Zhidao Xia

Zhidao Xia
Swansea University | SWAN · College of Medicine

Doctor of Philosophy

About

114
Publications
12,253
Reads
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2,771
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2010 - present
Swansea University
October 1999 - February 2010
University of Oxford
August 1991 - April 1998
Tongji Medical University

Publications

Publications (114)
Article
Full-text available
During bone maintenance in vivo, estrogen signals through Estrogen receptor (ER)-α. The objectives of this study were to investigate the temporal expression of ERα36 and ascertain its functional relevance during osteogenesis in human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSC). This was assessed in relation to runt-related transcription fa...
Article
Full-text available
A partially converted, biodegradable coralline hydroxyapatite/calcium carbonate (CHACC) composite comprising a coral calcium carbonate scaffold enveloped by a thin layer of hydroxyapatite was used in the present study. The CHACC was characterized using powder x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy....
Article
Unlabelled: Biopsies from a typical case of pseudotumor following metal-on-metal hip resurfacing (MoMHR) were analyzed using light and transmission electron microscopy, backscatter scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry (EDS). Heavy macrophage infiltration was observed in all black pigmented specimens. Metal nanopart...
Article
Articular cartilage (AC) has a very limited intrinsic repair capacity after injury or disease. Although exogenous cell-based regenerative approaches have obtained acceptable outcomes, they are usually associated with complicated procedures, donor-site morbidities and cell differentiation during ex vivo expansion. In recent years, endogenous regener...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of treating articular cartilage (AC) injury is to regenerate cartilage tissue and to integrate the neo-cartilage with surrounding host cartilage. However, most current studies tend to focus on engineering cartilage; interface integration has been somewhat neglected. An endogenous regenerative strategy that simultaneously increases the recr...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To investigate the effect of small needle-knife therapy in people with painful knee osteoarthritis. Design Pilot randomised, controlled trial. Setting. Rehabilitation hospital. Subjects. In-patients with osteo-arthritis of the knee. Interventions: Either 1-3 small needle-knife treatments over 7 days or oral Celecoxib. All patients stayed...
Article
Coralline hydroxyapatite (CHA) has been used in clinical for over 20 years. However, coral is an endanger species and has been banned from mining. In addition, coral artificial bone has slow biodegradation of the defects, hindering the growth of new bone. In order to explore the natural coral artificial bone substitute materials, this work proposed...
Article
Full-text available
Background The identification of implant wear particles and non-implant related particles and the characterization of the inflammatory responses in the periprosthetic neo-synovial membrane, bone, and the synovial-like interface membrane (SLIM) play an important role for the evaluation of clinical outcome, correlation with radiological and implant r...
Article
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Background The majority of stroke patients are inactive outside formal therapy sessions. Tailored activity feedback via a smartwatch has the potential to increase inpatient activity. The aim of the study was to identify the challenges and support needed by ward staff and researchers and to examine the feasibility of conducting a randomised controll...
Article
Purpose This study aims to report the preparation, selective laser sintering (SLS) processing and properties of a new nylon elastomer powder. The effects of solvent, dissolution temperature and time and cooling method and speed on the particle size and morphologies of the prepared nylon elastomer powder are investigated. Design/methodology/approa...
Article
Full-text available
Coralline hydroxyapatite/calcium carbonate (CHACC) is a biodegradable and osteoconductive bone graft material with promising clinical performance. CHACC has been shown to support proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in vitro and demonstrated to work as a functional scaffold for bone formati...
Article
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Background: Practicing activities improves recovery after stroke, but many people in hospital do little activity. Feedback on activity using an accelerometer is a potential method to increase activity in hospital inpatients. This study's goal is to investigate the effect of feedback, enabled by a Smart watch, on daily physical activity levels duri...
Article
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Background Link protein N-terminal peptide (LPP) in extracellular matrix (ECM) of cartilage could induce synthesis of proteoglycans and collagen type II in cartilaginous cells. Cartilage stem/progenitor cells (CSPCs), the endogenous stem cells in cartilage, are important in cartilage degeneration and regeneration. We hypothesized that LPP could be...
Data
Proliferation velocity of CSPC in different density. Figure Supplement 1: the growth characteristic of CSPCs. Different numbers of CPSCs were seeded into 96-well plates and cultured in complete culture medium. OD value was detected during the 3-day culturing with CCK-8 assay.
Data
The quality report of the synthetic Link protein N-terminal peptide.
Chapter
New manufacturing technologies using rapid prototyping or 3D printing enable the fabrication of free-form biomaterials/scaffolds for tissue regeneration. The printing technology can produce materials with computer-aided design of architecture, additives of inorganic/organic compositions, and connective pores with suitable pore sizes that are partic...
Chapter
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are able to generate mesodermal derivatives, such as bone, cartilage, tendon, muscle, ligament and fat tissue; furthermore, they can differentiate to specific cell types, such as cardiomyocyte progenitors under defined conditions. Recently, their paracrine, pro-angiogenic, pro-myogenic, anti-apoptotic, anti-infl...
Article
Full-text available
Increased failure rates due to metallic wear particle-associated adverse local tissue reactions (ALTR) is a significant clinical problem in resurfacing and total hip arthroplasty. Retrieved periprosthetic tissue of 53 cases with corrosion/conventional metallic wear particles from 285 revision operations for ALTR was selected for nano-analyses. Thre...
Article
Background: Progressive cellular and extracellular matrix (ECM) changes related to age and disease severity have been demonstrated in rotator cuff tendon tears. Larger rotator cuff tears demonstrate structural abnormalities that potentially adversely influence healing potential. This study aimed to gain greater insight into the relationship of pat...
Article
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Adsorption of functional groups to the surface of plasmonic nanoparticles provides a platform for localised optical sensing. Over the past decade, nanoscale sensors for intracellular pH measurement based on surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) have been developed. However, the approaches by which pH-SERS measurements are made and analysed can...
Article
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Chondrocyte apoptosis is largely responsible for cartilage degeneration in osteoarthritis (OA). Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) is widely used as a chondrocyte apoptosis-inducing agent, while lactoferrin (LF) is an anabolic reagent which has the potential to inhibit chondrocyte apoptosis. We assessed the effects of LF on cartilage degeneration in IL-1β-...
Article
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Delayed healing or non-union of skeletal fractures are common clinical complications. Ibandronate is a highly potent anti-catabolic reagent used for treatment of osteopenia and fracture prevention. We hypothesized that local application of ibandronate after fracture fixation may improve and sustain callus formation and therefore prevent delayed hea...
Article
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Heart disease is the major leading cause of death worldwide and the use of stem cells promises new ways for its treatment. The relative easy and quick acquisition of human umbilical cord matrix mesenchymal stem cells (HUMSCs) and their properties make them useful for the treatment of cardiac diseases. Therefore, the main aim of this investigation w...
Article
Background Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC) can be readily extracted from adipose tissue, expanded in vitro, and have the capacity to differentiate into multiple cell lineages. This makes this cell type of great interest to the field of regenerative medicine. This study focuses on the isolation and characterisation of ADSC and their differentiatio...
Article
In order to examine the differentiation potential of the tenocytes expanded in our defined culture medium (reported previously) and the effect of sequential combination of the two culture conditions on human tenocytes, a two-dimensional and three-dimensional experimental approach was used. Human tenocytes were sequentially exposed to 1% fetal bovin...
Article
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is becoming more widely used with the recent increase in popularity of the use of minimally invasive techniques. However, it is difficult to judge about the femoral component size in UKA using preoperative templating digitally or otherwise. Even when using navigation it is impossible to control the femoral c...
Article
Full-text available
Porous scaffolds are limited in volume due to diffusion constraint and delay of vascular network formation. Channels have the potential to speed up cellular penetration. Their effectiveness in improving angiogenic cell penetration was assessed in vitro and in vivo in 3-D collagen scaffolds. In vitro, channelled and non-channelled scaffolds were see...
Article
Full-text available
We have established that human tenocytes can differentiate in the absence of exogenous fetal bovine serum (FBS) but in the presence of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and transforming growth factor-β(3) (TGF-β(3)). The extent of tenocyte differentiation was assessed by examining cell survival, collagen synthesis, cell morphology and expression...
Article
This study aimed to optimise methods of cryopreserving human articular cartilage (AC) tissue for the isolation of late chondrocytes. Human AC specimens from osteoarthritis patients who had undergone total knee replacement were used to optimise the chondrocyte isolation process and the choice of cryoprotective agent (CPA). For AC tissue cryopreserva...
Article
Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is the autologous plasma fraction with a platelet-rich cellular component which is enriched with a number of growth factors. Due to its availability and low cost, PRP has become an increasingly popular clinical tool as an alternative source of growth factors for various applications, for example, tendon regeneration but w...
Article
Corticosteroids can destroy the cartilage. To investigate the effect of dexamethasone (Dexa) on the apoptosis and expression of Fas/FasL of human articular chondrocytes (HACs) in vitro so as to explore the mechanism of pro-apoptotic role of Dexa on HACs. Following full agreement of patients, the cartilage specimens were collected from the patients...
Article
Tendon disorders are common clinical conditions. Tendon tissue engineering provides a new approach for tendon repair by integrating engineered substitutes with their native counterparts. Silk is considered to be a promising candidate for tendon engineering because of its biological and mechanical properties. However, a major concern with using silk...
Article
Biological scaffolds used in tissue engineering are incorporated in vivo by a process of cellular in-growth, followed by host-mediated degradation and replacement of these scaffolds, in which phagocytic cells from the monocyte/macrophage cell lineage play a key role. The chemical degradation of scaffolds with collagenases is well established, but t...
Article
Bisphosphonates (BPs) inhibit bone resorption and are widely used for the treatment of bone diseases, including osteoporosis. BPs are also being studied for their effects on hydroxyapatite (HAP)-containing biomaterials. There is a growing appreciation that there are hitherto unexpected differences among BPs in their mineral binding affinities that...
Article
The local environment plays an important role in osteogenic tissue regeneration. Our previous studies have shown that xenogenic transplantation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) alone into immunodeficient mice did not result in long-term bone formation. This study investigates whether bone formation can be prolonged by incorporating human mes...
Article
Nano-porous alumina, with the potential for being loaded with bioactive materials, has been proposed as a novel material for coating implants. In this study, the shear strength of the interface between such nano-porous anodic aluminium oxide (AAO) coatings and titanium substrates, their biocompatibility, and their potential for pore loading have be...
Article
Despite the satisfactory short-term implant survivorship of metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty, periprosthetic soft-tissue masses such as pseudotumours are being increasingly reported. Cytotoxic effects of cobalt or chromium have been suggested to play a role in its aetiology. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of clinica...
Article
We report synthesis of the first fluorescently labeled conjugates of risedronate (1), using an epoxide linker strategy enabling conjugation of 1 via its pyridyl nitrogen with the label (carboxyfluorescein). Unlike prior approaches to create fluorescent bisphosphonate probes, the new linking chemistry did not abolish the ability to inhibit protein p...
Article
Full-text available
Human articular cartilage samples were retrieved from the resected material of patients undergoing total knee replacement. Samples underwent automated controlled freezing at various stages of preparation: as intact articular cartilage discs, as minced articular cartilage, and as chondrocytes immediately after enzymatic isolation from fresh articula...
Article
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) from bone marrow were genetically marked by using a murine leukaemia virus construct encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP). The marked cells were either directly implanted into the tibialis anterior muscle or introduced into a variety of other tissue sites in immunocompromised mice (NOD/SCID and C.B...
Article
This article reports the mechanical properties and in vitro evaluation of a collagen scaffold fabricated using an indirect 3D printing technique. Collagen scaffolds, featuring predefined internal channels and capillary networks, were manufactured using phase change printing. It was observed that the collagen scaffolds featured internal channels and...
Article
The bisphosphonates (BPs) are well established as the treatments of choice for disorders of excessive bone resorption, including Paget's disease of bone, myeloma and bone metastases, and osteoporosis. There is considerable new knowledge about how BPs work. Their classical pharmacological effects appear to result from two key properties: their affin...
Article
Alpha-halogenated analogues of the anti-resorptive bisphosphonate risedronate (5, Ris) and its phosphonocarboxylate cognate (7, 3-PEHPC) were synthesized and compared with 5, 7, and the corresponding desoxy analogues in bone mineral affinity and mevalonate pathway inhibition assays. The Ris (5e-h) and 3-PEHPC (7e-h) analogues had decreased bone min...
Article
Tissue engineering is a concept whereby cells are taken from a patient, their number expanded and seeded on a scaffold. The appropriate stimuli (chemical, biological, mechanical and electrical) are applied and over a relatively short time new tissue is formed. This new tissue is implanted to help restore function in the patient. The scaffold is a t...