Žiga Turk

Žiga Turk
University of Ljubljana · Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering

PhD

About

175
Publications
42,199
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1,674
Citations

Publications

Publications (175)
Article
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Analogous to Industry 4.0, we have the advent of Construction 4.0, a transformative process wherein digital technology and digitalization affect every phase of the life cycle of construction projects, from the design and contracting phase to the construction, operation, maintenance, upgrade, and decommissioning ones. The progress of digitalization...
Article
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One of the key concepts of Construction 4.0 is cyber-physical systems. The construction industry is increasingly creating valuable digital assets, but it is also gradually using digital technology to plan, design, build, monitor, and control the physical ones. This makes construction sites and operations vulnerable to cyber-attacks. While the damag...
Article
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Digitalisation of the construction industry is exposing it to cybersecurity risks. All phases of construction can be affected. Particularly vulnerable are information-intensive phases such as building design and building operation. Construction is among the last industries that are discovering its cybersecurity risks and can rely on frameworks deve...
Article
Building information modelling (BIM) technology has been focusing on the creation, sharing and use of a comprehensive digital twin of the facility under construction or renovation. It is believed that a more comprehensive, structured and complete model would be better. The aim of this paper and the underlying research is to reaffirm the view that t...
Article
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Today, the built environment is designed, built, and managed using digital technology, making it increasingly exposed to cyber security risks. Cybersecurity is a general topic, and the construction sector has been borrowing general solutions and frameworks. However, the construction industry is specific and needs a specialized framework that would...
Article
Business and innovation models based on an idea of a digital platform have revolutionized information technology use in many consumer areas where uptake of IT would have otherwise been slow. Slow is also the uptake of information technology in construction. The hypothesis of this paper is that the delivery mechanism for technology has not been the...
Article
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This position paper outlines a number of key questions concerning BIM (Building Information Modelling), as well as the arguments and the historical background behind them. These include the incomplete theory of BIM, the reasons for the emergence of understanding BIM as a panacea for all ills in AECO (architecture, engineering, construction and oper...
Article
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Construction is trailing other industries in the adoption of information and communication technology (ICT). A major European project Digiplace is investigating if this problem could be addressed using digital platform technology. In the context of this project the current state, future goals and barriers in between have been researched through lit...
Article
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Throughout the history of human civilization, specialization and division of labour have been key factors of progress. They were made possible by the cooperation of ever-larger groups of people. Construction has been no exception. However, specialization leads to fragmentation - unless specialization is supported by approaches and technologies that...
Preprint
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The umbrella concept for the current efforts to digitize construction is known as Construction 4.0. One of its key concepts is cyber-physical systems. The construction industry is not only creating increasingly valuable digital assets (in addition to physical ones) but also the buildings and built infrastructures are increasingly monitored and cont...
Article
Industrial parks, science parks, university campuses, tourist complexes are springing up greatly in developing countries. Decision-making on equipment maintenance of these areas where facilities intensively locate differs from that of industrial systems or plants in two features: 1) it needs regular repetition and update because equipment replaceme...
Article
This paper introduces a new framework for understanding, modelling and software engineering in construction information activities. The current framework is based on understanding that products are the results of processes, which are performed by actors. Such frameworks are influenced by the available technology. The Internet of today is supporting...
Article
Building information models (BIM) provide a way to represent buildings and communicate about them. In teaching engineering, we also need representations of buildings and are communicating knowledge about them. While teaching engineering we refer to the very same real-world objects that have an explicit conceptualization in BIM. This explicit concep...
Article
Across Europe there is growing concern about populism. In this article populism is analysed through the lens of Jonathan Haidt’s moral foundation theory. People make choices, including political choices, based on their morals. Political families also base their policies on moral foundations. The article analyses this phenomenon and identifies both...
Article
After a reform of the doctoral study programme at the authors’ faculty in Slovenia, an introductory course on scientific research methods became mandatory. It includes the topic of information literacy and covers its five main elements according to ALA 2000 standards. A librarian/researcher runs the practical part. As this course has been running f...
Article
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The Internet has dramatically changed everyone's access to information, knowledge and other people. In many fields, this has resulted in an opening up of business models, products, services and organizations. Examples include open academic publishing, open software and open innovation. Experts are increasingly aware that a significant amount of kno...
Article
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Blockchain technology enables distributed, encrypted and secure logging of digital transactions. It is the underlying technology of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Blockchain is expected to revolutionize computing in several areas, particularly where centralization was unnatural and privacy was important. In the paper, we present research on wh...
Article
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The issue of ethics and responsibility is gaining attention among the creators of scientific policy, funding agencies and society at large. Responsible research is defined as research that aligns both the process and the outcomes with the values, needs and expectations of society. In an EU funded project “Responsible Research and Innovation in Info...
Article
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In collaborative engineering environments communication and information sharing among participants is essential for successful project delivery. Modern information technology is driving the world towards two divergent communication topologies: 1) the industry is driven towards a centralized one around an information model, 2) citizens using informa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The issue of ethics and responsibility is gaining attention among the creators of scientific policy, funding agencies and society at large. Responsible research is defined as research that aligns both its process and its outcomes with the values, needs and expectations of society. In the EU-funded project “Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI)...
Article
Full-text available
Building information modelling (BIM) has been a dominant topic in information technology in construction research since this memorable acronym replaced the boring “product modelling in construction” and the academic “conceptual modelling of buildings”. The ideal of having a complete, coherent, true digital representation of buildings has become a g...
Conference Paper
In this paper, we discuss digital literacy and preservice teacher education and reflect on the current state of web-based education and development of digital literacy in teacher education in Slovenia. The literacy context is discussed in the context of the Educational Technology course which is delivered in teacher education. The aim of this cours...
Article
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Recently building information models have substantially improved the explicit semantic content of design information. Information models are used to integrate the initial phases of project development. On the construction site, however, the designs are still mostly represented as line-based paper drawings or projections on portable displays. A gene...
Article
Traditional computer assisted learning is influenced by novel user interfaces, such as tangible user interfaces, support cognitive processes and concept modelling, assisted by multiple representation. The manipulative properties of the tangible user interface’s physical manipulatives, for example, enhance passage between physical and virtual repres...
Conference Paper
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Ontology of a scientific field typically includes a taxonomy that breaks up the field into several topics. The break-up is present in the organisation of information in books, libraries and on the Web. An on-line database of papers related to CAAD called CUMINCAD was created and it includes over 3000 papers with abstracts. They are available throug...
Conference Paper
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This paper describes the developments of the CUMINCAD database since 1999 when it was first presented and some statistical information, how the service is being used. CUMINCAD started as a bibliographic database storing meta information about CAADrelated publications. Recently, full texts are being added. The process of creation of electronic copie...
Conference Paper
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This paper deals with the efficiency of publication means within the scientific community. Scientists spend a substantial part of their total time in visiting meetings and conferences, reading publications, writing emails, etc. Thus any improvements in the communication processes, in particular technologies which minimize non-value adding activitie...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents developments concerning a digital library called CUMINCAD.ES, which includes CADrelated publications in Spanish language. CUMINCAD is an acronym for Cumulative Index on CAD and in this library only publications in English language are archived. While English may be the lingua franca of scientific communication, publications in o...
Conference Paper
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In the paper-based world, CAAD-associations, such as eCAADe, and scientific publishers aim at getting the right people together and for making sure their work gets distributed to their peers. Electronic networks, such as the Internet, are providing scientists with the means to pursue those activities on their own. In this paper we present the goals...
Conference Paper
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The scientific publication process has been so far only marginally affected by the possibilities of the Internet. This may be attributed to a lack of sound business models and pilots to demonstrate the ultimate benefits of free scientific publication. A team of universities, Internet publishers and applied research institutes proposes in the framew...
Conference Paper
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To researchers in every discipline, Internet is quickly becoming the dominating environment to do literature studies. Commercial bibliographic databases tend to be too general, are not up-to-date and require special skills and effort to be searched. On the other hand researchers also publish on the Web and collaboratively that can create indexes of...
Article
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Since 1989 the former socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe have been undergoing a transition from a more or less totalitarian political regime, planned economy and socialism towards a democratic regime, market economy and capitalism. This article examines the indicators that are used to measure the success or failure of a transition an...
Article
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Over the last decade, building information models (BIM) have become increasingly popular. Yet their use on construction sites where the digital materializes, is limited. A technology that can bridge the gap between the digital and the real world is augmented reality (AR). We analyze this gap and the AR potential and present how the component based...
Chapter
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The world is going through some profound changes: automation and general improvement of productivity is resulting in the abundance of industrial products, the domination of the West in global economy and politics is challenged by the rise of the BRICS economies, climate change is requiring a reconsideration of the energy system, particularly in Eur...
Article
The rapid development of information and communication technology (ICT) is perhaps the most influential driver that is fundamentally changing the world and the societies we live in. ICT is (a) changing the communication fabric that is linking the elements of societies together and is (b) automating human routine work. The latter is enabling automat...
Article
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Purpose of this paper is to give the theoretical and empirical insight into competences development for eParticipation through the web 2.0 facilitated societal forms. Findings are presented of a survey among students, who are facing in professional life the participatory spatial and environmental planning, based on web 2.0. Implementing the web 2.0...
Article
Educational technology and Information Communication Technology (ICT) play an important role in creating an effective and adaptable learning environment, especially when teaching students with Special Educational Needs (SEN). This includes students with a range of physical, sensory, communication or cognitive disabilities in learning. This research...
Article
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Razvoj znanosti spremlja tudi rast znanstvenih objav predvsem v obliki člankov v recenziranih znanstvenih revijah. Analizirali smo znanstvene članke na Univerzi v Ljubljani, Fakulteti za gradbeništvo in geodezijo na področju gradbeništva in geodezije v obdobju 2003 do 2008, njihovo, citiranost, načine objavljanja in odprto dostopnost. Analizo smo o...
Article
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The development of science is accompanied by the growth of scientific publications in the form of articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals. We analysed the scientific papers of the employees of the Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, University of Ljubljana, in the field of construction and geodesy for the period from 2003 to 2008, thei...
Conference Paper
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Article
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Over the past several centuries, the West has emerged as a global leader economically, militarily, scientifically and technologically. This article explores why it has been so successful in the past in order to determine where its strengths lie at a time when the West’s advantage is melting away. This article will argue that the West was the only c...
Article
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In Europe itself, the EU has been a success. But its new challenges are mostly global: the rise of Asia, climate change, the end of the industrial age, the information revolution and an ageing population. To address these effectively, the EU should draw strength from its values of human rights, freedom, democracy, equality and care for people and t...
Article
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Construction industry is in relatively early phase of adopting modern web-based technology, even though the web itself has already moved deep into its second phase. In this paper, common strategic points of key projects addressing the problem of engineering collaboration and communication since the mid 1990s are presented. Following this, common re...
Article
The implementation of information and communication technologies (ICT) in university curricula is important for the development of graduates' competences and their preparation for the labour market. ICT use encourages the development of collaboration, creativity, leadership, and other generic and subjectspecific competences. In this paper, the resu...
Article
Despite the fact that it has taken a long time for construction industry to enter the information era, information technologies significantly changed and still changes the way professionals in building and construction (BC) industry work. Consequently, construction industry is in relatively early phase of adopting web-based technology, even though...
Article
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The exchange of information between the different organisations and individuals involved in the different stages of a building's life cycle has always been an important, but at the same time a difficult task. A vast number of participants with different views of the same physical structure have to interact and exchange information through the whole...
Article
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The EU project InteliGrid (2004-2007) combined and extended the state-of-the-art research and technologies in the areas of semantic interoperability, virtual organisations and grid technology to provide diverse engineering industries with a collaboration platform for flexible, secure, robust, interoperable, pay-per-demand access to information, com...
Article
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Scientific publishing has undergone a number of paradigm shifts triggered by new technologies. The last technology leap, the world wide web, has made possible a new form of publishing called open access (OA), which places scholarly publications freely accessible for anyone on the web, using voluntary work and a variety of revenue models (other than...
Article
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: The EU project InteliGrid (2004-2007) combined and extended the state-of-the-art research and technologies in the areas of semantic interoperability, virtual organisations and grid technology to provide diverse engineering industries with a platform prototype with flexible, secure, robust, interoperable, pay-per-demand access to information, comm...
Article
Improvement of the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) product model management process is a long-term objective for the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) and the Facility Management (FM) field. Ontology centred environments may become the infrastructure for managing the IFC product models. The ontologies form the core of the semantic...
Article
This paper presents past and future research themes in construction informatics as perceived mostly by a community of researchers active in European Information Society projects. It is based on a survey that was conducted in the fall of 2003, mostly among the participants of these projects. The research themes are structured according to a topic ma...
Article
Today Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) with considerable number of implementations presents almost "de-facto" standard in the Building Information Modelling (BIM). The idea of architecture, engineering, construction and facility management (AEC-FM) software interoperability may be easy understandable but the current standard implementations perfor...
Article
A challenge for collaboration infrastructures is to support dynamic virtual organisations that collaborate on the design, production and maintenance of products that are described in complex structured product model databases. Such virtual organisations are typical for industries with long supply chains like automotive, shipbuilding and aerospace....
Chapter
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Information Technology in Architecture, Engineering and Construction (IT in AEC) is a niche topic, lacking critical mass in most faculties. Researchers are creating critical mass by intense international collaboration. The same is true for education about IT in AEC where critical mass can be achieved in a similar way. In 2004 the first students ent...
Chapter
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Construction informatics is a rather new topic in civil engineering and as such its rules of scientific investigation are not as mature as with topics with a longer tradition. The paper argues that construction informatics has elements in common with both natural sciences, mathematics, technology as well as humanities and therefore a broad scope of...
Conference Paper
In the global economy an increasingly popular concept of organization is that of a collaborative enterprise. An essential ingredient of such an enterprise is the information technology infrastructure that enable the coordination and the sharing of information and other resources. Grids have been proposed as the infrastructure for such organizations...
Article
Federated Digital Libraries (FDLs) unify metadata from geographically distributed digital libraries and implement advanced information retrieval services for the users. Currently, the growing number of users and digital libraries on the World Wide Web (WWW) as well as the use of computationally intensive indexing and search algorithms causes scalab...
Article
Federated Digital Libraries (FDLs) unify metadata from geographically distributed digital libraries and implement advanced information retrieval services for the users. Currently, the growing number of users and digital libraries on the World Wide Web (WWW) as well as the use of computationally intensive indexing and search algorithms causes scalab...
Conference Paper
Grid computing, in particular the semantic grid have been proposed as a solution to the interoperability problems of networked organizations. In most cases, this technology is considered as technology push by the computer science into the various fields of engineering and science. In this paper we examine the roadmap of networked organization to fi...
Chapter
In the past, some information technologies (IT) have quickly been adopted by the eng ineering practice while the implementation of others has been slower. In the paper. the author looks for a solid theoretical background that could be used to explain this difference and wam about possible obstacles in applying some technologies to civil and structu...
Article
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This paper proposes a definition, scope and topics of construction informatics—a discipline also known as ‘construction IT’ or ‘communication and information technologies in construction’. It presents its ontology that, together with methodology, epistemology and axiology, constitutes a formal definition of a scientific field. In philosophy, ontolo...
Article
Introduction This case study is based on the experiences with the Electronic Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon), founded in 1995. Development This journal is an example of a particular category of open access journals, which use neither author charges nor subscriptions to finance their operations, but rely largely on unpaid v...
Conference Paper
Construction informatics is a rather new topic in civil engineering and as such its rules of scientific investigation are not as mature as with topics with a longer tradition. The paper argues that construction informatics has elements in common with both natural sciences, mathematics, technology as well as humanities and therefore a broad scope of...
Article
Full-text available
Open access is a new model for the publishing of scientific journals enabled by the Internet, in which the published articles are freely available for anyone to read. During the 1990’s hundreds of individual open access journals were founded by groups of academics, supported by grants and unpaid voluntary work. During the last five years other type...
Article
The engineers of the industrial age created the transportation, water, power and other grids that provide the infrastructure of the civilized world. On the internet a new kind of grids are being set up -ones that are pulling together computing and communication resources to provide infrastructure for the digital economy. Civil engineers too can mak...
Conference Paper
Construction activities take place in what can be called a dynamic virtual organization (VO). VOs require a secure, reliable, scalable information infrastructure that allows collaboration and the sharing of information, computation and human resources. They need an infrastructure that would ensure the interoperability of their information systems w...
Article
Introducción. Este estudio de casos se basa en las experiencias con la Revista electrónica de Tecnología de la Información en Construcción "Electronic Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon)", fundada en 1995. Desarrollo. Esta revista es un ejemplo de una categoría especial de revistas de libre acceso, que no usan ni cargos a los...
Article
Conclusion: While the first level of information systems was built to assist humans in real world processes, the increasing complexity of the ITC infrastructures calls for a second level of information systems that will assist in making a better use of ITC. All business process roadmaps are foreseeing a strong role of ICT in the future. Semantic gr...
Article
Summary The paper summarizes a part of research carried out in ICCI project and provides a current review of ICT infrastructures supporting collaboration. It covers taxonomies, protocols, standards, components, typical subsystems as well as future trends and recommendation for two most important technologies with applications in AEC: (1) EIP (Enter...
Article
In the past, paper-based publications were both the medium for the information exchange among the scientists as well as the measure of their scientific quality. Recently electronic publication is increasingly important for the dissemination of scientific work, while evaluation of scientists and institutions remains largely based on the printed publ...
Article
This contribution issues an overview of the frame conditions for the utilization of Digital CAADRIA Proceedings representing in its entirety an important asset for the CAADcommunity. The process of the extended use of electronic copies of CAADRIA conference papers in pdf-format is described as well as the respective decisions taken in this context....
Article
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This article discusses the Cumulative Index of CAAD (CUMINCAD.SciX.net) - a digital library set up in 1998 serving the CAAD-community as an important source of scientific information. During the first stage, the metadata of CAAD-related conference proceedings were compiled and published on-line, including all abstracts and approximately 50% of the...