Project

Almost complex structures

Goal: To determine the necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of almost complex structures on manifolds.

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Huijun Yang
added a research item
In this paper, complex vector bundles of rank $r$ over $8$-dimensional spin$^{c}$ manifolds are classified in terms of the Chern classes of the complex vector bundles and the cohomology ring of the manifolds, where $r = 3$ or $4$. As an application, we got that two rank $3$ complex vector bundles over $4$-dimensional complex projective spaces $\C P^{4}$ are isomorphic if and only if they have the same Chern classes. Moreover, the Chern classes of rank $3$ complex vector bundles over $\C P^{4}$ are determined. Combing Thomas's and Switzer's results with our work, we can assert that complex vector bundles over $\C P^{4}$ are all classified.
Huijun Yang
added a research item
We give necessary and sufficient conditions for a closed orientable 9-manifold M to admit an almost contact structure. The conditions are stated in terms of the Stiefel-Whitney classes of M and other more subtle homotopy invariants of M. By a fundamental result of Borman, Eliashberg and Murphy, M admits an almost contact structure if and only if M admits an over-twisted contact structure. Hence we give necessary and sufficient conditions for M to admit an over-twisted contact structure and we prove that if N is another closed 9-manifold which is homotopy equivalent to M, then M admits an over-twisted contact structure if and only if N does. In addition, for W_i(M) the i-th integral Stiefel-Whitney class of M, we prove that if W_3(M) = 0 then W_7(M) = 0.
Huijun Yang
added a research item
Let $M$ be a $10$-dimensional closed oriented smooth manifold with $H_{1}(M;\mathbb{Z})=0$ and no $2$-torsions in $H_{2}(M;\mathbb{Z})$. Then the necessary and sufficient conditions for $M$ to admit a stable almost complex structure are determined in terms of the characteristic classes and cohomology ring of $M$.
Huijun Yang
added a research item
Let M be an 8-dimensional closed oriented smooth manifold, ξ\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\xi $$\end{document} be an 8-dimensional real vector bundle over M. The necessary and sufficient conditions for ξ\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\xi $$\end{document} to admit a complex structure over M are given in terms of the characteristic classes of ξ\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\xi $$\end{document} and M.
Huijun Yang
added a research item
In this paper, firstly, for some $4n$-dimensional almost complex manifolds $M_{i}, ~1\le i \le \alpha$, we prove that $\left(\sharp_{i=1}^{\alpha} M_{i}\right) \sharp (\alpha{-}1) \mathbb{C} P^{2n}$ must admits an almost complex structure, where $\alpha$ is a positive integer. Secondly, for a $2n$-dimensional almost complex manifold $M$, we get that $M\sharp \overline{\mathbb{C} P^{n}}$ also admits an almost complex structure. At last, as an application, we obtain that $\alpha\mathbb{C} P^{2n}\sharp \beta\overline{\mathbb{C} P^{2n}}$ admits an almost complex structure if and only if $\alpha$ is odd.
Huijun Yang
added a research item
Let $M$ be a $10$-dimensional closed oriented smooth manifold with $H_{1}(M;\Z)=0$ and no $2$-torsions in $H_{2}(M;\Z)$. Then the necessary and sufficient conditions for $M$ to admit a stable almost complex structure are determined in terms of the characteristic classes and cohomology ring of $M$
Huijun Yang
added a project goal
To determine the necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of almost complex structures on manifolds.