Zhiliang Zhang

Zhiliang Zhang
Macquarie University · Department of Biological Sciences

Doctor of Philosophy

About

45
Publications
23,015
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
343
Citations
Introduction
Zhiliang Zhang currently works at the Department of Biology, Macquarie University. Zhiliang does research in Paleontology. Their current project is 'Unveiling the astonishing orgy of Cambrian explosion: integrating fossil records from the Cambrian Könservat-Lagerstätten'.

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
Full-text available
Two massive precipitation events of polymetallic ore deposits, encrusted by a mixture of authigenic carbonates, are documented from the Cambrian of the semi-enclosed Baltoscandian Basin. δ34S (‒9.33 to ‒2.08‰) and δ33S (‒4.75 to ‒1.06‰) values from the basal sulphide breccias, sourced from contemporaneous Pb–Zn–Fe-bearing vein stockworks, refect su...
Article
Full-text available
Biological activity is a major triggering factor driving Earth’s organic and inorganic cycles across the biosphere, lithosphere and atmosphere. A key question in Earth’s ecosystem evolution is when and how different organisms emerged and flourished, and how their appearance impacted the hydrosphere-atmosphere-lithosphere cycles? The biosphere is th...
Article
Full-text available
Bryozoans (also known as ectoprocts or moss animals) are aquatic, dominantly sessile, filter-feeding lophophorates that construct an organic or calcareous modular colonial (clonal) exoskeleton[1,2,3]. The presence of six major orders of bryozoans with advanced polymorphisms in lower Ordovician rocks strongly suggests a Cambrian origin for the large...
Article
Full-text available
Acrotretides are extinct micromorphic bra-chiopods that exhibited considerable morphological variation during their rapid evolution in the early Palaeozoic. The plano-conical shells of acrotretides are distinct in comparison to other brachiopod groups and despite their diversity and abundance in early Palaeozoic communities, their origins, early ev...
Article
Full-text available
Major progress has recently been made regarding the biostratigraphy, lithostratigraphy and isotope chemostratigraphy of the lower Cambrian successions in South Australia, in particular of the Arrowie Basin, which has facilitated robust global stratigraphic correlations. However, lack of faunal and sedimentological data from the lower Cambrian Norma...
Article
Full-text available
The Guanshan Biota is an unusual early Cambrian Konservat-Lagerstätte from China and is distinguished from all other exceptionally preserved Cambrian biotas by the dominance of brachiopods and a relatively shallow depositional environment. However, the faunal composition, overturn and sedimentology associated with the Guanshan Biota are poorly unde...
Article
Full-text available
Limestones of the Xihaoping Member of the Dengying Formation in the Xiaoyangba section, South China, yield the oldest known Cambrian brachiopod–trilobite association. In this member, the trilobite Parabadiella cf. huoi co-occurs with the new brachiopod species Eoobolus incipiens sp. nov. The association provides potential for correlation of lower C...
Article
Full-text available
Micromorphic acrotretide brachiopods first appeared during Cambrian Epoch 2 and subsequently experienced a rapid diversification. However, our knowledge of acrotretide origins and early evolution is hampered by our poor understanding of their earliest representatives. Here, we describe one of the oldest known acrotretides from the Cambrian Series 2...
Article
Full-text available
The Guanshan Biota is an unusual early Cambrian Konservat-Lagerstätte from China and is distinguished from all other exceptionally preserved Cambrian biotas by the dominance of brachiopods and a relatively shallow depositional environment. However, the faunal composition, overturn and sedimentology associated with the Guanshan Biota are poorly unde...
Article
Full-text available
Parasite–host systems are pervasive in nature but are extremely difficult to convincingly identify in the fossil record. Here we report quantitative evidence of parasitism in the form of a unique, enduring life association between tube-dwelling organisms encrusted to densely clustered shells of a monospecific organophosphatic brachiopod assemblage...
Article
Helens, the curved lateral spines inserted between the conch and operculum of some hyoliths, are a unique morphological adaptation characterizing the order Hyolithida. These structures are paired, movable and had a mechanical function, probably related to orienting the hyolith conch and lifting its aperture above the sea floor. We show that helens...
Article
Full-text available
Brachiopods are a phylum of shelled marine lophophorates that are invariably nested with mollusks and annelids within the lophotrochozoa, a clade that comprises approximately half of the phyla in the Animal Kingdom. In the last two decades, brachiopods have repeatedly been resolved by molecular analyses and phylogenomic studies to be more closely p...
Article
Full-text available
8 属 12 种和 3 个未定属种,都属于磷酸钙质舌形贝型,揭示了寒武纪早期磷酸钙质 壳腕足动物的多样性及其形态差异。通过全球对比,力求探索寒武纪最早腕足动物的起源、多样性、分布与辐射。通 过个体发育研究,揭示了异时发育在乳孔贝形态多样性中发挥的重要作用,同时表明寒武纪舌形贝型腕足动物发育中 普遍存在滤食型浮游幼虫和变态发育的过程。因此变态发育的浮游幼虫可能是腕足动物的祖先特征。这与现代舌形贝 明显不同,现代舌形贝的浮游幼虫为次级幼虫,演变为直接发育。此外,对比全球不同大陆腕足动物的首现,认为舌 形贝型亚门腕足动物可能在寒武纪第二世初起源于东冈瓦纳与华南板块,随后开始向全球扩散。对寒武纪早期腕足动 物多样性、个体发育与生物地层的深入研究,有助于增进对关键动物门类的早期起源与系统演化的认识,同...
Article
Full-text available
The enigmatic and aberrant lingulate brachiopod Aulonotreta antiquissima (Eichwald) from the Dapingian (Volkhov Stage) Toila Formation of northern Estonia and St Petersburg area (Historical Region of Ingria, Ingermanland, or Inkerinmaa; English, Swedish, Finnish) is re-described together with the new species, Aulonotreta neptuni, from the lower Dar...
Article
Full-text available
The Tremadocian (Early Ordovician) is currently considered a time span of greenhouse conditions with tropical water surface temperature estimates, interpolated from oxygen isotopes, approaching 40 °C. In the mid-latitude Baltoscandian Basin, conodonts displaying low δ18O values, which suggest high temperatures (>40 °C) in the water column, are in c...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Tremadocian (Early Ordovician) is currently considered a time span of greenhouse conditions with tropical water surface temperature estimates, interpolated from oxygen isotopes, approaching 40°C. In the high-latitude Baltoscandian Basin, these data are in contrast with the discovery of glendonite, a pseudomorph of ikaite (CaCO3·6H2O) and valuab...
Article
Full-text available
Exceptionally preserved fossils, such as those from Cambrian Burgess Shale-type fossil-Lagerstätten are critical because of their unique contributions to knowledge of the phylogenetic radiation and palaeoecological expansion of metazoans during the Cambrian explosion. Critically, these deposits provide information that is usually unobtainable from...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Our understanding of the ontogeny of Palaeozoic brachiopods has changed significantly during the last two decades. However, the micromorphic acrotretoids have received relatively little attention, resulting in a poor knowledge of their ontogeny, origin and earliest evolution. The uniquely well preserved early Cambrian fossil records in...
Article
Exceptionally preserved, silicified and articulated complete shells of the rhynchonelliform kutorginate brachiopod Nisusia sulcata are redescribed from the middle Cambrian (Series 3) Marjum Limestone, Utah. Cylindroid sausage-like protrusions, emerging posteriorly between the valves, were originally interpreted as faecal in origin, but restudy unde...
Article
Full-text available
Malongitubus kuangshanensis Hu, 2005 from the early Cambrian Chengjiang Lagerstätte of China is redescribed as a pterobranch and provides the best evidence to demonstrate that hemichordates were present as early as Cambrian Stage 3. Interpretation of this taxon as a hemichordate is based on the morphology of the branched colony and the presence of...
Article
Full-text available
乳孔贝(acrotretids)是一类繁盛于晚寒武世—奥陶纪并灭绝于泥盆纪的微型腕足动物,其特殊的壳体形态及柱状结构使其与其他舌形贝型腕足动物的系统学关系模糊不清。华南峡东地区早寒武世(第二世)水井沱组薄层灰岩中发现最早的精美保存的乳孔贝类腕足动物Eohadrotreta zhenbaensis(镇巴始强壮贝)。本文首次解析Eohadrotreta的壳体形态和三级壳层结构。通过壳体显微结构的研究,解译出其个体存在的4个壳体发育阶段,即胎壳(protegulum)、幼年壳(brephic shell)、少年壳(neanic shell)和成年壳(mature shell),从而揭示乳孔贝悬浮滤食生活的幼虫阶段及其后的变态发育过程。更重要的是,在对这些壳体化石进行扫描成像过程中还发现精美保存的表...
Article
Full-text available
The earliest growth of post-metamorphic (post-larval) shells in two species of Eohadrotreta is described from the Cambrian Shuijingtuo Formation of South China. Two different growth patterns can be observed by quantifying developmental variations in size and shape of successive stages of post-metamorphic shell growth (including the pedicle foramen...
Article
A characteristic coarsely pitted ornamentation (with pits larger than 0.015 mm across) can be found on some very enigmatic and rare Lower Ordovician phosphatic-shelled linguliform brachiopods, including the paterinid Lacunites balaschovae Gorjansky and the obolid Foveola maarduensis Gorjansky. Both of these species are poorly understood and known f...
Article
Full-text available
Ordovician (Darriwilian to Sandbian) micromorphic linguliform lingulate brachiopods are described from the Guniutan Formation at the Fenxiang section in Hubei province, and the Maocaopu and Cili sections in Hunan province of south-central China, situated on the Yangtze Platform. A total of 7560 specimens from 155 limestone samples (within the inter...
Article
Brachiopods are a phylum of shelled marine lophophorates that are invariably nested with mollusks and annelids within the lophotrochozoa, a clade that comprises approximately half of the phyla in the Animal Kingdom. In the last two decades, brachiopods have repeatedly been resolved by molecular analyses and phylogenomic studies to be more closely p...
Article
Full-text available
Brachiopods are a phylum of shelled marine lophophorates that are invariably nested with mollusks and annelids within the lophotrochozoa, a clade that comprises approximately half of the phyla in the Animal Kingdom. In the last two decades, brachiopods have repeatedly been resolved by molecular analyses and phylogenomic studies to be more closely p...
Article
Full-text available
Distinctive moulds of epithelial cells are known to occur on valve interiors in early Palaeozoic acrotretid brachiopods but morphological variation and distributional patterns of the epithelial cells imprints remains poorly known. Herein, we present for the first time a detailed study of exquisitely preserved epithelial cell moulds and shell micro-...
Article
Full-text available
The Yangtze platform of South China offers evidence within its Ediacaran–Cambrian geological record of the Cambrian explosion and diversification events in metazoan history. To understand the explosive radiation of animals and the environments in which it took place, the basal Cambrian fauna succession of the Aijiahe section in the Three Gorges are...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Chengjiang-type fossil brachiopods with preservation of non-mineralized tissues are reported for the first time from the Lower Cambrian Shipai Formation of the Three Gorges area, western Hubei Province, China. Recent excavation in the Wangjiaping and Aijiahe sections resulted in the new discovery of some linguloid brachiopods, showing stro...
Article
Full-text available
Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 4682 10.1038/srep04682 (2014); Published: May152014; Updated: July162014 In the Supplementary Information file originally published with this Article, Pages 3-16 were omitted. These errors have been corrected in the Supplementary Information that now accompanies the Article.
Article
Full-text available
The morphological disparity of lophotrochozoan phyla makes it difficult to predict the morphology of the last common ancestor. Only fossils of stem groups can help discover the morphological transitions that occurred along the roots of these phyla. Here, we describe a tubular fossil Yuganotheca elegans gen. et sp. nov. from the Cambrian (Stage 3) C...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The Cambrian explosion refers not only to the rapid proliferation of diverse body plans, but also increased ecological complexity that shaped the evolutionary trajectory of life through the Paleozoic to the present day. Brachiopods are a phylum of shelled marine lophophorates that are invariably nested with mollusks and annelids within the largest and most difficult clade—‘lophotrochozoa’ in the animal tree of life; a clade comprises approximately half of the phyla in the Animal Kingdom. Although the quality of fossils of brachiopods attracts the considerable attention of paleontologists working on the Cambrian Evolutionary Fauna and Paleozoic Evolutionary Fauna, the origin of the phylum is far from clear. So far, the Brachiopoda Fold Hypothesis (i.e. Halkieria-model), the tommotiid story and the tubular (agglutinated?), conical shelled model are proposed, and await further testing by additional fossils. At present, we am proposing the current project aiming to investigate the tubular and conical shelled Cambrian world (hyoliths, tommotiids and other lophotrochozoans) shedding lights on the evolution of brachiopods through our international joint efforts in combining studies of exceptionally preserved fossils (such as Chengjiang, Guanshan and Burgess Shale) with skeletal (shelly) fossils from China, Australia and Baltic regions. In addition, by virtue of direct evidence of brachiopods life modes in exceptionally preserved biotas (Könversat-Lagerstätten) from China and Canada, we have efforts to make an accurate reconstruction of the Cambrian benthic ecosystems (tiering complexity, predator-prey, commensal relationships, recruitment, encrustation, selectivity of suitable substrate in larvae). When compared to the early Paleozoic benthic communities, the objective of this project is to address the question whether the GOBE represents the culmination of a long, gradual process rather than being a discrete episode with specific causes and ecological controls.