation resulting in the emergence of time as a complex multi-layered dimension of reality. Notes: Downloadable document is available in Spanish.
This bibliography lists Samuel Beckett's literary works and essays, arranged in chronological order according to the date of composition of the first version. Both the English and French versions of the works have been included, the translations being for the most part the author's own. The main Spanish translations and editions of the works are included as well. Other lists include compilations and joint editions of the works, interviews, etc.
Se trata de un estudio de la novela "El Innombrable" de Samuel Beckett, en particular de sus aspectos reflexivos y metaficcionales, y la especialidad modalidad de estructuración narrativa y de clausura articulada en esta novela. Es una aproximación situada entre la estética, la semiótica y la fenomenología. Estudiamos aquí el sentido en que puede decirse que el silencio es un elemento constituyente de la escritura de Beckett. Este fenómeno se presenta evidentemente como una paradoja, y se articula a través del uso artístico del metalenguaje.
José Angel García Landa
added 4 research items
Il existe maintes versions littéraires de la mort du roi Arthur avant les œuvres les mieux connues, celles de Malory et Tennyson. Cet article examine une des versions de l'histoire dans la littérature française médiévale, l'ouvrage narratif anonyme du treizième siècle "La Mort le Roi Artu", troisième section du "Lancelot en prose", qui fait partie de la Vulgate de la "Matière de Bretagne" française. Nous commentons quelques lignes thématiques importantes de l'ouvrage, avec une approche à son style et son structure du point de vue de la narratologie. _________ There are many literary versions of the death of King Arthur before the well-known works by Malory and by Tennyson. This paper is concerned with one of the medieval French versions of the story, the anonymous 13th-century narrative "La Mort le roi Artu," the third section of the "Lancelot en prose," and part of the so-called Vulgate version of the French 'matière de Bretagne'. This paper comments some thematic concerns of the work and analyses some aspects of its structure and style from a narratological viewpoint. Note: Downloadable document is in French.
"Samuel Beckett y la Narración Reflexiva" es un estudio en profundidad de la escritura experimental de Beckett, en especial de la trilogía novelística "Molloy," "Malone Dies," and "The Unnamable", desde la perspectiva de la narratología estructuralista y las teorías estructuralistas sobre la enunciación. Resulta de allí no sólo una mejor comprensión de la técnica utilizada por Beckett para transmitir su peculiar visión de la realidad, sino también toda una nueva gama de significaciones en estos textos. En este capítulo examinamos la problematización a que se somete la narración en primera persona (autodiegética), el uso paródico de la motivación realista, y la relación entre el autor ficticio y el autor textual o implícito. English Abstract: "Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative" is an in-depth study of Beckett's experimental writing, more specifically of the novelistic trilogy "Molloy," "Malone Dies" and "The Unnamable," from the standpoint of structuralist theories of narrative and of enunciation. An increased insight is thereby obtained into the technique used by Beckett to articulate his peculiar view of reality, and a new dimension of signification of these texts emerges. This chapter examines Beckett's problematization of first-person (autodiegetic) narration, the parodic use of realistic motivation for the narrative, and the relationship between the fictional author and the textual or implied author.
The Poetics of Subliminal Awareness: Re-Reading Intention and Narrative Structure in Nabokov's 'Christmas Story': This paper puts forward a theory of the integration of the various levels of communicative interaction in literary texts, ranging from the activation of proxemic elements at the action level, to the interaction between author and reader, as well as their textualized images. The paper shows how a given stylistic practice, Nabokov's in The Christmas Story, is able to exploit, for highly elaborate communicative purposes, the complex integration into a semiotic continuum of these multiple levels of representation. This thesis is sustained with a detailed argumentation which takes into account the actual reception of the work, and the way in which this reception evidences the author's stylistic technique, consisting in the calculated subliminal activation of specific reading paths (intertextual associations, creation of local memories, etc.). The paper also suggests a possible relationship between the reflexive structures of narrative and some specific modes of neurological processing associated to the generation of conscious phenomena. Full version. A shortened version was published in European Journal of English Studies 8.1 (2004).
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
'Samuel Beckett y la Narración Reflexiva' es un estudio en profundidad de la escritura experimental de Beckett, en especial de la trilogía novelística 'Molloy,' 'Malone Dies,' and 'The Unnamable,' desde la perspectiva de la narratología estructuralista y las teorías estructuralistas sobre la enunciación. El segundo capítulo examina la transformación de la representación y de la narración novelesca tradicional en el primer libro de la trilogía, 'Molloy.' _________________________________________________________________________________ . English abstract: Entering the Trilogy: Narration in 'Molloy' (Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative, 2) 'Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative' is an in-depth study of Beckett's experimental writing, more specifically of the novelistic trilogy 'Molloy,' 'Malone Dies' and 'The Unnamable,' from the standpoint of structuralist theories of narrative and of enunciation. The second chapter examines the transformation of the conventional narrative representation of novelistic writing in the first book of the trilogy, 'Molloy.'
"Samuel Beckett y la Narración Reflexiva" es un estudio en profundidad de la escritura experimental de Beckett, en especial de la trilogía novelística "Molloy," "Malone Dies," and "The Unnamable", desde la perspectiva de la narratología estructuralista y las teorías estructuralistas sobre la enunciación. Resulta de allí no sólo una mejor comprensión de la técnica utilizada por Beckett para transmitir su peculiar visión de la realidad, sino también toda una nueva gama de significaciones en estos textos. La escritura de Beckett se revela como una escritura reflexiva, que juega deliberadamente con las convenciones de la representación para trascenderlas y transformarlas. Su sentido se construye en gran medida mediante la desconstrucción paródica de los procedimientos narrativos tradicionales. La metodología estructural desarrollada para el análisis narrativo resulta así ser especialmente adecuada para enfrentarse a la escritura metaficcional de Beckett: debido a la extremada reflexividad de esta obra, el poder explicativo del método va más allá de lo que tradicionalmente se considerarían cuestiones formales, ya que la forma se ha tematizado, ha pasado a a ser el contenido mismo de la obra de Beckett, la base de su articulación narrativa. En este capítulo examinamos los movimientos narrativos de la trilogía (narración de acontecimientos y de palabras, descripción y comentario), con atención especial a la transformación a que se ven sometidas las categorías narrativas tradicionales, especialmente los nuevos usos de la temporalidad narrativa y del punto de vista. English Abstract: "Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative" is an in-depth study of Beckett's experimental writing, more specifically of the novelistic trilogy "Molloy," "Malone Dies" and "The Unnamable," from the standpoint of structuralist theories of narrative and of enunciation. An increased insight is thereby obtained into the technique used by Beckett to articulate his peculiar view of reality, and a new dimension of signification of these texts emerges. Beckett's writing is revealed as a reflexive writing, playing deliberately with the conventions of narrative representation in order to transcend and transform them. Its sense is largely built through the parodic deconstruction of traditional narrative procedures. The structural methodology deployed for narrative analysis is, then, most adequate to deal with Beckett's metafictional writing: because of the extreme reflexivity of these works, the explanatory power of this method extends beyond the traditionally formal aspects, given than form has become thematized and has become the subject matter of Beckett's writing, the basis of its narrative articulation. This chapter examines narrative movements of Beckett's trilogy with a special focus on the transformation undergone by traditional narrative categories, in particular the novel use of narrative time and of point of view.
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
Este artículo reexamina la crítica de Stephen Jay Gould al concepto de consiliencia propuesto por E. O. Wilson, remontándose a la formulación original del concepto por parte de William Whewell. Aquí clarificamos el componente de retrospección hermenéutica inherente al proceso efectual de la consiliencia, una cuestión que puede enfocarse desde la perspectiva de una narratología cognitiva. English Abstract: This paper reexamines Stephen Jay Gould's critique of E. O. Wilson's notion of consilience, going back to William Whewell's original formulation of the concept. The element of hermeneutic hindsight which inheres in the process of consilience is clarified and brought to the fore as a notion pertaining to the field of cognitive narratology. Notes: Downloadable document is in Spanish.
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
Examinamos la manera en que el concepto mítico de creación a partir de la nada se convirtió en una noción filosóficamente respetable en filosofía natural, y en la base de un paradigma científico para la investigación cosmológica, principalmente a través de la filosofía evolucionista de Herbert Spencer y su análisis de la multiplicación de los efectos. También se proporciona así una genealogía conceptual del conocido 'efecto mariposa'. English abstract: An examination of the way the mythical concept of creation out of nothing became a philosophically respectable notion in natural philosophy, and the basis for a scientific cosmological paradigm, mainly through the evolutionary philosophy of Herbert Spencer and his analysis of the multiplication of effects. This also amounts to providing a conceptual genealogy of the well-known 'butterfly effect'. Notes: Downloadable document is in Spanish.
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
Este artículo examina el concepto de la realidad humana en tanto que entorno virtual generado por el cerebro. Debido a la historia evolutiva del cerebro humano, de su estructuración peculiar, y a la coevolución del cerebro y de la cognición simultáneas con el desarrollo del lenguaje, nuestro entorno está conformado en gran medida mediante estructuras cognitivas y lingüísticas culturalmente adquiridas. Las teorías de Deacon a este respecto se discuten en relación a las de otras contribuciones recientes (Kenneally, Bickerton, Jaynes, Chomsky). English Abstract: This paper discusses the notion of human reality as a virtual environment generated by the brain. Due to the human brain's structure, its evolutionary history, and the simultaneous co-evolution of the human brain and cognition with the development of language, our environment is shaped to a great degree by culturally acquired cognition and linguistic structures. Deacon's theories in this respect are discussed in relation to other current contributions (Kenneally, Bickerton, Jaynes, Chomsky). Notes: Downloadable document is in Spanish. Keywords: Language, Evolution, Cognition, Cognitive linguistics, Brain, Reality, Environment
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
"Samuel Beckett y la Narración Reflexiva" es un estudio en profundidad de la escritura experimental de Beckett, en especial de la trilogía novelística "Molloy," "Malone Dies," y "The Unnamable", desde la perspectiva de la narratología estructuralista y las teorías estructuralistas sobre la enunciación. Resulta de allí no sólo una mejor comprensión de la técnica utilizada por Beckett para transmitir su peculiar visión de la realidad, sino también toda una nueva gama de significaciones en estos textos. En este capítulo examinamos la voz narrativa de "The Unnamable" ("El Innombrable") como la culminación del proceso de vaciado crítico de la narración homodiegética o en primera persona iniciado en las novelas anteriores de la trilogía. English Abstract: "Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative" is an in-depth study of Beckett's experimental writing, more specifically of the novelistic trilogy "Molloy," "Malone Dies" and "The Unnamable," from the standpoint of structuralist theories of narrative and of enunciation. An increased insight is thereby obtained into the technique used by Beckett to articulate his peculiar view of reality, and a new dimension of signification of these texts emerges. This chapter examines the use of narrative voice in "The Unnamable" as a culmination of the critical emptying out of homodiegetic or first-person narrative begun in the previous novels of the trilogy.
Este trabajo presenta de modo sucinto una introducción a la narratología estructuralista clásica, que seguidamente se aplica al estudio de la narrativa experimental de Beckett en el libro "Samuel Beckett y la narración reflexiva". Se presentan los conceptos básicos de la estructura narrativa (tiempo, aspecto, voz, status, modo) definidos en relación a la estructura comunicativa de la ficción narrativa. ____________________________________________________________________________________ English Abstract: This paper presents a brief overview of the main notions of classical structuralist narratology, which will be applied to the study of Beckett's experimental narrative in the book "Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative". The basic concepts of narrative structure (tense, aspect, voice, status and mood) are defined with respect to the communicative structure of narrative fiction.
José Angel García Landa
added 3 research items
Una nota sobre la comedia de Robert Greene 'Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay,' en la que comentamos el desarrollo de modalidades complejas de teatralidad, de perspectivismo dramático, y de complejidad semiótica sobre la escena, estimulados por el uso de la magia como recurso escénico, con anterioridad a 'Doctor Faustus' de Marlowe y 'The Tempest' de Shakespeare. El uso de la magia escénica por parte de Greene estimula una mayor consciencia de la flexibilidad de las convenciones teatrales y de las modalidades de la interacción comunicativa humana. English abstract: A note on Robert Greene's comedy 'Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay,' commenting on the development of complex modes of theatricality, of dramatic perspective, and of semiotic complexity on stage stimulated by the use of magical devices in the play, prior to Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' and Marlowe's 'Doctor Faustus.' Greene's use of stage magic stimulates an awareness of the flexibility of theatrical conventions and of the modes of human communicative interaction.
Introducción Capítulo 1: Conceptos básicos de narratología Capítulo 2: Entrando en la trilogía: La narración en Molloy Capítulo 3: El status narrativo en la trilogía Capítulo 4: Movimientos narrativos Capítulo 5: El narrador autorial y las otras voces narrativas Capítulo 6: Narración autodiegética Capítulo 7: El narrador impersonal Capítulo 8: Saliendo de la trilogía: El final de The Unnamable Capítulo 9: Imágenes del lector Capítulo 10: La escritura como trabajo sobre los códigos semióticos
This paper examines the development of reflexive theories of fiction, and of self-conscious fictional writing, under the Modernist and early Post-modernist aesthetic in the early and mid 20th century, as many sophisticated novelists and theorists turned away from the realist-mimetic aesthetic towards more formal concerns. The development of metafiction and reflexive narrative is associated to the higher formal consciousness associated to formalist approaches to art and literature, the New Criticism and Structuralism, so that self-conscious art might almost be termed "the structuralist aesthetic."
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
Michel de Montaigne's subjectivism and relativism is memorably formulated in his essay "That the relish for good and evil depends in great measure upon the opinion we have of them" (Essays I.XL), a reflection that must have influenced Shakespeare. Here we point out the origins of modern constructivist theories of reality in Montaigne's questioning of a common world of evaluations and perceptions in this essay—with some incidental commentary on the insights on relativism and constructivism afforded by Shakespeare himself, and by William Blake as well. The relativization of reality resulting from differences in perception, and the intensification of reality-generating processes resulting from the peculiarities of human nature is a crucial tenet of modern phenomenological anthropology, but we should recognize its intellectual debts to the ground-breaking insights of Montaigne and Shakespeare.
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
"Samuel Beckett y la Narración Reflexiva" es un estudio en profundidad de la escritura experimental de Beckett, en especial de la trilogía novelística "Molloy," "Malone Dies," and "The Unnamable", desde la perspectiva de la narratología estructuralista y las teorías estructuralistas sobre la enunciación. La introducción esboza un contexto estilístico e histórico para el análisis de la escritura de Beckett. __________________________________________________________________________________ English abstract: Introduction to "Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative" "Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative" is an in-depth study of Beckett's experimental writing, more specifically of the novelistic trilogy "Molloy," "Malone Dies" and "The Unnamable," from the standpoint of structuralist theories of narrative and of enunciation. This prefatory chapter sketches out an introduction to the stylistics of Beckett's writing in its historical and literary context.
"Samuel Beckett y la Narración Reflexiva" es un estudio en profundidad de la escritura experimental de Beckett, en especial de la trilogía novelística "Molloy," "Malone Dies," and "The Unnamable", desde la perspectiva de la narratología estructuralista y las teorías estructuralistas sobre la enunciación. Este tercer capítulo examina el uso original del status narrativo relativo a los niveles de ficcionalidad (diferenciados de los niveles de inserción narrativa). English abstract: Narrative Status in the Trilogy (Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative, 3) "Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative" is an in-depth study of Beckett's experimental writing, more specifically of the novelistic trilogy "Molloy," "Malone Dies" and "The Unnamable," from the standpoint of structuralist theories of narrative and of enunciation. The third chapter examines Beckett's original handling of narrative status, relative to levels of fictionality and ontological embedding, as distinct from the discursive embedding of narrations.
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
Las novelas de Samuel Beckett son altamente autoconscientes y reflexivas en muchos sentidos; también en la manera en que interiorizan y ficcionalizan las estrategias de recepción y de interpretación usadas por los lectores al enfrentarse a la narrativa clásica. Este artículo estudia las diversas formas en que Beckett utiliza figuras de narratarios para orientar (o desorientar) a su lector, extendiendo los límites de la ficción hasta incluir en ella los márgenes del texto literario, su recepción y su interpretación. Samuel Beckett's novels are highly self-conscious and reflexive, not least in the way they internalize and fictionalize the strategies of reception and interpretation which readers use in approaching classical fiction. This article studies the various ways in which Beckett uses narratee figures to orientate (or disorientate) his reader, and thereby extends the boundaries of fiction to encompass the margins of the literary text, its reception and interpretation. Note: Downloadable paper is in Spanish
Samuel Beckett y la Narración Reflexiva" es un estudio en profundidad de la escritura experimental de Beckett, en especial de la trilogía novelística "Molloy," "Malone Dies," y "The Unnamable", desde la perspectiva de la narratología estructuralista y las teorías estructuralistas sobre la enunciación. Resulta de allí no sólo una mejor comprensión de la técnica utilizada por Beckett para transmitir su peculiar visión de la realidad, sino también toda una nueva gama de significaciones en estos textos. Este capítulo examina la transformación metaficcional a que se ven sometido el papel del receptor en la escritura de Beckett, con su uso de la figura del narratario y el papel del lector implícito o textual. English abstract: Images of the Reader (Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative, 9) "Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative" is an in-depth study of Beckett's experimental writing, more specifically of the novelistic trilogy "Molloy," "Malone Dies" and "The Unnamable," from the standpoint of structuralist theories of narrative and of enunciation. An increased insight is thereby obtained into the technique used by Beckett to articulate his peculiar view of reality, and a new dimension of signification of these texts emerges. This chapter examines Beckett's metafictional reworking of the role of the receiver, his use of narratees and the image of the textual or implied reader.
José Angel García Landa
added 3 research items
A lecture on the history of critical ideas and aesthetics after the heyday of Romanticism, during the Victorian period. The movement of Art for Art's sake is here presented with its French origins and an overview of the main ideas on poetics and aesthetics of its main representatives in the Anglophone sphere: Edgar Allan Poe, Walter Pater, and Oscar Wilde. This is followed by an account of Impressionist criticism. Keywords: Criticism, Aesthetics, Art for Art's sake, Poetics, Edgar Allan Poe, Oscar Wilde
This paper explores the use of reflexive and metafictional narrative structures in 'The Unnamable' and other texts by Samuel Beckett. Reflexivity is shown to be the structural basis of Beckett's fiction at all textual levels, from the articulation of character and plot development, through the use of narrative voice and modality, to the implied authorial level and the aesthetic stance of the text. Narratology and deconstruction are used as analytical tools to explore the peculiar semiotic productivity of the Beckettian text and draw the aesthetic and philosophical implications of Beckett's use of narrative form.
En el juego hay que implicarse, y si no se consigue hacerlo, no se juega bien ni a gusto. Aplicamos aquí esta reflexión, teorizada por Gadamer, a la experiencia colectiva del fútbol, considerada en tanto que modelo de inmersión dramatística en una realidad interaccional definida por la teatralidad social y el deseo mimético. English abstract: Games require involvement, and lack of involvement results in bad play and in a lack of pleasure in the game. We apply here this reflection, theorized by Gadamer, to the collective experience of football (or soccer), understood as a paradigm of dramatistic immersion in an interactional reality defined by social theatricality and mimetic desire.
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
Samuel Beckett y la Narración Reflexiva es un estudio en profundidad de la escritura experimental de Beckett, en especial de la trilogía novelística Molloy, Malone Dies, y The Unnamable, desde la perspectiva de la narratología estructuralista y las teorías estructuralistas sobre la enunciación. Resulta de allí no sólo una mejor comprensión de la técnica utilizada por Beckett para transmitir su peculiar visión de la realidad, sino también toda una nueva gama de significaciones en estos textos. En este capítulo examinamos la clausura de The Unnamable (El Innombrable) entendida como un experimento de representación metalingüística aplicado a la función misma de la clasura narrativa. Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative is an in-depth study of Beckett's experimental writing, more specifically of the novelistic trilogy Molloy, Malone Dies and The Unnamable, from the standpoint of structuralist theories of narrative and of enunciation. An increased insight is thereby obtained into the technique used by Beckett to articulate his peculiar view of reality, and a new dimension of signification of these texts emerges. This chapter examines the ending of The Unnamable understood as an experiment in metalinguistic representation applied to the notion of narrative closure itself.
This paper sketches out some narrative and thematic dimensions of the historical novel, relating it to other discourses such as those of history, biography, fantasy and experimental fiction, and genres such as the regional novel and the adventure novel.
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
An overview of some central ideas and movements in English criticism and aesthetics during the Victorian period, after the heyday of Romanticism. This lecture centers on the moralistic and aesthetic theories of Matthew Arnold, Thomas Carlyle, John Ruskin, John Stuart Mill and the American transcendentalist Ralph Waldo Emerson, with a main emphasis on poetics and symbolism. Keywords: Criticism, Victorian literature, History of ideas, Moral criticism, Aesthetics Publication Date: 2016 Publication Name: Literary Theory & Criticism eJournal
José Angel García Landa
added 4 research items
Es este el último capítulo de "Samuel Beckett y la Narración Reflexiva", un estudio en profundidad de la escritura experimental de Beckett, en especial de la trilogía novelística "Molloy," "Malone Dies," and "The Unnamable", desde la perspectiva de la narratología estructuralista y las teorías estructuralistas sobre la enunciación. Resulta de allí no sólo una mejor comprensión de la técnica utilizada por Beckett para transmitir su peculiar visión de la realidad, sino también toda una nueva gama de significaciones en estos textos. La escritura de Beckett se revela como una escritura reflexiva, que juega deliberadamente con las convenciones de la representación para trascenderlas y transformarlas. Su sentido se construye en gran medida mediante la desconstrucción paródica de los procedimientos narrativos tradicionales. La metodología estructural desarrollada para el análisis narrativo resulta así ser especialmente adecuada para enfrentarse a la escritura metaficcional de Beckett: debido a la extremada reflexividad de esta obra, el poder explicativo del método va más allá de lo que tradicionalmente se considerarían cuestiones formales, ya que la forma se ha tematizado, ha pasado a a ser el contenido mismo de la obra de Beckett, la base de su articulación narrativa. En este capítulo concluimos con unas observaciones finales sobre la estética metaficcional y reflexiva de Beckett en tanto que supone un trabajo de reelaboración de las convenciones de la representación literaria y de las modalidades narrativas, y un trabajo sobre los códigos semióticos con los que interpretamos la realidad. Siguen a esta conclusión las secciones finales del libro: una sección de ejemplos de episodios de la Trilogía que admiten una lectura metaficcional, una bibliografía de las obras de Beckett, y una bibliografía crítica de obras citadas. English Abstract: Writing as Work on Semiotic Codes (Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative, 10) This is the last chapter of "Samuel Beckett and Reflexive Narrative", an in-depth study of Beckett's experimental writing, more specifically of the novelistic trilogy "Molloy," "Malone Dies" and "The Unnamable," from the standpoint of structuralist theories of narrative and of enunciation. An increased insight is thereby obtained into the technique used by Beckett to articulate his peculiar view of reality, and a new dimension of signification of these texts emerges. Beckett's writing is revealed as a reflexive writing, playing deliberately with the conventions of narrative representation in order to transcend and transform them. Its sense is largely built through the parodic deconstruction of traditional narrative procedures. The structural methodology deployed for narrative analysis is, then, most adequate to deal with Beckett's metafictional writing: because of the extreme reflexivity of these works, the explanatory power of this method extends beyond the traditionally formal aspects, given than form has become thematized and has become the subject matter of Beckett's writing, the basis of its narrative articulation. This chapter concludes the book with some final observations on Beckett's metafictional and reflexive aesthetics, understood here as a reworking of the conventions of literary representation and narrative modes, and a labour effected on the semiotic codes that are used to interpret reality. This conclusion is followed by the back matter of the book, including a section collecting examples from the Trilogy which admit a metafictional reading, a bibliography of Beckett's works, and a list of critical works cited.
The aim of this paper is to trace the outline of a speech act theory of literature, taking into account the work of critics who react against the prevailing anti-intentionalist schools of criticism, such as the New Criticism, some versions of structuralism, and deconstruction. The intentionalist critics prepare the ground for a theory of literary discourse considered as a speech act, since it is known that the concept of intention is central to the analysis of speech acts. Such a theory of literary discourse should not overlook the role played by criticism in expanding the meaning of a text, and should go beyond a narrow definition of interpretation as the identification of the author's intention.
Spanish Abstract: Agustín Sánchez Vidal invita a reflexionar sobre las tecnologías que acompañan a las "Genealogías de la mirada". Los experimentos de perspectiva global o totalizadora del siglo XIX como los panoramas culminan, más de cien años más tarde, en los actuales desarrollos de la visión global en red (por ej. Google Earth). Apuntamos aquí la relación entre estas tecnologías de la perspectiva y del posicionamiento, y una teoría semiótica de la perspectiva dominante o 'topsight' aplicable a otras modalidades del conocimiento, la narración y la representación, tanto en un espacio físico como en uno cognitivo. English Abstract: Agustín Sánchez Vidal reflects on the technologies which accompany the "Genealogies of the Gaze". Nineteenth-century experiments on totalizing or global perspectival devices such as panoramas culminate, more than a century later, in present-day developments of networked global vision such as Google Earth. We point out here a relationship between these technologies of perspective and positioning, and a semiotic theory of dominant perspective or topsight applicable to other modes of knowledge, narration and representation, both in a physical and in a cognitive space.
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
Lee Smolin y Roberto Mangabeira Unger han desarrollado (en 'The Singular Universe and the Reality of Time', 2015) un enfoque evolucionista sobre la cosmología cuyas consecuencias se extienden a muchos aspectos de las ciencias duras, en forma de una perspectiva evolutiva sobre la física y las matemáticas, y una crítica de la naturaleza de los objetos ideales atemporales. Este artículo hace accesibles en español algunas de estas nociones, y propone además desarrollar la convergencia entre las ciencias físicas evolucionistas y la teoría narrativa. Esta perspectiva complementaría de modo útil la luz que arrojan Unger y Smolin sobre la complejidad, dado que la narración se ha ido formando en tanto que instrumento cognitivo con unas capacidades únicas dirigidas para la representación de procesos de desarrollo contingentes y complejos, y con los acontecimientos singulares que de ellos resultan. English Abstract: Lee Smolin and Roberto Mangabeira Unger have developed (in 'The Singular Universe and the Reality of Time', 2015) an evolutionary approach to cosmology with wider consequences extending into many aspects of the hard sciences, resulting in a major evolutionary perspective on physics and mathematics, and a critique of the nature of ideal timeless objects. This paper makes some of these notions accessible to a Spanish readership, and puts forward a proposal for an increased convergence of evolutionary physical science and narrative theory. This is a perspective which would usefully complement the insights on complexity presented by Unger and Smolin, given that narrative is a cognitive instrument uniquely crafted in order to deal with complex and contingent processes of development and the singular events resulting from them. Notes: Downloadable document is available in Spanish. Keywords: Complexity, Evolution, Cosmology, Physics, Mathematics, Metaphysics, Philosophy, Time, Narrative, Narratology, Narrative theory, Lee Smolin, Roberto Mangabeira Unger, Singularity, Cognition, Philosophy of Science, Science
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
This bibliography lists Samuel Beckett's literary works and essays, arranged in chronological order according to the date of composition of the first version. Both the English and the French versions of the works have been included, the translations being for the most part the author's own. The main Spanish translations and editions of the works are included as well. Other lists include compilations and joint editions of the works, interviews, etc.
El 'efecto Mateo' descrito por Thomas Merton ha sido recientemente puesto en valor por Nassim Nicholas Taleb en 'El Cisne Negro'. Consiste esencialmente en una ley estadística de acumulación retroalimentativa de resultados como resultado de la atención mutua en la circulación de la información. Extraemos algunas consecuencias narratológicas y hermenéuticas a partir del análisis de Taleb, relacionando el concepto con la formación de cánones y valoraciones en la literatura y en la crítica académica, y con el concepto de la distorsión retrospectiva (o 'hindsight bias'). Los torbellinos de información resultantes del 'efecto Mateo' crean, retroactivamente, los fenómenos que realimentarán estas dinámicas informacionales de atención en un futuro. English Abstract: The 'Matthew Effect' described by Thomas Merton has been recently revalued by Nassim Nicholas Taleb in 'The Black Swan'. It consists essentially in a statistic principle of accumulation through feedback dynamics, as a result of mutual attention in the circulation of information. Here we extract some narratological and hermeneutic consequences from Taleb's account, relating this concept with canon formation and dynamics of evaluation in literature and in academic criticism, as well as with the the concept of retrospective distortion of hindsight bias. The informational vortices resulting from the Matthew Effect give rise, retroactively, to the phenomena which will feed back on these informational dynamics of attention in the future. Keywords: Statistics, Success, Canon, Attention, Retrospection, Hindsight Bias, Nassim Nicholas Taleb, Matthew Effect, Feedback, Quality, Evaluation
José Angel García Landa
added an update
Marx y la naturaleza humana
 
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
Evaluamos en este artículo la visión marxista de la naturaleza humana y de su relación con los procesos de explotación de recursos a lo largo de la historia, y sus transformaciones, por vía de una respuesta a la conferencia de Terry Eagleton "Por qué Marx tenía razón". __________________________________________________ English Abstract: Marx and Human Nature - A paper assessing Marx's view of human nature and of its relationship to the processes of the exploitation of resources in human history, and their transformations, by way of a response to Terry Eagleton's lecture "Why Marx Was Right".____________________________________________________ Notes: Downloadable document is in Spanish.____________________________________ Keywords: Marx, Marxism, Materialism, Resources, Human nature, Exploitation, Ecology, Social relationships, Globalization, Complexity, Colonialism, Capitalism, Socialism
José Angel García Landa
added an update
El Ángel de la Historia: Retrospección y retroacción en Benjamin.
 
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
Una nota sobre un fragmento de Walter Benjamin en sus "Tesis sobre la Filosofía de la Historia", relacionando algunos aspectos del pensamiento de Benjamin en este texto, así como en "La tarea del traductor", con la inherente temporalidad de la experiencia humana, y con la importancia de las dimensiones de la cognición retrospectiva, y de la retroacción, en nuestras relaciones con la tradición cultural. English Abstract: A note on a passage of Walter Benjamin's 'Theses on the Philosophy of History', relating some aspects of Benjamin's thought in this text, and in 'The Task of the Translator' as well, to the inherent termporality of human experience and the importance of the dimensions of retrospective hindsight, and of retroaction, in our relationship to cultural tradition. Notes: Downloadable document is in Spanish. Keywords: Walter Benjamin, Retrospection, Hindsight, Historiography, Retroaction, Hermeneutics,
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
Examinamos algunas dimensiones retrospectivas relativas a la taxonomía de las especies y a la definición del concepto de especie. Para ello comentamos y ampliamos las reflexiones sobre taxonomías porfirianas (o fijistas/linneanas) y plotinianas (o evolucionistas/darwinianas) realizadas por Gustavo Bueno en su contribución (sobre los límites de la evolución en el ámbito de la 'Scala naturae') al volumen 'Evolucionismo y racionalismo'. Allí se apunta una consciencia de la relevancia del concepto de retrospección para el análisis de la complejidad del concepto de especie. El presente trabajo pretende resaltar y hacer explícitas estas dimensiones retrospectivas que muestran la relevancia de la narratología cognitiva para una teorización adecuada del evolucionismo biológico. English Abstract: This paper examines some elements of hindsight relative to the taxonomy of species and to the definition of the concept of species. This involves an reexamination of Gustavo Bueno's insights on the difference between Porphyrian (fixist or Linnnaean) taxonomies and Plotinian (or evolutionary/Darwinian) taxonomies, in Bueno's paper on the limits of evolution within the 'Scala naturae', a contribution to the volume 'Evolucionismo y racionalismo'. Bueno's paper shows an awareness of the relevance of the notion of hindsight in order to analyze the complexity of the concept of species. This paper aims at bringing out and making explicit these retrospective dimensions and the relevance of cognitive narratology to an adequate theorization of evolutionary biology. Keywords: Evolutionary biology, Hindsight, Retrospection, Darwinism, Linnaeus, Gustavo Bueno, Taxonomy, Species
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
This paper explores the use of reflexive and metafictional narrative structures in The Unnamable and other texts by Samuel Beckett. Reflexivity is shown to be the structural basis at all textual levels, from the articulation of character and plot development, through the use of narrative voice and modality, to the implied authorial level and the aesthetic stance of the text. Narratology and deconstruction are used as analytical tools to explore the peculiar semiotic productivity of the Beckettian text and draw the aesthetic and philosophical implications of Beckett's use of narrative form.
Esbozamos algunas dimensiones narrativas y temáticas de la novela histórica, relacionándola con otras modalidades discursivas tales como la historia, la biografía, la narrativa de ficción y la experimental, y géneros tales como la novela regional y la novela de aventuras ________ This paper sketches out some narrative and thematic dimensions of the historical novel, relating it to other discourses such as those of history, biography, fantasy and experimental fiction, and genres such as the regional novel and the adventure novel.
José Angel García Landa
added 7 research items
Lectura crítica de la novela de Christopher Isherwood 'A Single Man' ('Un soltero' o 'Un solo hombre'), centrándonos en la representación de la homosexualidad y la soledad del protagonista, y en la posible distancia irónica entre su papel como 'centro de consciencia' y la perspectiva crítica ofrecida por el autor implícito sobre su tragedia personal. English abstract: A critical reading of Christopher Isherwood's novel 'A Single Man' (1964), focusing on the representation of the protagonist's homosexuality and solitude, and on the possible ironic distance between his role as a 'center of consciousness' and the implied author's critical perspective on his personal tragedy. Research Interests: Christopher Isherwood, Novela norteamericana, and Homosexuales
An introduction to some central concepts in literary hermeneutics and interpretive theory (Interpretation, understanding, criticism, evaluation, meaning, etc.), and to the semiotic groundings of hermeneutics. This is followed by an overview of the main approaches in classical hermeneutics, from Greek philosophers and Homeric critics, through medieval poetics and criticism, to early modern developments. The overview concludes with an introduction to Schleiermacher's general hermeneutics in the Romantic period.
A summary of Friedrich Schleiermacher's theory of hermeneutics as formulated in the manuscripts edited by Heinz Kimmerle (I. The Aphorisms of 1805 and 1809-10; II. The first draft of 1809-10; III. Hermeneutics - the compendium of 1819 and the marginal notes of 1828; IV. The separate exposition of part 2 on technical interpretation. V. The Academy addresses of 1829; VI. The marginal notes of 1832-33). Schleiermacher's insights are compared to some concepts introduced by later theorists of hermeneutics.
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
A commentary and development of some notions on interaction as reality-maintenance derived from Berger and Luckmann's treatise on 'The Social Construction of Reality'. Berger and Luckmann's analysis is supplemented with some additional observations on the interactional definition of the self, on the role of expectations and retrospection in reality-confirmation (so that reality could be defined as a process of self-fulfilling shared expectations), and on the function of ideologies, institutions, communications and mass media in the structuring and management of the multiple overlapping realities which make up the social world. Keywords: Reality, Expectations, Communication, Interaction, Symbolic interactionism, Constructivism, Social theory, Institutions, Ideology
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
La polémica e innovadora concepción de la historicidad presentada por Alain Touraine (en 'Un nuevo paradigma'), así como las nociones de historicidad más tradicionales en tanto que comprensión de la situacionalidad histórica, analizadas por Ferrater Mora y otros autores, las comparamos y relacionamos con los conceptos de cartografía narrativa y de anclaje narrativo que hemos desarrollado en diversas publicaciones sobre narratología evolucionista. La definición de estos conceptos se refina mediante el examen de sus interfaces y delimitaciones, y más en concreto por referencia a la oposición entre modos de conocimiento nomotéticos e idiográficos, así como a la oposición entre clases de acontecimientos y acontecimientos individuales. English Abstract: Alain Touraine's innovative and polemical concept of historicity (in 'A New Paradigm'), as well as the more traditional notions of historicity as the understanding of historical situatedness analyzed by Ferrater Mora and other authors, are compared and related to the notions of narrative mapping and narrative anchoring I have developed in a number of papers in evolutionary narrative. The definition of these concepts is further refined as their interface and borders are examined, in particular with reference to the opposition between nomothetic and idiographic modes of knowledge, and to the opposition between classes of events and individual events. Notes: Downloadable document is in Spanish. Keywords: Events, Eventfulness, Evolution, Narrative mapping, Narrative anchoring, Conceptual mapping, Historicity, Narrative theory
José Angel García Landa
added a research item
Puede verse en YouTube una importante conferencia de Albert Bartlett, en la Universidad de Colorado (2002), sobre la relación aritmética entre el consumo de energía y el aumento de la población. Viene a ser una actualización de los puntos básicos del razonamiento malthusiano básico: el consumo crece a un ritmo mayor que la producción de recursos. Esto es algo inevitable, y Bartlett pone el énfasis en la necesidad de detener el crecimiento de la población. Quizá se entendiese todavía mejor diciendo que lo que hay que reducir es el consumo de energía y de recursos—pero Bartlett quiere insistir en que no es
José Angel García Landa
added 2 research items
There is a potential kinship between some central concepts of classical literary criticism (such as tradition, genre, originality, allusion) and some more recent ones developed by formalist/structuralist criticism (intertextuality, defamiliarization) and by linguistic pragmatics (illocution, indirect speech acts, pragmatic principles and communicative maxims). Reflecting on the common ground shared by these notions may shed some light on the relationship between linguistics and literary theory. This paper discusses, as one among a wide range of pragmatic constraints on literature, the intertextual relationship between a work and the tradition it belongs to and which helps define it. It is argued that intertextual signals do not have to be overt even when deliberate, and that deliberate signals do not exhaust a work’s intertextuality (since, for one thing, it will itself give rise to new links).
Este artículo comenta, entre las diversas condicionantes pragmáticas de la literatura, la relación intertextual que une una obra y la tradición a la que pertenece y que ayuda a definirla. Observamos cómo las señales intertextuales no tienen por qué ser explícitas aun cuando sean deliberadas, y que las señales deliberadas no agotan la intertextualidad de una obra (ya que, para empezar, ella misma dará origen a nuevos enlaces intertextuales). La teoría se ejemplifica con un comentario de dos poemas de Stephen Crane. The English version of this paper can be found at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1581424 This paper discusses, as one among a wide range of pragmatic constraints on literature, the intertextual relationship between a work and the tradition it belongs to and which helps define it. It is argued that intertextual signals do not have to be overt even when deliberate, and that deliberate signals do not exhaust a work’s intertextuality (since, for one thing, it will itself give rise to new links). The theory is exemplified with an analysis of two poems by Stephen Crane.
José Angel García Landa
added 3 research items
This is a concise practical set of guidelines on the commentary of literary texts, aimed at undergraduate students of literature. It addresses a number of different aspects in the text and the student's interaction with it: reading, authorship, theme, rhetoric and style, enunciation and address, genre and intertextuality, matters of history and ideology, gender and representation, evaluation, writing style and referencing. Keywords: Literature, Commentary, Writing guides, Criticism
"Acción, Relato, Discurso" es un tratado sistemático de narratología estructuralista. En este apartado proponemos una teoría del aspecto narrativo, en particular en sus dimensiones de frecuencia y permanencia, entendido como una dimensión estructural con entidad propia (a imagen del aspecto verbal, categoría gramatical distinta del tiempo verbal) que opera en este nivel intermedio de estructuración narrativa, el relato. English abstract: "Action, Story, Discourse" is a systematic treatise of structuralist narratology. This section formulates a theory of narrative aspect, more specifically of the dimensions of frequency and permanence, understood as a distinct structural dimension of narrative (just as verbal aspect is a grammatical category different from tense) operative at this intermediate level of narrative structure, the story.
This paper addresses several aspects of narrative structuring related to the fictional enunciation, its representation, and its specific treatment in a complex genre such as literary narrative. For instance, the theoretical definition of the authorial narrator is highly complex. It rests on the assumption of other structurally simpler narrative modes, such as homodiegetic narrative and fictional heterodiegetic narrative; the definition of the latter, in turn, rests on the definition of factual heterodiegetic narrative. That is to say, the narrator, at least in one of his roles, is performing communicative speech acts which are to be interpreted as such. This communicative dimension is implicit in the structure of fictional narrative, although other layerings may have been superposed. Therefore our analysis points out some of the enunciative structures which must be taken into account in a semiotic characterization of the diverse planes of literary narratives. Such structural complexity of literary narrative is indicative of its functional and pragmatic complexity.
José Angel García Landa
added 3 research items
'Narrative Theory' is an online introduction to classical structuralist narratological analysis. The sixth section deals with the structural positioning of narrators with respect to the narrative act and the fictional world(s) contained by the narrative. Contents: 1. Author, narrator, and narrative person; 2. Kinds of narrative positions; 3. Intradiegetic narratives; 4. Crossing the Limits; 5. Narrative person. _________________________________________________________________________________________ Keywords: Narratology, Narrative, Embedding, Fictional worlds, Fictionality, Narrating, Literary theory, Discourse analysis
Se estudian en este trabajo diversos aspectos de la estructuración narrativa relacionados entre sí por la problemática común de la enunciación de ficción, su representación y su tratamiento específico en un género complejo como la narración literaria. Por ejemplo, la definición del autor-narrador es de gran complejidad teórica. Se presuponen en ella formas de narración estructuralmente más simples, como la narración homodiegética y la narración heterodiegética ficticia; la definición de ésta, a su vez, presupone la narración heterodiegética factual. Es decir, el narrador, al menos en uno de sus roles, está realizando actos de habla, que se interpretan comunicativamente. El elemento de comunicación está implícito en la estructura de la narración ficticia, aunque otros se le hayan superpuesto. Señalamos, pues, en nuestro análisis algunas de las estructuras enunciativas que han de tenerse en cuenta para una caracterización semiótica de los diversos planos del relato literario. Que la narración literaria sea tan compleja estructuralmente es una indicación de su complejidad funcional y pragmática. _________ This paper addresses several aspects of narrative structuring related to the fictional enunciation, its representation, and its specific treatment in a complex genre such as literary narrative. For instance, the theoretical definition of the authorial narrator is highly complex. It rests on the assumption of other structurally simpler narrative modes, such as homodiegetic narrative and fictional heterodiegetic narrative; the definition of the latter, in turn, rests on the definition of factual heterodiegetic narrative. That is to say, the narrator, at least in one of his roles, is performing communicative speech acts which are to be interpreted as such. This communicative dimension is implicit in the structure of fictional narrative, although other layerings may have been superposed. Therefore our analysis points out some of the enunciative structures which must be taken into account in a semiotic characterization of the diverse planes of literary narratives. Such structural complexity of literary narrative is indicative of its functional and pragmatic complexity.
"Children's Literature as Communication: The ChiLPA Project" is a volume of essays edited by Roger Sell (Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2002). The acronym ChiLPA stands for ‘Children’s Literature, Pure and Applied’, a research and doctoral training programme at Åbo Akademi. The high points in the book are Roger Sell’s introduction and his chapter ‘Reader-learners: Children’s Novels and Participatory Pedagogy’, together with Maria Nikolajeva’s ch. 6. There are other notable contributions by Niklas Bengtsson and Rosemary Ross Johnston. The volume is divided into three parts: ‘Initiating’ and ‘Negotiating’ are more theoretical/critical, while ‘Responding: Pragmatic variables’ is more directly concerned with pedagogical research projects and curricular design.
José Angel García Landa
added 4 research items
La teoría sobre evolución cultural e imaginaciones colectivas compartidas expuesta por Yuval Noah Harari en 'Sapiens' se sitúa aquí en el contexto de otros enfoques anteriores sobre el constructivismo social, en particular el de Berger y Luckmann en 'La construcción social de la realidad' y la teoría de las instituciones de John R. Searle en 'La construcción de la realidad social'. _______________________________________________________________________________ English Abstract: Yuval Noah Harari's theory of shared collective imaginings and cultural evolution in 'Sapiens" is set in the context of earlier approaches to social constructionism, in particular Berger and Luckmann's in 'The Social Construction of Reality' and John R. Searle's theory of institutions in 'The Construction of Social Reality'. Notes: Downloadable document is available in Spanish. Keywords: Yuval Noah Harari, Constructivism, Institutions, John R. Searle, Peter Berger, Social constructionism, Fiction, Conventions, Social psychology