Zhao Han

Zhao Han
Colorado School of Mines · Department of Computer Science

Doctor of Philosophy

About

31
Publications
911
Reads
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116
Citations
Introduction
Zhao Han is a Post-Doctoral Fellow in computer science at the Colorado School of Mines, joining Prof. Tom Williams' interactive robotics MIRROR lab. He has a PhD in computer science from UMass Lowell in the Human-Robot Interaction Lab, directed by Prof. Holly Yanco. For the most up-to-date information, please visit his website https://zhaohanphd.com/.
Education
September 2016 - August 2021
University of Massachusetts Lowell
Field of study
  • Computer Science
January 2014 - August 2016
University of Manitoba
Field of study
  • Computer Science
January 2009 - December 2013
University of Manitoba
Field of study
  • Computer Science

Publications

Publications (31)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As robots become increasingly complex, they must explain their behaviors to gain trust and acceptance. However, it may be difficult through verbal explanation alone to fully convey information about past behavior, especially regarding objects no longer present due to robots' or humans' actions. Humans often try to physically mimic past movements to...
Preprint
The Artificial Intelligence (AI) for Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) Symposium has been a successful venue of discussion and collaboration on AI theory and methods aimed at HRI since 2014. This year, after a review of the achievements of the AI-HRI community over the last decade in 2021, we are focusing on a visionary theme: exploring the future of A...
Article
Full-text available
Mixed Reality provides a powerful medium for transparent and effective human-robot communication, especially for robots with significant physical limitations (e.g., those without arms). To enhance nonverbal capabilities for armless robots, this paper presents two studies that explore two different categories of mixed-reality deictic gestures for ar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For autonomous agents such as robots to effectively communicate with humans, they must be able to refer to different entities in situated contexts. In service of this goal, researchers have recently attempted to model the selection of referring forms on the basis of cognitive status (informed by Givenness Hierarchy), and have shown promising result...
Preprint
Autonomous robots must communicate about their decisions to gain trust and acceptance. When doing so, robots must determine which actions are causal, i.e., which directly give rise to the desired outcome, so that these actions can be included in explanations. In behavior learning in psychology, this sort of reasoning during an action sequence has b...
Preprint
Within the human-robot interaction (HRI) community, many researchers have focused on the careful design of human-subjects studies. However, other parts of the community, e.g., the technical advances community, also need to do human-subjects studies to collect data to train their models, in ways that require user studies but without a strict experim...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Augmented Reality (AR) or Mixed Reality (MR) enables innovative interactions by overlaying virtual imagery over the physical world. For roboticists, this creates new opportunities to apply proven non-verbal interaction patterns, like gesture, to physically-limited robots. However, a wealth of HRI research has demonstrated that there are real benefi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Autonomous robots must communicate about their decisions to gain trust and acceptance. When doing so, robots must determine which actions are causal, i.e., which directly give rise to the desired outcome, so that these actions can be included in explanations. In behavior learning in psychology, this sort of reasoning during an action sequence has b...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within the human-robot interaction (HRI) community , many researchers have focused on the careful design of human-subjects studies. However, other parts of the community, e.g., the technical advances community, also need to do human-subjects studies to collect data to train their models, in ways that require user studies but without a strict experi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Language-capable robots require moral competence, including representations and algorithms for moral reasoning and moral communication. We argue for an ethical pluralist approach to moral competence that leverages and combines disparate ethical frameworks, and specifically argue for an approach to moral competence that is grounded not only in Deont...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For mobile robots, mobile manipulators, and autonomous vehicles to safely navigate around populous places such as streets and warehouses, human observers must be able to understand their navigation intent. One way to enable such understanding is by visualizing this intent through projections onto the surrounding environment. But despite the demonst...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In many domains, robots must be able to communicate to humans through natural language. One of the core capabilities needed for task-based natural language communication is the ability to refer to objects, people, and locations. Existing work on robot referring expression generation has focused nearly exclusively on generation of definite descripti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Robots that use natural language in collaborative tasks must refer to objects in their environment. Recent work has shown the utility of the linguistic theory of the Givenness Hierarchy (GH) in generating appropriate referring forms. But before referring expression generation, collaborative robots must determine the content and structure of a seque...
Preprint
For mobile robots, mobile manipulators, and autonomous vehicles to safely navigate around populous places such as streets and warehouses, human observers must be able to understand their navigation intent. One way to enable such understanding is by visualizing this intent through projections onto the surrounding environment. But despite the demonst...
Preprint
The Artificial Intelligence (AI) for Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) Symposium has been a successful venue of discussion and collaboration since 2014. During that time, these symposia provided a fertile ground for numerous collaborations and pioneered many discussions revolving trust in HRI, XAI for HRI, service robots, interactive learning, and more...
Article
Full-text available
Although non-verbal cues such as arm movement and eye gaze can convey robot intention, they alone may not provide enough information for a human to fully understand a robot's behavior. To better understand how to convey robot intention, we conducted an experiment (N = 366) investigating the need for robots to explain, and the content and properties...
Article
Full-text available
The design of user interfaces (UIs) for assistive robot systems can be improved through the use of a set of design guidelines presented in this article. As an example, the article presents two different UI designs for an assistive manipulation robot system. We explore the design considerations from these two contrasting UIs. The first is referred t...
Article
As autonomous robots continue to be deployed near people, robots need to be able to explain their actions. In this article, we focus on organizing and representing complex tasks in a way that makes them readily explainable. Many actions consist of sub-actions, each of which may have several sub-actions of their own, and the robot must be able to re...
Preprint
Full-text available
Robot interfaces often only use the visual channel. Inspired by Wickens' Multiple Resource Theory, we investigated if the addition of audio elements would reduce cognitive workload and improve performance. Specifically, we designed a search and threat-defusal task (primary) with a memory test task (secondary). Eleven participants - predominantly fi...
Preprint
The Artificial Intelligence (AI) for Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) Symposium has been a successful venue of discussion and collaboration since 2014. In that time, the related topic of trust in robotics has been rapidly growing, with major research efforts at universities and laboratories across the world. Indeed, many of the past participants in AI...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It has been claimed that a main advantage of cognitive architectures (compared to other types of specialized robotic architectures) is that they are task-general and can thus learn to perform any task as long as they have the right perceptual and action primitives. In this paper, we provide empirical evidence for this claim by directly comparing a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Existing research on non-verbal cues, e.g., eye gaze or arm movement, may not accurately present a robot's internal states such as perception results and action intent. Projecting the states directly onto a robot's operating environment has the advantages of being direct, accurate, and more salient, eliminating mental inference about the robot's in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Most research on human-robot handovers focuses on the development of comfortable and efficient HRI; few have studied handover failures. If a failure occurs in the beginning of the interaction, it prevents the whole handover process and destroys trust. Here we analyze the underlying reasons why people want explanations in a handover scenario where a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The FetchIt! Mobile Manipulation Challenge, held at the IEEE International Conference on Robots and Automation (ICRA) in May 2019, offered an environment with complex and integrated task sets, irregular objects, confined space, and machining, introducing new challenges in the mobile manipulation domain. Here we describe our efforts to address these...
Preprint
Full-text available
The FetchIt! Mobile Manipulation Challenge, held at the IEEE International Conference on Robots and Automation (ICRA) in May 2019, offered an environment with complex and integrated task sets, irregular objects, confined space, and machining, introducing new challenges in the mobile manipulation domain. Here we describe our efforts to address these...
Preprint
Full-text available
As robot systems become more ubiquitous, developing understandable robot systems becomes increasingly important in order to build trust. In this paper, we present an approach to developing a holistic robot explanation system, which consists of three interconnected components: state summarization, storage and querying, and human interface. To find t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Most research on human-robot handovers focuses on how the robot should approach human receivers and notify them of the readiness to take an object; few studies have investigated the effects of different release behaviors. Not releasing an object when a person desires to take it breaks handover fluency and creates a bad handover experience. In this...
Article
Full-text available
In the current era of Big data, high volumes of valuable data can be generated at a high velocity from high-varieties of data sources in various real-life applications ranging from sensor networks to social networks, from bio-informatics to chemical informatics. In addition, Big data are also available in business, education, engineering, finance,...
Conference Paper
Frequent itemset mining discovers implicit, previously unknown and potentially useful knowledge---in the form of frequent itemsets---from data. For example, discovery of frequently purchased merchandise products reveals customer purchase patterns, which help store managers about their business strategies and promotional tactics. These, in turn, hel...

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