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Digital Cultural resourse for theaching
Final Event of Erasmus Project "Education and Museum: Cultural heritage of Science Learning" and International Conference 26-27 June Sapienza Università di Rome Using Cultural Heritage digital resources for making multimedia lessons
In recent years many projects have applied technology, as Linked Data, and new modality of digital museum resources access as a personalized way to meet the knowledge and interests needs of different users. Furthermore, current studies engage users in a new way of taking part in cultural heritage. This paper presents a framework to search, download and re-use digital resource of cultural heritage by teachers for developing their multimedia lessons. Open access data modality, tools for sharing museum resource and to make multimedia lesson are developed. In this way the museum object becomes a tool for teaching and educational environments will be created to improve engagement and student learning. Designing a learning repository that manages and shares various information of different museum catalogues and an annotation tool to museum objects are ongoing to allow teachers and students to increase cultural heritage contents and to improve relationship between museum staff and education context. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6744792&queryText%3Dreusing+cultural+heritage
Multimedia Technologies, communication and WEB allow the opportunity to develop tools to apply new teaching methodologies and learning way in the School. On the other side Museum resources are available online to support teaching activities. The research team (Digilab of Sapienza University and "Via Val Maggia" School) has launched a project to develop a new way to teaching based on objects specially museum digital resources, therefore new learning environments have been created. A particularly Information System and a tool to build e-book have been designed to teachers to improve student learning by use digital museum objects information. The Polo Museale Sapienza has given a important contribution with its digital cultural heritage. Linked and Open Data technologies have been applied to share cultural heritage with education materials. We will discuss the results of the project and we will show examples of the creative means that teachers have built to use museum objects in the classroom through tools developed by Project. The project results could be important to develop a distance learning system to help student at home or to long life learning.
In recent years many projects have developed online catalogues and repositories to manage and promote cultural heritage. After the massive digitalization of cultural heritage, open data modality suggests to rethink access to digital resources of museums and their use and reuse in different environments such as learning and tourism. Museums are rethinking who they are and what they can do to partner with schools and others to encourage interests and curiosity by citizens, teachers and students. Indeed the online accessibility of cultural materials and their sharing through technology can provide the use and reuse, in particularly, of museum information for developing learning, educational content and tourism application with full respect for copyright and related rights related to the aims to deploy museum community content as a means to enhance visit experience. Different projects have shown that digital resources and technology tools can be used as new teaching aids to develop a new learning environment, using collaborative and cooperative learning modality. However, the language and terminology adopted by museum staff to describe cultural heritage is, often. not easily accessible and understandable for the general public or for teachers and pupils. To solve this problem technologies can provide opportunities to rethink the implementation and presentation of contents. This paper presents MUSED, a user-centred framework designed by a partnership between museums and schools. A Platform has been developed to search, download and re-use digital resource of cultural heritage by teachers for their multimedia lessons . The Open data access , sharing museum resources and annotation tools were provided to encourage teachers and students to access and to know the cultural heritage. After access to reserved area of Website MUSED the information material was surfed online within the virtual paths offered by the Museums to track down useful objects to implement the contents in order to create a customized e-lessons, a container of explanatory panels and virtual museum objects relating to the subject matter. With the aid of specific software, each teacher will be able to make a hypertext with the support of images and information of the museum catalogues. After the lesson the teachers will bring students to museums so they will see objects that have already got to know, placed within the hypertext. In this way the students can implement the associative and experiential activities for the improvement of their cognitive abilities and their curiosity. In this way the museum object becomes a tool for teaching and educational environments will be created to improve engagement and student learning. On other side through annotation tools teachers and students will be able to integrate information of museum objects with content related to school subject so different information can increase digital museum resources. This approach may be very interesting not only to encourage museum visits and improve the relationship between museum and educational environment, but also to look for a new way to promote cultural heritage in other context such as lifelong learning and tourism.
I musei moderni nascono con una prevalente funzione didattica, come il patrimonio del primo nucleo della Pinacoteca di Brera costituito da Collezioni donate dal Cardinal Federico Borromeo nel 1618 e dall’Imperatrice Maria Teresa D’Austria nel 1771 come riferimenti didattici per i giovani artisti. La stessa Maria Teresa D’Austria contribuirà al primo nucleo della collezione di minerali del museo universitario di Storia Naturale di Pavia. E’ importante ricordare che le collezioni museali, oltre che per merito di donazioni, nascono per lo più in ambienti educativi come la scuola e le Università. Basti pensare alle cere anatomiche realizzate tra la fine del XVIII e la metà del XIX secolo come trattato per lo studio dell’anatomia per i medici dell’epoca e conservati in diversi musei universitari Per quanto riguarda le scuole ne sono testimonianza a Roma, ad esempio, il Liceo E. Quirino Visconti, in cui possiamo trovare un piccolo museo che conserva ancora parti di collezioni scientifiche e naturalistiche raccolte come Collegio Romano, ricollocate dopo il 1870 tra l’attuale Museo Pigorini e i Musei Universitari della “Sapienza” e il Liceo “Terenzio Mamiani” che comprende strumentazione scientifica e collezioni naturalistiche risalenti ai primi del ‘900. Da luogo didattico e di ricerca il museo ha assunto con la nascita del Museo Moderno una funzione di tutela e conservazione anche se ormai dagli anni 90 del secolo scorso si è ritenuto importante riconoscerne un ruolo educativo con l’indicazione, anche da parte Ministeriale, di costituire sezioni didattiche all’interno dei musei e l’istituzione di centri per il coordinamento di tali attività insieme agli organismi dirigenti delle istituzioni scolastiche. Il rapporto scuola museo si è evoluto anche in riferimento alle teorie per l’apprendimento applicate negli ultimi anni in campo educativo. contiunua su http://www.bta.it/txt/a0/07/bta00726.html
In recent years many projects have applied multimedia technology to support dissemination and new modality of digital museum resources access to meet the knowledge and interests of different users needs. Linked open data technology suggest to rethink access to digital cultural heritage resources and their dissemination in different contexts. This paper presents the results of project to develop learning Repository and annotation tool to increase the content of cultural heritage according to needs of teachers. The Educational Platform was developed to disseminate multimedia cultural content inside of classroom through Open access data modality to sharing museum resources and to making multimedia lessons. The tools developed provide museum information to share with teachers who can reuse and re-contextualize them in their multimedia lessons and create educational environments to improve engagement and student learning. This approach may be very interesting to adopt new strategy of promoting cultural heritage in other contexts such as lifelong learning and tourism. In this way the museum object becomes a tool for teaching, new learning environments will be created and relationship between museum staff and education context will be improved.