Project

Centinelas del mar: seguimiento remoto de las aves marinas aplicado a la gestión adaptativa en la Red de Parques Nacionales || Sentinels of the sea: remote tracking of pelagic seabirds for the adaptive management in the spanish national park network

Goal: Seabirds are key organisms in sea-land Spanish National Parks Research, because most of them are protected threatened species and included in the Annex I of the EU Birds Directive. Despite some research has been done on population dynamics and threats on land, the information about the relationship with environmental traits and particularly the movements of seabirds at sea remain unknown. However, this information is critical to define or revaluate the limits and zoning of protected areas. This project will study movements at sea of Cory's/Scopoli's Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea) as model species in PN Cabrera, PN Timanfaya and PN Islas Atlánticas. State-of-the-art devices and analytical tools will be used in order to know their foraging and resting grounds, the main corridors between both, diet composition, interannual consistency, and fishing interactions. Knowledge produced by this project will allow to predict seabird movements facing environmental variability, as well as to evaluate threats at sea. Finally, this information will be really useful in order to revaluate edges and planned zoning of sea-land Spanish National Parks.

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José Manuel Reyes-González
added a research item
This book has been published by the Spanish Society of Ornithology (SEO/BirdLife) in the framework of the MIGRA programme. In this work we analyse the movement ecology and at-sea behaviour of two related seabird species under conservation concern: the Scopoli's and the Cory's Shearwater. It focuses on Spanish populations, covering the entire distribution range of the species in the country. A large set of remote tracking data was compiled in order to get critical knowledge to enhance conservation status, including data from 6 years and 13 breeding colonies, more than 300 year-round journeys and more than 1,500 foraging trips. We present the main insights regarding at-sea ecology and year-round movements, including: the identification of the foraging grounds, resting areas and commuting corridors during the breeding period; the characterization of migratory phenology and main migratory flyways; the location and characteristics of the wintering quarters; the migratory conectivity; and the differences in at-sea behaviour by population and wintering area. Moreover, we provide to non-specialized readers an introduction to technical details of remote tracking systems employed in order to ensure a correct interpretation of results and figures. The book was conceived to reach out scientific but also out-of-science audiences, such as environmental managers, and for that reason the main text does not extend in details about methodology. Many figures and animations are provided to reach broader public. The book is written in Spanish, but captions of figures and tables remarking the main findings, as well as an extended summary, are provided in English.
José Manuel Reyes-González
added an update
Project goal
Seabirds are key organisms in sea-land Spanish National Parks Research, because most of them are protected threatened species and included in the Annex I of the EU Birds Directive. Despite some research has been done on population dynamics and threats on land, the information about the relationship with environmental traits and particularly the movements of seabirds at sea remain unknown. However, this information is critical to define or revaluate the limits and zoning of protected areas. This project will study movements at sea of Cory's/Scopoli's Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea) as model species in PN Cabrera, PN Timanfaya and PN Islas Atlánticas. State-of-the-art devices and analytical tools will be used in order to know their foraging and resting grounds, the main corridors between both, diet composition, interannual consistency, and fishing interactions. Knowledge produced by this project will allow to predict seabird movements facing environmental variability, as well as to evaluate threats at sea. Finally, this information will be really useful in order to revaluate edges and planned zoning of sea-land Spanish National Parks.
Background and motivation
Get knowledge on movement and behaviour of seabirds as key organisms at marine and coastal Spanish National Parks in order to improve biodiversity and ecosystem conservation actions and plans.