A preprint in the Swedish paper Up date. Who are you as an entrepreneur? How well do you know your strengths / weaknesses? If you can answer the question in the title, it increases your chances of leading your company through difficulties and to profitability.
Is it the case that our hopes and wishful thinking about the state of affairs lead us to lose our analytical gaze and shortcomings in analysis? In the article on ADHD and entrepreneurship that was published in The Journal of Applied Psychiatry, the authors Frummerin and Lindström emphasized that ADHD would not offer any special conditions for entrepreneurship and were critical of some article authors who emphasized that ADHD would provide favorable conditions for entrepreneurship. Is it about wishful thinking and perceptual defense mechanisms? That one has a picture and wishful thinking that it relates in a certain way This can lead to the creation of a notion that ADHD would provide conditions that are not fulfilled in reality. As a consequence, this could mean that individuals with ADHD are expected to perform commitments that they do not in fact have the conditions to perform. The consequence could be that people with ADHD would end up in professional roles in which they feel great frustration and therefore mental health issues as well as well-being. This may also lead to financial unwanted effects when you are self-employed.
Our view is that the perspective of ADHD and entrepreneurship is of restricted importance as a general perspective. Given the complexity of the role of entrepreneurs and the requirements set by different stakeholders in the organization, ADHD and the effects offers several limitations for entrepreneurship. This, in conjunction with difficulties in disorganized behavior and difficulties in completing tasks, does not lead to an affirmation of ADHD as a resource in terms of entrepreneurship.
1) Personality profile of the 6th Entrepreneurial Archetype. 2) below from the Magazine, Foretagande.se - The Swede who found the 6th archetype. 1= As a personality profile, this archetype can be described as a person who usually gets satisfaction from the stimulus of work. This provides the basic incentives. This personality can combine both thought and feeling, but feelings are the most central, e.g., in final decision-making. He/she prefers a planned way to work but may live a more flexible lifestyle; this can sometimes cause difficulties in terms of boundaries. I.e., work and free time easily merge; work and leisure time can flow together with pleasure because the chosen profession itself is – a pleasure! The approach to their area of interest is often able to develop a high degree of expertise in specific areas. This personality has a strong motivation to go deep into certain things and therefore, finds it easier to see development opportunities such as in some parts of a process or business model. The profile acts on the basis of a planned approach, which provides the conditions for the stimulus the work provides. There is a high degree of analytical orientation. This personality exposes both an extroverted and an introverted orientation, (ambivert) and in the same way, there is both short-term and also long-term orientation. Impulsive behavior can sometimes be central to this archetype’s behavior. To be able to detect patterns, observe and interpret data and integrate this information in theory and practice in an optimal way based on various factors is to use analytical skills. This is one of the many strengths among Workstyle archetypes. Solutions can be achieved through clear, methodical approaches or through more creative solutions. Both of these methods have in common that they require analytical skills. It is often required that one is creative in using analysis of information in order to be able to detect trends and deviations. Being creative is also important when it comes to problem-solving. An obvious solution to a problem is not always the best option. People with good analytical skills often have the advantage that they can think outside the box and find effective solutions. This is often a common feature of a Workstyle profile. 2 = From the Magazine www.foretagande.se You may have wondered if you are an entrepreneur? Or you may have wondered if you have any qualities that you can use to develop a business or to develop a business. What does the word entrepreneur mean? An entrepreneur is a person who takes an idea for a product or service, reflects on the risk or rather the opportunity, identifies the possibilities, gathers resources, plans and implements the idea. - Stefan Lindström These have succeeded in changing the direction of something, designing new angles and creating new businesses and markets. Entrepreneurs are often described as creative and curious, with a high degree of independence and visionary thinking. Other qualities can be a positive view of work and dedication. The list goes on. Like other people, entrepreneurs have different characteristics, which make them successful in their tasks. In the research previously done in the field in the US, including at MIT; The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, has for some time now been able to eliminate five different archetypes from which an entrepreneur creates his role, the so-called archetype. It is this research that is partly the starting point for this behavioral profile test and the 6th archetype, the Work Style Entrepreneur that Stefan Lindström - specialist Entrepreneurial management, brought to light from his research. "After my time in 2005 at the Boston University Entrepreneurial Institute and around Boston's 'ecosystem', observations I made there were the starting point for my research in entrepreneurship." - says Stefan He presented the results and this 6th archetype for the first time at The International Conference of Thinking then in 2009 in Malaysia. The International Conference on Thinking is an interdisciplinary conference that focuses on thinking, learning, pedagogy, brain research and new mental models. The conference committee is organized according to the various areas presented by prominent researchers in important broadly defined areas such as Arts, Business, Culture, Education, Health, Media, Sport and Politics. As a cross-cutting theme we find - Learning, Innovation, Organization and Leadership. The conference is attended by the world's foremost in education, leadership, business, health & medicine, science and technology, pedagogy, environment and the humanities. Lindstrom's accumulated research on different archetypes in entrepreneurship later led to the creation of this test. All entrepreneur profiles. In short, this research has concluded that entrepreneurs can be distinguished into six different types or roles: Read all about them on : https://entrepreneurprofiletest.com/all-archetypes/
A study published in 2020-06-15 shows, among other things, that the traditional image of the entrepreneur is not really adequate anymore. One has often had a simpler picture of entrepreneurs, albeit as enterprising and with great will and motivation and who devotes himself to his business with great ambition. That has been and still is a general picture of the classic entrepreneur, but now a new type of sustained entrepreneurial image is also emerging. This study shows that the proportion among entrepreneurs who has a University education is higher today and it is constantly increasing. The national average (in Sweden where this study is done), currently commutes around 43% (share of the population has kept studying after high school.) In previous surveys  in 2010, the national average for this was about 30%, but among entrepreneurs as much as 55%. There was thus a large predominance of entrepreneurs with academic education. And this now seems to hold. What could this be due to? There are multifactorial reasons, or several new so-called “conditions” - for entrepreneurship. The talk about the society of knowledge has now developed into a strategic resource, these are often developed based on entrepreneurial thoughts. The results also show that an entrepreneurial activity has become a recognized activity in the academic world. During the 2000s, there have been campaigns and program activities that have praised entrepreneurship. Such as increased interest in the subject at universities and the economics faculties. Since 2000, the number of highly educated people in the country has also increased steadily, while the number of low-educated people has fallen. Today 2020, we see an increase from 16 percent in 2000. (Source: OECD, Education at a Glance 2019, and Statistics Sweden 2020)  As well as SCB 2020  The continued development in society also provides new conditions for the basic motives behind entrepreneurship. We move up on the hierarchy of Needs and today existence is less often about food on the table. This provides new conditions for self-realization and creation. This survey also correlates here with the latest in EU countries for All brain business sectors,  jobs per 1,000 working age population, where Sweden is 1st with 87.1 and Denmark 2nd with 79.1 so-called brain jobs per 1,000 inhabitants. Additional reasons may be unemployment with its largely structural level and with this that there are probably many “older people” with good education who do not get a job because they do not get into regular jobs. Sweden is struggling, as well known, with so-called age discrimination, according to some experts. For many of these "older", 40+, the opportunity for work then becomes available by becoming an entrepreneur - or simply starting your own. Previous research  shows an average of 45 years. Many of these jobseekers are likely to be considered "overqualified". And then entrepreneurship / starting your own becomes a suitable way, possibly the only way out. Migration and immigration provide special light on the conditions for entrepreneurship. Many immigrants find it difficult to get into a "regular job" and are referred or perhaps automatically become referred to run their own business, often under uncertain conditions. If the university graduates are in the majority, this also reflects another trend. Several university graduates could probably also find another employment with safer conditions but still chooses the opportunity in an entrepreneurial world. The development in Sweden with an increasing proportion of university graduates is similar in important respects to the development that has taken place in the USA, where the proportion of university graduates is high among entrepreneurs. Another interesting result is that those who engage in entrepreneurship are in many cases firstborns. Other general studies show similar results, leaders / managers / po
Swedish new corporations or AB´s ( Ltd´s) are rising 20% due to or despite Corona Necessity or observing ? - But here we may end up in a new situation or another category of "opportunities". Swedish new corporations or AB´s ( Ltd.’s) are rising 20% We asked entreprenologist Stefan Lindström what does is it depend on By. www.foretagande.se (https://www.foretagande.se/antal-nya-aktiebolag-okade-med-20-under-2020) If we try to measure from the beginning of 2020 and we say that the first wave Corona was in February. I think it is said that the first reported case was January 31 in Jönköping. How long it took before it began to affect the labor market, however, can be difficult to say. But last year 2020, you see a bigger difference in March and April. If you compare March 2019 with March 2020, 3804 and 5740 companies started, respectively. In April, there were 3,735 companies in 2019 and 4,122 newly established limited companies in 2020, respectively. If we look at 2018, these figures were around 3,500–3600 each for these two months. June 2020 was started 3865 and the same month the year before it is 2700 new limited companies, i.e. an increase of 43%. And it is during this spring that the first ones are notified and that companies reduce their working hours. Many lost their jobs due to the pandemic. The increase continued to be high during the autumn. In rounded numbers 2018 2019 2020 September 3.300 3.900 5.400 October 4.100 4.000 5.100 November 4.400 4.000 5.800 In entrepreneurship research, it is often said that entrepreneurship comes from either necessity or observation, says Stefan Lindström. Watch his TEDx talks: Necessity or observing ? But here some say we may end up in a new situation or another category of "opportunities". The opportunity costs of running it have only fallen due to current economic conditions, and many now feel free to act. For example, a person with a good idea who would not otherwise give up his current well-paid and relatively secure job. But, now with these notices and dismissals, one can then use these figures to anticipate reasons for the increase in new companies, and then especially in these mentioned periods. If we also add 2017 and look at a total of the same 11 months and per ditto year it will be in round numbers. 2017 2018 2019 2020 43.508 41.028 41.963 51.876 Compare to the year before -6% +2% +24% Compare to 2017 -6% +4% +19% Necessity or observing? But here we may end up in a new situation or another category of "opportunities". While entrepreneurs are driven by an exciting idea, the opportunity costs of running it have only fallen due to current economic conditions, and many now feel free to act. For example, a person with a good idea who would not otherwise give up his current well-paid and relatively secure job. But, now in these times he has no job or thinks that the job itself is in danger, so why not make his idea a reality - now. With these notices and dismissals, one can then use these figures to anticipate reasons for the increase in new companies, especially during these mentioned periods. So, the news about + 20 % seems to be adequate Antal nya aktiebolag ökade med +20% under 2020 – Företagande.se (foretagande.se)
Firstborn & highly educated entrepreneurs. Our survey for the Swedish magazine Entreprenör (Förstfödd & högutbildade entreprenörer) Today's entrepreneurs are well-educated, over 40, and often the oldest child in the sibling group. It shows a survey that the magazine Entreprenör conducted with using our Entrepreneur Profile Test - EPT. Three years ago, (2010) the magazine Entreprenör asked entreprenologist Stefan Lindstrom and license psychologist Hans-Olle Frummerin to create a test based on modern research. The test consists of 21 questions and reveals the type of entrepreneur a person is most similar. There are six different types, without mutual weight or order. The types trade more about how to think and function in your entrepreneurship. The test does not determine whether you are an entrepreneur or not, but what type you are most similar to. Much like one personality test or behavioral test says Stefan Lindström. Of those who did the test so far, there is a predominance of archetypes The Professional and The Serial - entrepreneurs. Since its launch in October 2010 until this separate survey October 2012, the EPT test has been conducted by over 10,000 people The creators (Lindstrom & Frummerin) of the test, together with Entrepreneur, have sent out a questionnaire to all those who took the test and which has resulted in a (1) secured archetype. (None with "split wheels" or double profiles participated.) 61 percent of those surveyed responded to the survey, which deals for example, about the level of education and place in the sibling group. The results of this survey are exciting. For example, a large proportion of university graduates are among the respondents. Significantly higher than the national average, which is interesting because entrepreneurs are often believed to have lower education, says Stefan Lindström. The survey thus does not answer the question of how all entrepreneurs in Sweden are, but on what differences which exist between the different types or archetypes of entrepreneurs. Of those who responded, 56.3 percent are university-educated, while the national average is 32 percent. This agrees well with surveys from the United States that show that more and more entrepreneurs are university-educated and older. The average age of those who responded to our survey is 45 years and a third of them run more than one business or company. - We have previously talked about the knowledge society as an abstract idea, but now knowledge has evolved into a strategic resource to provide a basis for new activities and organizations based on entrepreneurial thoughts. Many start-ups do this based on education and experience from working life, says Hans-Olle Frummerin, psychologist and the other creator of The Entrepreneur Profile Test. The result is that those who are engaged in entrepreneurship are well-educated, over 40, and often the oldest child in the sibling group. It shows a survey that the magazine Entreprenör conducted. Stefan Lindstrom created the entrepreneur profile test, which has now been further investigated in our investigation of this specific survey. This shows that it is often the oldest child in the sibling group who engages in entrepreneurship - This can have many reasons, but the ability to Take responsibility is a common denominator among entrepreneurs. Older siblings often must take responsibility and sometimes act as a substitute parent. It may be important that one early develops an independent orientation or one independent in relation to siblings and or parents. -There are several previous studies that show this, among others the proportion of older children among CEOs, says Stefan Lindstrom. In this survey reported almost 42 percent that they were firstborn compared with the national average of 33 percent. - The factor "independence" seems to play an important role in the tendency to build something for yourself or create something from the outside certain conditions says Hans-Olle Frummerin. For one entrepreneurial archetype, the pattern deviated. In the inventor group, (The Innovator archetype) the sibling succession did not show any significance - oldest 33.3 %, - middle children 33.3 % - youngest 29.2 % - and only child 4.2 % This is perhaps to be compared with a more common spread i.e. The Starter archetypes. -oldest 39% -middle children 19% -youngest 32% and only child 10%