Zarina Kabir

Zarina Kabir
Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden · Dept of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS)

PhD

About

64
Publications
14,179
Reads
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2,133
Citations
Introduction
Zarina Nahar Kabir currently works at the Dept of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS), Karolinska Institute, Sweden. Zarina does research in ageing, intimate partner violence and maternal mental health from a public health perspective . Her current project is an intervention study using mobile technology to provide support to family caregivers of persons with dementia to reduce stress and improve quality of life.
Additional affiliations
September 2007 - February 2009
BRAC
Position
  • Managing Director
May 2006 - present
Karolinska Institutet
Position
  • Senior Researcher
November 1993 - July 2006
Karolinska Institute, Sweden
Position
  • Project Manager

Publications

Publications (64)
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Frontline health workers (FHW) are working relentlessly to combat the COVID-19 pandemic globally. This is particularly challenging for low- and middle-income countries such as Bangladesh because of resource scarcity. Therefore, it is critical to understand the challenges of healthcare providers to help shaping a contextual pandemic r...
Article
Background: A majority of persons with dementia in Sweden live in their own homes and are often cared for by family members. Caring for a family member may be a positive experience. It may, however, also be a negative experience as symptoms like disturbing behavior and delusions may be difficult to encounter. The burden of being a family caregiver...
Article
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Background Involving families in care benefits both patients and their families. Sweden was one of the first countries to introduce family nursing, but its effect on nurses’ attitudes toward involving families in care was unknown. First, this study aimed to investigate registered nurses’ attitudes about the importance of involving families in nursi...
Article
Objective: The study aims to describe the experiences of healthcare providers in delivering care to older persons at a private hospital in urban India. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eighteen healthcare providers delivering care at a private hospital in Hyderabad city in India between the periods November 2017 to April 2018...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to examine nurses’ attitudes about the importance of family in nursing care from an international perspective. We used a cross-sectional design. Data were collected online using the Families’ Importance in Nursing Care—Nurses’ Attitudes (FINC-NA) questionnaire from a convenience sample of 740 registered nurses across healt...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 epidemic has especially impacted the urban population in Bangladesh. Despite the illness impacts not only the patient but also other members in the family, studies on COVID-19 have primarily focused on the patient’s perspective. It is important to understand the experience of family members who adopt caregiving roles. This s...
Article
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Background Self-reported measures play a crucial role in research, clinical practice and health assessment. Instruments used to assess self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) need validation to ensure that they measure what they are intended to, detect true changes over time and differentiate between subjects. A generic instrument meas...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Self-reported measures play a crucial role in research, clinical practice and health assessment. Instruments used to assess self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) need validation to ensure that they measure what they are intended to, detect true changes over time and differentiate between subjects. A generic instrument meas...
Article
Full-text available
This brief report documents personal experience of a frontline worker in a care home in Sweden during the COVID-19 pandemic. Rather than imposing a lockdown, Sweden advised its citizens on precautionary measures, including forbidding visits to care homes. The country has reported a much higher death rate related to COVID-19 than its Nordic neighbou...
Article
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Background: Globally, family members account for the main source of caregiving of persons with dementia living at home. Providing care to family members with dementia often has negative health consequences for caregivers such as stress, depression and low quality of life. Yet, formal support for family caregivers (FCs) is limited. Telehealth techn...
Article
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Aim and objectives To explore the experiences of caregivers of persons with dementia and dementia coordinators regarding their collaboration in care for a person with dementia and the feasibility of using technology in this collaboration. Background Caregivers of persons with dementia have a significant risk of developing physical strain and psych...
Article
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Objective: The study aims to describe the experiences of older persons in seeking health care in a private hospital in urban India. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 50 older persons admitted in or visiting a private hospital in Hyderabad city in India between the period November 2017 and April 2018. The data were analyzed usi...
Article
Full-text available
Intimate partner violence is a public health problem worldwide. Many children witness intimate partner violence at home and are affected by it. Regardless of the degree of exposure, children growing up in violent homes experience negative effects in the form of externalising behaviour and internalising symptoms which call for targeted interventions...
Article
Objectives: We constructed a functional biological age (fBioAge) indicator by using four functional variables: grip strength, forced expiratory lung volume, visual acuity, and hearing. Our aim was to compare how chronological age (ChronAge) and fBioAge are related to cognitive abilities in older adults. Method: We used data from the Poverty and...
Article
Full-text available
This study described health factors of importance for everyday health, such as pain, tiredness, and sleeping problems, in a cross-national context. Data for persons 60+ years were obtained from the Poverty and Health in Aging study, Bangladesh, and the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care-Blekinge. The strongest associations with everyday healt...
Article
Intimate partner violence (IPV) during the first year postpartum is common in Bangladesh, and many infants are exposed to hostile and aggressive environment. The aim of the current study was to investigate how IPV (physical, emotional, and sexual) impacts on the mother’s perception of her infant’s temperament 6 to 8 months postpartum, and whether m...
Article
Full-text available
Most research in cognitive aging is based on literate participants from high-income and Western populations. The extent to which findings generalize to low-income and illiterate populations is unknown. The main aim was to examine the structure of between-person differences in cognitive functions among elderly from rural Bangladesh. We used data fro...
Article
Background: Because of worldwide migration, the healthcare staff in general as well as in paedi"atric care specifically is challenged increasingly by people from various ethnic backgrounds. The challenge is related to providing culturally competent care and effectively communicating with people from diverse cultural and ethnic backgrounds who have...
Article
Full-text available
Depression, if broadly defined, is the commonest late-life mental disorder. We examined the distribution of depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts, across age, sex, literacy, and marital status, among elderly individuals residing in rural Bangladesh and participating in a population-based study on health and aging. Prevalence figures of depressi...
Article
Full-text available
Over recent years, researchers have found evidence which indicates that the prevalence of postpartum depressive symptoms crosses cultural boundaries and is reported to be at least as high in non-Western countries as in Western countries. However, qualitative studies about new mothers' experiences from non-Western countries, such as Bangladesh, are...
Article
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Background: There are currently no published reports of dementia prevalence or factors associated with dementia occurrence in Bangladesh. The aims are to report the prevalence of definite and questionable dementia in rural Bangladesh, and examine factors potentially associated with dementia occurrence, including sociodemographic, clinical, social,...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV), a gross violation of human rights, ranges widely across the world with higher prevalence reported in low- and middle-income countries. Evidence related mainly to physical health shows that IPV has both direct and indirect impacts on women's health. Little is known about the impact of I...
Article
During July 2007 to June 2010, BRAC, a nongovernment organization in Bangladesh, reported 713 incidents of rape and attempted rape of children (< 18 years) in rural Bangladesh. This study explores these 713 incidents to identify possible patterns related to the victims, perpetrators, and different dynamics of the incidents. Rape and attempted rape,...
Article
Background: Sweden has a population of a little more than 9.4 million. The rapid growth of immigration in Sweden has resulted in an increased number of minority ethnic patients and minority ethnic nurses in the Swedish healthcare system. This also applies to paediatric care. Aim: The purpose of this study was to explore how parents with ethnic S...
Article
Most studies on cognitive aging have been conducted in high-income countries (mainly on Western populations). The main aim of this study was to compare the relative importance of predictors of episodic and semantic memory performance in older people (≥60 years) from Bangladesh (n = 400) and Sweden (n = 1,098). Hierarchical regression models were us...
Article
BACKGROUND: Evidence linking maternal depressive symptoms with infant's growth and development in low-income countries is inadequate and conflicting. This study investigated the independent effect of maternal perinatal depressive symptoms on infant's growth and motor development in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: A cohort of 720 pregnant women was follo...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is a high prevalence of antepartum depression and low birth weight (LBW) in Bangladesh. In high- and low-income countries, prior evidence linking maternal depressive and anxiety symptoms with infant LBW is conflicting. There is no research on the association between maternal mental disorders and LBW in Bangladesh. This study invest...
Article
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Data on multimorbidity among the elderly people in Bangladesh are lacking. This paper reports the prevalence and distribution patterns of multimorbidity among the elderly people in rural Bangladesh. This cross-sectional study was conducted among persons aged > or = 60 years in Matlab, Bangladesh. Information on their demographics and literacy was c...
Article
Full-text available
To describe the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) among older persons in rural Bangladesh, to investigate whether the prevalence varies by age, sex, literacy, marital status, nutritional status and socio-economic status, and to assess the impact of MetS on survival. The study consisted of 456 persons who were aged ≥60 years living in a ru...
Article
Full-text available
Few studies have examined the associated factors of antepartum depressive and anxiety symptoms (ADS and AAS) in low-income countries, yet the World Health Organization identifies depressive disorders as the second leading cause of global disease burden by 2020. There is a paucity of research on mental disorders and their predictors among pregnant w...
Data
English translation of the original Bangla questionnaire.
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of depressive and anxiety symptoms on maternal bonding to the infant 2-3 months postpartum and the influence of the mother's bonding to the infant during pregnancy and to her own caregiver during her childhood on maternal bonding 2-3 months postpartum. This study originated from a community-ba...
Article
This study compares health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and its determinants among older people (≥60 years) in rural Bangladesh and Vietnam. Cross-sectional studies among older people were conducted in Bangladesh (n = 1031) and Vietnam (n = 870). Data on HRQoL were collected using an instrument that includes 24 items distributed into 6 dimension...
Article
To examine changes in self-reported arthritis-related illness and self-rated health as a result of a health education intervention, and the association between self-reported arthritis-related illness and self-rated health. A quasi-experimental study was conducted in eight randomly selected villages in rural Bangladesh (intervention = 4; control = 4...
Article
Full-text available
There is a high prevalence of antepartum depression and low birth weight (LBW) in Bangladesh. In high- and low-income countries, prior evidence linking maternal depressive and anxiety symptoms with infant LBW is conflicting. There is no research on the association between maternal mental disorders and LBW in Bangladesh. This study aims to investiga...
Article
To investigate the association between nutritional status and general and specific (fluid and crystallized) cognitive functioning in a group of older people living in a rural area in Bangladesh. Cross-sectional study. Matlab, Bangladesh. Four hundred fifty-seven randomly selected persons aged 60 and older (mean age 69.5 +/- 6.8), 55% female. Nutrit...
Article
Full-text available
In Bangladesh, being active and able to participate in productive activities is often essential to ensure ongoing health and survival. This study aims to describe and explore the patterns of participation in productive activities by older people in Matlab, a rural area of Bangladesh. Data from a cross sectional survey of people over 60 years of age...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the cross-sectional association of bone and joint diseases with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among 850 randomly sampled people aged 60 or more years in a rural area of Bangladesh. Information about arthritis, back and joint pain was collected through self-reports and two physicians' assessments at a health centre. Heal...
Article
To investigate the impact of nutritional status on self-reported as well as performance-based indicators of physical function in a rural elderly population in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study conducted in Matlab, Bangladesh, included 457 randomly selected community-living elderly persons aged 60 years or more (60-92 years; 69 +/- 7 years). Mobil...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the associations and relative impact of illness, socio-economic and social indicators for nutritional status among elderly persons in rural Bangladesh. A multidisciplinary, cross-sectional study employing home interviews to collect information on demographic, socio-economic and social status; clinical examination to classify medical...
Article
Full-text available
Unlabelled: This study examines the change in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among (> or =60 years) elderly persons as a result of health education intervention. A community-based intervention study was performed in eight randomly selected villages ( Intervention: n = 4; Control: n = 4) in rural Bangladesh. A total of 1135 elderly pers...
Article
In this paper, we present an international network of researchers from projects examining the human aging process and its consequences. It is both vital and urgent to include aging and a life course perspective on the public health agenda, particularly in low-income countries. By announcing the network in a publication, we wish not just to position...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the impact of health education on prevalence of and expenditure on treatment of self-reported arthritis-related illness among elderly persons in rural Bangladesh. An intervention study was conducted, including 1135 elderly persons (≥60 years) from eight randomly selected villages, four each of an intervention and a control area....
Article
Full-text available
In stating the Millennium Development Goals, the United Nations aims to halve malnutrition around the world by 2015. Nutritional status of the elderly population in low-income countries is seldom focused upon. The present study aimed to evaluate the magnitude of malnutrition among an elderly population in rural Bangladesh. Data collection for a mul...
Article
Data from the total urban population 75 years and older in Kungsholmen, Stockholm were used to calculate the distribution of home help services. A structured questionnaire was used to collect information about education, occupation, living conditions, Katz Activities of Daily Living Scale, contact with the family, medical treatment and also questio...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the presence and magnitude of sex differences in late adulthood, assessing 426 illiterate Bangladeshis, 239 literate Bangladeshis, and 598 Swedes. The cognitive domains examined included calculation, episodic memory, spatial visualization, and global cognitive ability. In general, men performed at a higher level than women on tasks...
Article
It is now well recognised that regular microcredit intervention is not enough to effectively reach the ultra poor in rural Bangladesh, in fact it actively excludes them for structural reasons. A grants-based integrated intervention was developed (with health inputs to mitigate the income-erosion effect of illness) to examine whether such a targeted...
Article
The objective of this article is to identify determinants of quality of life (QoL) and investigate their association with individual- and community-level social capital among older people in rural Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study of 1,135 elderly persons (aged >/= 60 years) was conducted in a rural district in Bangladesh. Independent variables i...
Article
Full-text available
Bangladesh is projected to experience a doubling of its elderly population from the current level of 7 million to 14 million by the end of the next decade. Drawing upon qualitative evidence from rural Bangladesh, this article focuses on coping strategies in cases of illness of elderly people and the contributing factors in determining the health-se...
Article
Full-text available
Bangladesh is projected to experience a doubling of its elderly population from the current level of 7 million to 14 million by the end of the next decade. Drawing upon qualitative evidence from rural Bangladesh, this article focuses on coping strategies in cases of illness of elderly people and the contributing factors in determin-ing the health-s...
Article
The aim of this study is to explore the meaning of quality of life (QoL) for elderly people in a rural community in Bangladesh. Data were obtained through in-depth interviews with 11 elderly persons aged 63–86 years. Interview data were analysed using content analysis to determine the conceptual meaning of elderly peoples' experiences of QoL. Two m...
Article
Full-text available
To study the health-seeking behaviour of elderly members (aged > 60 years) of households in rural Bangladesh, to ascertain how their behaviour differs from that of younger people (aged 20-59 years) living in the same household and to explore the determinants of health-seeking behaviour. Structured interviews were conducted to elicit information on...
Article
The purpose of this study was to review instruments of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) to identify an instrument appropriate for elderly people in rural Bangladesh. In addition, it hypothesizes that it is important to include physical, psychological, social, spiritual, economic, and environmental dimensions when assessing HRQoL in this group...
Article
The study aims to (i) describe regional variation and gender differences in health status of older people (60 years and older) in Bangladesh, indicated by self-reported health problems and functional ability; (ii) explore influence of socio-economic factors on health status of older people. In a cross-sectional study in rural and urban Bangladesh,...
Article
The assumption that social and economic transitions in a country pose a threat to the provision of support to older people is questioned in this study. The study investigates the availability and sources of such material, practical and emotional support in urban and rural areas of Bangladesh. The support provided by older people towards household f...
Article
To describe and contextualize functional status of elderly people (greater or lesser than 60 years) in Bangladesh by relating it to gender, region, and socioeconomic status. In this community-based study (N = 696), functional status was described through assessment of activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IAD...
Article
The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) is a brief global instrument used to assess cognitive abilities in the elderly, requiring literacy as a prerequisite. Such a precondition is impractical for populations with widespread illiteracy. The present study aimed to adapt the MMSE for the cultural context of Bangladesh and for use in populations irre...
Article
Diarrhea, a descriptive term used in medical science for a variety of clinical diseases denotes an illness that is categorized differently and known by numerous terms in various cultures. These diversified classifications and terminologies are based on the symptoms of diarrheal disorders their perceived etiology, and their treatment. In Bangladesh,...

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Projects

Projects (7)
Project
The project aims to assess the effectiveness of implementing a mobile application in Sweden in reducing stress, depressive symptoms and loneliness, and improving quality of life of family caregivers of persons with dementia.
Project
Nursing for older people includes promotion of health, prevention of illness, relief of suffering and care at the end of life at home, in nursing homes or in hospital. Older people are often defined as 65 years of age and older using Swedish definition but other age-limits are also used. The members of the project group conduct research that highlights many different aspects of aging. The study designs are cross-sectional, intervention studies, longitudinal studies and implementation studies, using both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Pedagogical research and development in the field of older people nursing/care will also be initiated.