Project

GHG-Manage

Goal: Title:
Managing and Reporting of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Carbon Sequestration in Different Landscape Mosaic.

Objectives:

- To assess GHG exchange characteristics of typical European landscape types accessible for quantification tools and their use on organic soils and for CH4 & N2O emissions.

- To investigate if there are optimal configurations of landscape elements and management practices that lead to internal compensation of GHG emissions, whilst considering their economic impact.

- To quantify the effects of important compensating mechanisms on regional to national scale GHG emissions and soil carbon stocks

-To design methodologies to report and verify the effects of landscape scale GHG emission compensation mechanisms

Fund: 1.23M by FACCE ERA-GAS +~0.5M.

Project Partners:

Ireland: Bruce OSBORNE/Jon YEARSLEY/M. Ibrahim KHALIL (UCD, Coordinator) and Laurence SHALLOO (Teagasc).

Germany: Torsten SACHS/Daniel SPENGLER (GFZ-Postdam),

France: Katja KLUMPP/ Mélynda HASSOUNA (INRA)

The Netherlands: Ronald HUTJES/Bart KRUIT (WUR)

Poland: Anna WALKIEWICZ (PAN)

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Project log

Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added 2 research items
Citation: Walkiewicz, A.; Bulak, P.; Brzezińska, M.; Khalil, M.I.; Osborne, B. Variations in Soil Properties and CO 2 Emissions of a Temperate Forest Gully Soil along a Topographical Gradient. Forests 2021, 12, 226. https://doi.
Understanding the functioning of different forest ecosystems is important due to their key role in strategies for climate change mitigation, especially through soil C sequestration. In controlled laboratory conditions, we conducted a preliminary study on six different forest soils (two coniferous, two deciduous, and two mixed sites comprising trees of different ages) collected from the same region. The aim was to explore any differences and assess seasonal changes in soil microbial parameters (basal respiration BR, microbial biomass Cmic, metabolic quotient qCO2, dehydrogenase activity DHA, and Cmic:Corg ratio). Indicator- and forest-specific seasonality was assessed. In addition to litter input, soil parameters (pH, nutrient content, texture and moisture) strongly regulated the analyzed microbial indicators. PCA analysis indicated similarity between mature mixed and deciduous forests. Among annual mean values, high Cmic and DHA with simultaneously low qCO2 suggest that the mature deciduous stand was the most sustainable in microbial activities among the investigated forest soils. Research on the interrelationship between soil parameters and forest types with different tree ages needs to be continued and extended to analyze a greater number of forest and soil types.
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Full text available upon request. The accurate assessment of agricultural greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) for accounting and mitigation options is still a key concern. An extensive body of data is available, but limitations of the different measuring approaches have often been ignored. Despite some constraints, chamber-based approaches have dominated annual assessments of GHGs to provide information on spatial and temporal variations. The Eddy Covariance (EC) technique has become the approach of choice and the basis of international monitoring networks. It has restricted applicability due to footprint constraints, poor replicability, complexity and high cost, meriting new approaches for replacement or complement to. For enteric CH4 emissions from livestock systems, respiratory chamber, tracer or GreenfeedTM techniques, having limitations for confined animals and requiring significant technical expertise, can be used. An overview of other livestock-associated approaches is given in this chapter. This argues for more investment in alternative methods for routine on-farm measurements and the identification of mitigation options.
DOI: 10.19103/AS.2020.0064.12
In book: Climate change and agriculture
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Abstract
Although forest soils play an important role in the carbon cycle, the influence of topography has received little attention. Since the topographical gradient may affect CO2 emissions and C sequestration, the aims of the study were: (1) to identify the basic physicochemical and microbial parameters of the top, mid-slope, and bottom of a forest gully; (2) to carry out a quantitative assessment of CO2 emission from these soils incubated at different moisture conditions (9% and 12% v/v) and controlled temperature (25 °C); and (3) to evaluate the interdependence between the examined parameters. We analyzed the physicochemical (content of total N, organic C, pH, clay, silt, and sand) and microbial (enzymatic activity, basal respiration, and soil microbial biomass) parameters of the gully upper, mid-slope, and bottom soil. The Fourier Transformed Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) method was used to measure CO2 emitted from soils. The position in the forest gully had a significant effect on all soil variables with the gully bottom having the highest pH, C, N concentration, microbial biomass, catalase activity, and CO2 emissions. The sand content decreased as follows: top > bottom > mid-slope and the upper area had significantly lower clay content. Dehydrogenase activity was the lowest in the mid-slope, probably due to the lower pH values. All samples showed higher CO2 emissions at higher moisture conditions, and this decreased as follows: bottom > top > mid-slope. There was a positive correlation between soil CO2 emissions and soil microbial biomass, pH, C, and N concentration, and a positive relationship with catalase activity, suggesting that the activity of aerobic microorganisms was the main driver of soil respiration. Whilst the general applicability of these results to other gully systems is uncertain, the identification of the slope-related movement of water and inorganic/organic materials as a significant driver of location-dependent differences in soil respiration, may result in some commonality in the changes observed across different gully systems.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Introducing new keynote speaker, E-book chapter free-acess to registered delegates and young scientist poster award.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
ISCRAES 2020 Update: Postponed to 03-06 NOVEMBER 2020
Venue: Talbot Stillorgan Hotel, Dublin.
Extended: Abstract (Flash & Poster) submission to 31/07/20; Standard registration to 31/08/20.
Full paper (SI: Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems): 01/07/20
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Due to the Covid 19 outbreak and related global bans, ISCRAES 2020 has been postponed.
We hope to have further information in the near future.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Abstract Submission Deadline Flash talks & Posters - 1 Week to Go!
Submit a flash talk or poster using the following link: http://www.iscraes2020.org/abstract-submission/
To view the preliminary programme:
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Sponsored by GHG-MANAGE:
Decision Support Tools”- Thursday 21st May 2020
"Land Use Mosaics and GHG Mitigation" - Panel Discussion & Workshop - Friday 22nd May 2020
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Abstract deadline for flash talks and posters extended to 16th March 2020.
New: GHG-Manage sponsored Panel/Workshop on 22 May: Open for a day registration including for other two.
Join and contribute to this timely sceintific event.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
ISCRAES 2020 update:
Abstracts submission for oral presentation is closed from today.
However, we are keeping open submission for extended Flash Talks and Posters until 16/03/2020.
Join us, contribute to and gain further advancement.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Highlights
• Using the DNDC95 model to simulate long-term SOCρ & ΔSOCρ in a grassland.
• Simulated values explained 66% of the variability with good prediction efficiency.
• Average SOC sink for measured & simulated was 0.46 & 0.37 t C /ha.yr, respectively.
• A new SOC equilibrium was not reached after 45 years of intensive management.
• The model could accurately represent the driving variables affecting SOCρ.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Less than a day to submit your contribution to ISCRAES 2020 (www.iscraes2020.org).
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Submit your abstract by 15 January 2020 to attend and contribute to ISCRAES 2020 and register by 31st to avail early bird fee.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Abstract submission deadline is extended to 15 January 2020.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
ISCRAES 2020 update: Meet our world renowned invited speakers and join us in Dublin from 19-22 May 2020 (see attached).
Abstract submission deadline 30 November 2019.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
ISCRAES 2020 (www.iscraes2020.org) is going global.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Both registration (www.iscraes2020.org/registration/) and call for abstracts (www.iscraes2020.org/abstract-submission/…) are open now. Join us at ISCRAES 2020 to put forward your scientific & technological ideas & thoughts to make agricultural systems economically viable, sustainable and C-neutral by 2050.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Join our eminent KEYNOTE SPEAKERS at ISCRAES 2020 (http://iscraes2020.org)
Prof. Eric Davidson University of Maryland, USA;
Prof. Klaus Butterbach-Bahl IMK-IFU, Germany;
Prof. Jim McAdam, AFBI, UK;
Dr. Jon Hillier, Edinburgh University, UK; and
Dr. Stephane De Cara INRA, France.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Join our distinguished plenary speakers at ISCRAES 2020 (www.iscraes2020.org):
Ms. Rima Al-Azar, Global Climate Governance Coordinator at FAO, Rome;
Prof. Nina Buchmann, Grassland Biogeochemist at ETH Zurich and
Prof. Alan Matthews, European Agricultural Policy at TCD, Dublin.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
We have re-arranged the symposium date and now it is 19-22 May 2020 instead. An updated flyer is attached herewith for further information.
Join us in Dublin to meet and greet with multidisciplinary agri-environmental and climate change experts, as well as gather and exchange ideas and thoughts how to combat climate change and protect the environment. 
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
It is our pleasure to invite you to attend the International Symposium on Climate-Resilient Agri-Environmental Systems (for further: www.iscraes2020.org) to be held from 20 to 22 May, 2020 in Dublin, Ireland.
Call for abstracts is now open for submission at: https://easychair.org/conferences/?conf=iscraes2020.
It will be a great opportunity to meet and greet with multidisciplinary international experts, as well as gather and exchange ideas and thoughts how to combat climate change and protect the environment. 
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Dr. Bart Kruijt, Research Scientist, WUR, the Netherlands presented a poster paper about overall activities of the GHG-Manage Project at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly held in Vienna, Austria from 8-13 April 2018.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
As a Humboldtian, attended and presented a paper on our international project [GHG-Manage led by UCD, Ireland (Prof. Bruce Osborne) with partners from Germany, France, Poland and the Netherlands] activities at the Humboldt-Colloquium "Moving Forward - The UK-German Research Network in a Changing World" held at Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford from 15 to 17 March 2018 organized by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Germany.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Project's First Consortium Meeting 2018 will be held on 20 February 2018 at UCD O'Brien Science Center.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added an update
Applications are invited for a postdoctoral research position on an EU FACCE ERA-Gas/Era-Net project called GHG Manage (Managing and Reporting of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Carbon Sequestration in Different Landscape Mosaics) led by Professor Bruce Osborne, UCD School of Biology/UCD Earth Institute and involving partners from Germany, France, Poland and the Netherlands.
Please see attachment for more details.
 
Mohammad Ibrahim Khalil
added a project goal
Title:
Managing and Reporting of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Carbon Sequestration in Different Landscape Mosaic.
Objectives:
- To assess GHG exchange characteristics of typical European landscape types accessible for quantification tools and their use on organic soils and for CH4 & N2O emissions.
- To investigate if there are optimal configurations of landscape elements and management practices that lead to internal compensation of GHG emissions, whilst considering their economic impact.
- To quantify the effects of important compensating mechanisms on regional to national scale GHG emissions and soil carbon stocks
-To design methodologies to report and verify the effects of landscape scale GHG emission compensation mechanisms
Fund: 1.23M by FACCE ERA-GAS +~0.5M.
Project Partners:
Ireland: Bruce OSBORNE/Jon YEARSLEY/M. Ibrahim KHALIL (UCD, Coordinator) and Laurence SHALLOO (Teagasc).
Germany: Torsten SACHS/Daniel SPENGLER (GFZ-Postdam),
France: Katja KLUMPP/ Mélynda HASSOUNA (INRA)
The Netherlands: Ronald HUTJES/Bart KRUIT (WUR)
Poland: Anna WALKIEWICZ (PAN)