added 5 research items
A small-group nursing teaching (SGNT) activity was developed to encourage teamwork among nursing students and enhance student learning by fostering critical thinking and decision-making during a practicing school health program. A review of literature indicated that small group teaching can help students to achieve greater understanding and have longer retention of knowledge than that which is achieved through other teaching approaches (Davis, 1993; Daredia, 2015). Eight fourth-year nursing students were assigned to practise school health at a selected secondary school for two week in July 2016. The SGNT activity consisted of three processes: building appreciation through listening; influencing others through dialogue; and developing control through action. Teamwork was assessed by a rubric score checklist and analyzed utilizing descriptive statistics. Three focus groups and self-reflection meetings were conducted and facilitators’ interactions with students were noted. Thematic content analysis was used to identify critical thinking, planning, and decision-making of the subjects. The results showed students were able to take control of planning and make decisions about school health projects. They demonstrated critical thinking through reflection as well.The SGNT activity proved to be an effective learning activity that promotes teamwork. The teaching process enhanced the students’ confidence in participating in school health issues. All of this can be accomplished in a short amount of practicum time with high satisfaction among the nursing students. Therefore, in the future SGNT should be included as part of the method of school health practice in the faculty of nursing.
A volunteer spirit is one of virtue that society expects from members that engage in a nursing career. The positive attitude of students is a significant characteristic that leads to an accomplished career in nursing. This research aimed at establishing extracurricular activities, helping to develop the volunteer spirit of nursing students. The 95 nursing students were asked to practice general care activities for patients, elderly and community members during the summer break in the year 2012. Each student was required to be involved as a volunteer by taking general care of patients in a provincial hospital, taking care of the elderly at various homes and assisting village health volunteers to assess members of communities. By way of group discussion, all students were asked to identify their areas of activities, and reflect on their experiences and attitudes as related to the volunteer spirit. The findings revealed the positive attitude towards the volunteer spirit that the nursing students experienced after participating in the various activities. All of the participants were satisfied with the extracurricular activities. It was shown that the nursing volunteer spirit helped promote self-esteem, empathy and altruistic behavior.