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Zbigniew Szygula

Zbigniew Szygula
University of Physical Education in Krakow, Poland · Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport

MD, PhD

About

161
Publications
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Publications

Publications (161)
Article
Full-text available
Background Body temperature fluctuations induced by acute exercise bouts may influence the intestinal barrier with related effects on epithelial permeability, immune responses, and release of metabolites produced by the gut microbiota. This study evaluated the effects of post-exercise sauna bathing in young men undergoing endurance training on gut...
Article
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The aim of the study was to determine the acute effects of single-whole-body vibration (WBV) on resting metabolic rate (RMR) and carbohydrate–lipid profile of blood in young, healthy women. The participants, in a randomised controlled crossover study, participated in two trials: WBV and a vibration simulation (placebo). The WBV was performed in the...
Article
Whole-body cryostimulation (W-BC) is commonly used following exercise to accelerate recovery or as a form of therapy to prevent and cure sports injuries. This study aimed to investigate the effect of a series of 24 W-BC sessions on morphological and rheological blood indicators in physically active men. Eighteen physically active men participated i...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeThe aim of the study was to evaluate distinct performance indicators and energy system contributions in 3 different, new sport-specific finger flexor muscle exercise tests.Methods The tests included the maximal strength test, the all-out test (30 s) as well as the continuous and intermittent muscle endurance test at an intensity equaling 60%...
Article
Purpose: Sauna bathing is recommended to improve the sports training process, yet empirical evidence confirming its effectiveness is still inconclusive. We examined the effects of post-exercise sauna bathing on hematological adaptations and exercise capacity in healthy men. Methods: Thirteen physical education students participated in randomized...
Article
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Objective Excess visceral adipose tissue is associated with insulin resistance and other metabolic disorders, including deregulation of adipokine secretion, which may be corrected by aerobic exercise training. Asprosin is a novel adipokine responsible for the regulation of appetite and the release of glucose from the liver, and its levels are patho...
Article
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Aging causes oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction and a reduction in the bioavailability of nitric oxide. The study aim was to determine whether, as a result of repeated whole-body exposure to cryogenic temperature (3 min −130 °C), there is an increase of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) concentration in senior subjects (59 ± 6 years), a...
Preprint
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Background: Body temperature fluctuations induced by acute exercise bouts may also influence the intestinal barrier with related effects on epithelial permeability, immune responses, and release of metabolites produced by the gut microbiota.To evaluate the combined influence of 4-weeks exercise training and post-exercise sauna treatments on gut bac...
Article
The relative importance of key performance factors is poorly studied in high-level climbers. This study aimed to (1) determine the role of forearm muscle strength and endurance in high-level rock climbing, (2) and provide suitable dynamometric test parameters for muscle endurance assessment in high-level climbers. Six higher elite (redpoint Fr.9a)...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Adaptation, including changes in blood properties, to whole-body cryostimulation may depend on many factors, including body mass. Aim: This study investigates whether hematological parameters change similarly in a group of people with obesity and a group of men with normal body weight after 10 and 20 cryostimulation treatments. Meth...
Article
There seems to be a general consensus among researchers that acute aerobic exercise (exercise hereafter) improves mood, but the neural mechanisms which drive these effects are far from being clear. The current study investigated the cortical connectivity patterns that underlie changes in mood after exercise. Twenty male adults underwent three diffe...
Article
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Background: The activity of antioxidant enzymes and sirtuins (Sirt) decreases along with age, which is counteracted by aerobic training. Sirtuins increase antioxidant defence. Whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) increases total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in young men. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of 24 WBC treatments on the blood concent...
Article
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Abdominal obesity predominates in menopausal women (MW) and contributes to the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS). It is associated with increased mortality related to cardiovascular disease, diabetes and fatty liver disease. The effects of whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) on body composition and the blood concentration of irisin, interleukin-6 (...
Chapter
The chapter is about thermoregulation and regulation of water balance in master athletes.
Article
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The benefits of altitude/hypoxic training for sea level performance are still under debate. This study examined the effects of low altitude training supported by normobaric hypoxia on hematological status and endurance performance predictors in elite female cyclists. Twenty-two female cyclists trained for 3 weeks at low altitude (<1100 m) and 2 wee...
Article
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Pressure contribute-to_the_egress of cells from bone mirrow? Acta physiol. pol., 1981, 32 (6): 729-J36. Pressure was measured in the femoial me-dullary cavity of rabbits whose femorat musciós ńró-subjected 6 ei;-ctrostimulation. After electrostimulation the pressure in the "ńedńil;y;;-vity increased fivefold. _. In Eroups of experimental animals th...
Article
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Endocrine dysfunction often occurs in metabolic syndrome (MetS), resulting in hyperglycemia and atherogenic blood lipid profile disorders. Asprosin is a newly discovered glucose-regulating hormone. The study aim was to determine whether the application of whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) affects asprosin and selected adipocytokines as well as insulin r...
Article
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Introduction: This project addresses the important problem of sepsis sequelae resulting in frequent hospital readmissions and higher mortality rate in the post-discharge period. However, neither specific diagnostic methods nor standards for rehabilitation of sepsis patients have been introduced yet. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiv...
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of exposure to 30 daily whole body cryostimulation (WBC) on lipid metabolic parameters and serum HSP-70 concentration. The study involved 45 volunteers, homogeneous in terms of diet and daily physical activity. Blood samples were collected before and after the 10th, the 20th, and the 30th session an...
Article
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Objective: The new adipokine, which is asprosin, affects glucose release from the liver to the blood, and thus, influences exercise metabolism. This is the first study assessing whether single anaerobic exercise affects asprosin secretion in women and men. Methods: 10 men and 10 women (aged 21.64 ± 1.22 and 22.64 ± 1.49, respectively) performed a s...
Article
Background: In a previous randomized controlled trial it has been demonstrated that arm compression sleeves worn immediately after breast cancer surgery, including axillary lymph node removal in addition to physical therapy are able to reduce the occurrence of early postoperative swelling and of arm lymphedema up to 1 year and to improve quality o...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Physical exercise changes redox balance in the blood. The study aim is to determine gender-related differences in enzymatic antioxidant defense [superoxide dismutase, catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx)] during the initial period following anaerobic exercise and 24 h after its completion. Methods: Young, non-training partici...
Article
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Aim of the study: The aim of our research was to examine the influence of single whole-body cryostimulation (WBC) on chosen immune system indicators including the heat shock protein HSP-70. Material and methods: The study was carried out among ten young and healthy men (mean age 22.4 ±1.65, with a body mass index of 22.91 ±2.39 kg/m2). The particip...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Endurance runners may experience “sports anemia” resulting from intravascular hemolysis. In addition, aging has negative impact on hematopoiesis and rheological properties of blood, and erythrocyte membranes in older people are more vulnerable to oxidative damage, which together can lead to anemia. Whole-body cryostimulation (WBCST) is i...
Article
A prior session of moderate intensity continuous exercise (MCE) benefits performance during tasks requiring conflict resolution but the specific cognitive process that underlies this improvement remains unknown. Many studies postulate that MCE increases inhibition, but ERP evidence is ambiguous due to significant differences across past procedures....
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The aim of the study is to evaluate the intensity of the effort and energy expenditure in the course of performing selected classical massage techniques and to assess the workload of a massage therapist during a work shift. Material and methods: Thirteen massage therapists (age: 21.9±1.9 years old, body mass index: 24.5±2.8 kg×m<sup>...
Article
Interrelationships between physiological changes (Δ) in erythropoietin (EPO), plasma volume (PV), haemoglobin concentration ([Hb]), and total haemoglobin mass (tHb-mass) were examined in cyclists who trained in different altitudes. Regardless of differences in pattern of changes observed in three training locations, ΔEPO was correlated positively w...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. Studies have demonstrated an important role of muscle strength and endurance in climbing. However, little research has explored the speed parameters of the muscles of climbers. This study aimed to evaluate biomechanical indices of the functional status of the upper limbs in climbers. Material and methods. Group G1 (n = 3) were athlete...
Article
Background: After breast cancer surgery patients are at higher risk of lymphedema development and decreasing physical activity (PA), as well as decreasing health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The aim of the study was to compare the level of PA and HRQOL in women after breast cancer surgery using light arm compression with women not using compre...
Article
Erythrocytes have high elasticity and the ability to build blood aggregates, they can pass through the smallest capillaries, thus ensuring the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide in all areas of the vascular system. A decrease in the deformability of erythrocytes may result in reduced blood flow and thereby the cause of many diseases. The increa...
Article
Full-text available
Antropomotoryka (Journal of Kinesiology and Exercise Sciences), 2017, vol.27, no.3 (79), 31-39. Aim. The aim of the study was to compare the main indicators characterizing body build, including the strength and endurance potential of elite mountain and rock climbers. Methods: The study was comprised of high-class male athletes, performing rock and...
Article
Background: Oxidative stress could be result of an increase in ATP resynthesis during exercise. The aim of the study was to compare prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB) disturbances induced by exercise at maximal intensity in young men with differing body compositions. Methods: Thirty-nine subjects were selected from 1,549 volunteers aged 18-30,...
Article
Objectives: Comparison of redox balance changes in the blood of women and men as a result of submaximal eccentric (ECC) and concentric (CONC) efforts. Methods: 10 women and 10 men performed three 45-minute submaximal treadmill runs at constant velocities (downhill run – ECC, uphill run – CONC and level run). Prior to the 45-minute exercises, after...
Article
Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the activity of xanthine oxidase (XO) in the blood of men and women during the first hour following a single anaerobic exercise (AN-EX), and after 24 hours of recovery, and to determine whether the changes in XO activity in the blood after AN-EX are dependent on anaerobic performance. Methods: Ten me...
Article
Objectives: The aim of this study was to test the hypotheses: (1) there is a negative correlation between protein and lipid oxidative damage following maximal-intensity exercise, and oxygen uptake and work intensity (%VO2max) at the respiratory compensation point (RCP) in women and men; (2) nitro-oxidative stress following maximal-intensity exercis...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to investigate physiological responses to climbing with different hold types. Eight elite climbers (red-point achievements 8a – 9a, French grades) performed two climbing tests to failure which were steady in pace and uniform in wall inclination, distances between holds and hold deepness. Only the hold contact surface i...
Article
Objective: The aim of the article was to assess risk factors and to analyze methods applied in the prevention and treatment of lower limb edema in pregnant women with a particular focus on compression therapy and exercise. Materials and methods: Fifty-four women during the early 24-hour period following delivery were assigned to two groups-eithe...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: This study examined the effects of 6-week Nordic walking (NW) workout with individually customized intensity, on the body composition, and oxidative stress biomarkers for women > 55 years of age. Material and methods: Sixteen sedentary women (age 58.1±2.02 years old, body mass index (BMI) 26.74±2.72 kg/m2) worked out the NW 3 times/w...
Article
Lower-limb oedemas can be the result of abnormalities in the structure and functioning of the lymphatic system, injuries or inflammation, or can be related to cancer and its treatment; however, they are more often one of the basic symptoms accompanying women in the third trimester of pregnancy due to vein insufficiency. The purpose of this overview...
Article
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Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate walking economy and physiological responses at two walking speeds in males with similar absolute body mass but different body composition. Methods: The study involved 22 young men with a similar absolute body mass, BMI, aerobic performance, calf and thigh circumference. The participants differed in bo...
Conference Paper
The aim of the study was to compare morphological and rheological properties of blood of long distance runners and untrained men. The study was carried out on 20 healthy males of age about 60 years old: 10 long distance runners and 10 untrained men. There was no difference between compared groups in age, body height and body weight. Venous blood fo...
Article
Whole body cryotherapy (WBC) is a treatment often used by athletes as part of biological renewal. Despite the large interest in this form therapy there is still a lack of information on the effects of WBC on the concentration of fatty acids in erythrocyte membranes. Our study aimed at comparing the fatty acids (FA) composition of erythrocyte membra...
Article
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of kinesio taping (KT) in anaerobic power recovery after eccentric exercise. The study was carried out on 10 healthy men. The participants performed two 60-min downhill runs with a constant intensity. Peak anaerobic power (PP) and mean power (MP) were measured before and five times after eccent...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: One of the new products which can be used to increase physical activity and energy expenditure is the Torqway vehicle, powered by the upper limbs. The aim of this study was to 1) assess the usefulness and repeatability of the Torqway vehicle for physical exercise, 2) compare energy expenditure and physiological responses during walking on...
Article
Full-text available
Frydrych-Szymonik Aleksandra, Augustyn Gabriela, Szyguła Zbigniew. Znaczenie snu i sposoby poprawy jego jakości u sportowców = Impact of sleep and methods to improve its quality in the context of sporting activities. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2016;6(5):157-176. eISSN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.51416 http://ojs.uk...
Article
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A Study Abstract Purpose: We examine physical activity levels of Polish and Turkish students to determine cross-cultural and gender differences in exercise habits. Methods: Our study assessed 50 students from Adnan Menderes University in Aydin, Turkey and 50 students from the University of Physical Education in Krakow, Poland. Physical activity was...
Article
The aim of our study was to compare the indicators of starting speed, anaerobic endurance and power in women as well as men, and to investigate whether the values of these indicators differ in women during the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle. The studied group included 16 men and 16 women. The subjects performed the 20-second ma...
Chapter
Full-text available
Regular endurance-type physical exercise exerts a positive effect on the capacity and endurance of the body and the activity of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). In contrast, the exercise loads used in professional sports for extended periods of time may lead to significant functional impairment of all tissues and organs, including ANS. The study...
Book
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Athletes and nonathletes frequently consume too little water or fluids, affecting exercise performance as well as overall health. This book comprehensively reviews the aspects relating to body fluid balance, rehydration, and physical exercise. It provides background on body water balance and turnover, topics related to
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The aim of this study was to compare changes in total oxidative status (TOS), total antioxidative capacity (TAC) and the concentration of VitA, VitE, VitC, uric acid (UA), reduced (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) in blood within 24 hours following anaerobic exercise (AnEx) among men and women. Methods 10 women and 10 men performed a 2...
Article
Objective The aim of the paper was to evaluate the physiological response during running in athletes with similar body mass but different body composition. Material and methods Thirty-three recreational athletes composed three study groups: control, increased body fat (HBF) and increased lean body mass (HLBM). The HBF and HLBM groups were similar...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of eccentric exercise on anaerobic power, starting speed and anaerobic endurance. The participants performed the maximum cycling sprint test (MCST) prior to eccentric exercise (ECC), 10 minutes after, as well as one hour, 24 hours, 48 hours, and one week after ECC. The peak and mean power, time to a...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main themes of the 7th European Hypoxia Symposium 2014 in Berchtesgaden, Germany) was „Contraindications for Exposure to Hypoxia". In this paper, we summarize the statements and recommendations for high altitude sojourns with pre-existing medical conditions. Exposure to altitude is increasingly common even amongst elderly people. Therefo...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The aim of the study was to determine whether creatine malate (CML) supplementation results in similar ergogenic effect in sprinters and long-distance runners. The other goal was to compare changes in body composition, physical performance and hormone levels after six-week training in athletes, divided into subgroups supplemented with cre...
Article
Full-text available
Oxidative stress may be caused by an increased rate of ATP resynthesis during physical exercise. The aim of this study was to compare changes in the prooxidant-antioxidant state of blood plasma between men and women after maximal-intensity exercise, and to assess the relationship between these changes and the value of the maximal oxygen uptake (VO(...
Data
Full-text available