Zhong-Ping Feng

Zhong-Ping Feng
University of Toronto | U of T · Department of Physiology

MD, MSc, PhD

About

190
Publications
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5,056
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Publications

Publications (190)
Article
Full-text available
Sulfonylureas are ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel blockers commonly used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Activation of KATP channels plays a neuroprotective role in ischemia; thus, whether sulfonylureas affect the outcomes of stroke in patients with T2DM needs to be further studied. In our study, streptozotocin (STZ)-ind...
Article
Hypoxic preconditioning reduced infarct volume caused by neonatal hypoxic–ischemic injury.•Hypoxic preconditioning improved behavioral recovery following hypoxic–ischemic insults.•Neuroprotection induced by hypoxic preconditioning was mediated by KATP channels.
Article
Full-text available
Axotomized central neurons of most invertebrate species demonstrate a strong regenerative capacity, and as such may provide valuable molecular insights and new tools to promote axonal regeneration in injured mammalian neurons. In this study, we identified a novel molluscan protein, caltubin, ubiquitously expressed in central neurons of Lymnaea stag...
Article
Full-text available
The freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis (L. stagnalis) has served as a successful model for studies in the field of Neuroscience. However, a serious drawback in the molecular analysis of the nervous system of L. stagnalis has been the lack of large-scale genomic or neuronal transcriptome information, thereby limiting the use of this unique model. In...
Article
Full-text available
Neurite extension and branching are affected by activity-dependent modulation of intracellular Ca2+, such that an optimal window of [Ca2+] is required for outgrowth. Our understanding of the molecular mechanisms regulating this optimal [Ca2+]i remains unclear. Taking advantage of the large growth cone size of cultured primary neurons from pond snai...
Article
Transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) is a calcium-permeable ion channel implicated in neurodegenerative disorders and conditions. It is activated in response to reactive oxygen species (ROS) and thereby alters Ca2+ homeostasis and initiates pathways that lead to apoptosis and cell dysfunction. This review summarizes the current role of...
Article
Full-text available
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is characterized by motor impairment and dopaminergic neuronal loss. There is no cure for the disease, and treatments have several limitations. The transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2), a calcium-permeable non-selective cation channel, has been reported to be upregulated in neuronal death. However, there are no...
Article
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most prevalent and aggressive type of primary human brain tumors originating in the central nervous system. Despite the fact that current treatments involve surgery, chemotherapy (Temozolomide), and radiation therapy, the prognosis for patients diagnosed with GBM remains extremely poor. The standard treatment is not only u...
Article
Neuroinflammation is a key contributor to the pathogenic cascades induced by hypoxic-ischemic (HI) insult in the neonatal brain. AD-16 is a novel anti-inflammatory compound, recently found to exert potent inhibition of the lipopolysaccharide-induced production of pro-inflammatory and neurotoxic mediators. In this study, we evaluated the effect of A...
Article
Ryanodine receptors (RyR) located on the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), are a potent regulator of intracellular calcium levels upon activation. Dysregulated Ca²⁺ homeostasis is characteristic of hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury and ultimately leads to neurodegeneration. RyRs have thereby been implicated in the Ca²⁺ imbalance that occ...
Article
TRPM7 is a non-selective divalent cation channel with an alpha-kinase domain. Corresponding with its broad expression, TRPM7 has a role in a wide range of cell functions, including proliferation, migration, and survival. Growing evidence shows that TRPM7 is also aberrantly expressed in various cancers, including brain cancers. Because ion channels...
Article
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Regular blood pressure (BP) monitoring enables earlier detection of hypertension and reduces cardiovascular disease. Cuff-based BP measurements require equipment that is inconvenient for some individuals and deters regular home-based monitoring. Since smartphones contain sensors such as video cameras that detect arterial pulsations, they could also...
Article
In recent decades, technological advantages have allowed scientists to isolate medicinal compounds from marine organisms that exhibit unique structure and bioactivity. The mangrove fungus Xylaria sp. from the South China Sea is rich in metabolites and a potent therapeutic compound, xyloketal B, has been isolated in 2001. Since then, xyloketal B has...
Article
The phenotypic transformation of microglia in the ischemic penumbra determines the outcomes of ischemic stroke. Our previous study has shown that chemokine-like-factor 1 (CKLF1) promotes M1-type polarization of microglia. In this study, we investigated the cellular source and transcriptional regulation of CKLF1, as well as the biological function o...
Article
Newborns suffering from hypoxia-ischemia (HI) brain injury still lack effective treatment. Proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2) is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, which is highly correlated with transient ischemic brain injury in adult. In this study, we investigated the role of Pyk2 in neonatal HI brain injury. HI was induced in postnatal day 7 m...
Article
Full-text available
Ischemic stroke remains a devastating disease which is the leading cause of death worldwide. Visual impairment after stroke is a common complication which may lead to vision loss, greatly impacting life quality of patients. While ischemic stroke is traditionally characterized by a blockage of blood flow to the brain, this may coincide with reduced...
Article
Ion channels are ubiquitously expressed in almost all living cells, and are the third-largest category of drug targets, following enzymes and receptors. The transient receptor potential melastatin (TRPM) subfamily of ion channels are important to cell function and survival. Studies have shown upregulation of the TRPM family of ion channels in vario...
Article
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Background Waist circumference is becoming recognized as a useful predictor of health risks in clinical research. However, clinical datasets tend to lack this measurement and self-reported values tend to be inaccurate. Predicting waist circumference from standard physical features could be a viable method for generating this information when it is...
Article
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Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide and accounted for an estimated 9.6 million deaths, or 1 in 6 deaths, in 2018. Despite recent advances in cancer prevention, diagnosis, and treatment strategies, the burden of this disease continues to grow with each year, with dire physical, emotional, and economic consequences for all levels of...
Article
Full-text available
Transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7), a calcium-permeable, ubiquitously expressed ion channel, is critical for axonal development, and mediates hypoxic and ischemic neuronal cell death in vitro and in vivo. However, the downstream mechanisms underlying the TRPM7-mediated processes in physiology and pathophysiology remain unclear. In th...
Article
Objective: Serum protein concentrations are diagnostically and prognostically valuable in cancer and other diseases, but their measurement via blood test is uncomfortable, inconvenient, and costly. This study investigates the possibility of predicting albumin, globulin, and albumin-globulin ratio from easily accessible physical characteristics (he...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with continual decline in cognition and ability to perform routine functions such as remembering familiar places or understanding speech. For decades, amyloid beta (Aβ) was viewed as the driver of AD, triggering neurodegenerative processes such as inflammation and formation of neur...
Article
Full-text available
Background The pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis (L. stagnalis) has been widely used as a model organism in neurobiology, ecotoxicology, and parasitology due to the relative simplicity of its central nervous system (CNS). However, its usefulness is restricted by a limited availability of transcriptome data. While sequence information for the L. stagnali...
Article
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common malignant primary brain tumour originating in the CNS. Median patient survival is <15 months with standard treatment which consists of surgery alongside radiation therapy and temozolomide chemotherapy. However, because of the aggressive nature of GBM, and the significant toxicity of these adjuvant therapies, lo...
Article
Ion channels are the third largest class of targets for therapeutic drugs. The pharmacology of ion channels is an important research area for identifying new treatment options for human diseases. The past decade or so has seen increasing interest in an ion channel protein belonging to the transient receptor potential (TRP) family, namely the melast...
Article
Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia and resulting encephalopathies are of significant concern. Intrapartum asphyxia is a leading cause of neonatal death globally. Among surviving infants, there remains a high incidence of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy due to neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, manifesting as mild conditions including attention deficit...
Article
Cerebral edema is a pathological hallmark of various central nervous system (CNS) insults, including traumatic brain injury (TBI) and excitotoxic injury such as stroke. Due to the rigidity of the skull, edema-induced increase of intracranial fluid significantly complicates severe CNS injuries by raising intracranial pressure and compromising perfus...
Article
Full-text available
Glutamate-induced neurotoxicity is involved in various neuronal diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease. We have previously reported that glutamate attenuated the survival signaling of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) by N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) in cultured cortical neurons, which is viewed as a novel mechanism of glutamate-induced...
Article
Introduction Blood biomarkers are measured for their ability to characterize physiological and disease states. Much is known about linear relations between blood biomarker concentrations and individual vital signs or adiposity indexes (e.g., BMI). Comparatively little is known about non‐linear relations with these easily accessible features, partic...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The rupture of atherosclerotic plaques is essential for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Identification of the key genes related to plaque rupture is an important approach to predict the status of plaque and to prevent the clinical events. In the present study, we downloaded two expression profiles related to the rupture of ather...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. The pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis (L. stagnalis) has been widely used as a model organism in neurobiology, ecotoxicology, and parasitology due to the relative simplicity of its CNS. However, its usefulness is restricted by a limited availability of transcriptome data. While sequence information for the L. stagnalis CNS transcripts has be...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. The pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis (L. stagnalis) has been widely used as a model organism in neurobiology, ecotoxicology, and parasitology due to the relative simplicity of its central nervous system (CNS). However, its usefulness is restricted by a limited availability of transcriptome data. While sequence information for the L. stagnal...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. The pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis (L. stagnalis) has been widely used as a model organism in neurobiology, ecotoxicology, and parasitology due to the relative simplicity of its central nervous system (CNS). However, its usefulness is restricted by a limited availability of transcriptome data. While sequence information for the L. stagnal...
Article
Full-text available
In infants and children, neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury represents a major cause of chronic neurological morbidity. The transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2), a non-selective cation channel that conducts calcium, can mediate neuronal death following HI brain injury. An important endogenous activator of TRPM2 is H2O2, which...
Article
Gliomas are a group of brain cancers with high mortality and morbidity. Understanding the molecular mechanisms is important for the prevention or treatment of gliomas. The present study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of long noncoding RNA TRPM2-AS in gliomas proliferation, migration, and invasion. We first compared the levels of TRPM...
Article
Full-text available
Neuronal calcium sensor 1 (NCS-1) is a high-affinity calcium-binding protein and its ubiquitous expression in the nervous system implies a wide range of functions. To date, it has been implicated in regulation of calcium channels in both axonal growth cones and presynaptic terminals, pre- and postsynaptic plasticity mechanisms, learning and memory...
Article
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) are linked to regulating vascular/neuro-inflammation and stroke. Using a retrospective design, we investigated whether circulating Lp-PLA2 and SOD in cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) patients were associated with cognitive impairment. Eighty-seven CSVD patients wer...
Article
Background: Cuff-based blood pressure measurement lacks comfort and convenience. Here, we examined whether blood pressure can be determined in a contactless manner using a novel smartphone-based technology called transdermal optical imaging. This technology processes imperceptible facial blood flow changes from videos captured with a smartphone ca...
Article
Background: Stress is a prevalent health problem in modern society. If experienced for long periods of time it can lead to immune dysfunctions. Thus, public health management practices must include the assessment of stress. In health management settings, electrocardiography (ECG) is routinely used to assess cardiovascular health and make inference...
Article
Full-text available
Williams syndrome (WS) and 7q11.23 duplication syndrome (Dup7q11.23) are neurodevelopmental disorders caused by the deletion and duplication, respectively, of ~ 25 protein-coding genes on chromosome 7q11.23. The general transcription factor 2I (GTF2I, protein TFII-I) is one of these proteins and has been implicated in the neurodevelopmental phenoty...
Article
There is tight interplay between Ca ²⁺ and Cl ⁻ flux that can influence brain tumour proliferation, migration and invasion. Glioma is the predominant malignant primary brain tumour, accounting for ˜80% of all cases. Voltage-gated Cl ⁻ channel family (ClC) proteins and Cl ⁻ intracellular channel (CLIC) proteins are drastically overexpressed in gliom...
Article
Full-text available
Xyloketal B is a natural compound isolated from the mangrove fungus, Xylaria sp. in the South China Sea. In the past decade, studies have shown that xyloketal B exhibits anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic abilities and may serve as a treatment for ischemic stroke. Xyloketal B has been shown to interact with both neurons and resid...
Article
Vascular dementia (VD) results from accumulated damage in the vascular system, which is characterized by progressive impairments in memory and cognition and is second only to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in prevalence among all types of dementia. In contrast to AD, there is no FDA-approved treatment for VD owing to its multiple etiologies. In this stud...
Article
Ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1), a saponin extracted from Panax ginseng, has been well documented to be effective against ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) neuronal injury. However, the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. In the present study, we investigated the roles of Nrf2 and miR-144 in the protective effects of Rg1 against I/R-induced neuronal injury. In OG...
Article
Pancreatic β-cell Tcf7l2 deletion or its functional knockdown suggested the essential role of this Wnt pathway effector in controlling insulin secretion, glucose homeostasis, and β-cell gene expression. As the LIM homeodomain protein Isl1 is a suggested Wnt pathway downstream target, we hypothesize that it mediates metabolic functions of Tcf7l2. We...
Article
Full-text available
ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels are ubiquitously expressed on the plasma membrane of cells in multiple organs, including the heart, pancreas and brain. KATP channels play important roles in controlling and regulating cellular functions in response to metabolic state, which are inhibited by ATP and activated by Mg-ADP, allowing the cell to c...
Article
Stroke can lead to long-term neurological deficits. Adult neurogenesis, the continuous generation of newborn neurons in distinct regions of the brain throughout life, has been considered as one of the appoaches to restore the neurological function following ischemic stroke. However, ischemia-induced spontaneous neurogenesis is not suffcient, thus c...
Article
Full-text available
Activation of swelling-induced Cl− current (ICl,swell) during neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) may induce brain damage. Hypoxic-ischemic brain injury causes chronic neurological morbidity in neonates as well as acute mortality. In this study, we investigated the role of ICl,swell in hypoxic-ischemic brain injury using a selective blocker, 4-(2-butyl-...
Article
Full-text available
D2 dopamine receptor-mediated suppression of synaptic transmission from interneurons plays a key role in neurobiological functions across species, ranging from respiration to memory formation. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of D2 receptor-dependent suppression using soma-soma synapse between respiratory interneuron VD4 and LPeD1 in t...
Article
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Stroke is one of the leading causes of mortality and disability worldwide. Uncovering the cellular and molecular pathophysiological processes in stroke have been a top priority. Long non-coding (lnc) RNAs play critical roles in different kinds of diseases. In recent years, a bulk of aberrantly expressed lncRNAs have been screened out in ischemic st...
Article
Full-text available
Stroke is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide, yet novel therapeutic treatments for this condition are lacking. This review focuses on the roles of the transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) ion channels in cellular damage following hypoxia-ischemia and their potential as a future therapeutic target for stroke. H...
Article
Introduction: Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) was previously thought as a cause of atypical Parkinsonism. Although Cystatin C (Cys C) and low-density cholesterol lipoprotein-C (LDL-C) are known to play critical roles in Parkinsonism, it is unknown whether they can be used as markers to distinguish PSP patients from healthy subjects and to det...
Article
Full-text available
Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are intracellular calcium-release channels found on the endoplasmic reticulum of all cells. All three RyR isoforms, RyR1–3, are expressed in the brain, with RyR2 predominating. RyRs are localized within the soma, axons, dendritic spines, and presynaptic terminals of neurons. RyRs are highly expressed in the cerebellum, hi...
Article
Background: Ischemic stroke is a multifactorial neurologic injury that causes mortality and disability worldwide. Poststroke depression is the most important neuropsychiatric consequence of stroke. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor is a neurotrophin family member that plays key role in regulating neuron survival and differentiation. Studies found...
Article
Activity-dependent transcription factors critically coordinate the gene expression program underlying memory formation. The tumour suppressor gene, MEN1, encodes a ubiquitously expressed transcription regulator required for synaptogenesis and synaptic plasticity in invertebrate and vertebrate central neurons. In this study, we investigated the role...
Article
Full-text available
Munc18-1/UNC-18 is believed to prime SNARE-mediated membrane fusion, yet the underlying mechanisms remain enigmatic. Here, we examine how potential gain-of-function mutations of Munc18-1/UNC-18 affect locomotory behavior and synaptic transmission, and how Munc18-1-mediated priming is related to Munc13-1/UNC-13 and Tomosyn/TOM-1, positive and negati...
Article
Transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2), a calcium-permeable non-selective cation channel, is reported to mediate brain damage following ischemic insults in adult mice. However, the role of TRPM2 channels in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury remains unknown. We hypothesize that TRPM2+/− and TRPM2−/− neonatal mice have reduced hypoxic...
Article
Carvacrol is a monoterpene that has been linked to neuroprotection in several animal models of neurodegeneration, including ischemia, epilepsy and traumatic neuronal injury. In this study, we investigated the effects of carvacrol (i.p.) upon the neurodegeneration induced by 6-hydroxy-dopamine unilateral intrastriatal injections in mice. We have als...
Article
Aims: Glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β) is activated following hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury. TDZD-8 is a specific GSK-3β inhibitor. Currently, the impact of inhibiting GSK-3β in neonatal HI injury is unknown. We aimed to investigate the effect of TDZD-8 following neonatal HI brain injury. Methods: Unilateral common carotid artery ligati...
Article
Glioblastoma (GBM) remains as the most common and aggressive brain tumor. The survival of GBM has been linked to the aberrant activation of swelling-induced chloride current ICl,swell. In this study, we investigated the effects of ICl,swell on cell viability, proliferation and migration in the human GBM cell lines, U251 and U87, using a combination...
Chapter
Transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) channels are calcium-permeable nonselective cation channels. TRPM7 channels are widely expressed in different tissues including the brain and are thought to regulate calcium homeostasis based on the metabolic state of the cell. TRPM7 partakes in a wide range of processes in cell biology that affects...
Chapter
ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels are known as the potassium-conducting channels coupling cellular metabolic status to membrane electrical activity. Either an increase in ADP or decrease in ATP levels opens KATP channels and hyperpolarizes the membrane potential. Knocking out the inward rectifier K+ channel (Kir6.2) subunit of the KATP channe...
Article
Full-text available
Learning and memory formation are essential physiological functions. While quiescent neurons have long been the focus of investigations into the mechanisms of memory formation, there is increasing evidence that spontaneously active neurons also play key roles in this process and possess distinct rules of activity-dependent plasticity. In this study...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma (GBM), the most common and aggressive brain tumor in the central nervous system, remains a lethal diagnosis with a median survival of < 15 months. Aberrant expression of the TRPM7 channel has been linked to GBM functions. In this study, using the human GBM cell line U87, we evaluated the TRPM7 activator naltriben on GBM viability, migr...