To create innovative connected products and services, more and more interdisciplinary development efforts across industries covering hardware, software and business model design are required. One example for this is smart textiles, where the complexity of the value chain has so far hindered the successful market launch of new products. In this paper, semantic web ontologies are used to support faster development and market entry by a structured interaction of all players along the value chain. A specific Smart Textiles Ontology is defined, validated and evaluated with the help of the structured incorporation of expert knowledge. The ontology acts as a foundation for an open co-innovation platform called GeniusTex, and has successfully enabled first product development projects.
Nowadays sensor networks are not solely used in industrial settings anymore but are accessible to the public and thus allow for broad and diverse applications. The technical advancement of cyber-physical systems (CPS) paved the way for an easy and fast development of Internet of Things (IoT) devices. In this work, a voting wristband that uses hand gestures and the measurement of the corresponding barometric air pressure for voting has been developed. Audience response systems are often used as a way to improve participation and spark interest in a topic during a presentation. The intuitive wrist movement allows for multiple choice voting results. Textile integration of the wristband guarantees comfort and allows for an adaptable design for different events. Furthermore, an application that makes live updating of voting results and visualization thereof possible was implemented. This illustrates the endless possibilities of wearables and approaches to IoT design with sensors in times of CPS.
Despite high expected market potential, smart textiles have not yet been realized beyond the prototype level as methodological support for their development including industrial scale production processes is missing. Such a method needs to address both technical challenges, e.g., textile-electronics integration, miniaturization and durability, as well as organizational challenges, e.g., collaboration between diverse players (textile and electronics manufacturers, designers, and software developers). While previous approaches have been designed along specific applications or textile materials, this research applies the concepts of modularization, semantic web ontologies and co-innovation to make smart textile product and process development more efficient and ready for scalable production.
The research field of smart textiles is currently witnessing a rapidly growing number of applications integrating intelligent functions in textile substrates. With an increasing amount of new developed product prototypes, the number of materials used and that of specially designed production technologies are also growing. This book is intended to provide an overview of materials, production technologies, and product concepts to different groups concerned with smart textiles. It will help designers to understand the possibilities of smart textile production, so that they are enabled to design this type of products . It will also help textile and electronics manufacturers to understand which production technologies are suitable to meet certain product requirements. After an introduction to smart textiles and their market relevance, different material types for functional textiles are described along with their properties, application areas, and product examples. Special attention is given to materials for the realization of electrical conductivity in textiles, as these are crucial for the following overview on sensor and production technologies. Next, textile-based sensors are introduced. While numerous textile-based sensors, ranging from sensing fibers to coatings and three-dimensional structures, have been developed, their specific properties and usage are not clear. Bosowski et al. have proposed a structure for a classified catalogue as a knowledge basis to sup¬port the smart textile development pro¬cess. This chapter develops the classification further and implements it in a catalogue to be used by practitioners from research and industry when developing and designing textiles with sensing capabilities. The full catalogue is reported in the appendix. The third part of the book starts by describing the state of the art of research on production technologies for the integration of conductive materials into textile substrates, which include weaving, knitting, embroidering, printing, without mentioning specific products . Different variants of each technology are presented. Additionally, associated technologies to integrate electrical components in textile substrates are outlined. This part closes by reporting the current state of research on automated production systems for electronics integration into textiles. In the last part of the book, product and design concepts for smart textiles are evaluated along the example of touchpads.
To move smart textiles from prototypes to mass market products and enable shorter development cycles with better coordination, a modular product and process design of plug&produce manufacturing processes are developed.
The research field of Smart Textiles is currently in a state of a rapidly growing number of applications for the integration of intelligent functions in textile substrates. With an increasing amount of new developed product prototypes, the number of materials used and specially designed production technologies is also growing. This book is supposed to provide an overview of materials, production technologies and product concepts to different groups of interest. It will help designers to understand the possibilities of Smart Textile production, so that they are enabled to design their products for production. It will also help textile and electronics manufacturers to understand which production technologies are suitable.
The presentation introduces requirements for new HMI - concepts in the age of autonomous driving. As solution for textile Input devices textile optical Touch sensors are presented. As solution for userfeedback the possibilities of 4d-textiles are introduced to the audience. http://www.bayern-innovativ.de/intereiur2018/programm