The presumption of any modernization of study programs in higher education is to understand the needs of the community and conduct intensive consultations with community stakeholders, representatives of the businesses, public administration, professional associations and citizens. The success of any study program in the community is therefore largely related to the level of networking, i.e. the achieved cooperation and understanding with the stakeholder representatives. European Union Erasmus+ Capacity Building in the field of Higher Education (CBHE) projects support the modernisation, accessibility and internationalisation of higher education in partner countries. In addition to the main goal, CBHE projects are focused on ensuring the sustainability of new educational content and forms in teaching at academic institutions in partner states. Sustainability assurance is linked to the networking of academic institutions in partner countries with business, public administration and professional association subjects and their inclusion in educational processes at these institutions. Participating in the implementation of several CBHE projects, whether as leaders (BESTSID and GEOBIZ) or partners (SEED4NA and UN4DRR), we have paid special attention to the issue of cooperation between academic institutions and business and public administration subjects, finding new forms of cooperation that will result in a more successful modernization of study programs and ultimately qualifying academic experts who will be better prepared for inclusion in the businesses and public administration by contributing to overall development and prosperity. Conducted research and surveys, elaboration, testing and implementation of new or modified forms of cooperation, as well as new levels of communication were applied in these projects. The intention of this paper is to present activities and solutions aimed at achieving new levels of cooperation and understanding of academia with representatives of the businesses and public administration, as well as to point out bstacles in the realization of this cooperation.
This research was carried out as part of a PhD thesis: local spatial data infrastructure (LSDI) assessment and development model in the Republic of Croatia. Forty-three percent of cities have GIS or LSDI for city management. The percentage of LSDIs in cities in Croatia is rising. In five years, from 2011 to 2016, there were six percent more LSDIs in Croatia. LSDIs in Croatia have problems with many factors related to SDI: organizational, informational, human resources, technological and financial resources. There is a difference between LSDI readiness in smaller and bigger cities. Bigger cities (by budget and by population) are much more ready than small cities for LSDI development and management. Besides the budget and population, the existence of an IT expert in city government has a positive influence on the development and quality of LSDI in cities.
Rezime: Razvoj tehnologija opažanja pojava na Zemlji iz svemira i zraka NRMH RPRJXüXMX intenizivno korištenje prostornih informacija i Infrastrukture prostornih podataka koja XUHÿXMH NRULãWHQMH prostornih podataka, odnosno koncepata kao što su internet stvari, pametni gradovi, precizna poljoprivreda, inteligentni transport i sl., nDPHüX SRWUHEX akademskoj zajednici da redefinira kompetencije kojima studenti širokog spektra studjskih programa moraju tijekom svojeg studija ovladati. U okviru Erasmus+ programa (XURSVNH XQLMH SRNUHQXWD VX PHÿX RVWDOLPD GYD SURMHNWD NRML LPDMX ]D FLOM rješavanje ovog globalnog izazova. Na europskoj razini EO4GEO projekt ima za cilj definirati kompetencije za opažanje pojava na Zemlji iz Svemira i zraka, dok BESTSDI projekt na regionalnoj razini definira kompetencije za Infrastrukturu prostornih podataka. Sadržaj ovih projekata, pristup iznalaženju rješenja, metodologija i ciljevi navedenih projekata, RGQRVQR RþHNLYDQL HIHNWL QD VWXGLMVNH SURJUDPH SULND]DQL Vu u ovom radu. .OʁXþQH ULMHþL: opažanje Zemlje, Infrastruktura prostornih podataka, kompetencije. Abstract: Development of Earth observation technologies from Space and air which are enabling intensive use of spatial information and Spatial data infrastructure which regulates usage of spatial information, respectively also concepts like Internet of things, Smart cities, Precise farming, Intelligent transportation and similar, impose on academic society necessity to redefine competences which students of bright variety of study programmes must overmaster during their study. In the frame of European Union Erasmus+ programme is, among other, initated two projects which goal is to solve this global challenge. The EO4GEO project aim is to define Earth observation from Space and air competences on the European level, while the BESTSDI project aim is to define Spatial data infrastructure competences on the regional level. Content of those projects, solution approach obstinance, methodology and their goals, respectively also expected effects on study programmes are shown in this paper.
Geoinformatički ekosustava temelji se na geo-prostornim podacima koji su jedan od glavnih pokretača današnje digitalne revolucije. Geoinformatika je prisutna u brojnim disciplinama i stoga je obrazovanje geoinformatičkih stručnjaka danas od izuzetne važnosti. Nove, napredne tehnologije koje se primjenjuju u geoinformatici i podržavaju razvoj aplikacija za specifične namjene su bit geoinformatike. Izazovi s kojima se geoinformatički ekosustav susreće su eksterni i interni pri čemu se posebno ističe zaostajanje akademskog sektora u uvođenju novih tehnologija u nastavni proces što ima za posljedicu da novi stručnjaci ne raspolažu znanjem i vještinama potrebnim poslovnom sektoru. Ovaj problem ima globalni karakter te su u tijeku brojni projekti u potrazi za rješenjima koja će omogućiti modernizaciju kurikuluma geoinformatike koji će pratiti brze promjene tehnologije i potreba korisnika. Erasmus+ program, kroz natječaje Sektorskih alijansi vještina (SSA) i Izgradnje kapacitet u visokom obrazovanju (CBHE) pruža akademskim institucijama alat za realizaciju projekata modernizacije kurikuluma i iznalaženju novih pristupa u akademskom obrazovanju. Na CBHE pozivu 2019. godine odobreno je financiranje projekta „Business driven problem-based learning for academic excellence in geoinformatics“ (GEOBIZ) kojeg je nositelj Geodetski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu. Cilj projekta je unaprijediti geoinformatički ekosustav kroz razvoj novog i inovativnog modela suradnje poslovnog i akademskog sektora koji će podržati akademski sektor u modernizaciji studijskih programa kroz problemsko učenje na tragu tehnoloških i konceptualnih promjena u geoinformatici, modernizirati dijelove geoinformatičkih studija kako bi profil budućih stručnjaka odgovarao potrebama privrede i razviti model suradnje koji će biti na korist svim subjektima geoinformatičkog ekosustava. GEOBIZ pristup i dosadašnji rezultati predstavljeni su u ovom radu. (The geoinformatic ecosystem is based on geo-spatial data, which is one of the main drivers of today's digital revolution. Geoinformatics is present in numerous disciplines and therefore the education of geoinformatics experts is of paramount importance today. New, advanced technologies that are applied in geoinformatics and support the development of applications for specific purposes are the essence of geoinformatics. The challenges faced by the geoinformatic ecosystem are external and internal, highlighting in particular the lagging behind of the academic sector in introducing new technologies into the teaching process, which results in new professionals not having the knowledge and skills needed by the business sector. This problem has a global character and numerous projects are under way in search of solutions that will enable the modernization of geoinformatics curricula that will accompany rapid changes in technology and user needs. The Erasmus+ programme, through sectoral skills alliances and Capacity Building in Higher Education (CBHE) competitions, provides academic institutions with a tool for the realisation of curriculum modernisation projects and new approaches in academic education. At the CBHE call in 2019, the financing of the project "Business driven problem-based learning for academic excellence in geoinformatics" (GEOBIZ) coordinated by the Faculty of Geodesy, University of Zagreb was approved. The aim of the project is to improve the geoinformatic ecosystem through the development of a new and innovative model of cooperation between the business and academic sectors that will support the academic sector in the modernization of study programs through problem learning in the wake of technological and conceptual changes in geoinformatics, modernize parts of geoinformatic studies so that the profile of future experts corresponds to the needs of the economy and develop a model of cooperation that will benefit all subjects of the geoinformatic ecosystem. GEOBIZ approach and results so far are presented in this paper.)
Public and green areas are a matter of interest for the Republic of Croatia and local government and are in general use. Informational systems of green areas are a result of politics which reckon on the concept of sustainable development. They are the tools for efficient managing, sustaining and planning of green areas. Active participation of the citizens in updating and reporting damages on public green areas is also one of the ideas of these systems. The task of the project ,,Green Information Systems in the city of Knin was to collect spatial and attributive data on public green areas and their belonging objects. Informational system of green areas contains a list and description of trees, lawns, shrubs, trails, hedges, flower gardens, urban equipment and playgrounds in the city. Data was collected using measuring tape. Collected data was stored in a database, which was used to create a geoinformational system in the software QGIS. The purpose of implemented information system is to record vegetation to facilitate planning and management of green areas, then determine the state in which the green areas are located and the intervention that is needed to improve this condition. The ultimate goal is to improve living conditions in a populated place. The project was successfully developed, allowing users to create data analysis.
This survey was undertaken as part of the Erasmus+ project BESTSDI – ‘Western Balkans Academic Education Evolution and Professional’s Sustainable Training for Spatial Data Infrastructures’ together with EuroSDR.
There is continuous request on academic institutions to introduce study programs which will in practical part based on case-based problems coming from business sector. This request understands change of way how practical part of university courses are conducted and establishing new form of academia-business cooperation. This challenge has become leading idea for GEOBIZ project (Erasmus+ CBHE Ka2 „Business driven problem-based learning for academic excellence in geoinformatics”) which will introduce problem-based learning in practical part of geoinformatics courses in geodesy, geoinformatics and related study programs at higher education institutions in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Moldavia and Montenegro. Looking for a new sustainable and lasting cooperation model between business and academic partners new content should be introduced in technology driven courses. The project leader of GEOBIZ project is the University of Zagreb Faculty of Geodesy. Partners from partner countries are: Polytechnical University of Tirana, University of Tirana, Land & Co. Ltd, Tirana, University of Banja Luka, University of Sarajevo, Gauss Ltd, University of Pristina, University for Business and Technology in Pristina, Technical University of Moldavia, State University of Tiraspol, University of Montenegro, and from program countries Catholic University of Leuven, University of Split, Bochum University of Applied Sciences, University of Beograd, University of Novi Sad, and Gilab Ltd. Beograd. The paper presents the Erasmus+ GEOBIZ project, which has started in November 2019, its goals, objectives, methods and especially activities foreseen to foster business-academia cooperation.