Project

FASTEN - Flexible and Autonomous Manufacturing Systems for Custom-Designed Products

Goal: In all the dialects where the Industry 4.0 language is spoken, Industrial Internet of Things, Additive Manufacturing and Robotics from the technology side and Mass Customization, Product-Service Systems and Sustainable Manufacturing from the business side, represent key cornerstones and top priority challenges.

FASTEN “mission” is to develop, demonstrate, validate, and disseminate an integrated and modular framework for efficiently producing custom-designed products. More specifically, FASTEN will demonstrate an open and standardized framework to produce and deliver tailored-designed products, capable to run autonomously and deliver fast and low-cost additive manufactured products.

This will be achieved by effectively pairing digital integrated service/products to additive manufacturing processes, on top of tools for decentralizing decision-making and data interchange. Sophisticated software technologies for self-learning, self-optimizing, and advanced control will be applied to build a full connected additive manufacturing system. Industrial companies must overcome challenges of this nature to cope with an increasing demand diversity, products with shorter life cycles, and the need for supplying low volumes per order, requiring flexible solutions capable to effectively manufacture and deliver personalized products.

FASTEN is composed by 10 partners, 5 from Europe and 5 from Brazil. Specifically, from Europe the partners are: INESC TEC (the project coordinator) and Embraer Portugal S. A, Politecnico Di Milano, PACE Aerospace Engineering and Information Technology and Intellimech; from Brazil the partners are: INESC P&D Brasil (BR project coordinator), Bradel, Embraer and ThyssenKrupp.

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Project log

Enzo Morosini Frazzon
added a research item
In the current industrial revolution, additive manufacturing (AM) embodies a promising technology that can enhance the effectiveness, adaptability, and competitiveness of supply chains (SCs). Moreover, it facilitates the development of distributed SCs, thereby enhancing product availability, inventory levels, and lead time. However, the wide adoption of AM in industrial SCs creates various challenges, leading to new difficulties for SC design. In this context, this paper proposes a new design approach to AM SCs using optimization methods. More specifically, the proposed approach, comprising the p-median and mixed-integer linear programming models, considers the decision of deploying productive resources (3D printers) in specific locations of generic spare part SCs. The approach was evaluated in a real-world use case of an elevator maintenance service provider. The obtained results demonstrated the promising capabilities of the proposed design approach in managing the challenges arising from the forthcoming widespread use of 3D printers in manufacturing SCs.
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
[FASTEN FREE WEBINAR] Artificial Intelligence for Computer Vision and sensor Data Analysis (AICVDA)
September 25th, h 10:00-11:00 Brasilia time, h 3:00-4:00 PM (CEST) 
The session includes two talks:
Talk 1: 10:00-10:30 An AI Approach to Support Data Analysis from Fog Environments - Felipe Schneider Costa, Mario A.R. Dantas
Talk 2: 10:30-11:00 Multi-Camera Framework for Object Detection and Distance Estimation - Bruno Justino Garcia Praciano, Rafael T. de Sousa Jr
Join Zoom Meeting
Meeting ID: 938 4843 4770    Passcode: 655421
Please register to the event:
#fastenmanufacturing #artificialintelligence #datascience #fogenvironments
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
Join us in this talk! This webinar aims at approaching Data Economy for Manufacturing under a different viewpoint: the Data Space perspective.
Friday, Sept. 4th h 10:00-11:00 AM Brasilia time (4:00 PM Rome Time) 
The speaker: Sergio Gusmeroli, director and operating manager of the International Research & Innovation Unit of TXT e-solutions
#industry40 #datastrategy #fastenmanufacturing
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
Join our webinar "Towards Industry 4.0: A toolkit to support manufacturing companies in defining their digital transformation roadmap" on July 20th 2020, 14:00-15:00 Rome time (9:00-10:00 AM Brasilia time), organized within FASTEN Brasil-EU collaboration activities.
Register asap! https://lnkd.in/eQantuX
#fastenmanufacturing #industry40 #digitaltranformation #collaborationBRandEU
 
Thays Nascimento
added an update
Manufacturing companies require customized ways to conect robots and your industrial hardwares.
Currently, connectivity between robots and industrial hardware is limited to communication through fieldbuses, which is often a cumbersome task, due to development overheads and technological limitations.
This developed method from FASTEN aims to tackle these constraints!
The FASTEN project team developed a modular framework to enable customers to implement their own and customized IIoT System.
Is a Software for bridging the automation and robotics domains through an interprocess communication method between ROS and CODESYS.
▪️A bidirectional communication method between ROS and CODESYS based on interprocess communication (IPC) where publisher-subscriber message pattern is employed.
▪️A direct communication method between automation equipment and robotic systems that facilitate the establishment of effective, bidirectional, reliable, and structured interoperability between robotic systems and PLCs.
#fastenmfg #iot #h2020 #rnp #cobots #3dprinting #european #brazil #industry40 #cooperation #fasten #additivemanufacturing #project #industry40
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
In this video presented at IFAC2020, our colleague, PhD Candidate - Caio Viturino presents a paper, which proposes an important advancement for real-time robot path planning control. The Robot Operating System (ROS) framework and a collaborative robot manipulator UR5 are used to validate the proposed method on an approaching task for an object on a 3D printer tray. Check out the video and let us know your opinion! Youtube link at the end of this post.
#fastenmanufacturing #robot #robotics #automation #3dprinter #industry40 #manipulator #ifac2020
 
Gustavo Dalmarco
added an update
Manufacturing companies require intuitive ways to setup the locomotion of mobile robots within their industrial plants. Thus, we have developed in FASTEN a Skill-based Navigation and Localization Software for Mobile Robots with different kinematic structures.
The software package is fully integrated into the skill framework provided by the OSPS. Currently, installation and setup of mobile robots is mostly done through the use of physical devices on spot (i.e. localization beacons, magnetic tapes, etc.). This solution advances the current state-of-the-art mobile locomotion technology, as it replaces traditional robotics expertise to setup, configure, and adapt the behaviour of mobile robots.
The solution has the following characteristics:
- Easily and intuitively allow non-roboticists to define, configure, and adapt mobile robotic behaviour using a skill-based programming approach.
- Set of robotic software for navigation and localization of mobile robots in unstructured environments without need of physical devices placement.
- Can be applied in different mobile platforms.
- Allows the coordination of a fleet of mobile robots
 
Gustavo Dalmarco
added an update
One of FASTEN solutions for Industry 4.0 is the Open Scalable Production System (OSPS). The OSPS is an Industry 4.0 framework for flexible integration of Cyber-Physical Systems with existing Production Systems. It comprises the Advanced Plant Model (APM), a software framework that acts as rendezvous between Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) and robotic solutions running in the shop floor, providing a synchronized virtual representation of the manufacturing environment (Digital Twin). The framework also implements an Industry 4.0 Production Manager, able to coordinate human operators, robots, and automation equipment in a reliable and efficient way.
Through the OSPS companies can have access to:
- Availability of plant wide manufacturing data, with real time accuracy.
- Reliably assigning and tracking manufacturing tasks to human operators, robots, and automation equipment.
- Task-level orchestration on Cyber-Physical Systems
- Skill-based robot programming ideology
#fastenmfg #iot #h2020 #rnp #cobots #3dprinting #european #brazil #industry40 #cooperation
 
Symone G. Soares Alcalá
added 2 research items
The advent of the Industry 4.0 is posing several challenges for industries - for instance the pace of change, technologies to adopt, and user integration into the development process. In this context, digital technologies such as cloud infrastructures, big data and artificial intelligence, along with physical advancements in smart materials, nanotechnology and 3D printing play a key role in such fast developing scenario (Kumar, 2018). In line with the Industry 4.0 new paradigm, FASTEN project1 aims to develop, demonstrate, validate and disseminate an integrated and modular framework for efficiently producing custom-designed products. Hence, FASTEN will demonstrate an open and standardized framework to produce and deliver tailored-designed products, capable to run autonomously and deliver fast and low-cost additive manufactured products. This is expected to be achieved by effectively pairing digital integrated service/products to additive manufacturing processes, on top of tools for decentralizing decision-making and data interchange. It is considered the application of sophisticated software technologies for self-learning, self-optimizing, and advanced in order to build a full connected additive manufacturing system. Two use cases benefit of FASTEN project, they are ThyssenKrupp in Brazil and Embraer in Portugal. These companies will have the opportunity to have flexible solutions to address problems such as the increasing demand diversity, products with shorter life cycles, and the need for supplying low volumes per order. The overall benefits envisioned for FASTEN is to provide industrial innovations capable to effectively manufacture and deliver personalized products.
The industry faces more and more the challenge of deploying and taking advantage of evidence-based strategic decisions to enhance profit gain. In this research, the possibility of having a fully integrated system composed by a simulator and an IoT platform with the capability of collecting real-time data from the shop floor and returning performance indicators to support decision making is evaluated. The suggested approach involves a Manufacturing Executing System (MES) producing a production schedule, an IoT Platform composed by a message broker and a real-time database, a Simulator including simulation software and a wrapper, and a user application serving as an interface between the user and the IoT Platform and Simulator integrated system. A detailed analysis of the functionalities and integration of the Simulator and the IoT Platform will also be explored. To evaluate the approach, one use case of a production line in the automotive industry is used. The application of the integrated IoT Simulation system permits its validation and consequent future work.
Gustavo Dalmarco
added an update
FASTEN Project is reaching the final stage of delivering results! This is the last project year ending in October 2020. It was almost 3 years of dedication, and with that, we have very relevant results.
One of our results is a 3D-based Object Perception Framework. This is a reconfigurable object perception framework, able to identify a wide range of parts for different applications - including bin picking.
Existing solutions for 3D-based Object Localization and Recognition are limited or require ad hoc adaptations to function with the problem at hand, requiring a significant amount of engineering. This Framework overcomes these limitations by using state-of-the-art technologies for intelligent bin picking operation using 3D data. Its main characteristics are:
- Robust perception of multiple possible components with a range of 3D parts with minimum setup.
- State-of-the-art 3D-based perception algorithms
- Agnostic to any sensor that produces 3D data
Got interested in knowing other results? We invite you to stay tuned to our next updates on this page and to visit our webpage: https://lnkd.in/e9giqnk
 
Gustavo Dalmarco
added an update
One of FASTEN use cases connects the concept of decentralized manufacturing to the possibilities of industry 4.0, developing an open and standardized structure to produce and deliver custom made spare parts. In a country as big as Brazil, a centralized manufacturing unit has a big effort in logistics, as it needs to send spare parts to distant locations.
FASTEN will apply the decentralized manufacturing concept to improve on-site maintenance services – situation when it is too complex to send the product back to the company’s headquarters (like elevators or airplanes industries). The network of manufacturing cells developed by FASTEN encompasses the use of Additive Manufacturing and Collaborative Robots integrated through an IoT Platform, resulting in an autonomous cell that can be controlled and monitored remotely.
The use of a decentralized manufacturing network reduces logistics costs and production lead-time, as spare parts can be manufactured close to the client. Additive manufacturing and robots also adds flexibility and autonomy to the manufacturing unit, improving production schedule efficiency.
 
Ralph Schultz
added an update
O Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) na Alemanha quer entender melhor os potenciais da Indústria 4.0 para uma gestão mais sustentável. Para isso, dependemos da expertise da prática empresarial. Ficaríamos muito contentes se você pudesse compartilhar a sua opinião sobre o assunto conosco (o questionário leva uns 10 a 15 minutos):
Se tiver dúvidas sobre o questionário, dirija-se ao Dr. Grischa Beier (grischa.beier@iass-potsdam.de; +49-331-28822-380), ele terá prazer em ajudar. Caso queira saber mais sobre o projeto de pesquisa ou o IASS de modo geral, visite o nosso site (https://www.iass-potsdam.de/de/forschung/digitalisierung-und-auswirkungen-auf-die-nachhaltigkeit).
 
Ralph Schultz
added an update
The following request comes from a researcher, working in an institute nearby berlin, who became aware of FASTEN Manufacturing through our social media channels and re-established frequently personal contact. It would be nice, if some partner of FASTEN or some of our followers could share their experiences with Industrial Internet of Things by filling out this survey (app. 10 minutes).
The Digitalisation and Sustainability research group of the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies in Germany (https://www.iass-potsdam.de/en) is investigating how digital technologies in the industrial sector (also known as the Industrial Internet of Things or Industrie 4.0) can be applied to improve corporate sustainability. For this purpose, they are conducting a study in which they compare the opinions and expectations of experts from companies in Brazil, Germany and China. If you work for a manufacturing company in Brazil, please share your expertise and experience through this online survey (approx. 10min):
If interested, all participants can receive the results of the study later this year.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
Embraer has challenged its FASTEN partners with a scenario-based use case, to test the different capabilities of the FASTEN IoT platform in the operational context of its highly automated plants in Évora. For Embraer FASTEN is addressing the pick'n'place in logistics with an automated, adaptive solution, able to grow its capabilities by leveraging robotics, smart algorithms and collaboration with workers. This is enabled by the interconnection of systems coming from the IoT platform. In the other side of the plant, where wings are assembled, live data streaming monitoring from machine sensors enables preventive maintenance intervention. This is one of the features being developed for the FASTEN Analytics suite, that leverages data in motion with the data at rest accessible in the corporative systems. The wing assembly line scenario also exploits wing assembly line simulation and optimization, lending support to planners and managers to deal with disruption and improved efficiency when introducing new product modification in the assembly line.
Jointly designed by Embraer teams in Europe and Brazil these use cases highlight how global collaboration is key to address Industry 4.0 across a global footprint.
#fastenproject hashtag#industry4_0 hashtag#globalcollaboration
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
On the 22nd of October, FASTEN members visited Embraer headquarters in São José dos Campos. The EU & BR teams had the opportunity to review the study objects addressed in Embraer use case. It was a great opportunity to see the aircraft assembly line and, particularly, the logistics warehouse process and wing assembly line.
It also was an opportunity to share the project results achieved so far with a technological related group of Embraer's engineers and specialists, promoting technical discussions among community members about its exploitation. 
 
Ralph Schultz
added an update
Every year, the annual conference and user group meeting PACEdays brings together international aerospace and aviation professionals, current and prospective users of the Pacelab software and TXT-PACE experts for two lively days of high-level networking and knowledge sharing. The event’s open and collaborative atmosphere and its unique mix of industry insights, first-hand customer accounts and product demonstrations continue to attract well over 150 representatives from major companies including Airbus, American Airlines, Boeing, Embraer, Etihad Airways, Finnair, GE, Georgia Institute of Technology, Hawaiian Airlines, HP, IATA, IBM, Icelandair, Leonardo, Lufthansa, Microsoft, Rolls-Royce, Saab and Safran. This year’s conference is entitled “Transformative technology meets market - Delivering on the promise of digital innovation for aerospace & aviation".
The second time TXT-PACE experts have presented the FASTEN project to the event stakeholders to get their perspectives on the results and to offer further collaboration in the IIoT area.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
IoT, Industry 4.0, smart cities, security, infrastructure are some of the topics discussed at the 4th Brazilian and Latin American IoT Congress, held in São Paulo on September 17 and 18. INESC P&D was represented by professors Enzo Frazzon (UFSC) and Felipe Costa (IFSC) who presented the FASTEN project for Industry 4.0 in a panel dedicated to Brazil-Europe cooperation projects. The Congress allowed the exchange of experiences and information between the sectors involved in the development of IoT in Brazil, bringing together electronic equipment manufacturers, companies offering software and security solutions, and representatives of state and federal agencies. This exchange of experiences allows the formation of a network of stakeholders to develop IoT in Brazil, strengthening and leveraging its development. However, the experience provided by the event went beyond, showing concern not only with technological development but with the social aspects involved and affected by this digital transformation.
#industry4_0 hashtag#iiot hashtag#technologicalinnovation hashtag#cooperationBR_EU
 
Ralph Schultz
added an update
The EASN Association, the University of Patras and the National Technical University of Athens have organized the 9th EASN International Conference on “Innovation in Aviation & Space” which took place in Athens, Greece from the 3rd until the 6th of September, 2019.
The aim of the gathering was twofold: to act as a forum, where innovative ideas, breakthrough concepts and disruptive technologies have been discussed while in parallel real knowledge, industrial requirements and achieved results have been presented.
Powered by FASTEN, partners of the project under the lead of Embraer Portugal, a Theme Session with the title “Industry 4.0 in Aeronautics” have been organized and managed.
Several other European projects have been invited to bring a diverse overview about their solutions and their results. For FASTEN has been shown, how the advantages of Industry 4.0 technologies can be used to lower production costs. In detail was presented, how the Embraer use case bridges technical results between EU and Brazil by the delivery of IoT, automation and data based services.
#fastenmanufacturing #easn #easnconference #industri4.0 #aeronautics
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
Some weeks ago, Narciso Caldas, João Basto, and Romão Santos presented three papers, under the scope of FASTEN project, in the 3rd European IEOM conference, in Pilsen, Czech Republic. Narciso presented “A Simulation Approach for Spare Parts Supply Chain Management” proposing a generic simulation model to evaluate different supply chain designs considering the usage of additive manufacturing. João presented "Optimal Design of Additive Manufacturing Supply Chains, which created an optimization model for optimal supply chain design, with the objective of minimizing the total supply chain costs. Finally, Romão presented “Industrial IoT integrated with simulation – A digital twin approach to support real-time decision making” exploring a fully integrated system, composed by a simulator and an IoT platform, capable of gathering data in real-time and producing performance indicators capable of helping in decision making.
This last article, written by Romão Santos, João Basto, Symone Alcalá, Enzo Frazzon, and Américo Azevedo, was awarded the Best Track Paper, in the track “Tools for Sustainable Manufacturing”. 
We are pleased to say well done FASTEN team! #industry40 #digitaltwin #additivemanufacturing #supplychains
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
On the 14th of June, FASTEN did well in its project review meeting carried out by the European Commission (EU) and Rede Nacional de Pesquisa (BR). The European and Brazilian team had the chance to work together to demonstrate the first results of FASTEN. It was a good opportunity to see the latest advancements towards FASTEN mission, which is to develop, demonstrate, validate, and disseminate an integrated and modular framework for efficiently producing custom-designed products. The team showed high performance and deep collaboration efforts to demonstrate a preliminary version of the open and standardized FASTEN framework to produce and deliver tailored-designed products. There are still more months to finish the project, but so far we are proud of our achievements as they can a) foster digital manufacturing sustainability and be an enabler of technology development between Brazil and Europe; b) provide a multi-disciplinary decision support tool that will improve the trade-off analysis; and c) contribute to the competitiveness of Brazilian and European industries. We thank the experts responsible for the review, the team that has been working amazingly well, the funding agencies and all those interested in the Industry 4.0 endeavour. hashtag#fasten hashtag#industry40
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
IoT Week is the leading conference on IoT and related topics. In 2019, 9th International IoT Week Conference took place in the beautiful city of Aarhus, Denmark. The primary goal of the conference was “to explore IoT in depth by taking the UN’s world goals, such as climate action, sustainable cities and clean water as a starting point and put a lot of emphasis on the future use of IoT”. 1600 participants form 48 nations attended the event and contributed to its huge success. The FASTEN Project was represented by Prof. Dr.-Ing. Enzo Morosini Frazzon from INESC P&D Brasil / UFSC. He presented the Project in the Track: Future Manufacturing & Industry during the session Strategic Value Networks for Industry 4.0. In this session experts from the industry, the academy, and the research on applied technologies presented complementary views on the Industrial IoT, discussing challenges and opportunities to leverage and materialize the oversight future of manufacturing. Prof. Frazzon emphasized the relevance of pilots to present IoT data-based tools that integrate physical processes and their virtual representation aiming at real-time models, procedures and capabilities. The discussion converged to the conclusion that we are living a great moment for manufacturing, in which pilot projects, such as FASTEN, will pave the way for the forthcoming industrial implementation of open and standardized IoT-based frameworks. The full exploitation of Industry 4.0 and IoT potentiality will occur by means of the combination of knowledge-based + data-driven decision-making models.
#IoT #IoTWeek #SmartManufacturing #Industry4.0 #FASTEN
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
On the 6th and 7th of May, FASTEN took part on the 20º WRNP, a workshop promoted by Rede Nacional de Pesquisa (BR), with a dedicated stand to present FASTEN to the IoT Community. This event happened simultaneously to the 37th Brazilian Symposium on Computer Networks and Distributed Systems (SBRC) in Gramado, Rio Grande do Sul. WRNP gathered in two days a number of 250 participants being this a timely opportunity to assemble the scientific community closer to the main R&D trends in Information Communication Technologies (ICT). The audience had the chance to know the latest advancement in the ICT field and FASTEN was one of the 32 exhibiters in the event.
The Brazilian researchers representing the project had the chance to engage with the audience by presenting in a dedicated talk and with video demonstrations of the project. This was a fruitful experience in terms of broadcasting FASTEN work as well as gaining attention to the topic of Industry 4.0 as part of the IoT developments.
#fastenmanufacturing #IIoT #analyticalsuite #research #innovation
 
Andre Gustavo Scolari Conceicao
added an update
Comparison between two approaches for extracting parameters for use NMPC-based Visual Follower Model. The main gain of the new approach is related to the ability to navigate even in faulty paths, and calculate parameters for the predictor algorithm, such as pose and curvature more precisely. The tests were done using the Husky UGV mobile robot.
 
Andre Gustavo Scolari Conceicao
added an update
The UR5 robot is performing a Pick and Place task using a vision-based control implemented in a Skill-based robot programming framework based on ROS. Artificial fiducial markers are used as pose reference and identification of the printed parts and obstacles.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
The FASTEN IIoT Platform is responsible for bridging a huge volume of data from different devices (e.g. robots and sensors) to applications in an ever-growing Industry 4.0. Considering both FASTEN Pilots, the IIoT Platform will interconnect usual production orders to an integrated production system, monitored in real time to ensure process quality. Throughout the process, mobile robots and 3D printers maintain a data repository using the IIoT platform, which feeds the Prediction/Optimization/Simulation tools also developed by FASTEN. To improve security aspects of the FASTEN Platform, a context-aware security and a sensor ranking were developed and incorporated to the production orders submitted through the system. The data submitted describes the progress of the assembly process, the status of the devices involved and the monitored characteristics of the surrounding environment from both Thyssenkrupp and Embraer Manufacturing units.
#IoT #collaborative_robotics #digital_thread #artificial_intelligence #predictive_maintenance
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
In line with the Industry 4.0 new paradigm and the BR-EU collaboration program, the FASTEN project “vision” is to be a key enabler of the full adoption of Internet of Things technologies in digital manufacturing businesses, engaging end-users, and demonstrating such technologies on both sides of the Atlantic. This ambitious goal can only be achieved by engaging industrial partners and researchers in intensively and collaborative work.
On the 13th and 14th of March FASTEN BR and EU teams were gathered for its 3rd General Assembly Meeting (GAM). In this productive, two-day meeting, several partners such as Embraer, PACE/TXT, PUC-RS, attended, including INESC P&D Brasil and INESC TEC the host organizations. We also had the privilege to have one member of the Advisory Board, representing the voice of industry personalized by the participation of INTELBRAS – a company that provide technologies that reach more than 20 countries worldwide.
The GAM was essential at this phase of the project, as the work is moving from the conceptual phase to the demonstration phase aiming to develop timely pilots for both use cases: Embraer Portugal and ThyssenKrupp Brazil. The discussions and the work developed in these two-days meeting helped to fine-tune the definitions and developments related to FASTEN fully connected and scalable manufacturing system, integrating robotic, automation, simulation, as well as optimization and prescriptive analytics technologies.
 
Ricardo dos Reis
added an update
Dear colleague, we are delighted to invite you to join us in a special theme session on Industry 4.0 and Aerospace. We welcome works that are exploring the advantages of I4.0 technologies to lower production costs, aim at zero defect, shorten the design process and those integrating the full aircraft life cycle into a closed loop. In particular, research that are at the intersection of different domains (IoT, collaborative robotics, digital thread and artificial intelligence) and/or leverage the different open platforms being developed in Europe for I4.0 (eg, Fitman, Fiware).
This theme session has the dual purpose of highlighting the best research on this theme and promote a discussion on leveraging the existing digital platforms and projects being developed under the EU research programms.
As a specialist in the field, we encourage you to submit an abstract to this special session so we can have the opportunity to learn more about your work and benefit from your insights into a broad discussion on this field.
The 9th EASN will happen in iconic city of Athens from the 6th to the 9th September. Publishing in conference proceedings and reference jornals arranged by the EASN organization
Submit your abstract until 31st May
More information @ https://easnconference.eu
Please feel free to contact if you have any questions.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
Another pillar of FASTEN is the Predictive Real-time Simulation and Optimization Technologies. They will anticipate the behavior of manufacturing and logistics systems, for both use case in the Project EMBRAER and ThyssenKrupp.
To accomplish this goal, simulation models will be employed. Virtual representation allows researchers and practitioners to gain knowledge on effects of changes without the time and resources needed to change the real systems. Long-term strategic scenarios will also be tested, enabling the prediction of the system behavior in future situations.
Other technologies include Data Mining methods, which give insights from the manufacturing system; and Machine Learning methods, which can be used to predict equipment failures or demand of materials. These methods will be used to improve the simulation and optimization models.
Moreover, tools for real-time monitoring and performance management will be created. They will increase the visibility of the system to the decision makers by showing in a user interface the current state of the system’s KPIs and the data transmitted through the IIoT platform.
The combination of these technologies will allow for an agile decision-making in real-time of the manufacturing/logistic system.
 
Samuel Moniz
added 2 research items
Additive Manufacturing (AM) is one of the most trending production technologies, with a growing number of companies looking forward to implementing it in their processes. Producing through AM not only means that there are no supplier lead times needed to account for, but also enables production closer to the end customer, reducing then the delivery time. This is especially true for companies with a wide range of low and variable demand products. This paper proposes a mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model for the optimal design of supply chains facing the introduction of AM processes. In the addressed problem, the 3D printers allocation to distribution centers (DC), that will make or customize parts, and the Suppliers- DC-Customers connections for each product need to be defined. The model aims at minimizing the supply chain costs, exploring the trade-offs between safety stock and stockout costs, and between buying and 3D printing a part. The main relevant characteristics of this model are the introduction of stock service levels as decision variables and the use of a linearization of the cumulative distribution function to account for demand uncertainty. A real-world problem from a maintenance provider is solved, showing the applicability of the model.
To be competitive, companies must constantly innovate, and having efficient and well-managed supply chains is undoubtedly an important success factor. In the case of spare parts manufacturing, supply chain management is a very complex and arduous task. Quite often, spare parts have to be produced for products that have been on the market for very long, with the need to keep a large and varied stocks to ensure supply service level. With an increasing investment in the development and applications, the Additive Manufacturing (AM) technology can yield significant benefits to spare parts manufacturing. AM allows the production of parts with a high level of customization, without the need for setups, and helps to decrease costs, inventory levels and lead time. This new reality creates numerous challenges, forcing the design reformulation of traditional supply chains, and leading to an allocation of the production of certain types of parts downstream. This paper proposes a simulation model to address the use of the 3D printing technology on the supply chain of an elevator maintenance service provider. The simulation model allows the assessment of new supply chain designs, measuring their performance, thus avoiding the need of experimenting new solutions in the real system.
Ralph Schultz
added an update
One of the pillars of FASTEN is the Robot and Additive manufacturing Systems Integration. As part of this endeavour, we have the challenge to work with object recognition and localization. The input to the object recognition and localization module are sensorial information and apriori knowledge of the geometric configuration of the objects. Later in the project, the researchers want to relax the apriori knowledge constraints, to achieve a novel methodology to pick multiple types of objects without any previous information about them.
On the Embraer use case, the goal is to identify and localize the objects from a bin that is retrieved from an automated warehouse system (AWS). Due to the immense variability in terms of dimension and geometry, a dual strategy is being employed: for objects of larger dimensions and more varied geometry, a 3D approach is being developed by INESC TEC. For the remaining majority of objects, mostly comprised of smaller parts, typically characterized by symmetric geometry, a 2D approach relying on ConvNet is being developed by IMECH.
Figure 1:
On the thyssenkrupp use-case, the objects need to be picked from a 3D printer system. INESC P&D Brazil team is using a feature-based method, being the ORB feature extractor algorithm. Together with RANSAC, it is able to find the object position in the RGB image, and find the pixels coordinates in the point cloud.
Figure 2:
 
Ralph Schultz
added an update
after October 2018, the first year of our European/Brazilian project FASTEN was done.
Looking back, we see a successfully time of transnational and transcontinental team building
and intensively working in all work packages towards Innovation in Industry 4.0. From the research and development viewpoint, we achieved noticeable results and spread them to both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.
From the viewpoint of the industrial partners, we created promising concepts how to apply project results in the processes of the industrial partner Embraer and ThyssenKrupp.
Thus, all partners met confidentially in December in Brussels to present our results of the first twelve months of FASTEN Manufacturing project to the European and Brazilian Reviewer. Being the first Reviewer Meeting, the session was very important to the project not only to evaluate the performed work but also to assess the way we are communicating the project. In this regard, adjustments have been identified to give more emphasis on the demonstration aspects and on the pilots we are building. With these and other valuables comments we started the next phase of the project with increased effort and collaboration and with a stronger focus on the development and implementation and validation of a modular framework for flexible industrial IoT infrastructures.
 
Ralph Schultz
added an update
Inspired by a cooperation spirit between EU and Brazil, the effort provided by FASTEN consortium focuses on the definition and the implementation of an open Reference Architecture to face the horizontal and vertical integration opportunity introduced by the pervasive adoption of IoT-ready hardware by manufacturing companies.
To be indeed an open architecture, its implementation has been developed thanks to two different suites, one provided by FIWARE, one by APACHE Foundation. Both these implementations are being tested at Industry4.0 Lab, a research laboratory founded and controlled by Management Engineering Department of Politecnico di Milano. After a test-phase, they will be declined in Brazilian facilities of Embraer and ThyssenKrupp.
Politecnico di Milano is in charge to implement the FIWARE-based Reference Architecture, which, at the time being, is based on a context-oriented middleware, which receives data by ROS-speaking robots and OPC UA-publishing production stations. These dynamic data are then going to be controlled, aggregated and stored into structured databases.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
Project H2020 FASTEN was represented with an industrial prototype of a mobile manipulator performing machine tending operations and with dissemination leaflets at the INESC TEC and COFERAC Dois stands on the 17th International Fair of Machinery, Equipment and Services for Industry (EMAF), the largest Portuguese event in the industrial sector. The trade fair took place from 21-24 November 2018 in Porto, Portugal, and addressed Industry 4.0 latest challenges, promoted networking, brainstorming and business. In the last edition (EMAF 2016), the event had 430 national and foreign companies exhibiting and more than 42000 visitors.
 
Ricardo dos Reis
added a research item
FASTEN is an H2020 project under a bilateral call UE-Brazil. It aims to advance IoT and IoT enabled applications to support Industry 4.0 concepts, namely in the area of automation and additive manufacturing. The project results will be demonstrated through two pilots: one in Brazil, lead by a ThyssenKrupp use case, and the other in Europe, at Embraer facilities in Portugal. The detail on the Embraer use case, on pick’n’place automation, predictive and prescriptive analytics and assembly line simulation are described as FASTEN architecture and approach.
Ralph Schultz
added an update
Every year, the annual conference and user group meeting PACEdays brings together international aerospace and aviation professionals, current and prospective users of the Pacelab software and TXT-PACE experts for two lively days of high-level networking and knowledge sharing. The event’s open and collaborative atmosphere and its unique mix of industry insights, first-hand customer accounts and product demonstrations continue to attract (in its 19th year) well over 100 representatives from major companies including Airbus, American Airlines, Boeing, Embraer, Etihad Airways, GE, Georgia Institute of Technology, IATA, IBM, Leonardo, Lufthansa, Microsoft, Rolls-Royce and Safran. This year’s conference is entitled “On the digital transformation highway”, and is an opportunity for the aviation industry to look at ways of fast-tracking innovation. TXT-PACE experts presented the FASTEN approach to the event stakeholders and got their perspectives on the project plans, especially with regard to the FASTEN IoT RA implementations and its interfaces to shop floor related machines and systems.
 
Ralph Schultz
added an update
The main steps to accomplish the infrastructure-oriented objectives are
- Elaboration of a RA for Industrial EU-Brazil cooperative IoT Systems
- Create two different implementations of the RA, based on open source components provided by FIWARE and APACHE Foundation.
- Check and complete them under laboratory conditions.
- Deploy and monitor the platforms under industrial conditions at our pilots Embraer and Thyssenkrupp.
After the elaboration of the RA the ongoing tasks is the creation of two different and independent implementations as a proof of concept. Target of this step is the deployment of the platforms under laboratory conditions.
- TXT (Italy) and TXT company PACE (Germany) are implementing the so-called APACHE lane of the RA by using open source components from the APACHE Foundation.
- The resulting IoT platform will be plugged to the I4.0Lab of POLIMI in Italy.
- A special use case scenario will be applied, where the energy consumption of the machines will be monitored and under predefined conditions (CEP) an alarm will be generated.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
It was held simultaneously in Porto/PT and Goiânia/BR on the 25th and 26th of October the Consortium Meeting of FASTEN “Flexible and Autonomous Manufacturing Systems for Customs-Designed Products”. The meeting addressed several topics, varying from project management issues to technical debates. These debates were organised according to the organization of the project: Work Packages and Use cases. Great steps into the right direction have been achieved in particular by bringing industry (requirements/expectations) and scientists (solutions/capabilities) together to harmonize evolved perspectives and plans for the next 24 months of collaboration.
A special emphasis is given to the reflexive exercise made in these two days meeting, concerning the identification of the innovations brought by FASTEN and the positive aspects of the collaboration between Europe and Brazil. In this occasion, it was possible to have the contribution of both sides of the Atlantic as the meeting gathered in Porto the European researchers while the Brazilian team was gathered in Goiânia.
The Consortium Meeting also had some discussions concerning specific topics such as the definition of the Advisory Board and the nomination of the Exploitation Manager of the project.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
The European partners of FASTEN joined in at Embraer plant in Évora to discuss and align the Embraer Use Case. A lunch-to-lunch meeting, with a visit to the Metallic Structures plant for field exploration and also lively discussions closed a common understanding on objectives, interfaces, requirements and first design solutions to address the challenges posed by Embraer. Using the videoconference the Brazilian team of Embraer also participated in the discussion, fulfilling the bilateral spirit that drove the call funding. The last day of the meeting was, by happy stance, also the celebration of six years of Embraer Portugal. A lucky moment for the road ahead!
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
FASTEN and the Embraer use case for FASTEN were presented at the 8th EASN in Glasgow dedicated to “Manufacturing for Growth & Innovation” by Ricardo Reis from Embraer Portugal. This was an opportunity to showcase to the aeronautic community the relevance of digital integration for the future of aerospace manufacturing. A special highlight was made on the importance of the joint development of frameworks and architectures to foster Europe-Brazil industry competitiveness.
The presentation will be part of the conference proceedings.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
The FASTEN application aims to integrate products design and manufacturing by effectively controlling and assessing the performance of the whole manufacturing systems. This will be achieved by combining three tools: i) a simulation-optimization tool with a virtual representation of the production facility, which provides a framework for understanding, experimenting on and optimizing the system without the downsides of doing so in the real version; ii) a predictive and prescriptive analytic tool, which delivers interpretable insights from the manufacturing data and implement predictive models to aid the manufacturing processes; and, iii) real-time monitoring and performance management tool, which monitors the performance of manufacturing systems on real-time, encompassing a decision-making data driven visualization dashboard. The combination of these tools will provide a high degree of flexibility and agile decision-making in real-time of the manufacturing system. Moreover, the adopted technologies will effectively approximate customers to products, and significantly reduce the global operational costs.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
The FASTEN project has a remarkable characteristic of flexibility and communication between the various levels of abstraction, so it is mandatory that robotic system hardware meets these requirements. Both pilot use cases explore the benefits of standardized components and architectures that bestow the possibility of fully modular and scalable manufacturing systems. One of FASTEN objectives is to develop a scalable, modular, and autonomous manufacturing system for producing custom-designed products, aiming to achieve robotic systems that are quite different from current "inflexible" robotic solutions, that only deal with few part types, and operate in rather structured environments.
Industrial application of state-of-the-art robotic systems is a fundamental component of modern automation, contributing to high levels of accuracy and repeatability, reducing production costs and aiding industrial processes to be more efficient. Thus, the development of autonomous mobile platforms and industrial robots, fully integrated with industrial equipment, additive manufacturing production systems, vertical layers in the architecture, and that are capable of performing automated tasks at mass customization production lines is completely aligned with the FASTEN vision, mission and objectives.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
The FASTEN Project Reference Architecture for Industrial IoT Systems, has as objectives: (1) identify relevant Reference Architectures for Industrial IoT systems both in EU and in Brazil; (2) analyse the most significant architectures shared between the two continents and develop an alignment model among them, (3) implement an interoperable IoT Platform between European and Brazilian Industrial Systems.
Two architectures are being used by FASTEN: the RAMI 4.0 3D Reference Architecture, that is driving most of the Industry 4.0 developments in Europe; and The Industrial Internet Consortium RA, used worldwide and with original aspects in Data-driven conception.
The FASTEN project has elaborated a Reference Architecture for Industrial EU-Brazil cooperative IoT Systems, able to align RAMI 4.0 and IIRA. This will bridge any possible architectural gap between EU and Brazil Industrial IoT systems, allowing the development of common functional architectures and joint open source interoperable reference implementations.
Open Source reference implementations based on FIWARE and APACHE Foundations components are ongoing in the two industrial pilots of Embraer and ThyssenKrupp.
Figure. Industrial IOT WP3 architecture in FASTEN DOA
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
The FASTEN application use case in Brazil is at Thyssenkrupp Elevators Brazil, part of Thyssenkrupp Elevators Americas - a branch of Elevator Technology. The business of Thyssenkrupp Elevator Brazil is structured at two main areas: Elevators Manufacturing and Elevators Service. Elevators manufacturing is responsible for the production and delivery logistics of new elevators and spare parts for installed elevators, while Thyssenkrupp Elevators service manages about 90.000 equipment all over Latin America. In Brazil, Thyssenkrupp Elevators service has more than 70.000 equipment requiring monthly maintenance that is described by a pool of services. In FASTEN, Thyssenkrupp is contributing with a context of Industrial Challenges regarding the Industry 4.0 and besides its role at FASTEN, Thyssenkrupp is also developing a real-time, cloud-based predictive maintenance solution called MAX, taking elevator availability, reliability, and efficiency to new heights. This IoT solution increases elevator availability by reducing out-of-service situations through real-time diagnostics. MAX predicts maintenance issues before they occur, and empowers elevator engineers by flagging the need to replace components and systems before the end of their lifecycle.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
The FASTEN application use case in Europe is at EMBRAER Portugal, a part of EMBRAER (www.embraer.com), a global company headquartered in Brazil. Embraer Portugal manufactures wings and empennages that are shipped to the final assembly lines in Brazil and the USA. Embraer has businesses in commercial and executive aviation, defense & security. The company designs, develops, manufactures and markets aircraft and systems, providing customer support and services. Since it was founded in 1969, Embraer has delivered more than 8,000 aircraft, transporting over 145 million passengers a year. Embraer is the leading manufacturer of commercial jets up to 130 seats. To keep its place at the forefront of the industry, in the highly competitive environment of the aerospace market, Embraer foresees digital integration as a key factor. FASTEN will contibute to the understanding and development of a living, Internet of Things based, cyber-physical infrastructure making possible concepts of Industry 4.0, Digital Tapestry, Model-Based Systems Engineering, Condition Based Maintenance. Short and medium term gains are expected for the industrial operation of the plants, with the long term goal of full integration of real and digital knowledge across the full lifecycle of the product.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
The title of the thesis is “Hybrid Optimization/Simulation approach for flexible supply chain management”. This work was done in the context of the FASTEN ThyssenKrupp use case. An optimization/simulation model was built to study different configurations of supply chains involving the exploitation of additive manufacturing technology (3D printers).
Congratulations, Narciso!
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
The FASTEN project participated in the 5th edition of Cloudscape Brazil and in the 3rd edition of the Workshop on Cloud Networks (WCN) in Natal, Brazil (25-26 July). Both Cloudscape Brazil and WCN are part of the programme of the CSBC 2018, and aim to enhance future research cooperation between Brazil and Europe. In these events, FASTEN presented its preliminary results to the research community in the form of a demo, a position paper and a poster.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
The Brazilian project leader of FASTEN is the Institute of Engineering Systems and Computing, Research and Development of Brazil (INESC P&D Brazil). INESC P&D Brazil is also the coordinator of two work-packages, Robot and Additive Manufacturing Systems Integration and Predictive Real-time Simulation and Optimization.
INESC P&D Brazil (http://inescbrasil.org.br) is a Non-Governmental Scientific and Technological Institution (ICT), constituted as a private, non-profit association with the objective of, jointly with Brazilian public universities and INESC TEC/Portugal, to coordinate a network of cooperation in research, development and technology transfer in Brazil.
INESC P&D BRAZIL develops an innovation model similar to the ones used in Europe, in particular by INESC TEC. Even tough, adjusted to the Brazilian reality. We focus on the development of scientific projects through national and international partnerships, but always based on current industrial problems.
The research areas of INESC P&D Brazil are Energy and Production, Robotics and Sensors, Computing and Communication, and Environment and Health. Our mission is to promote Brazil's scientific and technological development and international cooperation through the implementation of multidisciplinary projects.
 
Ariane Rodrigues Pereira
added an update
FASTEN participated in the IoT Week in Bilbao (4-8 June), together with other EU-Brazil IoT Pilots’ projects (OCARIoT, SWAMP) where research/development/piloting approaches were discussed, seeking collaboration with EU IoT LSP initiative.
 
Gustavo Dalmarco
added an update
In this first post, we introduce INESC TEC (http://www.inesctec.pt), which is the European project coordinator of FASTEN and is the leader of the activities related to Predictive Real-time Simulation and Optimization.
INESC TEC is a private non-profit research institution, located in the Northern region of Portugal. We are dedicated to scientific research and technological development, technology transfer, advanced consulting and training, and pre-incubation of new technology-based companies, in four major thematic domains - Computer Science, Industry and Innovation, Networked Intelligent Systems, and Power and Energy – for which we want to be perceived as an important world player, aiming to be a leading Science and Technology Institution at international level. For this, we aim to achieve advancement in science and technology and to enable science-based innovation through the transfer of new knowledge and technologies to industry, services and public administration.
 
Samuel Moniz
added an update
This paper proposes a novel strategy for Leader-Follower formation control based on NMPC using visual information for wheeled mobile robots. The formation task is to follow a visual path whose control problem is solved in the image plane for the leader robot. With the proposed strategy it is possible to increase the range of real applications through the use of arbitrary visual paths in conjunction with already consolidated Leader-Follower approach. Time-varying formations are dealt with a classical method to stability guarantee and a new approach to feasibility guarantee. Experimental results with a nonholonomic platform show the performance of the proposed control scheme.
 
Samuel Moniz
added an update
Samuel Moniz
added a project goal
In all the dialects where the Industry 4.0 language is spoken, Industrial Internet of Things, Additive Manufacturing and Robotics from the technology side and Mass Customization, Product-Service Systems and Sustainable Manufacturing from the business side, represent key cornerstones and top priority challenges.
FASTEN “mission” is to develop, demonstrate, validate, and disseminate an integrated and modular framework for efficiently producing custom-designed products. More specifically, FASTEN will demonstrate an open and standardized framework to produce and deliver tailored-designed products, capable to run autonomously and deliver fast and low-cost additive manufactured products.
This will be achieved by effectively pairing digital integrated service/products to additive manufacturing processes, on top of tools for decentralizing decision-making and data interchange. Sophisticated software technologies for self-learning, self-optimizing, and advanced control will be applied to build a full connected additive manufacturing system. Industrial companies must overcome challenges of this nature to cope with an increasing demand diversity, products with shorter life cycles, and the need for supplying low volumes per order, requiring flexible solutions capable to effectively manufacture and deliver personalized products.
FASTEN is composed by 10 partners, 5 from Europe and 5 from Brazil. Specifically, from Europe the partners are: INESC TEC (the project coordinator) and Embraer Portugal S. A, Politecnico Di Milano, PACE Aerospace Engineering and Information Technology and Intellimech; from Brazil the partners are: INESC P&D Brasil (BR project coordinator), Bradel, Embraer and ThyssenKrupp.