Zissimos Mourelatos

Zissimos Mourelatos
University of Pennsylvania | UP · Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

M.D.

About

168
Publications
20,408
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
12,419
Citations

Publications

Publications (168)
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma is the most common aggressive adult brain tumor. Numerous studies have reported results from either private institutional data or publicly available datasets. However, current public datasets are limited in terms of: a) number of subjects, b) lack of consistent acquisition protocol, c) data quality, or d) accompanying clinical, demogra...
Chapter
CLIP-Seq (Deep Sequencing after in vivo Crosslinking and Immunoprecipitation, HITS-CLIP) has emerged as a key method for the study of RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), as it can scrutinize the RNAs bound by an RBP in vivo, with minimum manipulation of biological samples. CLIP-Seq is best used to reveal changes of the RNA cargo of an RBP and differences...
Article
Full-text available
Direct sequencing of single, native RNA molecules through nanopores has a strong potential to transform research in all aspects of RNA biology and clinical diagnostics. The existing platform from Oxford Nanopore Technologies is unable to sequence the very 5′ ends of RNAs and is limited to polyadenylated molecules. Here, we develop True End-to-end R...
Article
Full-text available
We report a 57-year-old man with recurrent meningoencephalitis resulting in bouts of altered consciousness, encephalopathy, tremors, focal seizures, and paraparesis. The neurological manifestations were accompanied by fever and leukocytosis in the absence of other systemic manifestations. MRI abnormalities of the brain, brainstem, spinal cord and m...
Article
Full-text available
Aub guided by piRNAs ensures genome integrity by cleaving retrotransposons, and genome propagation by trapping mRNAs to form the germplasm that instructs germ cell formation. Arginines at the N-terminus of Aub (Aub–NTRs) interact with Tudor and other Tudor domain–containing proteins (TDRDs). Aub–TDRD interactions suppress active retrotransposons vi...
Article
BACKGROUND Microscopic features of brain tumors, such as tumor cell morphology, type/degree of microvascular hyperplasia, mitotic activity, and extent of zonal/geographic necrosis, among many others, are measurable and reflect underlying molecular markers that are predictive of patient prognosis, signifying that quantitative analysis may provide in...
Article
INTRODUCTION Large number of diverse imaging [e.g., multi-parametric MRI (mpMRI), and digital pathology images] and non-imaging (e.g., clinical) biomedical data streams are being routinely acquired as part of the standard clinical workflow for glioblastoma patients. However, under the current clinical practice, these data streams are not collective...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cancer histology reveals disease progression and associated molecular processes, and contains rich phenotypic information that is predictive of outcome. In this paper, we developed a computational approach based on deep learning to predict the overall survival and molecular subtypes of glioma patients from microscopic images of tissue biopsies, ref...
Preprint
Full-text available
Both radiographic (Rad) imaging, such as multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging, and digital pathology (Path) images captured from tissue samples are currently acquired as standard clinical practice for glioblastoma tumors. Both these data streams have been separately used for diagnosis and treatment planning, despite the fact that they provid...
Article
Advances in RNA-sequencing methods have uncovered many aspects of RNA metabolism but are limited to surveying either the 3ʹ or 5ʹ terminus of RNAs, thus missing mechanistic aspects that could be revealed if both ends were captured. We developed Akron sequencing (Akron-seq), a method that captures in parallel the native 5ʹ ends of uncapped, polyaden...
Article
The microRNA (miRNA) locus miR-144/451 is abundantly expressed in erythrocyte precursors, facilitating their terminal maturation and protecting against oxidant stress. However, the full repertoire of erythroid miR-144/451 target messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and associated cellular pathways is unknown. In general, the numbers of mRNAs predicted to be targ...
Article
In this issue of Molecular Cell, Gainetdinov et al. (2018) show that PIWI proteins direct both piRNA biogenesis and piRNA function in most animals.
Preprint
Full-text available
MicroRNA precursors (pre-miRNAs) are short hairpin RNAs that are rapidly processed into mature microRNAs (miRNAs) in the cytoplasm. Due to their low abundance in cells, sequencing-based studies of pre-miRNAs have been limited. We successfully enriched for and deep sequenced pre-miRNAs in human cells by capturing these RNAs during their interaction...
Article
Full-text available
mRNAs transmit the genetic information that dictates protein production and are a nexus for numerous pathways that regulate gene expression. The prevailing view of canonical mRNA decay is that it is mediated by deadenylation and decapping followed by exonucleolysis from the 3' and 5' ends. By developing Akron-seq, a novel approach that captures the...
Chapter
HITS-CLIP (High-Throughput Sequencing after in vivo Crosslinking and Immunoprecipitation, CLIP-Seq) libraries contain fragments of the RNA sequences bound in vivo by an RNA binding protein (RBP). Such fragments, especially if they represent RNA duplexes bound in vivo by the RBP, can occasionally be ligated together to form chimeric CLIP tags. Chime...
Article
The GD2 ganglioside, which is abundant on the surface of neuroblastoma cells, is targeted by an FDA-approved therapeutic monoclonal antibody and is an attractive tumor-associated antigen for cellular immunotherapy. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-modified T cells can have potent antitumor activity in B-cell malignancies, and trials to harness this...
Poster
Full-text available
Poster presentation from the 31st Annual Meeting and Associated Programs of the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer.
Article
PIWI family proteins bind to small RNAs known as PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) and play essential roles in the germline by silencing transposons and by promoting germ cell specification and function. Cell lines that endogenously express piRNAs and PIWI proteins are an invaluable complement to whole-organism studies as they facilitate molecular and...
Article
Full-text available
The conserved Piwi family of proteins and piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) have a central role in genomic stability, which is inextricably linked to germ-cell formation, by forming Piwi ribonucleoproteins (piRNPs) that silence transposable elements. In Drosophila melanogaster and other animals, primordial germ-cell specification in the developing emb...
Article
Immunoprecipitation of RNA binding proteins (RBPs) after in vivo crosslinking coupled with sequencing of associated RNA footprints (HITS-CLIP, CLIP-seq), is a method of choice for the identification of RNA targets and binding sites for RBPs. Compared with RNA-seq, CLIP-seq analysis is widely diverse and depending on the RBPs that are analyzed, the...
Article
Full-text available
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are an important class of small RNAs that regulate gene expression posttranscriptionally through the microRNP (miRNP)/RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC). The core component of miRNPs is an Argonuate protein that directly binds to a miRNA. In mammals, most miRNPs are assembled through the miRNA loading complex (miRLC), which is...
Article
Full-text available
Piwi-piRNA (Piwi-interacting RNA) ribonucleoproteins (piRNPs) enforce retrotransposon silencing, a function critical for preserving the genome integrity of germ cells. The molecular functions of most of the factors that have been genetically implicated in primary piRNA biogenesis are still elusive. Here we show that MOV10L1 exhibits 5'-to-3' direct...
Article
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) inhibit gene expression by recruiting the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) to specific sets of target mRNAs. However, it has been challenging to define precisely the miRNA-target mRNA interactions that occur within cells. One approach to rigorously characterizing these networks in cells of interest is to sequence mRNA fragmen...
Article
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are essential for regulation of gene expression. Though numerous miRNAs have been identified by high-throughput sequencing, few precursor miRNAs (pre-miRNAs) are experimentally validated. Here we report a strategy for constructing high-throughput sequencing libraries enriched for full-length pre-miRNAs. We find widespread and ext...
Article
Full-text available
Piwi proteins, such as Aubergine in Drosophila and Miwi and Mili in mice, form a major subclade of the Argonaute family, which comprise a distinct class of RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) able to bind small RNAs. Small RNAs can target complementary RNAs. Piwis are essential for the animal germline and bind Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) to form pi-Ribo...
Patent
Full-text available
Method of identifying a microRNA-recognition element and of generating microRNAs are disclosed. System and computer programs for performing such methods are disclosed. Recombinant nucleic acid molecule comprising a heterologous coding sequences and one or more MREs are also disclosed as are isolated nucleic acid molecule comprising one or more MRE...
Article
Full-text available
PIWI proteins and their associated PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) protect genome integrity by silencing transposons in animal germlines. The molecular mechanisms and components responsible for piRNA biogenesis remain elusive. PIWI proteins contain conserved symmetrical dimethylarginines (sDMAs) that are specifically targeted by TUDOR domain-contain...
Article
Full-text available
RNA binding proteins (RBPs) have emerged as major causative agents of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To investigate the function of TAF15, an RBP recently implicated in ALS, we explored its target RNA repertoire in normal human brain and mouse neurons. Coupling high-throughput sequencing of immunoprecipitated and crosslinked RNA with RNA sequ...
Article
Full-text available
Dominant mutations and mislocalization or aggregation of Fused in Sarcoma (FUS), an RNA-binding protein (RBP), cause neuronal degeneration in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD), two incurable neurological diseases. However, the function of FUS in neurons is not well understood. To uncover the impact of...
Article
Full-text available
Germ cells implement elaborate mechanisms to protect their genetic material and to regulate gene expression during differentiation. Piwi proteins bind Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), small germline RNAs whose biogenesis and functions are still largely elusive. We used high-throughput sequencing after cross-linking and immunoprecipitation (HITS-CLIP...
Article
Assembly of microRNA ribonucleoproteins (miRNPs) or RNA-induced silencing complexes (RISCs) is essential for the function of miRNAs and initiates from processing of precursor miRNAs (pre-miRNAs) by Dicer or by Ago2. Here, we report an in vitro miRNP/RISC assembly assay programmed by pre-miRNAs from mammalian cell lysates. Combining in vivo studies...
Article
Full-text available
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease affecting motor neurons. Mutations in related RNA-binding proteins TDP-43, FUS/TLS and TAF15 have been connected to ALS. These three proteins share several features, including the presence of a bioinformatics-predicted prion domain, aggregation–prone nature in vitro and in viv...
Article
Motor neuron diseases (MNDs) are neurodegenerative disorders that lead to paralysis and typically carry a dismal prognosis. In children, inherited spinal muscular atrophies are the predominant diseases that affect motor neurons, whereas in adults, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which is inherited but mostly sporadic, is the most common MND. In rece...
Article
Central nervous system (CNS) tumors in von Hippel-Lindau syndrome (VHL) include hemangioblastomas and metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinomas (Met CCRCC). While these tumors often show similar histologic features, differentiating them is of significant importance as Met CCRCC are higher-grade tumors with worse prognosis. No single current immun...
Article
Full-text available
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating and universally fatal neurodegenerative disease. Mutations in two related RNA-binding proteins, TDP-43 and FUS, that harbor prion-like domains, cause some forms of ALS. There are at least 213 human proteins harboring RNA recognition motifs, including FUS and TDP-43, raising the possibility that a...
Article
Full-text available
Piwi interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are small ( approximately 25 to approximately 30 nucleotide) and are expressed in the germline. piRNAs bind to the Piwi subclade of Argonaute proteins and form the core ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) of piRNPs. We describe a method for the massive identification of piRNAs from immunopurified piRNPs. This strategy may also...
Article
To report the first histopathologic description of optic nerve demyelination from tacrolimus (FK 506) toxicity in the absence of toxic levels of tacrolimus in a patient presenting with asymmetric bilateral visual loss after 5 years of tacrolimus therapy. We report a patient status post cardiac and renal transplantation who developed severe, progres...
Article
Full-text available
In Drosophila melanogaster and many other metazoans, the specification of germ cells requires cytoplasmic inheritance of maternally synthesized RNA and protein determinants, which are assembled in electron-dense cytoplasmic structures known as germ or polar granules, found at the posterior end of the oocytes. Recent studies have shown that the form...
Article
Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) comprise a diverse group of RNAs that function in essential cellular processes such as pre-mRNA splicing and mRNA translation and also regulate various aspects of gene expression in physiology and development. Methods of subcellular and tissue localization of ncRNAs are essential to understand their biological roles and thei...
Article
We review the pertinent literature on methods used in high-throughput experimental identification of microRNA (miRNA) "targets" with emphasis on neurochemical studies. miRNAs are short regulatory noncoding RNAs that play important roles in the mammalian brain. The functions of miRNAs are related to their binding of RNAs including mRNAs. Since mamma...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have uncovered an unexpected relationship between factors that are essential for germline development in Drosophila melanogaster: the arginine protein methyltransferase 5 (dPRMT5/Csul/Dart5) and its cofactor Valois, methylate the Piwi family protein Aub, enabling it to bind Tudor. The RNA helicase Vasa is another essential protein in...
Article
Full-text available
Piwi proteins such as Drosophila Aubergine (Aub) and mouse Miwi are essential for germline development and for primordial germ cell (PGC) specification. They bind piRNAs and contain symmetrically dimethylated arginines (sDMAs), catalyzed by dPRMT5. PGC specification in Drosophila requires maternal inheritance of cytoplasmic factors, including Aub,...
Article
Full-text available
Transformation of normal cells into malignant tumors requires the acquisition of six hallmark traits, e.g., self-sufficiency in growth signals, insensitivity to antigrowth signals and self-renewal, evasion of apoptosis, limitless replication potential, angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis, which are common to all cancers (Hanahan and Weinberg 200...
Article
Full-text available
Piwi family proteins are essential for germline development and bind piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs 1 2 3). The grandchildless gene aub of Drosophila melanogaster encodes the piRNA-binding protein Aub that is essential for formation of primordial germ cells (PGCs) 4. Here we report that mouse, Xenopus laevis and Drosophila melanogaster Piwi family p...
Article
Full-text available
The human motor neuron degenerative disease spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress type 1 (SMARD1) is caused by loss of function mutations of immunoglobulin mu-binding protein 2 (IGHMBP2), a protein of unknown function that contains DNA/RNA helicase and nucleic acid-binding domains. Reduced IGHMBP2 protein levels in neuromuscular degener...
Article
Individual microRNA sequences can suppress the production of hundreds of proteins. Reduction of protein levels in this way is often modest, however, and many such RNAs probably collectively fine-tune gene expression.
Article
Full-text available
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate the expression of numerous genes and are implicated in the pathogenesis of many human diseases. miRNAs act as specificity determinants to guide deposition of microRNPs (miRNPs) onto miRNA recognition elements (MREs) that are found in mRNA targets. We have adapted a site-specific crosslinking approach, previously used in...