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Environmental ethics in stream management, conservation, and restoration
This paper is intended to reinvigorate a discussion of ethics and incorporation of ethical thought into stream management plans and decision-making. I begin with the apparent dilemma of whether we manage streams for human desires versus stream ecosystem health. I then introduce concepts from contemporary environmental ethics including natural value theory and Aldo Leopold's Land Ethic to explain why both natural values and people values are important, how stream health and human benefits can be integrated in decisions, and why stream health matters across the spectrum for both people and nature.