Zomenia Zomeni

Zomenia Zomeni
Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment | MOA · Geological Survey Department

BSc Geological Engineering, University of Arizona

About

67
Publications
30,816
Reads
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1,785
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2001 - present
Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment
Position
  • Senior Geological Officer
Education
August 2005 - June 2012
Oregon State University
Field of study
  • Soil Science and Geology
January 1995 - December 1996
The University of Arizona
Field of study
  • Geological Engineering
August 1988 - December 1992
The University of Arizona
Field of study
  • Geological Engineering

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
Full-text available
Predictive models have become an integral part of archaeological research, particularly in the discovery of new archaeological sites. In this paper, we apply predictive modeling to map high potential Pleistocene archaeological locales on the island of Cyprus in the Eastern Mediterranean. The model delineates landscape characteristics that denote ar...
Poster
The poster is available online at EGU website: https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2020/EGU2020-19782.html | Particle flows animations are available at SaRoCy's website: http://sarocy.cut.ac.cy/news/particles-flow-animations/ | Maritime connectivity between Cyprus and other Eastern Mediterranean coastal regions on the mainland constitutes a...
Article
The demand for ‘high-tech’ element resources (e.g., rare earth elements, lithium, platinum group elements) has increased with their continued consumption in developed countries and the emergence of developing economies. To provide a sound knowledge base for future generations, it is necessary to identify the spatial distribution of critical element...
Article
Total organic carbon (TOC) contents in agricultural soil are presently receiving increased attention, not only because of their relationship to soil fertility, but also due to the sequestration of organic carbon in soil to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. In this research, the spatial patterns of TOC and its relationship with pH at the European sca...
Article
Agricultural soil (Ap-horizon, 0–20 cm) samples were collected in Europe (33 countries, 5.6 million km2) as part of the GEMAS (GEochemical Mapping of Agricultural and grazing land Soil) soil-mapping project. The GEMAS survey area includes diverse groups of soil parent materials with varying geological history, a wide range of climate zones, and la...
Article
This study demonstrates the use of digital image processing for the spatial pattern recognition and characterisation of Ni concentrations in topsoil in Europe. Moving average smoothing was applied to the TIN-interpolated grid model to suppress small irregularities. Digital image processing was applied then to the grid. Several NE-SW, E-W and NW-SE...
Article
The GEMAS (geochemical mapping of agricultural soil) project collected 2108 Ap horizon soil samples from regularly ploughed fields in 33 European countries, covering 5.6 million km2. The <2 mm fraction of these samples was analysed for 53 elements by ICP-MS and ICP-AES, following a HNO3/HCl/H2O (modified aqua regia) digestion. Results are used here...
Article
Over 4000 agricultural and grazing land soil samples were collected for the “Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural and Grazing Land Soil of Europe” (GEMAS) project carried out by the EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group. The samples were collected in 33 European countries, covering 5.6 million km2 at a density of 1 sample site per 2500 km2. All s...
Article
Agricultural soil (Ap-horizon, 0–20 cm) and grazing land soil (Gr-horizon, 0–10 cm) samples were collected from a large part of Europe (33 countries, 5.6 million km2) as part of the GEMAS (GEochemical Mapping of Agricultural and grazing land Soil) soil mapping project. GEMAS soil data have been used to provide a general view of element mobility and...
Article
Full-text available
In the framework of the GEMAS project, 2211 samples of agricultural soil (Ap, 0-20 cm, regularly ploughed fields), and 2118 samples from land under permanent grass cover (Gr, 0-10 cm, grazing land soil) were collected across almost the whole European continent, at a density of 1 sample site/2500 km2, in accordance with a common sampling protocol....
Article
Partial least squares regression (PLSR) models, using mid-infrared (MIR) diffuse reflectance Fourier transformed (DRIFT) spectra, were used to predict distribution coefficient (Kd) values for selected added soluble metal cations (Ag+, Co2+, Cu2+, Mn2+, Ni2+, Pb2+, Sn4+, and Zn2+) in 4813 soils of the Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural Soils (GEMAS...
Article
Two thousand one hundred and eight agricultural soils (0–20 cm depth) collected at a density of one sample per 2500 km2 under the auspices of the Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural Soils (GEMAS) project over most of the European continent have been analysed using the Mobile Metal Ion (MMI®) partial extraction technique with ICP-MS finish. For a nu...
Article
Partial least squares regression (PLSR) models, using mid-infrared (MIR) diffuse reflectance Fourier-transformed (DRIFT) spectra, were used to predict distribution coefficient (Kd) values for selected added soluble metal cations (Agþ, Co2þ, Cu2þ, Mn2þ, Ni2þ, Pb2þ, Sn4þ, and Zn2þ) in 4813 soils of the Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural Soils (GEMAS...
Article
Indium is a very rare element, which is usually not reported in geochemical data sets. It is classified as a critical metal, with important applications in the electronics industry, especially in the production of solar panels and liquid-crystal displays (LCDs). Over 4000 samples of agricultural and grazing land soil have been collected for the “Ge...
Article
This study aims to reconstruct the Holocene fluvial history of the Tremithos river, south central Cyprus and examine linkages to regional and local archaeological records. Three stratigraphic profiles (Sp1, Sp2 and Sp3) located in the lower valley have been investigated using sedimentology and magnetic parameters. The 14C dating of 10 samples revea...
Article
This study aims to reconstruct the Holocene fluvial history of the Tremithos River, south central Cyprus and examine linkages to regional and local archaeological records. Three stratigraphic profiles (Sp1, Sp2 and Sp3) located in the lower valley have been investigated using sedimentology and magnetic parameters. The 14C dating of 10 samples revea...
Article
Full-text available
During 2008 the GEochemical Mapping of Agricultural Soils (GEMAS) project collected 2108 agricultural (ploughed soil, Ap horizon, 0–20 cm) and 2023 grazing land soil samples (Gr, 0–10 cm) evenly spread over 33 European countries and covering an area of 5.6 million km2. The pH of all samples was determined by one single laboratory applying a 0.01 M...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During the past three decades, on average 13% of the rain falling on the Republic of Cyprus has been converted to agricultural products, while some 70% of the rain water that flows to dams has been used for irrigation. Climate change projections indicate that Cyprus, similarly to other water-stressed countries, is becoming hotter and drier. This ha...
Article
Hafnium (Hf) and zirconium (Zr) concentrations measured in over 4100 agricultural soil samples from Europe were assessed with the focus on their relationship to the distribution of aeolian deposits, such as loess and coversands. Comparison of extractable (aqua regia; ICP-MS) and total (XRFS) concentrations shows that only 1.0 to 1.7% of the total H...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Concern about the environmental impact of agriculture caused by intensification is growing as large amounts of nutrients and contaminants are introduced into the environment. The aim of this paper is to identify the geogenic and agricultural controls on the elemental composition of European, grazing and agricultural soils. Materials and me...
Article
The aim of this study was to develop partial least squares (PLS) models to predict the concentrations of 45 elements in soils extracted by the aqua regia (AR) method using diffuse reflectance Fourier Transform mid-infrared (MIR; 4000–500 cm−1) spectroscopy. A total of 4130 soils from the GEMAS European soil sampling program (geochemical mapping of...
Article
Ce, La and Y from agricultural (Ap) and grazing land (Gr) soils of Europe have been investigated using new geochemical data produced by the GEMAS (Geochemical mapping of agricultural and grazing land soils) project. Interpolated maps showing Ce, La, and Y distributions in Ap and Gr were generated using ArcView and classified with the concentration...
Conference Paper
The sea level (SL) curves of the Mediterranean are based mainly on archaeological indicators such as: Fish ponds (Fig. 2) , water wells (Fig. 3), Submerged remains of Zea ancient harbour, Greece (Fig. 4), slipways of shipsheds (Fig. 5) etc. but also on bio-constructions like the Dendropoma petraeum fixed vermitids along the edge of the abrasion pla...
Article
This paper describes the mathematical modeling of vertical and horizontal GHEs (ground heat exchangers) and compares their efficiency. The model used calculates the heat flow in the fluid, tubes, grout and ground. The vertical U-tube GHE is represented by two 100 m lines, embedded in four different types of ground with an additional bottom base. Th...
Article
Agricultural (Ap, A p-horizon, 0–20 cm) and grazing land soil samples (Gr, 0–10 cm) were collected from a large part of Europe (33 countries, 5.6 million km 2) at an average density of 1 sample site/2500 km 2. The resulting more than 2 Â 2000 soil samples were air dried, sieved to <2 mm and analysed for their Hg concentrations following an aqua reg...
Article
The aim of this study was to develop partial least-squares (PLS) regression models using diffuse reflectance Fourier transform mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy for the prediction of the concentration of elements in soil determined by X-ray fluorescence (XRF). A total of 4130 soils from the GEMAS European soil sampling program (geochemical mapping of...
Article
Full-text available
Arsenic concentrations are reported for the <2 mm fraction of ca. 2200 soil samples each from agricultural (Ap horizon, 0–20 cm) and grazing land (Gr, 0–10 cm), covering western Europe at a sample density of 1 site/2500 km2. Median As concentrations in an aqua regia extraction determined by inductively coupled plasma emission mass spectrometer (ICP...
Article
A Project funded by the Research Promotion Foundation of Cyprus was undertaken by the Cyprus University of Technology and other collaborators, to investigate and determine the geothermal parameters of the ground in Cyprus since such information is currently unavailable. The purpose of this paper is to report on the ground temperatures collected by...
Article
In this paper a neural network is used for the generation of geothermal maps (contours) of temperature at three depths (20, 50 and 100 m) in Cyprus. Archived data of temperature recorded at 41 boreholes is used for training a suitable artificial neural network. The complete data was randomly divided into a training and validation dataset. The neura...
Article
Full-text available
The Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural and Grazing Land Soil (GEMAS) project provides soil geochemical data for over 50 elements at a density of 1 sample per 2500 km2 across the European continent. Median baseline total concentrations of niobium (Nb) determined by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry in the <2 mm fraction of 2108 ploughed agricultural...
Conference Paper
The GEMAS project started in 2008 with a joint field campaign of almost all geological surveys in Europe in cooperation with some external organizations. 2211 samples of agricultural soil and 2118 samples from land under permanent grass cover were collected from a large part of Europe over a total area of about 5 million sqkm. Analysis of 53 chemic...
Article
Applied geochemistry and environmental sciences invariably deal with compositional data. Classically, the original or log-transformed absolute element concentrations are studied. However, compositional data do not vary independently, and a concentration based approach to data analysis can lead to faulty conclusions. For this reason a better statist...
Article
Analytical data for 10 major oxides (Al2O3, CaO, Fe2O3, K2O, MgO, MnO, Na2O, P2O5, SiO2 and TiO2), 16 total trace elements (As, Ba, Ce, Co, Cr, Ga, Nb, Ni, Pb, Rb, Sr, Th, V, Y, Zn and Zr), 14 aqua regia extracted elements (Ag, As, Bi, Cd, Ce, Co, Cs, Cu, Fe, La, Li, Mn, Mo and Pb), Loss On Ignition (LOI) and pH from 3526 soil samples from two cont...
Article
Applied geochemistry and environmental sciences invariably deal with compositional data. Classically, the original or log-transformed absolute element concentrations are studied. However, compositional data do not vary independently, and a concentration based approach to data analysis can lead to faulty conclusions. For this reason a better statist...
Article
Applied geochemistry and environmental sciences invariably deal with compositional data. Classically, the original or log-transformed absolute element concentrations are studied. However, compositional data do not vary independently, and a concentration based approach to data analysis can lead to faulty conclusions. For this reason a better statist...
Article
Full-text available
A first impression of the geochemistry and quality of European ground water was obtained by using bottled mineral water as a sampling medium. In total, 1785 bottled waters were purchased from supermarkets of forty European countries, representing 1247 wells/drill holes/springs at 884 locations. All bottled waters were analysed for 72 parameters at...
Article
The ground can be used as an energy source, an energy sink, or for energy storage and for this reason ground characteristics should be available. Therefore the purpose of this paper is to present the recorded ground temperatures at eight representative sites of Cyprus, in relation to depth, time of year, geology and altitude and discuss the efficie...
Conference Paper
Knowledge about soil quality at a European scale is urgently required for e.g., the new European Chemicals Regulation, the pending EU Soil Protection Directive and, the assessment of soil as a repository of organic carbon in a changing climate. A unique data collection on total organic matter (TOC) has been established by the Geological surveys in...

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
SaRoCy responds to the cutting-edge, frontier research requirement of the “Excellence Hubs” Programme by seeking to create new knowledge on a topic that has recently attracted global archaeological attention within the broader context of island and coastal archaeology. Project also aspires to offer novel insights based on physical/environmental modelling and computer simulation into the possible prehistoric maritime pathways between Cyprus and other Eastern Mediterranean coastal regions at the boundary between Terminal Pleistocene – early Holocene (Epipaleolithic / early Neolithic), a critical period for understanding the origins of the early visitors in Cyprus in connection with the Neolithic transition. The SaRoCy project proposal was ranked 2nd (score 14.52 / 15) out of a total of 65 proposals submitted to the “Social and Humanities” scientific area of the specific call. The project will run for 24 months with an overall budget of €150k, mainly allocated to young researchers participating in the project. Website: http://sarocy.cut.ac.cy/ This project has received funding from the “Excellence Hubs” Programme within the “RESTART 2016-2020” funding framework for Research, Technological Development and Innovation (RTDI) administered by Cyprus’s Research & Innovation Foundation under Grant Agreement No EXCELLENCE/0918/0143.