Surrogate models are data-based approximations of computationally expensive simulations that enable efficient exploration of the model's design space and informed decision-making in many physical domains. The usage of surrogate models in the vibroacoustic domain, however, is challenging due to the non-smooth, complex behavior of wave phenomena. This paper investigates four Machine Learning (ML) approaches in the modelling of surrogates of Sound Transmission Loss (STL). Feature importance and feature engineering are used to improve the models' accuracy while increasing their interpretability and physical consistency. The transfer of the proposed techniques to other problems in the vibroacoustic domain and possible limitations of the models are discussed.
The use of Machine Learning (ML) has rapidly spread across several fields, having encountered many applications in Structural Dynamics and Vibroacoustic (SD&V). The increasing capabilities of ML to unveil insights from data, driven by unprecedented data availability, algorithms advances and computational power, enhance decision making, uncertainty handling, patterns recognition and real-time assessments. Three main applications in SD&V have taken advantage of these benefits. In Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), ML detection and prognosis lead to safe operation and optimized maintenance schedules. System identification and control design are leveraged by ML techniques in Active Noise Control (ANC) and Active Vibration Control (AVC). Finally, the so-called ML-based surrogate models provide fast alternatives to costly simulations, enabling robust and optimized product design. Despite the many works in the area, they have not been reviewed and analyzed. Therefore, to keep track and comprehend this ongoing integration of fields, we intend to make the first survey of ML applications in SD&V analyses, shedding light on the current state of implementation and emerging opportunities. For each of the three applications mentioned, we identified the main methodologies, advantages, limitations, and recommendations based on scientific knowledge. Moreover, we discuss the role of Digital Twins and Physics Guided ML to overcome current challenges and power future research progress. As a result, the survey provides a broad overview of the present landscape of ML applied in SD&V and guides the reader to an advanced understanding of progress and prospects in the field.