Zhiming Cai

Zhiming Cai
Shenzhen Second People's Hospital · Department of Urology

About

447
Publications
49,495
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
16,044
Citations

Publications

Publications (447)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Kidney cancer is one of the most common solid tumors. The advancement of human kidney cancer research and treatment has been hindered by a lack of research models that faithfully recapitulate the diversity of the disease. Methods: We established an effective three-dimensional culture system for generating kidney cancer organoids from...
Article
Full-text available
Pig islet xenotransplantation is a potential treatment for patients with type 1 diabetes. Current efforts are focused on identifying the optimal pig islet source and overcoming the immunological barrier. The optimal age of the pig donors remains controversial since both adult and neonatal pig islets have advantages. Isolation of adult islets using...
Article
Full-text available
Upper tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUCs) are rare entities that are usually diagnosed at advanced stages. Research on UTUC pathobiology and clinical management has been hampered by the lack of models accurately reflecting disease nature and diversity. In this study, a modified organoid culture system is used to generate a library of 25 patient-der...
Article
Purpose: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is a highly aggressive disease, and approximately 30% of patients are diagnosed at the metastatic stage. Even with targeted therapies, the prognosis of advanced ccRCC is poor. The aim of this study was to investigate clinical prognosis signatures by analyzing the ccRCC datasets in The Cancer Genome...
Article
Full-text available
Patients with asthenozoospermia often present multiple defects in sperm functions apart from a decrease in sperm motility. However, the etiological factors underlying these multifaceted defects remain mostly unexplored, which may lead to unnecessary treatment and unsatisfactory assisted reproductive technologies (ART) outcome. Here, we showed that...
Article
Islet transplantation is poised to play an important role in the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). However, there are several challenges limiting its widespread use, including the instant blood‐mediated inflammatory reaction, hypoxic/ischemic injury, and the immune response. Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) are known to exert regen...
Article
Background: Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by T-cell-mediated destruction of insulin-producing beta cells. Evidence shows that patients with T1DM and mice used in specific diabetic models both exhibit changes in their intestinal microbiota and dysregulated microbiota contributes to the pathogenesis of T1DM. Is...
Article
Full-text available
The logical AND gate gene circuit based on the CRISPR-Cas9 system can distinguish bladder cancer cells from normal bladder epithelial cells. However, the layered artificial gene circuits have the problems of high complexity, difficulty in accurately predicting the behavior, and excessive redundancy, which cannot be applied to clinical translation....
Article
Full-text available
Background Real-time reverse transcription-PCR (rRT-PCR) has been the most effective and widely implemented diagnostic technology since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, fuzzy rRT-PCR readouts with high Ct values are frequently encountered, resulting in uncertainty in diagnosis. Methods A Specific Enhancer for PCR-amplified Nucleic...
Article
Full-text available
As a novel and robust gene-editing tool, the Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats CRISPR-associated protein 9 (CRISPR-Cas9) system has revolutionized gene therapy. Plasmid vector delivery is the most commonly used method for integrating the CRISPR-Cas9 system into cells. However, such foreign cytosolic DNAs trigger an innate im...
Article
Full-text available
Urothelial carcinoma (UC) is the predominant form of bladder cancer. Significant molecular heterogeneity caused by diverse molecular alterations brings about large variations in the response to treatment in UC. An improved understanding of the genetic mechanisms underlying the development and progression of UC is essential. Through deep analysis of...
Article
Full-text available
The elevated expression of immune checkpoints by the tumor microenvironment is associated with poor prognosis in several cancers due to the exhaustion of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), and the effective suppression of the expression of these genes is key to reversing the exhaustion of TILs. Herein, we determined that serine/arginine-rich sp...
Article
Full-text available
In the original article, we realized that an error occurred when we grouped the separate photos to generate the combined Figure 4 The same image was accidentally pasted twice in one figure, while we were not fully aware of the error at that time. We immediately reviewed the original data again and made sure that no changes need to be made in other...
Conference Paper
p>Bladder cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the urinary system. According to NIH statistics, the 5-year survival rate of bladder cancer patients has not improved since the last three decades. Tumor immunotherapy, such as PD-L1, CAR-T, and TCR-T, brings dawn to these patients. However, there are numerous factors affecting the clin...
Article
Full-text available
Lung cancer is an extremely heterogeneous disease and its treatment remains one of the most challenging tasks in medicine. Few existing laboratory lung cancer models can faithfully recapitulate the diversity of the disease and predict therapy response. Here, we establish 12 patient-derived organoids from the most common lung cancer subtype, lung ad...
Preprint
Full-text available
High Ct-values falling in the grey zone are frequently encountered in SARS-CoV-2 detection by real-time reverse transcription PCR (rRT-PCR) and have brought urgent challenges in diagnosis of samples with low viral load. Based on the single-stranded DNA reporter trans-cleavage activity by Cas12a upon target DNA recognition, we create a S pecific E n...
Article
The authors informed the journal that an error occurred in their manuscript.Figure 3C was mistakenly merged by the authors.The new version of the Figure 3C is as below.Reference:1. Meng Zhang, Xiuxiu Tan, Junjie Huang, Zekai Ke, Yukun Ge, Hu Xiong, Wei Lu, Lu Fang, Zhiming Cai, Song Wu: Association of 3 Common Polymorphisms of IL-27 Gene with Susce...
Article
Full-text available
Backgrounds Streptozotocin (STZ)‐ induced diabetic monkey is a wide used preclinical animal model for the investigation of diabetes such as islet transplantation and development of diabetic drugs. There are serious side effects of this method, including nausea, emesis, weight loss, liver damage, renal failure, and metabolic acidosis. In order to re...
Article
The discovery of the CRISPR systems has enriched the application of gene therapy and biotechnology. As a type of robust and simple toolbox, the CRISPR system has greatly promoted the development of cellular signal sensors at the genomic level. Although CRISPR systems have demonstrated that they can be used in eukaryotic and even mammalian cells aft...
Article
Full-text available
Pancreatic islet transplantation is a well-established therapeutic treatment for type 1 diabetes. The kidney capsule is the most commonly used site for islet transplantation in rodent models. However, the tight kidney capsule limits the transplantation of sufficient islets in large animals and humans. The inguinal subcutaneous white adipose tissue...
Article
Full-text available
Controversial results regarding the associations between aldose reductase (AR) genetic polymorphisms and diabetic retinopathy (DR) have been reported for many years. The present meta-analysis was performed to clarify the effects of the AR gene C(-106)T polymorphism on DR risk. The PubMed, Web of Sciences, Cochrane library, EMBASE, Chinese National...
Article
Full-text available
Caterpillar fungus is a well-known fungal Chinese medicine. To reveal molecular changes during early and late stages of adenosine biosynthesis, transcriptome analysis was performed with the anamorph strain of caterpillar fungus. A total of 2,764 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified ( p ≤ 0.05 , |log2 Ratio| ≥ 1), of which 1,737 wer...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The major limitation of organ transplantation is the shortage of available organs. Xenotransplantation is considered to be an effective way to resolve the problem. Immune rejection is a major hurdle for the successful survival of pig xenografts in primate recipients. Cytokines play important roles in inflammation and many diseases incl...
Article
5'- nucleotidase (5'-NT) is a key enzyme in nucleoside/nucleotide metabolic pathway, it plays an important role in the biosynthesis of cordycepin in caterpillar fungus. In this study, a 5'-NT gene was identified and mined from genomic DNA of caterpillar fungus, which was 1968 bp in length and encoded 656 amino acid residues. The recombinant 5'-NT w...
Article
Full-text available
After hyperacute rejection in pig‐to‐primate xenotransplantation had been overcome by the introduction of α1,3‐galactosyltransferase gene‐knockout (GTKO) pigs, acute and chronic antibody‐mediated rejection became one of the major barriers to long‐term graft survival. This was associated with exposure of non‐Gal antigens to the recipient's immune sy...
Article
Detection and imaging RNAs in live cells is highly in demand. Methodology for such a purpose is still a challenge, particularly for single RNA detection and imaging in live cells. In the present study, a type of quantum dot (QD) nanobeacons with controllable valencies was constructed by precisely conjugating the black hole quencher (BHQ1) and phosp...
Article
Fatty acid synthesis is regulated by transcription factors SREBPs and their escort protein SCAP. Malignant cells become dependent on de novo lipogenesis, which sustains rapid proliferation and resistance to cellular stress. Increasing evidence showed SCAP participated in various disease processes including malignant tumors, which regulate transcrip...
Article
Chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) are engineered synthetic receptors that redirect and reprogram T cells to tumor surface antigens for subsequent eradication. The unprecedented efficacy of CD19-CAR T cells against B-cell malignancies has inspired oncologists to extend these efforts for the treatment of solid tumors. However, limited success has bee...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring for immune rejection is crucial for long‐term survival of pig xenografts. Circulating DNA is a promising non‐invasive biomarker for either organ injury or response to therapy. In this study, circulating pig‐specific DNA (cpsDNA) was monitored during xenograft rejection. Potential targets of cpsDNA were selected by in silico analysis, and...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Single-field non-mydriatic fundus photography (NMFP) has been used to detect diabetic retinopathy (DR) in many studies; however, its value in a general clinical setting has not been established. Here we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate its diagnostic effectiveness. Method: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databa...
Article
Full-text available
Background Porcine vascular endothelial cells are a major participant in xenograft rejection. The Toll‐like receptor 2 (TLR2) pathway plays an important role in both innate and adaptive immunity. The specific role of TLR2 in the response to a xenograft has not been reported. Whether the TLR2 pathway in pig vascular endothelial cells is involved in...
Article
Full-text available
Background Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder, the major histologic subtype of bladder cancer, is increasing in incidence and mortality, which requires the identification of effective biomarkers. Actin-regulating proteins have recently been proposed as important antitumor druggable targets. As a gelsolin-family actin-modulating protei...
Data
Supplemental_Figures – Supplemental material for Gelsolin-like actin-capping protein has prognostic value and promotes tumorigenesis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition via the Hippo signaling pathway in human bladder cancer
Article
Full-text available
Long intergenic non-coding RNA p21 (lincRNA-p21) is down-regulated in some solid tumors. Glutamine catabolism plays an important role in cancer development. However, the role of lincRNA-p21 and its association with glutamine catabolism remain unknown in bladder cancer (BC). In the present study, we investigated the involvement of lincRNA-p21 and gl...
Article
Full-text available
The genetic landscape of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) had been investigated extensively but its evolution patterns remained unclear. Here we analyze the clonal architectures of 473 patients from three different populations. We find that the mutational signatures vary substantially across different populations and evolution stages. The ev...
Article
Full-text available
Bladder cancer is one of the most common and highly vascularized cancers. To better understand its genomic structure and underlying etiology, we conduct whole-genome and targeted sequencing in urothelial bladder carcinomas (UBCs, the most common type of bladder cancer). Recurrent mutations in noncoding regions affecting gene regulatory elements and...
Article
Full-text available
The major limitation of organ transplantation is the shortage of available organs from deceased human donors which leads to the deaths of thousands of patients each year. Xenotransplantation is considered to be an effective way to resolve the problem. Immune rejection and coagulation dysfunction are two major hurdles for the successful survival of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Bladder cancer (BCa) is a common urological malignant tumor worldwide, and recurrence and death still remain high. New therapeutic targets are needed to treat patients who are not sensitive to current therapy. Extracellular matrix protein 1 (ECM1) is a key player in multiple epithelial malignancies. However, the knowledge regarding the...
Article
Full-text available
Neuron-derived neurotrophic factor (NDNF) is a glycosylated, disulfide-bonded secretory protein that contains a fibronectin type III domain. NDNF has been identified as a neurotrophic factor; however, its role in carcinogenesis has not yet been identified. To investigate the expression and role of NDNF in carcinogenesis, the expression of NDNF in h...
Article
Full-text available
Islet transplantation has been proposed to be a potential treatment for type 1 diabetes. Recent compelling evidence indicates that intravascular islet infusion is far from ideal and therefore, the omentum is re-emerging as a potentially valuable site for islet transplantation. This experiment requires the isolation of high quality islets and the im...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 6 (CCR6) is present in sperm and plays a significant role in sperm motility and chemotaxis acting in the reproductive tracts. However, the expression and functional significance of CCR6 in testis are still poorly understood, especially in the process of spermatogenesis. Methods and results: CCR6 was exp...
Article
Full-text available
With the development of synthetic biology, synthetic gene circuits have shown great applied potential in medicine, biology, and as commodity chemicals. An ultimate challenge in the construction of gene circuits is the lack of effective, programmable, secure and sequence‐specific gene editing tools. The clustered regularly interspaced short palindro...
Article
Natural genetic materials contain many biosynthetic gene clusters encoding potentially valuable natural products, many of which can be used directly without codon optimization or other manipulations. With the development of synthetic biology, several DNA assembly standards have been proposed, conveniently facilitating the reuse of natural materials...
Article
We analyze whole-genome sequencing data from 141,431 Chinese women generated for non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT). We use these data to characterize the population genetic structure and to investigate genetic associations with maternal and infectious traits. We show that the present day distribution of alleles is a function of both ancient migr...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, studies have shown that enhancer RNAs (eRNAs) can be transcribed from enhancers. Increasing evidence has revealed that eRNAs play critical roles in the development of various cancers. Oestrogen‐associated eRNAs are closely related to breast cancer. In view of the gender differences in bladder cancer (BCa), we suppose that oestrogen...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives MUTYH is a protein-coding gene that takes part in base excision repair. Many previous studies have reported that MUTYH is directly related to hereditary adenomatous polyposis and colorectal cancer and is also associated with other cancers. However, the relationship between MUTYH and bladder cancer (BC) is unknown. Materials and methods...
Article
Full-text available
Enhancers are transcriptional regulatory elements that increase target gene expression. It has reported that enhancers could universally transcribe into enhancer RNAs (eRNAs) with stimulation. Increasing evidence showed eRNAs participated in various disease processes including malignant tumors. P2RY2 enhancer RNA (P2RY2e) is an estrogen-responsive...
Article
Full-text available
Long-term administration of classic immunosuppressants can induce severe adverse effects. The development of novel immunosuppressants confronts great challenges and opportunities. Ibrutinib, an approved drug for B-cell lineages and chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD), exhibits immunosuppressive efficacy in autoimmune diseases. Ibrutinib’s pot...
Data
Supplementary figure and table.
Article
Full-text available
Xenotransplantation is an attractive solution to the problem of allograft shortage. However, transplants across discordant species barriers are subject to vigorous immunologic and pathobiologic hurdles, some of which might be overcome with the induction of immunologic tolerance. Several strategies have been designed to induce tolerance to a xenogra...