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Cave Fauna Germany

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Dieter Weber
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Zusammenfassung: Beim Varus-Tunnel handelt es sich um einen Eisenbahntunnel einer 1987 aufge-lassenen Bahnline bei Tholey im Saarland. Inzwischen hat sich hier ein außergewöhnlicher Biotop ent-wickelt, in dem 29 Arten von Evertebraten aus den Gruppen der Schnecken, Pseudoskorpione, Spinnen, Weberknechte, Asseln, Flohkrebse, Doppelfüßer, Hundertfüßer, Hautlügler, Zweilügler und Schmetter-linge nachgewiesen wurden. 24 Arten gelten als cavernicol. Abstract: The Varus tunnel is a railway tunnel close to Tholey, Saarland (Germany). This line was abandoned in 1987. Since then, an exceptional habitat has developed in which 29 invertebrate species have been observed. They belong to the groups of snails, pseudoscorpions, spiders, harvestmen, isopods, amphipods, millipedes, centipedes, Hymenoptera, Diptera and butterlies. Out of those, 24 species are
Dieter Weber
added 2 research items
Catalogues of cave fauna from Belgium, Switzerland, Austria, Germany (Swabian Alb, Franconian Alb, Westfalia, Hesse, Harz, Rhenish Palatinate and Saarland), and Luxembourg are available. Several activities deal with public relations, education, and training: the cave animal of the year, a camp for young cavers, the day nature, and the biospeleological workgroup. The German Barcoding of Life is a project which aims to obtain CO1 barcodes from every species in Germany with a sub-project on cave fauna. Special projects deal with Bythiospeum, niphargids, diplurans, sphaerocerids, and the biodiversity and ecology of cave invertebrates in the Central European Uplands.
Dieter Weber
added 7 research items
As part of the GEO Biodiversity Day, on 16 June 2012 an assessment of the flora and fauna in the cross-border Palatinate Forest-Northern Vosges Biosphere Reserve was 31 conducted. The Rhineland-Palatinate Nature and Environment Foundation directed the event, together with GEO magazine and the two sponsoring associations of the cross-border UNESCO Palatinate Forest-Northern Vosges Biosphere Reserve and numerous other partners. Enjoying suitable weather for field work, the nearly 100 experts invited from Germany and France ranged, according to their individual specialities, through the selected survey areas around Fischbach/Dahn (D), Eppenbrunn (D), Hirschthal (D & F) and Wingen (F). In total, they succeeded in finding evidence of 2081 species from 147 orders and 470 families. The survey revealed many vulnerable or severely endangered species, some of which are extremely rare in Germany or are subject to protection under Annexes II and IV of the European Habitats Directive. The assessment provided the first recordings of some species in the area under investigation. In total of ten new species of cicada were recorded for the state of Rhineland-Palatinate; however, in view of the low level of research so far undertaken on this group here, this was not entirely unexpected. Particularly noteworthy was the first recording in Rhineland-Palatinate of the very rare European hoverfly Myolepta potens (RL D: 2). For the first time, clear evidence was found for the carabid beetle Amara infima in Rhineland-Palatinate. In addition, the existence of the pygmy locust (Tetrix bipunctata) was clearly proven for the first time in the Palatinate Forest. In the French section of the biosphere reserve, the soprano pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pygmaeus) had not previously been documented. However, this was achieved several times on the GEO biodiversity day.
CD 1: Stephan Kempe über die Entstehung von Höhlen CD 2: Herbert W. Franke über Höhlenforschung in der Nachkriegszeit Günter Stummer und Herbert W. Franke in der Dachstein-Mammuthöhle Dieter Weber über Tiere in Höhlen Robert Schmittner über Höhlentauchen in Mexico Andreas Pflitsch über Höhlenklimatologie, U-Bahn-Klimatologie und Sicherheitstechnik
As part of the GEO Biodiversity Day, on 16 June 2012 an assessment of the flora and fauna in the cross-border Palatinate Forest-Northern Vosges Biosphere Reserve was conducted. The Rhineland-Palatinate Nature and Environment Foundation directed the event, together with GEO magazine and the two sponsoring associations of the cross-border UNESCO Palatinate Forest-Northern Vosges Biosphere Reserve and numerous other partners. Enjoying suitable weather for field work, the nearly 100 experts invited from Germany and France ranged, according to their individual specialities, through the selected survey areas around Fischbach/Dahn (D), Eppenbrunn (D), Hirschthal (D & F) and Wingen (F). In total, they succeeded in finding evidence of 2081 species from 147 orders and 470 families. The survey revealed many vulnerable or severely endangered species, some of which are extremely rare in Germany or are subject to protection under Annexes II and IV of the European Habitats Directive. The assessment provided the first recordings of some species in the area under investigation. Rare and/or Red Data Book spider species: Aphileta misera, Dolomedes fimbriatus, Frontinellina frutetorum, Glyphesis servulus, Hygrolycosa rubrofasciata, Hypsosinga albovittata, Micrargus apertus, Oxyopes ramosus, Pardosa bifasciata, Pirata tenuitarsis, Rugathodes instabilis, Theridiosoma gemmosum.