# Zbyněk UrbanVŠB-Technical University of Ostrava · Department of Mathematics

Zbyněk Urban

Ph.D. (Mathematics)

## About

28

Publications

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140

Citations

Citations since 2017

## Publications

Publications (28)

A second-order generalization of the fundamental Lepage form of geometric calculus of variations over fibered manifolds with 2-dimensional base is described by means of insisting on (i) an equivalence relation “Lepage differential 2-form is closed if and only if the associated Lagrangian is trivial” and (ii) the principal component of Lepage form,...

A second-order generalization of the fundamental Lepage form of geometric calculus of variations over fibered manifolds with 2-dimensional base is described by means of insisting on (i) equivalence relation "Lepage differential 2-form is closed if and only if the associated Lagrangian is trivial" and, (ii) the principal component of Lepage form, ex...

The Carathéodory form of the calculus of variations belongs to the class of Lepage equivalents of first-order Lagrangians in field theory. Here, this equivalent is generalized for second- and higher-order Lagrangians by means of intrinsic geometric operations applied to the well-known Poincaré–Cartan form and principal component of Lepage forms, re...

The Carath\'eodory form of the calculus of variations belongs to the class of Lepage equivalents of first-order Lagrangians in field theory. Here, this equivalent is generalized for second- and higher-order Lagrangians by means of intrisic geometric operations applied to the well-known Poincar\'e--Cartan form and principal component of Lepage forms...

The Noether–Bessel-Hagen theorem can be considered a natural extension of Noether Theorem to search for symmetries. Here, we develop the approach for dynamical systems introducing the basic foundations of the method. Specifically, we establish the Noether–Bessel-Hagen analysis of mechanical systems where external forces are present. In the second p...

The Noether-Bessel-Hagen theorem can be considered a natural extension of Noether Theorem to search for symmetries. Here, we develop the approach for dynamical systems introducing the basic foundations of the method. Specifically, we establish the Noether-Bessel-Hagen analysis of mechanical systems where external forces are present. In the second p...

The exactness equation for Lepage 2-forms, associated with variational systems of ordinary differential equations on smooth manifolds, is analyzed with the aim to construct a concrete global variational principle. It is shown that locally variational systems defined by homogeneous functions of degree $c \neq 0, 1$ are automatically globally variati...

Locally variational systems of differential equations on smooth manifolds, having certain de Rham cohomology group trivial, automatically possess a global Lagrangian. This important result due to Takens is, however, of sheaf-theoretic nature. A new constructive method of finding a global Lagrangian for second-order ODEs on 2-manifolds is described...

The exactness equation for Lepage 2-forms, associated with variational systems of ordinary differential equations on smooth manifolds, is analyzed with the aim to construct a concrete global variational principle. It is shown that locally variational systems defined by homogeneous functions of degree c≠0,1 are automatically globally variational. A...

Locally variational systems of differential equations on smooth manifolds, having certain de Rham cohomology group trivial, automatically possess a global Lagrangian. This important result due to Takens is, how-ever, of sheaf-theoretic nature. A new constructive method of finding a global Lagrangian for second-order ODEs on 2-manifolds is described...

A setting for global variational geometry on Grassmann fibrations is presented. The integral variational functionals for finite dimensional immersed submanifolds are studied by means of the fundamental Lepage equivalent of a homogeneous Lagrangian, which can be regarded as a generalization of the well-known Hilbert form in the classical mechanics....

Systems of ordinary differential equations (or dynamical forms in Lagrangian mechanics), induced by embeddings of smooth fibered manifolds over one-dimensional basis, are considered in the class of variational equations. For a given non-variational system, conditions assuring variationality (the Helmholtz conditions) of the induced system with resp...

The paper is devoted to the interior Euler-Lagrange operator in field theory, representing an important tool for constructing the variational sequence. We give a new invariant definition of this operator by means of a natural decomposition of spaces of differential forms, appearing in the sequence, which defines its basic properties. Our definition...

The invariant metrizability problem for affine connections on a manifold, formulated by Tanaka and Krupka for connected Lie groups actions, is considered in the particular cases of Lorentz and Poincaré (inhomogeneous Lorentz) groups. Conditions under which an affine connection on the open submanifold (Formula presented.) of the Euclidean space (For...

The construction of a finite-order bicomplex whose morphisms are the horizontal and vertical derivatives of differential forms on finite-order jet prolongations of fibered manifolds over one-dimensional bases is presented. In particular, relationship between the morphisms and classes entering the variational sequence and the associated finite-order...

Simple examples of variational functionals on Grassmann fibrations are analysed on the basis of the Hilbert form. The Lagrange, Euler - Lagrange, and Noether classes, characterizing the functionals, their extremals and invariance properties are discussed. The relationship of equations for extremals and conservation law equations is established; in...

This chapter contains a relatively complete theory of higher-order integral variational functionals with one-dimensional immersed submanifolds the subjects of variations.

The inverse problem of the calculus of variations consists, roughly speaking, in finding out whether a given system of differential equations is equivalent to the Euler–Lagrange equations for some variational principle.

A setting for higher-order global variational analysis on Grassmann fibrations is presented. The integral variational principles for one-dimensional immersed submanifolds are introduced by means of differential 1-forms with specific properties, similar to the Lepage forms from the variational calculus on fibred manifolds. Prolongations of immersion...

Variationality of systems of second order ordinary differential equations is studied within the class of positive homogeneous systems. The concept of a higher-order positive homogeneous function, related to Finsler geometry, is represented by the well-known Zermelo conditions, and applied to the theory of variational equations. In particular, it is...

Invariance under reparametrizations of integral curves of higher order differential equations, including variational equations related to Finsler geometry, is studied. The classical homogeneity concepts are introduced within the theory of (jet) differential groups, known in the theory of differential invariants. On this basis the well-known general...

The aim of this paper is to give a survey of recent developments in global variational geometry, and in particular, to complete the results on the construction of classes (terms) in the variational sequences related to higher-order variational problems on fibred spaces. Explicit description of the first order variational sequences is given as an ex...

Extension of the variational sequence theory in mechanics to the first order Grassmann fibrations of 1-dimensional submanifolds
is presented. The correspondence with the variational theory of parameter-invariant problems on manifolds is discussed in
terms of the theory of jets (slit tangent bundles) and contact elements. In particular, the Helmholt...

We present the theory of higher order velocities and their scalar differential invariants. We consider a natural action of a differential group on manifolds of higher order velocities, and study properties of its orbits (contact elements) and orbit spaces (higher order Grassmann bundles). We show that this action defines on a manifold of regular ve...

The properties of the least squares estimator of the parameters of the regression function are investigated in the model of an ellipse. The equivalence of the least squares estimation method and the orthogonally-regression method is shown.