Zhiyong Xi

Zhiyong Xi
Michigan State University | MSU · Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics

PhD

About

146
Publications
19,510
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
7,731
Citations
Citations since 2017
41 Research Items
4139 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
Additional affiliations
January 2008 - present
Michigan State University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2008 - August 2019
Michigan State University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (146)
Article
Full-text available
The strong suppression of Aedes albopictus on two Guangzhou islands in China has been successfully achieved by releasing males with an artificial triple-Wolbachia infection. However, it requires the use of radiation to sterilize residual females to prevent population replacement. To develop a highly effective tool for dengue control, we tested a st...
Article
Full-text available
Biological control of mosquito vectors using the endosymbiotic bacteria Wolbachia is an emerging strategy for the management of human arboviral diseases. We recently described the development of a strain of Aedes aegypti infected with the Wolbachia strain wAlbB (referred to as the wAlbB2-F4 strain) through simple backcrossing of wild type Australia...
Article
Full-text available
The ability of the maternally transmitted endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia to induce cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) and virus blocking makes it a promising weapon for combatting mosquito-borne diseases through either suppression or replacement of wild-type populations. Recent field trials show that both approaches significantly reduce the incide...
Article
Full-text available
Background The combination of Wolbachia -based incompatible insect technique (IIT) and radiation-based sterile insect technique (SIT) can be used for population suppression of Aedes aegypti . Our main objective was to evaluate whether open-field mass-releases of w AlbB-infected Ae . aegypti males, as part of an Integrated Vector Management (IVM) pl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Biological control of mosquito vectors using the insect-specific bacteria Wolbachia is an emerging strategy for the management of human arboviral diseases. We recently described the development of a strain of Ae. aegypti infected with the Wolbachia strain wAlbB (referred to as the wAlbB2-F4 strain) through simple backcrossing of wild type Australia...
Article
Background: Wolbachia has been developed as an effective tool to suppress insect pests and arbovirus transmission. Recently, the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens, a serious agricultural pest, has been successfully transinfected with Wolbachia wStri strain from Laodelphax striatellus. However, before conducting the field experiments, the impact...
Article
Full-text available
The endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia is being developed as a tool to suppress mosquito populations and their transmitted pathogens, with successful field trials in multiple countries having resulted in efforts to scale up the capacity to mass-produce mosquitoes for release. However, major challenges exist to achieving this goal, including concerns...
Article
Progress has been made in developing the maternally inherited endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia as a tool for protecting humans from mosquito-borne diseases. In contrast, Wolbachia-based approaches have not yet been developed for the protection of plants from insect pests and their associated diseases, with a major challenge being the establishment...
Article
Symbiotic microorganisms in invertebrates play vital roles in host ecology and evolution. Cardinium, a common intracellular symbiont, is transinfected into the important agricultural pest Nilaparvata lugens (rice brown planthopper) to regulate its reproduction, but how this impacts its microbial community is unknown. Here, we characterized the bact...
Article
Full-text available
Combined incompatible and sterile insect technique (IIT-SIT) has been considered to be an effective and safe approach to control mosquito populations. Immobilization of male adults by chilling is a crucial process required for the packing, transportation and release of the mosquitoes during the implementation of IIT-SIT for mosquito control. In thi...
Article
Full-text available
As traditional approaches to the control of dengue and Zika are insufficient, significant efforts have been made to develop utilization of the endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia to reduce the ability of mosquitoes to transmit pathogens. Although Wolbachia is known to inhibit flaviviruses in mosquitoes, including dengue virus (DENV) and Zika virus (Z...
Article
Full-text available
Successful field trials have been reported as part of the effort to develop the maternally transmitted endosymbiontic bacteria Wolbachia as an intervention agent for controlling mosquito vectors and their transmitted diseases. In order to further improve this novel intervention, artificially transinfected mosquitoes must be optimized to display max...
Article
Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae), being the primary vector of pathogenic arboviruses, is a target for the development of novel genetic approaches to complement current conventional vector control strategies such as the combined sterile insect and incompatible insect technique (SIT/IIT). A transinfected line of Ae. aegypti carrying the wAlbB Wo...
Article
The brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Hemiptera), is a major pest of rice crops in Asia. Artificial transinfections of Wolbachia have recently been used for reducing host impacts, but transinfections have not yet been undertaken with another important endosymbiont, Cardinium . This endosymbiont can manipulate the reproduction of hosts through...
Article
Symbiont-mediated nutritional mutualisms can contribute to the host fitness of insects, especially for those that feed exclusively on nutritionally unbalanced diets. Here, we elucidate the importance of B group vitamins in the association of endosymbiotic bacteria Wolbachia with two plant-sap feeding insects, the small brown planthopper, Laodelphax...
Article
Full-text available
The radiation-based sterile insect technique (SIT) has successfully suppressed field populations of several insect pest species, but its effect on mosquito vector control has been limited. The related incompatible insect technique (IIT)—which uses sterilization caused by the maternally inherited endosymbiotic bacteria Wolbachia—is a promising alter...
Article
Full-text available
As an important vector of dengue and Zika, Aedes albopictus has been the fastest spreading invasive mosquitoes in the world over the last 3-4 decades. Cold tolerance is important for survival and expansion of insects. Ae. albopictus adults are generally considered to be cold-intolerant that cannot survive at subzero temperature. However, we found t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mass egg production is an important component of Aedes albopictus mosquito control programs, such as the sterile insect technique and incompatible insect technique, which requires the releases of large number of sterile males. Developing standard operating procedures and optimized cages for adult maintenance of Ae. albopictus can impro...
Chapter
The endosymbiotic bacteria Wolbachia have long been promoted as an agent to modify mosquito vector populations, making them refractory to the human pathogens they transmit. This is because Wolbachia are able to both successfully invade wild insect populations and to reduce mosquito vector competence for malaria, dengue, Zika virus, and other pathog...
Article
Full-text available
Background Standardized larval rearing units for mosquito production are essential for the establishment of a mass-rearing facility. Two larval rearing units, developed respectively by the Guangzhou Wolbaki Biotech Co. Ltd. (Wolbaki) and Insect Pest Control Laboratory, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture (FAO/IAEA-...
Article
Full-text available
A host’s immune system plays a central role in shaping the composition of the microbiota and, in return, resident microbes influence immune responses. Symbiotic associations of the maternally transmitted bacterium Wolbachia occur with a wide range of arthropods. It is, however, absent from the dengue and Zika vector mosquito Aedes aegypti in nature...
Article
Full-text available
Author summary Aedes albopictus, the Asian Tiger Mosquito, is a highly invasive disease vector with a growing global distribution. Designing strategies to prevent invasion and to control Ae. albopictus populations in invaded regions requires knowledge of how Ae. albopictus disperses. Studies comparing Ae. albopictus populations have found little ev...
Data
Relationship between pairwise mtDNA Nei’s D estimates and geographic distance. Colour codes are the same as in Fig 3. No overall trend of IBD was observed. (TIF)
Data
Results of Mantel tests on mtDNA haplotypes. Mantel tests found no significant relationships between Rousset’s a and any of the variables representing barriers or network isolation. (XLSX)
Preprint
Full-text available
Aedes albopictus is a highly invasive disease vector with an expanding worldwide distribution. Genetic assays using low to medium resolution markers have found little evidence of spatial genetic structure even at broad geographic scales, suggesting frequent passive movement along human transportation networks. Here we analysed genetic structure of...
Article
Full-text available
The Varroa mite, (Varroa destructor), is the worst threat to honey bee health worldwide. To explore the possibility of using RNAi to control this pest, we determined the effects of knocking down various genes on Varroa mite survival and reproduction. Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) of six candidate genes (Da, Pros26S, RpL8, RpL11, RpP0 and RpS13) were...
Article
Full-text available
The endosymbiont Wolbachia wAlbB induces refractoriness to Plasmodium falciparum in Anopheles stephensi, the primary mosquito vector of human malaria in the Middle East and South Asia. However, it remains unknown whether such refractoriness can be extended to other malaria species. In particular, it was reported that under very specific conditions,...
Chapter
In the last decade, significant progress has been made in developing Wolbachia as a tool for controlling both dengue and malaria. We can call it the golden time of Wolbachia technology development because so many important milestones have been reached. These milestones include success in introducing Wolbachia into Aedes dengue vectors and the Anoph...
Article
Full-text available
The bacteria in the midgut of Anopheles stephensi adult females from laboratory colonies were studied by sequencing the V4 region of 16S rRNA genes, with respect to three experimental factors: stable or cured Wolbachia infection; sugar or blood diet; and age. Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes dominated the community [>90% of operational taxonomic un...
Article
Full-text available
Combination of the sterile insect technique with the incompatible insect technique is considered to be a safe approach to control Aedes albopictus populations in the absence of an accurate and scalable sex separation system or genetic sexing strain. Our previous study has shown that the triple Wolbachia-infected Ae. albopictus strain (wAlbA, wAlbB...
Data
Raw data supporting male mating competitiveness trials. This file contains all the raw data for this experiment. (XLSX)
Article
Full-text available
Rhodopsin-like G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are known to be involved in the GPCR signal transduction system and regulate many essential physiological processes in organisms. This study, for the first time, revealed that knockdown of the rhodopsin-like GPCR gene in resistant mosquitoes resulted in a reduction of mosquitoes' resistance to perm...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the absence of a perfect method for mosquito sex separation, the combination of the sterile insect technique and the incompatible insect technique is now being considered as a potentially effective method to control Aedes albopictus. In this present study first we examine the minimum pupal irradiation dose required to induce complete sterili...
Article
Full-text available
Wolbachia is a group of intracellular maternally inherited bacteria infecting a high number of arthropod species. Their presence in different mosquito species has been largely described, but Aedes aegypti, the main vector of Dengue virus, has never been found naturally infected by Wolbachia. Similarly, malaria vectors and other anophelines are norm...
Article
Full-text available
The mosquito species Aedes albopictus is a major vector of the human diseases dengue and chikungunya. Due to the lack of efficient and sustainable methods to control this mosquito species, there is an increasing interest in developing and applying the sterile insect technique (SIT) and the incompatible insect technique (IIT), separately or in combi...
Article
Full-text available
Background Wolbachia is a maternally transmitted intracellular bacterium that is estimated to infect up to 65% of insect species, but it is not naturally present in Anopheles malaria vectors. Wolbachia-based strategies for malaria vector control can be developed either through population replacement to reduce vectorial capacity or through populatio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The varroa mite, Varroa destructor, is the worst pest of the Western honey bee (Apis mellifera) and responsible for declines in honey bee populations worldwide. In this study we used RNA interference (RNAi) technology to disrupt the life cycle of varroa mites by either causing death or causing a reduction in reproduction. We tested the genes of Dau...
Article
Full-text available
Wolbachia is a maternally transmitted endosymbiotic bacterium that is estimated to infect up to 65% of insect species. The ability of Wolbachia to both induce pathogen interference and spread into mosquito vector populations makes it possible to develop Wolbachia as a biological control agent for vector-borne disease control. Although Wolbachia ind...
Article
Full-text available
Wolbachia is a maternally transmitted symbiotic bacterium of insects that has been proposed as a potential agent for the control of insect-transmitted diseases. One of the major limitations preventing the development of Wolbachia for malaria control has been the inability to establish inherited infections of Wolbachia in anopheline mosquitoes. Here...
Article
Full-text available
Wolbachia is a maternal transmitted endosymbiotic bacterium that is estimated to infect up to 65% of insect species. The ability of Wolbachia to both induce viral interference and spread into mosquito vector population makes it possible to develop Wolbachia as a biological control agent for dengue control. While Wolbachia induces resistance to deng...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual maturation and mating in insects are generally accompanied by major physiological and behavioural changes. Many of these changes are related to the need to locate a mate and subsequently, in the case of females, to switch from mate searching to oviposition behaviour. The prodigious reproductive capacity of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Cerati...
Data
Significantly enriched biological process gene ontology annotations among transcripts that showed changes in abundance in mated male heads compared to mature virgin male heads. (DOC)
Data
Transcripts that change in abundance in mature virgin males compared to immature virgin males. (DOC)
Data
Correlation of microarray changes of transcript abundance with real-time qRT-PCR for 12 genes (log2 transformed fold expression). (DOC)
Data
Significantly enriched biological process gene ontology annotations among transcripts that showed changes in abundance in mature virgin female heads compared to immature female heads. (DOC)
Data
Significantly enriched biological process gene ontology annotations among transcripts that showed changes in abundance in mature virgin male heads compared to immature male heads. (DOC)
Data
Transcripts that change in abundance in mated males with respect to mature virgin males. (DOC)
Data
Significantly enriched biological process gene ontology annotations among transcripts that showed changes in abundance in mated female heads compared to mature virgin female heads. (DOC)
Article
Full-text available
Wolbachia are maternally transmitted symbiotic bacteria that can spread within insect populations because of their unique ability to manipulate host reproduction. When introduced to nonnative mosquito hosts, Wolbachia induce resistance to a number of human pathogens, including dengue virus (DENV), Plasmodium, and filarial nematodes, but the molecul...
Data
Full-text available