Zheming Shi

Zheming Shi
China University of Geosciences (Beijing) · School of Water Resources and Environment

Doctor of Philosophy

About

88
Publications
19,734
Reads
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1,136
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Introduction
Zheming Shi currently works at the School of Water Resources and Environment, China University of Geosciences (Beijing). Zheming does research in earthquake hydrology, isotope hydrology, Geochemistry. Their current project is 'Hydrothermal fluid circulation in the fault zones.'
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - November 2016
China University of Geosciences (Beijing)
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (88)
Article
The permeability of a fault zone plays an important role in controlling fluid movement and seismic activity. However, the permeability properties of fault zone, particularly large-scale fault zones, are not well understood. In the present study, we employed 193 hot springs and 18 groundwater monitoring wells located around the Xiaojiang Fault Zone...
Article
Earthquake-induced aquifer parameter changes (e.g., permeability and hydraulic diffusivity) have been documented in many studies. However, changes in the confinement of an aquifer from confined to semi-confined following an earthquake, have not been reported. Here, we focus on the tidal response of the water level in four wells following the 2008 W...
Article
We analyze the co-seismic groundwater level responses to four great earthquakes recorded by China's network of groundwater monitoring wells. The large number of operational wells (164 wells for the 2007 Mw 8.5 Sumatra earthquake, 245 wells for the Mw 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake, 228 wells for the Mw 9.0 Tohoku earthquake and 223 wells for 2012 Mw 8.6 S...
Article
On 20th April, 2013, a large earthquake (Lushan MwMw 6.6) occurred in Sichuan, China, in the same fault zone as the devastating 2008Mw 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake. The two earthquakes have similar focal mechanisms and both caused large hydrological changes in the region. The similarity of focal mechanisms, fault zone geology and the abundance of hydrol...
Article
Co-seismic groundwater-level changes induced by earthquakes have been reported for thousands of years. The M8.0 Wenchuan earthquake caused co-seismic groundwater-level responses across the Chinese mainland. Three types of changes were recorded in 197 monitoring wells: co-seismic oscillations ranging in amplitude from 0.004 to 1.1 m, immediate co-se...
Article
It is of great significance for water resources protection and water inrush prevention to study hydrochemical characteristics and evolution of coalfield groundwater in multi-layer aquifer system. The groundwater in Dahaize Coalfield in Northwest China was stored in typical multi-layer aquifers. To get better understanding of its hydrochemical chara...
Article
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Radon concentration in groundwater is affected by meteorological and seismo-tectonic factors and is sensitive indicators of crustal stress. While previous studies have focused on the mechanisms of periodic and precursory radon anomalies, few have quantitatively assessed their influences, and compared their rates of change under normal and earthquak...
Article
Predicting the groundwater level of karst aquifers in North China Coalfield is essential for early warning of mine water hazards and regional water resources management. However, the dynamic changes of strata structure and hydrogeological parameters driven by coal mining activity cause challenges to the process-oriented groundwater model. In order...
Article
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Changes in groundwater level, hydrochemistry, and aquifer parameters were studied by following disturbances caused by tunnel excavation in a panel in the Ningtiaota coalfeld, northwest China. Temporal changes of hydrochemical compositions were evaluated based on time-series hydrochemical data in three boreholes (J2, J13, and SK8). The time series o...
Article
Understanding the rare earth elements (REE) behaviors in aquatic environment is important to reveal the complex hydrochemical processes and hydrological circulation, such as water-rock interactions, mixing, redox reactions. Based on the samples collected from the Rehai geothermal field, southwestern China and the data from published literature, thi...
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Groundwater evolution and circulation in coal mining areas will be significantly affected by natural processes and human activities. However, the impacts of large-scale mining drainage on groundwater hydrochemistry are unclear in the semi-arid and arid inland coalfields in northwest China. In particular, for shallow buried areas, the spontaneous co...
Article
Groundwater quality continues to be threatened globally by anthropogenic activities including excessive use of chemical fertilizers and sewage discharge. However, few studies on the evolution of groundwater chemistry have systematically characterized human and natural effects, while which is of great importance for sustainable water resources manag...
Article
For areas possessing both regional-scale floodplain lakes and complex river system, the allocation pattern of water interchange between the groundwater and the lakes and rivers, as well as its temporal variations under year-scale climate changes, are important issues in regard to water resources and ecology environment but are rarely revealed. This...
Article
Groundwater is the primary water source in coalfields under arid and semiarid climates. However, the problem of excessive concentrations of sulfate, which is a constant component in coalfields, and its potential health risks are often neglected in Northwest, China. To determine the groundwater quality, health threats, and driving forces of sulfate...
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Rock deformations induced by active faults is an important topic in earthquake studies. Such deformations are usually measured with crossfault measurements (CFM), which are time-consuming and labor-intensive. In this study, rock deformations induced by the famous Xianshuihe fault in Xialatuo of China were estimated by groundwater-level monitoring (...
Article
It has been known that groundwater-lake water interaction plays an important role in mass exchange between land and lakes. However, most of the lakes in the world freeze during the winter, and few studies of groundwater and surface water interaction (groundwater discharge tracing) focus on ice-covered lakes. This study investigated groundwater disc...
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Hydrogeochemical changes in association with earthquakes are considered as a potential means of identifying earthquake precursors. The Xianshuihe fault zone (XSHF) is considered one of the most active seismic fault zones in China; 43 hot springs were sampled and analysed in the laboratory for major elements, silica, stable isotopes (δD and δ18O) an...
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Deep groundwater characteristics provide valuable information on oil and gas extraction and evolution of hydrosphere, and nonmetallic and metallic elements in deep groundwater are raising industrial interest. There is therefore a need for a better understanding of the origin and evolution of deep groundwater in large sedimentary basins, e.g., by us...
Article
Characterizing regional groundwater chemistry/quality is of great importance for sustainable water resource management, and is still a challenge due to spatial complexity caused by natural and anthropogenic influences at large scales. This study reported the spatial variability of groundwater chemistry and associated influencing factors in the Poya...
Article
Analysis of 12 years’ groundwater level data (2007–2019) from a well in a carbonate aquifer in northern China reveals that the groundwater response to earthquakes may be dependent on frequency. While the coseismic permeability increased during the 2008 M7.9 Wenchuan earthquake and eventually recovered to pre-seismic values (similar to that reported...
Article
Detecting the hydrological responses of overburden aquifers to mining disturbance is significant in groundwater resource protection and mining safety. Thus, an effective and economical method of tracking such responses is necessary. This paper uses time-series analysis and groundwater tidal-response analysis to identify and quantify the hydrologica...
Patent
本发明提供了一种覆岩水力及岩石力学监测方法及系统。该方法包括:通过在矿区范围内的水文监测孔内设置的自动水位计和气压计,监测水位数据和气压数据;利用井水位的固体潮效应和气压效应,在不同的情况下选择相对应的反演计算模型,计算不同的煤层上覆含水层的水文地质参数;通过得到不同层位煤层上覆含水层的水文地质参数可以直观全面地了解“三带”(弯曲带、断裂带和冒落带)的分布特征,为“三带”的划分提供新的依据;通过获取水文地质参数的空间、时间变化特征,监测煤矿开采过程中煤层上覆含水层水文地质参数的时间和空间变化规律。本发明提供的覆岩水力及岩石力学监测方法及系统能够识别采矿过程对上覆地层的实时影响。
Article
Wide-spread use of chromium in many industrial and manufacturing processes contributes to its presence as a global water pollution issue. In this work, batch experiments were conducted to test the remediation performance of granular activated carbon modified with amorphous FeS (FeS-GAC) for hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) polluted water. 76% of Cr(VI)...
Article
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Located in an arid and semi-arid region, the northern Ordos Basin is one of the key coal mining areas of China. The Zhiluo (J2z) sandstone aquifers, which overlay the Yan’an (J2y) coal seam layer, are a major source of drinking water. However, the hydrochemical evolution and possible impacts of coal mining on pollution of J2z groundwater over recen...
Article
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The determination of changes in hydrogeological properties (e.g., permeability and specific storage) of aquifers disturbed by mining activity is significant to groundwater resource and ecological environment protection in coal mine areas. However, such parameters are difficult to continuously measure in situ using conventional hydrogeological metho...
Article
Historical data on underground fluid can be valuable for detecting potential hydrological precursors. Although different analysis methods have been employed, nonlinear dynamic fluctuations and the lack of auxiliary observations makes hydrological precursors difficult to identify. In this study, we investigated hydrological time series of data from...
Article
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Determining the factors that control the sensitivity of aquifer responses to earthquakes may provide insight into the interaction between hydrogeological and tectonic processes in the shallow crustal zone. Such response sensitivity varies randomly at the spatial scale and its determining factors have not been evaluated quantitatively and are still...
Article
Yuheng Coalfield is a typical Jurassic coal mine with a multi-layer groundwater system but it is exposed to an arid and semi-arid climate with scarce water resources. Thus, the ecological environment is extremely vulnerable, and the groundwater chemistry and quality may be influenced by multiple factors. In this study, the self-organizing map calcu...
Article
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Understanding of groundwater recharge and associated hydrological processes is important for sustainable management and utilization of water resources, especially in the monsoon regions. However, few systematic studies have been conducted on the spatiotemporal variation of groundwater recharge. In this study, stable isotopes of precipitation and gr...
Article
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Environmental factors (e.g., temperature and pH) shaping the distribution of microbial communities in hot springs have been extensively studied, whereas how hydrochemical formation mechanisms and hydrological circulation processes affect microbial community composition is not comprehensively elucidated. In the present study, hydrochemical, isotopic...
Article
Understanding the interactions between surface water and groundwater is of considerable significance for managing water resources and protecting ecosystems in arid and semi-arid areas. This study investigated the hydrochemistry, stable isotopes (D–¹⁸O) and radioisotopes (²²²Rn) to identify the interactions between surface water and groundwater in D...
Article
The assessment of natural background levels (NBLs) in groundwater is considered as an efficient way to distinguish the geogenic compound from anthropogenic pollution of groundwater—a basic issue in groundwater environmental management. At present, most studies only assess NBLs of single parameters in groundwater. Such method, however, ignored the c...
Article
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Observation of earthquake-induced changes in well water levels provides an opportunity to study the effects of seismic activity on the groundwater system. In this study, we used data from a well network in the alluvial Canterbury Plain of New Zealand’s South Island to document sustained and complex changes in well water levels following the 2010 Da...
Article
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Estimating the hydraulic parameters of a target aquifer is key to properly evaluating the groundwater resources. Conventional methods are costly, and measurements are infrequent. There are currently four popular methods for estimating aquifer parameters using the response of the well water level to a periodic loading. However, the differences and a...
Article
Understanding the hydraulic connections between overburden aquifers is key to safe coal mining. However, accurately identifying such connections remains challenging. Conventional investigation methods include geophysical investigation, pumping test, and hydrochemical analysis, which are time-consuming, expensive, and cannot determine continuous var...
Article
The hydro-mechanical coupling in the shallow crust influences both geological processes such as earthquakes and landslides and anthropogenic processes such as induced seismicity and mining-produced subsidence. Yet there have been few direct field observation to illustrate how the hydraulic and the mechanical processes are coupled. In this study we...
Article
Full-text available
Radon in groundwater has long been recognized as a sensitive indicator of crustal stress. Significant changes in groundwater radon concentration before earthquakes have been documented in many studies. However, the radon concentration in groundwater may be affected by many interference factors. The anomalies before seismic activities may not be lar...
Article
Full-text available
Although different methods have been employed to study the earthquake-induced changes in aquifer permeability (e.g., tidal/barometric pressure response and analytical models), identification of the mechanism is usually hindered by the limitation of application conditions or multiplicity of solutions. A numerical simulation that couples flow and hea...
Article
Knowledge of groundwater discharge (location and sources) into Poyang Lake is needed for water resources management and ecological security. In this study, hydrochemical and stable (δD and δ¹⁸O) and radium (²²³Ra, ²²⁴Ra, ²²⁶Ra, and ²²⁸Ra) isotopic approaches were employed to study the hydrochemical and isotopic characteristics of groundwater and su...
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As one of the globally largest cities suffering from severe water shortage, Beijing is highly dependent on groundwater supply. Located northeast of Beijing, the Pinggu district is an important emergency-groundwater-supply source. This area developed rapidly under the strategy of the integrated development of the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region in rece...
Article
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For the quantitative evaluation of the impact of mining on a groundwater system, it is necessary to constrain the hydrogeological and mechanical properties. However, the in situ estimation of the mechanical properties of rock such as compressibility and porosity, is often difficult. Additionally, determining the hydraulic properties such as hydraul...
Article
Understanding groundwater discharge into Poyang Lake is important for maintaining the lake’s ecological status and water resource management. This study applied radium isotopes to estimate groundwater discharge into Poyang Lake in light of the characteristics of radium isotopes in groundwater and lake water. It was found that the activities of radi...
Article
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We have examined the water level data from 16 wells in Sichuan province, China, recorded before the Wenchuan Ms8.0 earthquake occurred in 2008. We found that the data of five among these wells exhibit possible precursory anomalies, which are respectively named the Chuan No.08 well in Deyang, Chuan No.11 well in Pujiang, Chuan No.13 well in Luzhou,...
Article
The eastern Tibetan Plateau geothermal belt in the southwest of China hosts a number of hot springs with a wide range of temperature and hydrogeochemical conditions, which may harbor different niches for the distribution of microbial communities. In this study, we investigated hydrochemical characteristics and microbial community composition in 16...
Article
Geochemical compositions changes in groundwater in response to earthquakes have been documented for decades, and most such studies have documented the changes in major ions or geochemical gases (e.g., Radon). Changes in trace elements, however, have received less attention. In this paper, we collected groundwater samples from a wellbore in Yunnan P...
Article
Seismically induced water level and tidal behavior changes were analyzed in four wells (TY, QX, XY and JX) in the Taiyuan rift Basin. One of the wells (JX) with higher storativity and higher permeability mainly recorded oscillation changes, which suggests that higher seismic energy density might be required to cause sustained water level changes in...
Article
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Earthquake‐induced aquifer permeability changes have been observed both in the laboratory and the field. However, the effects of multiple earthquakes on aquifer systems have rarely been differentiated. In this study, we analyze the piezometric response to earthquake pairs that occurred on the same day. The results show that events with higher seism...
Article
Hydrochemical changes in three hot springs (GD, LTG and EDQ) were studied by following three large near-field earthquakes (2008 Wenchuan Ms 8.0, 2013 Lushan Ms 7.0 and 2014 Kangding Ms 6.3 earthquakes) in the Xianshuihe Fault zone, Western China. Each earthquake caused significant hydrochemical and isotopic changes in the three thermal springs. Hyd...
Article
Groundwater microbial community normally co-varies with the associated geochemical transect in some hydrogeological sections along flowpath. However, in hydrogeological section with similar geochemical transect (e.g., salinity, ion compositions) how microbial community in groundwater varies are poorly understood. In this study, groundwater samples...
Article
Full-text available
Quantitative evaluation of earthquake-induced permeability changes is important for understanding key geological processes, such as advective transport of heat and solute and the generation of elevated fluid pressure. Many studies have independently documented permeability changes in either an aquifer or an aquitard, but the effects of an earthquak...
Article
Groundwater well can be used as a seismograph or as strainmeter, since the well water level is sensitive to seismic waves and other crustal strains through mechanical coupling between rock and groundwater. The use of the groundwater level in monitoring tectonic strain, however, is hindered by the enigmatic response discrepancy among wells (differen...
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The shallow groundwater in the Poyang Lake area is one of the important sources of drinking water. However, there has been no systematic assessment on the groundwater quality associated with human consumptions. Here, we reported the concentrations and distributions of heavy metals/trace elements in the groundwater. Geographic Information System, io...
Article
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Groundwater is a critical water resource for human survival and economic development in arid and semi-arid areas. It is crucial to understand the groundwater circulation and hydrochemical evolution for sustainable management and utilization of groundwater resources in those areas. To this end, an investigation of the hydrochemical characteristics o...
Article
Based on the information collected from the " Earthquake Cases in China” from 1966 to 2006, this paper carries out a statistical analysis of the subsurface fluids precursory anomalies of M S ≥5.0 earthquakes in Yunnan Province. The results showed that: ① More than 70% water level and water temperature anomalies were observed rising before the earth...
Article
Understanding the interaction between groundwater and surface water is of vital significance for the sustainable management of water resources in arid and semi-arid areas. In this study, multi environmental tracers (hydrochemical parameters, stable hydrogen and oxygen isotopes and radioactive 222Rn) were employed to investigate the interaction betw...
Article
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We observed abnormal changes of the water temperature in Yushu (YSWT) well, China, most of which were followed by earthquakes. This study statistically analyzes the correlation between the magnitude and duration of the anomalies in YSWT and earthquakes in the Tibetan block and its margins. The effectiveness of using observed YSWT data to predict ea...
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In this study, we documented a case involving large-scale macroscopic anomalies in the Xichang area, southwestern Sichuan Province, China, from May to June of 2002, after which no major earthquake occurred. During our field survey in 2002, we found that the timing of the high-frequency occurrence of groundwater anomalies was in good agreement with...
Article
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Earthquake-induced groundwater-level changes have been widely studied, though the mechanisms causing coseismic responses are still debated. In this study, we employ several models to fit the coseismic groundwater-level changes caused by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in the MP well, located in the Three Gorges Dam. The fits for all models are about t...