Project

ANACOR: A corpus-based approach to anaphora resolution in second language acquisition: beyond the interfaces

Goal: The goal of the ANACOR research project is to understand how late bilinguals (=learners of a second language, L2) use anaphoric forms to refer to their antecedents in previous discourse. We mainly use large corpus data to investigate this in several language combinations.

Our corpora are being collected online via the web portal LEARNERCORPORA.COM:
●CEDEL2 corpus (Corpus Escrito del Español como L2), which contains data from several L1s and several native control corpora. CEDEL2 is already available online at cedel2.learnercorpora.com.
●COREFL (Corpus of English as a Foreign Language), which contains data from L1 Spanish/German learners of L2 English, as well as a comparable English native subcorpus.

The two major project goals are (i) to better understand the mechanisms underlying the language of adult bilingual learners of a second language (in relation to anaphora resolution); (i) to create new electronic resources (corpora) like COREFL and enlarge existing corpora like CEDEL2 to better undertand anaphora resolution in SLA.

Methods: Psycholinguistics, Corpora

Date: 1 January 2017 - 30 June 2021

Updates
0 new
176
Recommendations
0 new
30
Followers
0 new
89
Reads
5 new
2796

Project log

Mª Carmen Espínola Rosillo
added a research item
The selection of referring expressions (REs) has been investigated extensively in a variety of L1s and L2 language pairs, and in relation to a number of factors which determine their selection, including the (lack of) maintenance of the topic, the distance between the RE and its antecedent, participant activation, number and gender of potential antecedents, the episodic structure of the discourse, etc. Research on REs in L2 acquisition has disclosed patterns of development regardless of the language combinations, insofar as, in comparison to the native speaker, beginners tend to be underexplicit (for English, see Mitkovska & Bužarovska, 2018), while advanced learners tend to be redundant (for L2 English see Crosthwaite, 2011; Hendriks, 2003; Leclercq & Lenart, 2013; Ryan, 2015). It seems, however, that in L2 research on REs the tendency is to consider either spoken language (Crosthwaite, 2011; Hendriks, 2003; Kang, 2004; Leclercq & Lenart, 2013; Ryan, 2015) or written language (Lozano, 2016; Quesada & Lozano, forthcoming), as the focus of investigation. While the results may seem at first sight comparable, to our knowledge the effect of medium (written vs. Spoken) on the native use and acquisition of REs still reminds an underexplored area, (see, however, Christensen, 2000, for L1 Chinese; Bel et al., 2010, for developmental Catalan). The paper is part of project which investigates the nature of narrative discourse syntactic contexts and of the subsequent selection of REs in written vs. spoken L1 Spanish-L2 English at beginner to advanced levels, in comparison to written vs. spoken L1 English respectively. The paper reports on major differences found in an exploratory analysis of intermediate and advanced written vs. spoken L1 Spanish-L2 English narratives in comparison to written vs. spoken L1 English narratives. The focus is topical subjects of maximal referential continuity encoded by minimal and maximal marking, namely zero anaphora and NPs respectively. The study uses comparable written and spoken data from the L1 Spanish-L2 English and L1 English 39 components from the COREFL (The Corpus of English as a Foreign Language) (Lozano et al., forthcoming). The written and spoken data in both components have been elicited from the same participant, using the same story-retell task and under the same circumstances, which affords close comparability, as well as the exploration of intra- and inter-learner variation. References Bel, A., Perera, J., & Salas, N. (2010). Anaphoric devices in written and spoken narrative discourse. Written Language & Literacy, 13(2), 236–259. Christensen, M. B. (2000). Anaphoric reference in spoken and written Chinese narrative discourse. Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 28(2), 303– 336. Crosthwaite, P. (2011). The Effect of Collaboration on the Cohesion and Coherence of L2 Narrative Discourse between English NS and Korean L2 English Users. Asian EFL Journal, 13(4), 135– 166. Hendriks, H. (2003). Using nouns for reference maintenance: A seeming contradiction in L2 discourse. In A. Giacalone (Ed.), Typology and Second Language Acquisition (pp. 291–326). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Kang, J. Y. (2004). Telling a coherent story in a foreign language: Analysis of Korean EFL learners’ referential strategies in oral narrative discourse. Journal of Pragmatics, 36(11), 1975–1990. Leclercq, P., & Lenart, E. (2013). Discourse cohesion and accessibility of referents in oral narratives: A comparison of L1 and L2 acquisition of French and English. discours. Revue de Linguistique, Psycholinguistique et Informatique, (12). Lozano, C. (2016). Pragmatic principles in anaphora resolution at the syntax-discourse interface: Advanced English learners of Spanish in the CEDEL2 corpus. In M. Alonso-Ramos (Ed.), Spanish learner corpus research: Current trends and future perspectives (pp. 235–265). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Lozano, C., Díaz-Negrillo, A., & Callies, M. (forthcoming). Designing and compiling a learner corpus of written and spoken narratives: The COREFL. In Ch. Bongartz, & J. Torregrossa (Eds.), What's in a narrative? Variation in story-telling at the interface between language and literacy. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang. Mitkovska, L., & Bužarovska, E. (2018). Subject pronoun (non)realization in the English learner language of Macedonian speakers. Second Language Research, 34(4), 463–485. Quesada, T., & Lozano, C. (forthcoming). Which factors determine the choice of referential expressions in L2 English discourse? New evidence from the COREFL Corpus. Studies in Second Language Research. Ryan, J. (2015). Overexplicit referent tracking in L2 English: Strategy, avoidance, or myth? Language Learning, 65(4), 824–859.
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
The ANACOR project came to an end in June 2021. We are currently working on a related project, ANACOREX, which you can follow on its new Research Gate page:
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Fernando Martín-Villena, Cristóbal Lozano & Antonella Sorace (2021): "The role of bilingual experience and temporal conjunctions in modulating the interpretation of null and overt subject pronouns in Spanish: a partial replication of Tsimpli et al. (2004)". Paper presented at ISB13, 10th July 2021.
 
Celia Torrejón-Tobío
added an update
Fernando Martín-Villena has been awarded one of the 9 Language Learning / EuroSLA 30 Junior Researcher Grants to conduct research within the ANACOR project. https://www.ub.edu/eurosla2021/grants/ Congratulations, Fernando!!!
 
Mª Carmen Espínola Rosillo
added an update
Ana Díaz-Negrillo & Mª Carmen Espínola Rosillo (2021): "Referring expressions in written vs. spoken L1 Spanish-L2 English narrative discourse: minimal and maximal marking in topic-continuity contexts" paper presented at APRAR conference 2021. Online conference, 20th May 2021.
 
Teresa Quesada
added an update
Teresa Quesada and Cristóbal Lozano (2021): " The Production Of Anaphoric Forms In L2 Spanish And L2 English: A Multifactorial, Corpus-based Approach“. Paper presented at EUROSLA 30. Online Conference, 1st July 2021.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
EVENTO GRATUITO ONLINE "BILINGÜISMO: CIENCIA, EDUCACIÓN Y SOCIEDAD: Comunicando la ciencia del bilingüismo y del aprendizaje de idiomas a los educadores y a la sociedad". Desde Bilingualism Matters UGR, el proyecto ANACOR y el grupo Memory & Language, hemos organizado un evento online gratuito para el viernes 9 de julio 2021. Se abordarán cuestiones relacionadas con el bilingüismo desde una perspectiva divulgativa y cercana. Contaremos con grandes profesionales de la investigación, de la educación y la empresa que compartirán con nosotros su visión desde diferentes perspectivas (científica, educativa y empresarial) para entender mejor el complejo fenómeno que impregna muchos aspectos de nuestra vida: el aprendizaje de idiomas y el bilingüismo. El evento está abierto a un público general y a aquellos interesados en aprendizajes de idiomas y en bilingüismo. Se expedirá certificado de asistencia.
Si estás interesado en asistir, puedes realizar tu INSCRIPCIÓN GRATUITA aquí: https://forms.gle/niLAjLP34p1GbN788
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Fernando Martín-Villena (2021): "The early stages of L1 morphosyntactic attrition: an investigation of L2 immersion and instruction contexts". Paper presented at EuroSLA 30 - Doctoral workshop, 30th June 2021.
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Fernando Martín-Villena, Cristóbal Lozano & Antonella Sorace (2021): "New evidence from the Position of Antecedent Strategy in L1 Spanish monolinguals and bilinguals". Paper presented at CILG2021, 24th June 2021.
 
Elena García-Guerrero
added an update
Elena García-Guerrero and Cristóbal Lozano (2021): "Effect of planning time on anaphora resolution: A focus on L1 Spanish-L2 English learners". Paper presented at APRAR 2021, 20th May 2021
 
Teresa Quesada
added an update
Teresa Quesada and Cristóbal Lozano (2021): "Does CLIL teaching have beneficial effects for the acquisition of anaphora resolution in L2 English?" Paper presented at 3rd New Trends in Foreign Language Teaching. Online Conference, 21st May 2021.
 
Teresa Quesada
added an update
Teresa Quesada and Cristóbal Lozano (2021): "A contrastive study on anaphora resolution in L2 acquisition: L1 Spanish-L2 English vs. L1 English-L2 Spanish". Paper presented at APRAR 2021, 19th May 2021.
 
Teresa Quesada
added an update
Andreas Charatzidis, Teresa Quesada, Despina Papadopoulou and Cristóbal Lozano (2021): "Anaphora Resolution in two pro-drop languages: new insights from a comparative corpus-based study on native Spanish and Greek". Paper presented at APRAR 2021, 20th May 2021.
 
Kim Collewaert
added an update
Kim Collewaert (2021): "Topic continuity and topic shift in oral narratives in L1 Dutch-L2 Spanish". Paper presented at APRAR 2021, 20th May 2021.
 
Nobuo Ignacio Lopez-Sako
added an update
Nobuo Ignacio López-Sako & Cristóbal Lozano (2021): "JFLCorp (Japanese as a Foreign Language Corpus): La creación de un nuevo corpus electrónico de aprendices hispanohablantes de japonés". Paper presented at the 2nd International Conference of the Asociación Española de Estudios de Asia Oriental (AEEAO), 04th June 2021.
 
Nobuo Ignacio Lopez-Sako
added an update
Nobuo Ignacio López-Sako & Cristóbal Lozano (2021): "Testing the Pragmatic Principles Violation Hypothesis (PPVH): New evidence from the L1 Japanese – L2 Spanish CEDEL2 subcorpus". Paper presented at APRAR 2021, 19th May 2021.
 
Jorge Montaño
added an update
Jorge Montaño & Ana Díaz-Negrillo (2021): "The effect of medium on referring expression selection: A corpus-based study of advanced L1 Spanish-L2 English narratives". Paper presented at APRAR2021, 20th May 2021.
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Fernando Martín-Villena, Cristóbal Lozano & Antonella Sorace (2021): "Offline interpretation of null and overt subject pronouns in L1 Spanish: investigating the role of temporal subordinating conjunctions". Paper presented at APRAR2021, 19th May 2021.
 
Celia Torrejón-Tobío
added an update
Cristóbal Lozano
added a research item
In this chapter we report on the creation of the Corpus of English as a Foreign Language (COREFL), a learner corpus of written and spoken narratives produced by Spanish and German learners of English as a Foreign Language at various levels of proficiency. We outline the benefits of learner corpora for the study of narratives when compared to more controlled elicitation techniques used in SLA research, and then detail the conceptual design of the corpus, the tasks and the process of data compilation. We conclude by sketching the possibilities the corpus provides for research into specific linguistic phenomena that can be observed in narrative structures.
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
It is our pleasure to announce the online conference APRAR 2021 “The Acquisition and Processing of Reference and Anaphora Resolution”, 19th-20th May 2021. Registration is free. Webpage: https://sites.google.com/view/aprar2020
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Elena García-Guerrero & Jorge Montaño present in this informative YouTube video some of the key aspects we are investigating in the ANACOR project: "Investigando lenguas: científicos sin probetas".
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
CONFERENCE TITLE
The Acquisition and Processing of Reference and Anaphora Resolution (APRAR 2021)
CONFERENCE WEBPAGE
THEME OF THE CONFERENCE
Referring to entities is a fundamental aspect of languages since it allows to refer to things and people in the world. Speakers can opt for different referential expressions (e.g. overt and null pronouns, noun phrases, proper names, etc.) to indicate a particular entity in discourse and listeners have to be able to select the correct referent according to the speaker’s intention. This is often known as anaphora resolution. The theme of the conference is to address the acquisition and the processing of reference and anaphora resolution. When acquiring, processing and resolving reference, several factors are involved, such as information status (topic/focus), the syntactic position of the antecedent, the accessibility of the referent, the number of potential or competing antecedents, the distance between the referential expression and its antecedent, etc. So, the aim of the conference is to gain insight into the different mechanisms that shape anaphora resolution across languages.
The international conference on “The Acquisition and Processing of Reference and Anaphora Resolution” (APRAR 2021) is a joint initiative of the Department of English and German Philology at the Universidad de Granada (Spain) and the Department of Linguistics and Literary Studies (Centre for Linguistics (CLIN)) at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Belgium). The theme of the conference ties in with the research topic of the ANACOR research project (ANACOR: A corpus-based approach to anaphora resolution in second language acquisition: beyond the interfaces; PI Cristóbal Lozano), an international research project based at the Universidad de Granada.
OBJECTIVES
The aim of this conference is to address the acquisition and/or the processing of reference and anaphora resolution. The following topics will be discussed:
  • The multiple factors that constrain reference resolution / anaphora resolution (morphosyntactic, semantic, discursive and cognitive and neuropsychological factors).
  • Its processing and acquisition in different populations (native speakers, L2 learners, bilinguals, children, heritage speakers, clinical populations, etc.).
  • Both corpus and experimental approaches to anaphora resolution.
  • The different mechanisms that shape anaphora resolution across typologically similar/different languages.
The goal of the conference is to deepen our understanding on the acquisition and processing of reference and to analyse different approaches to this topic.
KEYNOTE SPEAKERS
  • Antonella Sorace (University of Edinburgh): L1 attrition and L2 acquisition: two sides of the same coin
  • Jacopo Torregrossa (Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main): Bilingual reference use as a window into input effects in bilingual language acquisition
  • Ianthi Tsimpli (University of Cambridge): Deviance in anaphora resolution: the same symptom in different populations
CONFERENCE DATES
19th - 20th May 2021
VENUE
Online (Zoom)
REGISTRATION DEADLINE
10th May 2021
REGISTRATION FEE
Free for non-presenters
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Celia Torrejón-Tobío has recently got a contract (European Social Fund) to work as a technician on the ANACOR project.
Congratulations and welcome to ANACOR, Celia!
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Lozano, C. (2021). Anaphora resolution in Second Language Acquisition. In M. Aronoff (Ed.), Oxford Bibliographies in Linguistics. Oxford University Press. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/OBO/9780199772810-0268
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added 2 research items
An area of second language acquisition (SLA) that has received much attention over the past decades is how adult second language (L2) learners acquire and process anaphors like overt and null pronouns. Anaphors are a pervasive phenomenon in language. SLA researchers have focused on Anaphora Resolution (AR), i.e., the mechanisms that allow speakers to determine how anaphors refer to their antecedents. Consider the English sentence David greeted Hugo while he was opening the door. The anaphor (the obligatory overt pronominal subject he) could potentially refer to either antecedent (the subject David or the object Hugo). In null-subject languages (e.g., Spanish, Italian, Greek, Arabic, Japanese, etc.), the situation is more complex, since both an overt (él ‘he’ in Spanish) and a null (Ø) pronominal subject can syntactically alternate and either can potentially refer to either antecedent: David saludó a Hugo mientras él/Ø abría la puerta. Adult L2 learners have an additional difficulty when resolving the anaphor since the way AR works in their mother tongue (L1) could influence their L2 acquisition. AR is a very frequent phenomenon whose investigation can shed light on fundamental questions in the discipline of SLA and Bilingualism: Acquisition and processing issues (How do adult learners acquire and process AR in their L2?); cross-linguistic influence (How does the anaphoric setup from their L1 influence their L2 acquisition? Does the learners’ L1 have a facilitative effect on their L2 in cases where the L1=L2 in terms of AR?); L2 development (How does AR develop in an L2 across proficiency levels?); ultimate attainment (Can near-native learners eventually master the subtleties of AR in their L2 in a native-like fashion?); the multiple factors that constrain AR (Which are the multiple (psycho)linguistic and discursive factors that determine learners’ anaphoric choice?); research methods (Which research methods (naturalistic versus experimental) can best reflect learners’ competence and performance of AR?); linguistic theory (Which are the SLA models that can best account for the observed AR facts in an L2?). In this article we will refer to key studies that address these topics. Given the topics covered in this bibliographical article (AR in adult SLA), the reader is referred to other related Oxford Bibliographies articles: anaphora and pronouns (see Anaphora, and Pronouns) as well as chapters covering aspects of SLA and bilingualism (Psycholinguistic Perspectives on Second Language Acquisition and Bilingualism, and Bilingualism and Multilingualism).
El auge de la investigación de la adquisición del español como segunda lengua (L2) ha hecho necesaria la creación de amplias muestras del lenguaje (corpus de aprendices). Dichos corpus permiten investigar qué tipo de conocimiento o competencia (interlengua) adquieren los aprendices de español L2. Se justificará la necesidad del buen diseño de un corpus de aprendices y se ilustra cómo la metodología de corpus permite al investigador entender de manera sistemática los fenómenos propios de la interlengua del español L2. Se presentará asimismo una panorámica de los corpus de español como L2 disponibles gratuitamente en línea, con algunos estudios representativos que investigan varios fenómenos de la interlengua en español L2. Finalmente, se mostrarán casos prácticos del uso de dos paquetes de software gratuito: AntConc, que permite hacer búsquedas de concordancias, y UAM Corpus Tool para etiquetar y analizar estadísticamente el corpus. Ambas herramientas se ilustrarán con datos procedentes del corpus CEDEL2. ----------- The increasing interest in the research on the acquisition of Spanish as a second language (L2) has led to the creation of large language databases (learner corpora). Such corpora allow researchers to investigate the type of knowledge or competence (interlanguage) that learners can acquire in their L2 Spanish. We will justify the need for good learner corpus design and will illustrate how corpus methods help researchers understand typical L2 Spanish interlanguage phenomena in a systematic way. An overview of freely available L2 Spanish corpora will be presented along with some representative L2 Spanish acquisition studies that investigate several interlanguage phenomena. Finally, we will do hands-on practice with two software tools: Antconc, which allows to do concordance searchers on the corpora, and UAM Corpus Tool, which allows to tag and statistically analyse the corpora. Both tools will be illustrated with samples from the CEDEL2 corpus.
Cristóbal Lozano
added a research item
The Routledge Handbook of Second Language Acquisition and Corpora is a state-of-the-art collection of cutting-edge scholarship at the intersection of second language acquisition (SLA) and learner corpus research. It draws on data-driven, statistical analysis to outline the background, methods, and outcomes of language learning, with a range of global experts providing detailed guidelines and findings. The volume is organized into five sections: • Methodological and theoretical contributions to the study of learner language using corpora-setting the scene • Key aspects in corpus design, annotation, and analysis for SLA • Corpora in SLA theory and practice • SLA constructs and corpora • Future directions This is a groundbreaking collection of essays offering incisive and essential reading for anyone with an interest in second language acquisition, learner corpus research, and applied linguistics.
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Fernando Martín-Villena has been awarded a "Language Learning" Dissertation Grant aimed at facilitating the research work of doctoral candidates in the language sciences. The grant will fund data collection within the ANACOR project to investigate the early stages of L1 morphosyntactic attrition in the processing of anaphora resolution in native Spanish in two bilingual populations (L1 Spanish-L2 English naturalistic immersed bilinguals in the UK vs. instructed bilinguals in Spain). This funding is a grant from the journal "Language Learning" ( https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/page/journal/14679922/homepage/grant_programs.htm ).
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Cristóbal Lozano, Joana Teixeira & Ana Madeira (2020): "Corpora e aquisição de língua não materna: o subcorpus de português L1 - espanhol L2 do CEDEL2" . Paper presented at the XXXVI Encontro Nacional da Associação Portuguesa de Linguística, 30th October 2020.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added 2 research items
Referential expressions (REs) have been investigated in L2 English but to date there is no single study that systematically and simultaneously analyzes the development and acquisition of the multiple factors that constrain the choice of REs in natural discourse production. We investigate L1 Spanish–L2 English learners across three proficiency levels versus an English control group from the COREFL corpus. An analysis of both the RE and its antecedent(s) reveals that different intra- and extralinguistic factors constrain the choice of REs (information status, activated antecedents, syntactic configurations, characterhood, within-task effect, and proficiency level). L2 learners (L2ers) are sensitive to some factors but are unable to fully attain native-like levels even at advanced stages. They do not transfer null subjects from their L1 contrary to previous L2 research, and do not find all contexts at the syntax-discourse interface equally problematic, thus confirming previous theoretical proposals and empirical findings.
Cristóbal Lozano
added a research item
The aim of this chapter is to introduce the reader into the research process and to show them the use of a software to analyse corpus data and to design a follow-up experiment. To do so, we take a particular linguistic phenomenon as a case in point: the acquisition of pronouns in Spanish as a second language (L2). We present a brief overview of research methods in Second Language Acquisition (SLA) research, with a focus on corpus and experimental methods. After describing the linguistic phenomenon we are to be working with (pronouns), we discuss basic concepts in research (research questions, hypotheses, variables, constants, research methods, etc.). We finally take a hands-on approach to practising how to annotate a corpus and how to do statistics in the UAM Corpus Tool software. Finally, based on the corpus findings, we show how to design an experiment to confirm/refute the corpus findings. We argue that it is by triangulating corpus and experimental methods that we can get a fuller understanding of L2 learners’ language, which can ultimately provide a solid base for language teaching.
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Lozano, C. (2020). How to do research in SLA by combining corpus and experimental methods: An introduction for language researchers and teachers. In M. Planelles Almeida, A. Foucart, & J. M. Liceras (Eds.), Perspectivas actuales en la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de lenguas en contextos multiculturales / Current Perspectives in Language Teaching and Learning in Multicultural Contexts (pp. 389-421). Thomson Reuters Aranzadi.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Elena García-Guerrero has been recently awarded a PhD scholarship (beca FPU) to work on anaphora resolution in the ANACOR project.
Congratulations, Elena!!
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Teresa Quesada (2020). "Understanding the bilingual puzzle". Video presentation at the 3-Minute-Thesis contest, Universidad de Granada (28-05-2020). Winner of the prize of the public.
Watch the video here: https://youtu.be/dWXLsvzLOX4
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Teresa Quesada (PhD student at the ANACOR project) has been shortlisted amongst 8 PhD students to participate in the final of the 3-Minute-Thesis contest. Teresa will have to explain in 3 minutes her research: "Understanding the bilingual puzzle".
Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, this is the first time that the contest will be broadcasted online via Youtube and Facebook (Thurs 28th April 2020, 16:30 Spanish time).
To see the contest online:
Good luck, Teresa!
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added a research item
Variability in subject expression has been a widely studied phenomenon over the last few decades and is still the focus of a considerable body of research in both native (L1) and second language (L2) grammars. Crucially, the production of L2 Spanish learners, both written and oral, has been investigated in depth with a view to understand how they use referential expressions (REs) like null and overt pronominals (i.e. what has been traditionally called anaphora resolution) and other REs such as lexical noun phrases (NPs), as well as which factors constrain their use in real discourse (e.g. Blackwell & Quesada, 2012; Lozano, 2009b, 2016). Even though L2 learners acquire the morphosyntactic features that license null subjects in L2 Spanish from very early stages (Liceras, 1989; Phinney, 1987), results from both experimental and corpus-based developmental studies (e.g. Lozano, 2009b, 2018; Montrul & Rodríguez-Louro, 2006) have shown that certain features are particularly difficult for non-native speakers even at end-states of acquisition. L2 learners show persistent deficits in selecting felicitous null/overt pronouns when constrained at the interfaces (e.g. syntax–discourse interface), following Sorace’s Interface Hypothesis (2011, 2012), which holds that such features are more difficult to acquire than merely syntactic ones. However, Lozano (2009b, 2016) used a near-native corpus of L2 Spanish learners to show that these deficits are rather selective and do not necessarily affect the whole pronominal paradigm: most of these deficits were (i) attributed to third person human singular subject REs (whereas the rest of the pronominal paradigm was unproblematic), and (ii) were mainly observable in topic continuity scenarios (whereas topic shift and other scenarios were not problematic). These scenarios will be further explored in this chapter using a corpus approach, which will also allow for the investigation of other less-explored factors that constrain the form of subject REs in native and non-native grammars.
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
26-02-2020 An Vande Casteele, Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Talk delivered to the ANACOR group, Universidad de Granada: "Mecanismos referenciales en un corpus de ELE"
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Teresa Quesada (ANACOR project) has managed to be amongst the 8 PhD students who will go to the final of the "3 minute thesis" contest at the UGR for her talk “Understanding the bilingual puzzle”.
Congratulations, Teresa!
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Dear all: We have extended the deadlien for the call for papers until 1st March 2020.
More info about the conference on: https://sites.google.com/view/aprar2020/homepage
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
ONLINE PARTICIPATION IN A STUDY ABOUT THE LEARNING OF SPANISH (CEDEL2 corpus) Have you ever wondered how people learn Spanish? At the Universidad de Granada (Spain) we are investigating this. We are collecting data online to create the second version of a large database called CEDEL2 (Corpus Escrito del Español L2). Over 4,000 volunteers have already participated from universities and language schools all over the world.
We are looking for learners of Spanish as well as native speakers of several languages . What can you get from it? In return for your participation, you will get for free your level of Spanish (only for learners). Additionally, if you are interested, we can send you a document from the University of Granada (Spain) acknowledging your participation
If you are a teacher of Spanish, perhaps you would like to implement this as a classroom activity with your students. You can also collaborate with us in the data collection. Please get in touch with us for further details.
Visit our webpage to participate, get more info and download our corpora: http://learnercorpora.com
Thank you for your participation!
Cristóbal Lozano (Universidad de Granada): http://wpd.ugr.es/~cristoballozano/ ------- Corpus CEDEL2: PARTICIPE EN UN ESTUDIO ONLINE SOBRE EL ESPAÑOL Y SU APRENDIZAJE
¿Se ha preguntado alguna vez cómo se aprende una lengua extranjera? En la Universidad de Granada (España) estamos investigando cómo se aprende el español. Para ello, estamos recogiendo datos para crear la segunda versión de una gran base de datos llamada CEDEL2 (Corpus Escrito del Español L2). Más de 4.000 voluntarios ya han participado de universidades y escuelas de idiomas de todo el mundo.
Estamos buscando aprendices de español como lengua extranjera. También buscamos hablantes nativos de varias lenguas.
¿Qué puedes recibir a cambio? Podrás saber tu nivel gramatical de español y, además, te podemos enviar un documento de participación.
Si eres profesor de español (ELE), quizás te gustaría utilizar la participación en el corpus como una actividad de clase. No dudes en ponerte en contacto para más información por si deseas colaborar.
Visite nuestra página web para participar, obtener más información y descargar versiones anteriores de los corpus: http://learnercorpora.com
¡Muchas gracias por tu participación!
Cristóbal Lozano (Universidad de Granada): http://wpd.ugr.es/~cristoballozano/
 
Kim Collewaert
added an update
Collewaert, Kim (PhD defended 17/01/2020). "Los mecanismos referenciales en el discurso oral del español como lengua extranjera (ELE): un estudio de corpus basado en neerlandófonos aprendices de ELE". (Supervisor: An Vande Casteele, Vrije Universiteit Brussel; Co-supervisor: Cristóbal Lozano, Universidad de Granada).
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Lozano, C. (25-Jan-2020) "CEDEL2 (Corpus Escrito del Español como L2), versión 2.0: diseño, creación y explotación de un corpus multi-L1 para la investigación y la enseñanza de ELE". Talk delivered in Xornada de estudos: Corpus e ensino do español. Universidad de Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
International Conference - CALL FOR PAPERS
The Acquisition and Processing of Reference and Anaphora Resolution (APRAR)
Brussels, 5-6 May 2020
The international conference “The Acquisition and Processing of Reference and Anaphora Resolution” is a joint initiative of the Department of Linguistics and Literary Studies (Centre for Linguistics CLIN) at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Belgium) and the Department of English and German Philology at the Universidad de Granada (Spain). The theme of the conference ties in with the research topic of the ANACOR project (ANACOR: A corpus-based approach to anaphora resolution in second language acquisition: beyond the interfaces), a research project based at the Universidad de Granada.
The conference will take place at the Palace of the Academies (Brussels, Belgium) on May 5-6, 2020.
Plenary speakers
● Antonella Sorace (University of Edinburgh)
● Ianthi Maria Tsimpli (University of Cambridge)
● Jacopo Torregrossa (Goethe Universität Frankfurt-am-Main)
Theme of the conference
Referring to entities is a fundamental aspect of languages. It allows to refer to things and people in the world. Speakers can opt for different referential expressions (e.g. overt and null pronouns, noun phrases, proper names, etc.) to indicate a particular entity in discourse and listeners have to be able to select the correct referent according to the speaker’s intention. This is often known as anaphora resolution. When acquiring, processing and resolving reference, several factors are involved, such as information status (topic/focus), the syntactic position of the antecedent, the accessibility of the referent, the number of potential or competing antecedents, the distance between the referential expression and its antecedent, etc.
Objectives
The aim of this conference is to address reference and anaphora resolution. The following topics will be discussed:
  • The processing and acquisition of reference/anaphora resolution in different populations (native speakers, L2 learners, bilinguals, children, heritage speakers, attriters, etc.).
  • The multiple factors that constrain reference/anaphora resolution (morphosyntactic, semantic, discursive and cognitive factors).
  • Reference/anaphora resolution across typologically similar/different languages.
  • Methodological approaches to reference/anaphora resolution (corpus, experimental, etc.).
  • Theoretical models that account for reference/anaphora resolution.
PhD Workshops
The conference will also host two hands-on workshops on methodological approaches to reference/anaphora resolution:
  • Workshop 1 (corpus methods): Annotating and analysing anaphora resolution with UAM Corpus Tool software (Nobuo Ignacio López-Sako & Ana Díaz-Negrillo, University of Granada).
  • Workshop 2 (experimental methods): Designing a psycholinguistic experiment on anaphora resolution in the Open Sesame software (Cristóbal Lozano, University of Granada).
These workshops are intended for PhD students but are also open to all types of researchers.
Call for papers
We invite the submission of abstracts for full papers. Abstracts for an oral presentation (20 minutes + 10 minutes discussion time) must not exceed 500 words, including references, and should mention the main research question(s), methodology, data and (expected) results. Abstracts will be reviewed anonymously.
Please submit your abstract via EasyChair: https://easychair.org/conferences/?conf=aprar2020.
Important dates
15/02/2020: Abstract submission deadline
15/03/2020: Notification to authors
15/03/2020: Registration opens
30/03/2020: Early bird registration closes
01/04/2020: Final program publication
15/04/2020: Late bird registration closes
05-06/05/2020: Conference
Organising committee
An Vande Casteele – Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Cristóbal Lozano – Universidad de Granada
Renata Enghels – Universiteit Gent
Stefanie Keulen – Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Kim Collewaert – Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Nobuo Ignacio López-Sako – Universidad de Granada
Ana Díaz-Negrillo – Universidad de Granada
Teresa Quesada – Universidad de Granada
Yishan Gao – Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Scientific committee
An Vande Casteele – Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Cristóbal Lozano – Universidad de Granada
Renata Enghels – Universiteit Gent
Stefanie Keulen – Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Marcus Callies – Universität Bremen
Alex Housen – Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Ana Díaz-Negrillo – Universidad de Granada
Pedro Guijarro Fuentes – Universitat de les Illes Balears
Nobuo Ignacio López-Sako – Universidad de Granada
Amaya Mendikoetxea – Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Despina Papadopoulou – University of Thessaloniki
Jacopo Torregrossa – Goethe Universität Frankfurt-am-Main
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Alexandra Prentza (Uni. Ioanina, Greece) (2019-12-04). "Pronominal interpretation in L1 Greek and L2 English: can we put the data together?". Talk delivered to the ANACOR group, University of Granada.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Teresa Quesada has been appointed as "Learner Corpus Bibliographer" of the Learner Corpus Association ( https://www.learnercorpusassociation.org ).
Congrats, Teresa!
 
Teresa Quesada
added an update
Teresa Quesada (25-Oct-2019). "A corpus-based study to explore L2 English learners' production of anaphoric expressions in CLIL and non-CLIL settings". V Jornadas Psylex, Universidad de Zaragoza.
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Fernando Martín-Villena (24-Oct-2019). "Analysing the production of subject referential expressions in the CEDEL2 corpus". V Jornadas Psylex, Universidad de Zaragoza.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
11-10-2019: Emanuela Todisco (Universidad de las Islas Baleares): One -dayseminar delivered to the ANACOR group: "ELAN: The Language Archive".
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
22-10-2019: Tomáš Gráf (Charles University): seminar to the ANACOR group: "Learner corpora: Prague reflections".
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
17-10-2019: Aphrodite Amanatidou (University of Ioanina, Greece): Talk to the ANACOR group: "Linguistis and non-linguistic effects that can affect anaphora resolution in L2 Greek".
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Fernando Martín-Villena (25-Sept-2019). "Investigating attrition at the syntax-discourse interface". IBERLAB Summer School, Universidad de Granada.
 
Teresa Quesada
added an update
Teresa Quesada (25-Sept-2019). "La resolución de anáfora en aprendices adultos de L2 (L1 español – L2 inglés y L1 inglés – L2 español): combinando métodos experimentales y de corpus". IBERLAB Summer School, Universidad de Granada.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Cristóbal Lozano & Nobuo Ignacio Lopez-Sako (25-Sept-2019). Methodological seminar: "Seminario metodológico de corpus: Etiquetado y análisis de pronombres utilizando UAM CorpusTool". IBERLAB Summer School, Universidad de Granada.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Aphrodite Amanatidou has joined the ANACOR research project with an Erasmus+ traineeship (work placement: September-December 2019).
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Juana Muñoz-Liceras will deliver a seminar entitled "Accounting for interlinguistic influence and language dominance in simultaneous bilingual acquisition: Let's play our 'imitation game' " on 25-09-2019, IBERLAB Summer School, UGR.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Members of the ANACOR project will participate in the IBERLAB Summer School (23rd-27th Sept 2019, UGR): http://iberlabsummerschool.ugr.es/
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Juana Muñoz-Liceras will deliver a conference entitled "Lo que no sabemos que sabemos sobre nuestro español como lengua materna: un enfoque (psico)lingüístico" on 24-09-2019, sala José Palanco, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, UGR.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Cristóbal Lozano, & C. Nobuo Ignacio Lopez-Sako (September 2019). Multi-L1 learner corpus design for SLA research purposes: CEDEL2 (Corpus Escrito del Español L2). Work-in-progress report presented at LCR 2019 (5th International Learner Corpus Research Conference), University of Warsaw (Poland).
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Ana Díaz-Negrillo, Cristóbal Lozano, C. & Marcus Callies (September 2019). Introducing the Corpus of English as a Foreign Language (COREFL): A bi-modal, multi-task corpus for SLA research. Work-in-progress report presented at LCR 2019 (5th International Learner Corpus Research Conference), University of Warsaw (Poland).
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Martín-Villena, F. & Cristóbal Lozano (September 2019). A corpus-based study on the factors affecting the use of referential expressions in L1 English-L2 Spanish writing in CEDEL2. Paper presented at 5th International Learner Corpus Research Conference, Institute of Applied Linguistics, University of Warsaw (Poland).
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Martín-Villena, F. (September 2019). Analysing the source of input of heritage speakers: a study of L1 Spanish attrition under the influence of L2 English. Paper presented at Capturing and Quantifying Individual Differences in Bilingualism, Universitetet i Tromsø (Norway).
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Martín-Villena, F. & Cristóbal Lozano (August 2019). Intrinsic factors constraining the use of subject referential expressions in L1 English-L2 Spanish: a corpus-based study of topic continuity contexts. Paper presented at EuroSLA 29, Lund University (Sweden).
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
July 2019: Course "Analysing linguistic data with R" delivered by Alexandros Tantos (Uni Thessaloniki, Greece) to the ANACOR research team, Universidad de Granada.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Elena García-Guerrero obtained a research scholarship for undergrads (beca de iniciación a la investigación) within the ANACOR research project. Congratulations!
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Cristóbal Lozano (July 2019). Course. "Anaphora resolution in second language acquisition: theory and practice". 5th Lisbon Summer School in Linguistics. Universidade Nova de Lisboa.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
15-06-2019 - 31-07-2019 Research stay of Carlos Gelormini-Lezama (Uni. San Andrés, Buenos Aires, Argentina).
Project "The linguistic processing of anaphors in Spanish: dialectal differences (Riverplate Spanish vs Peninsular Spanish) and effects of an L2 (monolinguals vs bilinguals)".
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Martín Villena, F. & Lozano, C. (May 2019). "Using the CEDEL2 corpus to analyse the use of subject referential expressions in written compositions from L1 English-L2 Spanish learners". Paper presented at CILIDI (1st International Conference on Digial Linguistics), Universidad de Granada (Spain).
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Quesada, T. & Lozano, C. (May 2019). "Using a Corpus Tool to analyse and compare L1 Spanish-L2 English learners’ use of referring expressions in discourse". Paper presented at CILIDI (1st International Conference on Digial Linguistics), Universidad de Granada (Spain).
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Ballier, Nicolas (05-04-19). "Praat: An introductory workshop for spoken learner data". Workshop delivered to the ANACOR group.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Ballier, Nicolas (04-04-19). "Fluency and coreference in COREFL (L1 Spanish-L2-English)". Talk delivered to the ANACOR group.
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Fernando Martín-Villena (March 2019). "Intrinsic factors affecting the use of overt referential expressions in L1 English-L2 Spanish writing: the role of potential antecedents". Paper presented at the 37 AESLA conference: Universidad de Valladolid (Spain).
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Cristóbal Lozano & Amaya Mendikoetxea (March 2019). Corpora in SLA research: The design and exploitation of CEDEL2 and WRICLE. Paper presented at the 37 AESLA conference: Universidad de Valladolid (Spain).
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Marcus Callies , Ana Díaz-Negrillo , Cristóbal Lozano (March 2019). The 'Corpus of English as a Foreign Language' (COREFL): A bimodal, multi-task learner corpus for SLA research. Paper presented at the 37 AESLA conference: Universidad de Valladolid (Spain).
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Martín-Villena, F. & Cristóbal Lozano (January 2019) "Topic continuity and reference at the syntax-discourse interface: corpus evidence from late sequential bilinguals of L1 English-L2 Spanish". Poster presented at BHL 2019, Leiden University, The Netherlands.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
15 & 17-01-2017: Despina Papadopoulou (University of Thessaloniki, Greece): "Bilingualism: effects of (bi)literacy and education"
16-01-2017: Despina Papadopoulou (University of Thessaloniki, Greece): "Pronoun resolution in L1 and L2 Greek"
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
15-01-2017: Anthi Revithiadou (University of Thessaloniki, Greece) "An e-learning environment for teaching Russian and Albanian as heritage languages"
17-01-2017: Anthi Revithiadou (University of Thessaloniki, Greece) "A typological investigation of lexical accent systems and the quest for predictable accentuation"
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Quesada, T. & Lozano, C. (2018). "Is CLIL beneficial for the acquisition of reference? A corpus-based study of L1 Spanish-L2 English". Paper presented at BIUNED Conference (Bilingualism and Intercuturalidad: Challenges, limits and solutions), UNED, Madrid (Spain).
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Lozano, C. (Noviembre 2018). "Corpora and SLA: Introducing CEDEL2". Paper presented at the Formal and Experimental Linguistics (LiFE) group, Linguistics Research Centre, Universidade Nova de Lisboa (Portugal).
 
Kim Collewaert
added an update
Collewaert, K. & Vande Casteele, A. (October 2018). “Accesibilidad, mantenimiento y cambio de tópico en un corpus de ELE”. Paper presented at CLICE (Congreso de Lingüística de Corpus en Español), Florence (Italy).
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Martín-Villena, F. & Cristóbal Lozano (October 2018). “La resolución de anáfora en angloparlantes aprendices de español: un estudio de corpus (CEDEL2) sobre los contextos de continuidad de tópico”. Paper presented at CLICE (Congreso de Lingüística de Corpus en Español), Florence (Italy).
 
Nobuo Ignacio Lopez-Sako
added an update
Cristóbal Lozano & Nobuo Ignacio López-Sako (October 2018). “CEDEL2 (Corpus Escrito del Español como L2): Una plataforma online para la investigación y la enseñanza de ELE”. Seminar & demonstration conducted at CLICE (Congreso de Lingüística de Corpus en Español), Florence (Italy).
 
Teresa Quesada
added an update
Quesada, T. & Cristóbal Lozano (October 2018). “¿Qué factores adicionales revelan los estudios de corpus? La Hipótesis de la Posición del Antecedente en un corpus de aprendices (L1 inglés - L2 español)”. Paper presented at CLICE (Congreso de Lingüística de Corpus en Español), Florence (Italy).
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Martín-Villena, F. (October 2018). "Anaphora resolution in the interlanguage of L1 English-L2 Spanish learners: an analysis of topic continuity contexts in CEDEL2 ". Paper presented at AJL 2018, Universidad de Castilla La Mancha, (Spain).
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Martín-Villena, F. & Cristóbal Lozano (September 2018). "New factors in anaphora resolution: topic continuity in L1 English - L2 Spanish (CEDEL2 corpus)". Paper presented at OVPRON18 Workshop, Università per Stranieri di Perugia (Italy).
 
Teresa Quesada
added an update
Quesada, T. & Lozano, C. (September 2018). "Is there a clear division of labour in Spanish? Corpus approaches to test the Position of Antecedent Strategy". Paper presented at OVPRON18 Workshop, Università per Stranieri di Perugia (Italy).
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Martín-Villena, F. & Lozano, C. (August 2018) "Overspecification in L1 English‐L2 Spanish late bilinguals: topic continuity contexts in written discourse". Paper presented at the Bilingualism Matters Research Symposium 2018, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Quesada, T. & Lozano, C. (2018). "New evidence and insights from corpus data: Acquisition of anaphora resolution in L1 Spanish-L2 English". Paper presented at EUROSLA 28, University of Münster (Germany).
 
Teresa Quesada
added an update
Quesada, T. & Lozano, C. (August 2018). "Using Learner Corpora to investigate Anaphora Resolution: a comparison of L1 Spanish - L2 English learners and L1 English - L2 Spanish learners". Paper presented at the Learner Corpus Research Summer School, University of Bremen, Germany.
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Martín-Villena, F. & Lozano, C. (August 2018) "Analysis of the Interlanguage of L1 English‐L2 Spanish Learners: Anaphora Resolution in Topic Continuity". Paper presented at the Learner Corpus Research Summer School, University of Bremen, Germany.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Mendikoetxea, A. & Lozano, C. (2018) "The design and use of corpora for SLA research: CEDEL2 and WRICLE". Paper presented at TALC 2018 (13th Teaching and Language Corpora Conference), University of Cambridge.
 
Teresa Quesada
added an update
Quesada, T. & Lozano, C. (July 2018) "Using corpus methods to test the Position of Antecedent Strategy in L1 English-L2 Spanish learners". Poster presented at LEAD Summer School in L2 Acquisition, University of Tübingen, Germany.
 
Fernando Martín-Villena
added an update
Martín-Villena, F. & Cristóbal Lozano (July 2018) "Overproduction in topic-continuity: A corpus study of L1 English-L2 Spanish learners ". Poster presented at LEAD Summer School in L2 Acquisition, University of Tübingen, Germany.
 
Ana Díaz-Negrillo
added an update
Caleya Sánchez, Alejandra (8-06-2017). "The use of anaphoric expressions in L1 Spanish - L2 English". Final year BA dissertation: Universidad de Granada. Supervisor: Ana Díaz-Negrillo.
 
Ana Díaz-Negrillo
added an update
Márquez Jiménez, Ana Belén (08-06-2017). "How speakers refer: L1 Spanish - L2 English". Final year BA dissertation: Universidad de Granada. Supervisor: Ana Díaz-Negrillo.
 
Ana Díaz-Negrillo
added an update
Caleya Sánchez, Alexandra (08-06-2017). "The use of anaphoric expressions in L1 Spanish - L2 English". Final year BA dissertation: Universidad de Granada. Supervisor: Ana Díaz-Negrillo.
 
Teresa Quesada
added an update
Quesada, Teresa (Junio, 2018). “Procesamiento de los hablantes nativos y los aprendices de inglés y español en el discurso narrativo”. Comunicación oral en III Jornadas JIFFI / I Congreso Nacional de Investigadores en Formación. Fomentando la interdisciplinareidad. Universidad de Granada.
 
Cristóbal Lozano
added an update
Caballero Calvo, Aurora (29-06-2018). "Anaphora and narrative construction in L1 Spanish-L2 English: A study based on the COREFL corpus". Final year BA dissertation: Universidad de Granada. Supervisor: Ana Díaz-Negrillo.