Zoltán Czigány

Zoltán Czigány
University Hospital RWTH Aachen · Department of General-, Visceral-, and Transplantation Surgery

Priv.-Doz.; M.D.; Ph.D.
Clinician scientist. Board certified visceral surgeon. Passionate about solid organ transplantation and HPB surgery.

About

110
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Publications

Publications (110)
Article
Full-text available
Muscle wasting, and alterations of body composition (BC) are linked to clinical outcomes in numerous medical conditions. The role of myosteatosis in post‐transplant outcomes remains to be determined. Here we investigated skeletal muscle mass and myosteatosis as prognostic factors in patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). The da...
Article
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Background: Myosteatosis is associated with perioperative outcomes in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Here, we investigated the effects of body composition and myosteatosis on long-term graft and patient survival following OLT. Methods: Clinical data from 225 consecutive OLT recipients from a prospective database were retrospectively ana...
Article
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Objective: To evaluate peak serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and postoperative clinical outcomes after hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion (HOPE) versus static cold storage (SCS) in extended criteria donation (ECD) liver transplantation (LT) from donation after brain death (DBD). Background: HOPE might improve outcomes in LT, particular...
Article
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Frailty, nutritional status, and body composition are increasingly under the spotlight of interest in various clinical scenarios including liver transplantation. To address the rapidly accumulating evidence in this field, recent European and North American practice guidelines have clearly underlined the clinical importance of nutritional status and...
Article
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Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the second most common primary liver cancer and associated with a dismal prognosis due to the lack of an efficient systemic therapy. In contrast to other cancers, new immunotherapies have demonstrated unsatisfactory results in clinical trials, underlining the importance of a deeper understanding of the special tumor micr...
Article
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Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a rare but highly aggressive malignancy of the biliary system. Although it is amenable to surgical resection in early dis- ease, outcomes are frequently dismal. Here, we investigated the prevalence of body composition (BC) alterations and their prognostic role for surgical patients with intrahepatic (iCCA) and perihilar...
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Purpose While liver resection is a well-established treatment for primary HCC, surgical treatment for recurrent HCC (rHCC) remains the topic of an ongoing debate. Thus, we investigated perioperative and long-term outcome in patients undergoing re-resection for rHCC in comparative analysis to patients with primary HCC treated by resection. Methods...
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Organ shortage has led to the increasing utilization of livers retrieved from donors after circulatory death (DCD). These pre-damaged organs are susceptible to further warm ischemia and exhibit minimal tolerance for cold storage. The aim was thus to examine the effects of fibrinolysis combined with Venous Systemic Oxygen Persufflation (VSOP) on the...
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It has been shown that the presence and density of nerve fibers (NFs; NFD) in the tumor microenvironment (TME) may play an important prognostic role in predicting long-term oncological outcomes in various malignancies. However, the role of NFD in the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is yet to be explored. To this end, we aimed to investi...
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Background and aims: Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA) is a hepatobiliary malignancy, with a dismal prognosis. Nerve fiber density (NFD)-a novel prognostic biomarker-describes the density of small nerve fibers without cancer invasion and is categorized into high numbers and low numbers of small nerve fibers (high vs low NFD). NFD is different th...
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This editorial aims to summarize the 13 scientific articles published in the Special Issue entitled “New Frontiers in Organ Preservation and Hepatoprotection” [...]
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BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer among pregnant women is a rare entity. If colon cancer is suspected during pregnancy, the diagnosis is a therapeutic challenge that should be managed by a multidisciplinary team of specialists. Standardized therapeutic models do not exist. In this article we present a case of a pregnant patient with stenotic sigmoid col...
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Alterations of body composition, especially decreased muscle mass (sarcopenia) and impaired muscle quality (myosteatosis), are associated with inferior outcomes in various clinical conditions. The data of 100 consecutive patients who underwent partial hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at a German university medical centre were retrospe...
Article
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Background Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA) is a rare primary liver malignancy. Even in patients amenable to surgery, outcomes are often dismal. Here, we aimed to identify prognostic markers for patient outcomes by analyzing functionally relevant single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes with a role in tumor inflammation and angiogenesis....
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The platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), an inflammatory parameter, has shown prognostic value in several malignancies. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the impact of pretreatment PLR on the oncological outcome in patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). A systematic literature search has been carried out in the PubMed and Google Schola...
Preprint
Background & Aims: Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA) is a hepatobiliary malignancy. Nerve fiber invasion (NFI) shows cancer invading the nerve and is considered an aggressive feature. Nerve fiber density (NFD) consists of small nerve fibers without cancer invasion and is divided into high NFD (high numbers of small nerve fibers) or low NFD (low n...
Article
Introduction: In an attempt to further improve surgical outcomes, a variety of outcome prediction and risk-assessment tools have been developed for the clinical setting. Risk scores such as the surgical Apgar score (SAS) hold promise to facilitate the objective assessment of perioperative risk related to comorbidities of the patients or the indivi...
Article
Introduction Pancreatic tumors are frequently diagnosed in a locally advanced stage with poor prognosis if untreated. This study assesses the safety and oncological outcomes of pancreatic surgery with arterial en-bloc resection. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed a prospectively maintained database of patients who underwent a pancre...
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The objective of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to assess the impact of rifaximin on the course of liver function, liver regeneration and volumetric recovery in patients undergoing major hepatectomy. The ARROW trial was an investigator initiated, single-center, open-label, phase 3 RCT with two parallel treatment groups, conducted at our...
Article
Introduction: Major hepatectomy for perihilar and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is often associated with a significant intraoperative blood loss and the requirement for perioperative transfusion of blood products. The aim of this study was to investigate the oncological impact of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) transfusion during hospitalization...
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Background Although machine perfusion (MP) is being increasingly adopted in liver transplantation (LT), indications, timing and modality are debated. Methods To investigate current indications for MP a web-based Google Forms® survey was launched in January 2021 and addressed to 127 experts in the field, identified among first and corresponding Aut...
Article
Liver transplantation for malignant disease has gained increasing attention as part of transplant oncology. Following the implementation of the Milan criteria, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was the first generally accepted indication for transplantation in patients with cancer. Subsequently, more liberal criteria for HCC have been developed, and r...
Article
The oncological role of the density of nerve fibers (NFs) in the tumor microenvironment (TME) in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) remains to be determined. Therefore, data of 95 iCCA patients who underwent hepatectomy between 2010 and 2019 was analyzed regarding NFs and long-term outcome. Extensive group comparisons were carried out and the a...
Article
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Surgery for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is associated with a high rate of recurrence even after complete resection. To achieve acceptable results, preoperative patient selection is crucial. Hence, we aimed to identify preoperative characteristics with prognostic value focusing on certain radiological features. Patients who underwent hepa...
Article
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Body composition and myosteatosis affect clinical outcomes in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Here we aimed to compare the value and limitations of various selection criteria to define pre-transplant myosteatosis in the assessment of short- and long-term outcomes following OLT. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 264 consecutive recipie...
Article
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Background Liver transplantation is still associated with a high risk of severe complications and postoperative mortality. This study examines the predictive value of the preoperative C-reactive-protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR) regarding perioperative morbidity and mortality in deceased-donor liver transplantation (DDLT) recipients. Methods In total...
Article
Introduction:Although advances in understanding the molecular basis of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) have been made, surgery is the only curative therapy option and the overall prognosis of patients suffering from the disease remains poor. Therefore, estimation of prognosis based on known and novel biomarkers is essential for therapy guidance of CCA in...
Article
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Introduction: Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA) is a biliary tract cancer with a dismal prognosis, with surgery being the only chance of cure. A characteristic aggressive biological feature of pCCA is perineural growth which is defined by the invasion of cancer cells to nerves and nerve fibers. Recently, nerve fiber density (NFD) was linked to o...
Article
Background While a certain degree of tumor infiltration of the portal vein is common in patients scheduled for surgery with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA), complete tumor-associated portal vein occlusion (PVO) is less frequently observed. Here, we analyzed the impact of PVO on perioperative and oncological outcomes in pCCA patients. Methods B...
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This study aimed to identify cut‐off values for donor risk index (DRI), Eurotransplant (ET)‐DRI, and balance of risk (BAR) scores that predict the risk of liver graft loss. MEDLINE and Web of Science databases were searched systematically and unrestrictedly. Graft loss odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were assessed by meta‐analyses using Ma...
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Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a multifactorial phenomenon which has been associated with adverse clinical outcomes. IRI related tissue damage is characterized by various chronological events depending on the experimental model or clinical setting. Despite the fact that IRI research has been in the spotlight of scientific interest for...
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Eosinophils are a myeloid cell subpopulation that mediates type 2 T helper cell immune responses. Unexpectedly, we identified a rapid accumulation of eosinophils in 22 human liver grafts after hepatic transplantation. In contrast, no eosinophils were detectable in healthy liver tissues before transplantation. Studies with two genetic mouse models o...
Article
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Abdominal infections including cholangitis represent a major problem in patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA). Thus, we investigated bacterial colonization of the bile ducts and determined its impact on postoperative outcome focusing on abdominal infections. A cohort of 95 pCCA patients who underwent surgery between 2010 and 2019 with a...
Article
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Purpose No consensus exists regarding the most appropriate staging system to predict overall survival (OS) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in surgical candidates. Thus, we aimed to determine the prognostic ability of eight different staging systems in a European cohort of patients undergoing liver resection for HCC. Methods Patients resected fo...
Article
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Simple Summary: Hepatocellular carcinoma remains a leading cause of cancer-related death and the most common primary hepatic malignancy in the Western hemisphere. Previous research found that angiogenesis-related cytokines and elevated levels of interleukin 8 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) shorten the expected time of survival. Moreo...
Article
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Hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion (HOPE) was recently tested in preclinical trials in kidney transplantation (KT). Here we investigate the effects of HOPE on extended-criteria-donation (ECD) kidney allografts (KA). Fifteen ECD-KA were submitted to 152 ± 92 min of end-ischemic HOPE and were compared to a matched group undergoing conventional-...
Article
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Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) using allografts from donation after circulatory death (DCD) is potentially associated with compromised clinical outcomes due to ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI)-induced organ damage and graft-related complications. The aim of this study was to provide in vivo data on the effects of adenosine A 2a receptor st...
Article
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In the present era of organ transplantation with critical organ shortage, various strategies are employed to expand the pool of available allografts for kidney transplantation (KT). Even though, the use of allografts from extended criteria donors (ECD) could partially ease the shortage of organ donors, ECD organs carry a potentially higher risk for...
Article
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Background: Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) and two stage hepatectomy with inter-stage portal vein embolization (TSH/PVE) are surgical maneuvers applied in patients with advanced malignancies considered unresectable by means of conventional liver surgery. The aim of this report is to compare the...
Article
Background Major liver resection has evolved as the mainstay of treatment for patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA). Here we assessed the suitability of preoperative future liver remnant (FLR) measurement to predict perioperative complications, since surgical morbidity and mortality are high compared to other malignancies. Methods Betw...
Article
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Background The reduction of perioperative morbidity is a main surgical goal in patients undergoing partial hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we investigated clinical determinants of perioperative morbidity in a European cohort of patients undergoing surgical resection for HCC.MethodsA total 136 patients who underwent partial hep...
Article
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This study aims to provide a deep insight into the incidence and clinical significance of postoperative anastomotic leakage (AL) and anastomotic stenosis (AS) of the hepaticojejunostomy (HJ) after curative-intent liver resection for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA). Between 2011 and mid-2019, 114 patients with pCCA underwent surgery in curative...
Article
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Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) constitutes a significant source of morbidity and mortality after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). The allograft is metabolically impaired during warm and cold ischemia and is further damaged by a paradox reperfusion injury after revascularization and reoxygenation. Short-term and long-term complications inc...
Article
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Background: Malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) is commonly associated with the presence of peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) and preferably treated by surgical gastrojejunostomy (GJJ) in patients with good performance. Here, we aim to investigate the role of PC as a risk factor for perioperative morbidity and mortality in patients with GOO un...
Article
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Purpose Surgical resection constitutes the mainstay of curative treatment for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA). Complete tumor clearance can only be achieved with extended liver resections and as such, associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) may facilitate surgical resectability. The present study a...
Article
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The present study aimed to investigate the effects of intestinal remote ischemic preconditioning (iRIC) on ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) and gut barrier integrity in a rat model of total hepatic ischemia (THI). Male Wistar rats (n = 50; 250–300 g) were randomly allocated into two experimental groups: RIC/Control. Thirty minutes of THI was induc...
Article
Background Platelets (PLT) play an essential functional role in cellular injury and liver regeneration following partial hepatectomy and orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Here, we investigated the association of postoperative PLT counts with short- and long-term outcomes in adult OLT recipients. Methods Three hundred consecutive patients fro...
Article
Background Major liver resections with portal vein resection (PVR) have emerged as the preferred treatment for patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA). Whether the resection of the liver should be preferably performed as left- (LH) or right-sided hepatectomy (RH) with or without hilar en-bloc technique is still subject of ongoing debate....
Article
Background: In the face of critical organ shortage, several machine perfusion (MP) strategies have been developed aiming at reconditioning of poor-quality extended criteria donor (ECD) allografts. Among these, hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion (HOPE) has emerged as a promising and novel technique in preclinical trials. Methods: Two ECD ki...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Kidney transplantation is the only curative treatment option for end-stage renal disease. The unavailability of adequate organs for transplantation has resulted in a substantial organ shortage. As such, kidney donor allografts that would have previously been deemed unsuitable for transplantation have become an essential organ pool of ext...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Kidney transplantation is the only curative treatment option for end-stage renal disease. The unavailability of adequate organs for transplantation has resulted in a substantial organ shortage. As such, kidney donor allografts that would have previously been deemed unsuitable for transplantation have become an essential organ pool of e...