Archived project

Advanced Technologies in Smart Cities

Goal: World urbanization is an important process: it is predicted that by 2050 about 64% of the developing world and 86% of the developed world will be urbanized. This phenomenon creates enormous social, economic, and environmental changes, which provide opportunities to use resources more efficiently. Furthermore, considering the looming problem of the pandemic, limiting contact between people in tight environments has become one of the major problems facing cities, where space, resources, and transport are increasingly shared.

In this context, advanced technologies as big data, IoT, and artificial intelligence are largely used to cope with ever-growing towns and with problems related to the phenomenon of hyper urbanization, to enhance the organization of urban services, reduce costs and resource consumption, and increase contact between citizens and governments. In other words, advanced technologies make towns and cities become "smarter", solving problems related to the organization of a society in which a large number of people share the resources of cities, such as spaces, services, and public places. Smart city applications are developed to manage urban flows and allow for real-time responses. This Special Issue is intended to provide a forum for academic researchers and technical professionals to exchange their recent works on technological advancements. Topics of interest for publication in this Special Issue include, but are not limited to smart city-related applications of big data, IoT and AI, simheuristics, operational research, and 5G.

Date: 1 November 2020 - 1 March 2022

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Daniele Tarchi
added 2 research items
World urbanization is an important process: it is predicted that by 2050 about 64% of the developing world and 86% of the developed world will be urbanized. This phenomenon creates enormous social, economic, and environmental changes, which provide opportunities to use resources more efficiently. Furthermore, considering the looming problem of the pandemic, limiting contact between people in tight environments has become one of the major problems facing cities, where space, resources, and transport are increasingly shared. In this context, advanced technologies such as big data, IoT, and artificial intelligence are used to cope with ever-growing towns and with problems related to the phenomenon of hyper urbanization, to enhance the organization of urban services, reduce costs and resource consumption, and increase contact between citizens and governments. Advanced technologies make towns and cities become “smarter”, solving problems related to the organization of a society in which many people share the resources of cities, such as spaces, services, and public places. Smart city applications are developed to manage urban flows and allow for real-time responses. In this Special Issue entitled “Advanced Technologies in Smart Cities”, we provide a comprehensive view of the modern city from different perspectives, and include contributions from different research areas, enforcing the interdisciplinary interest in modern city development.
Currently, we are faced with an ever-increasing number of devices and objects connected to the Internet aimed at creating the so-called Internet of Things framework, fostering the creation of a connected world of objects. One of the main challenges we are actually facing is constituted by the constrained sizes of such objects: reduced memory, reduced computational capacity, and reduced battery sizes. Particular attention should be devoted to energy efficiency, since a potential energy shortage would negatively impact not only its operation but also network-wide operation, considering the tight connections among any object. According to the 6G system’s use-case related to self-sustainability and zero-energy networks, this paper focuses on an energy-efficient fog network architecture for IoT scenarios, jointly implementing computation offloading operations and simultaneous wireless information and power Transfer (SWIPT), hence, enabling the possibility of jointly transferring energy and computational tasks among the nodes. The system under consideration is composed of three nodes, where an access point (AP) is considered to be always connected to the power network, while a relay node and an end node can harvest energy from the AP. The proposed solution allows to jointly optimize the computation offloading and the energy harvesting phases while maximizing the network lifetime, so as to maximize the operational time of the network. Numerical results obtained on MATLAB demonstrate that the proposed algorithm performs better than the other benchmarks considered for comparison.
Daniele Tarchi
added a project goal
World urbanization is an important process: it is predicted that by 2050 about 64% of the developing world and 86% of the developed world will be urbanized. This phenomenon creates enormous social, economic, and environmental changes, which provide opportunities to use resources more efficiently. Furthermore, considering the looming problem of the pandemic, limiting contact between people in tight environments has become one of the major problems facing cities, where space, resources, and transport are increasingly shared.
In this context, advanced technologies as big data, IoT, and artificial intelligence are largely used to cope with ever-growing towns and with problems related to the phenomenon of hyper urbanization, to enhance the organization of urban services, reduce costs and resource consumption, and increase contact between citizens and governments. In other words, advanced technologies make towns and cities become "smarter", solving problems related to the organization of a society in which a large number of people share the resources of cities, such as spaces, services, and public places. Smart city applications are developed to manage urban flows and allow for real-time responses. This Special Issue is intended to provide a forum for academic researchers and technical professionals to exchange their recent works on technological advancements. Topics of interest for publication in this Special Issue include, but are not limited to smart city-related applications of big data, IoT and AI, simheuristics, operational research, and 5G.