Žaneta Dvořáková Née Procházková

Žaneta Dvořáková Née Procházková
The Czech Academy of Sciences | AVCR · Institute of the Czech Language

Doctor of Philosophy

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44
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
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In June 2019 a survey “Name exoplanet” was announced by the Astronomical Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences. The article analyses 1.822 collected name proposals. We can see several main motivations: 1) look of the exoplanet and its sun, 2) mythology and legends, 3) fairy tales, 4) literature and film, 5) great figures of history, 6) toponym...
Article
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This work is based on the Collections of Minor Place Names collected between 1963 and 1980 on the territory of Bohemia. These collections include more than 500 000 names and are kept at the Department of Onomastics of the Czech Language Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences. The non-settlement place names (minor place names, anoikonyms, microt...
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This paper is based on the practice in issuing of expert opinions for Czech registry offices and describes the problems related to the transcription of personal names from Cyrillic into Latin for foreigners who have acquired the citizenship of the Czech Republic. It focuses mainly on Ukrainian names, but described rules also concern other languages...
Conference Paper
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The study is based on onymic material from birthday and death notices of members of Czech Jewish communities published regularly in the bulletin Roš Chodeš (646 names), and on a sociological survey organised on-line (26 respondents). The choice of civil names for Jewish children born in the post-war period was infl uenced by the political and socia...
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Our onomastic journal is the only Czech peer-reviewed scientific periodical dealing with the field of proper names. It was founded in 1960 by Vladimír Šmilauer and Jan Svoboda as the second onomastic journal in Slavic world (after the Polish Onomastica). It has changed its name several times: Zpravodaj Místopisné komise ČSAV (Bulletin of the Topogr...
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In our minds, many toponyms are connected with important historical or mythical events. This paper is focused on the toponym Polná and some proper names related to this town. Polná was one of many small sleepy towns in the Vysočina region. Everything changed with the murder of Anežka Hrůzová in 1899. The rumours of a “ritual murder” spread and the...
Conference Paper
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This paper is based on an analysis of 70 radio listeners' questions about the origin of their surnames. It focuses on folk etymology and evaluation of surnames as “foreign”. Family legends mostly consider the founder of the family to have been a French soldier who remained after the battle in Austerlitz, or a Swedish soldier from the 30-year-war, o...
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The article analyses name proposals which were collected by the Brno municipality. In June 2018 a survey for the name of the new train station in Brno was announced. People sent there 3 329 names. Some proposals were serious, some humorous and provocative.
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This article deals with conceptions of proper names used in Czech monolingual dictionaries. It is focused on the difference between proper names that are in the body of the dictionary and special lists of proper names. Some conceptual and methodological problems are discussed as well, such as selection criteria, the inclusion of unofficial forms of...
Conference Paper
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The paper is focused on possible ways of introducing lower primary school pupils to the topic of motivations of Czech surnames. Worksheets have been created to encourage children's interest in proper names and etymology in a playful and engaging manner.
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The naming traditions of Czech and Moravian Jews were significantly influenced by the law of Joseph II. on the necessity of accepting German given names issued in 1787. A list of authorized names was created. This list was abolished in 1836 when naming by any German name was allowed. It was only in 1867 when the Jews could give their children any n...
Article
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Many literary onomastic studies are focused on etymology of proper names of literary characters. This paper is based on specific situation in texts when literary characters are trying to explain an etymology of their proper names themselves. Their theories could be real or fictive but they always tell us something about the character or about their...
Article
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There are many Czech surnames motivated by parts of human or animal body. Some of them are connected with sexual or fecal activities. These surnames are pejorative and many of them were changed during the time and disappeared from our onymic system. This article is focused on surnames which are meant to be obscene only by a folk etymology but their...
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In this paper, I would like to introduce some classifications of proper names in literature that are currently used in the Czech onomastic research. They are based on the typology of M. Knappová as well as German or Polish onomastics. I would also like to summarize some of my observations of the literary onymic function. Onymic functions are only o...
Article
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My paper is focused on functions of toponyms in literature. I have tried to analyze various roles which place names may play in fiction. There are six basic situations: the first – a real place has its authentic name, the second – a real place has different name, not authentic, the third – a fictive place has a name of real place, however, there is...
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Literary onomastics should pay more attention to the problem of translation of proper names in literature. In translation practice we can see three general attitudes: domestication (substitution of original names by Czech ones), exotization (leaving of original names unchanged because of their exotic atmosphere) or a mix of these methods (some name...
Conference Paper
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Terry Pratchett has created a fictional world, an integral part of which is a detailed and sophisticated system of place names. In his novels there are realistic names giving us an illusion of the real world and often serving as a characterization as well. Association is typical for a further kind of literary toponyms, the names refer to actual pla...
Conference Paper
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In 1984 J. Spal wrote an essay about future development of onomastics. One part of the article was devoted to literary onomastics. I would like to follow Spal’s considerations and show some methods of research which could be interesting and useful for us (e. g. interviews with authors, research of readers’ reception, corpora and dictionaries of lit...
Conference Paper
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Czech literary onomastics traditionally belongs to linguistic studies (onomastics and stylistics). However, in German Metzler Lexikon Literatur- und Kulturtheorie by A. Nünning the literary onomastics is defined as a discipline of literary theory. I agree with a definition of literary onomastics as a specific field of study connecting onymic attrib...
Article
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Many flower names belong to a very archaic layer of anthroponyms. They were created as protecting names (demons should believe that a person with a flower name is a flower itself) and later they had characterization or predestination functions. Flowers had many symbolical meanings (ancient and medieval Christian) which could influence proper names...
Conference Paper
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My paper is focused on synchronic and diachronic views on literary anthroponyms. Synchronic analyses of literary proper names include two fields of study. The first one is a contemporary poetic (i. e. a set of „rules“ in art prevailing in an era of writing the story) and a contemporary context (social, historical etc.) and their influence on a choi...
Article
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My paper is focused on naming in one stem of my family during the 19th century. The Vosika family lived in parish Cíhošt in Bohemia. I have tried to analyse names of children in this family and in the whole parish in 1785-1885. We can observe that the most important factor of the choice of the first name was its popularity. Names of parents or godp...
Article
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The first part of the article presents various approaches to the functions of proper names in literature and lists those which are most commonly encountered in literary onomastics. The primary theoretical point of departure is based on German (K. Gutschmidt, V. Birus, D. Lamping, F. Debus), Polish (A. Wilkon) and Czech (M. Knappova, S. Pastyrik) sc...
Article
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We have tried to show some fields of study which the literary onomastics has not been interested in yet (fictive masthead, pen names). The reason for that can be that they are not part of literary texts themselves but they only accompany them. In the second part of our paper we focus on proper names which helped to construct mystification of „Czec...
Article
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Fictional anthroponyms in literature are mostly based on real names or they are inspired by them. However, real onymic system is influenced by fictional names as well. This fact can be documented by a fashion of naming babies according movie or literature characters. Some fictional anthroponyms can become official (for example Jessica is a proper n...
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Humankind was destroyed during a nuclear war. This is the beginning of the last novel of B. Malamud, God's Grace. The only man who survived was Calvin Cohn. On a boat he found a speaking chimpanzee and then a group of chimpanzees and baboons on an island. Cohn as a new biblical Adam gave names to the monkeys. There are two different sorts of these...
Conference Paper
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Characters not only use their names in narrative but they live through them as well. They identify themselves with their names or they hate them. For some of characters the name is something given only by chance. Characters talk about names, appreciate them, look for their origin or try to explain the meaning of names. Character’s opinion of name a...
Article
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My paper is focused on a few particular situations of voluntary erosion of the identification (Identifizierung) function of a literary person’s name. The first situation involves the way of naming of the character – the character without a name, with more than one name and similar or the same names for more characters. The second is a situation whe...
Conference Paper
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According to our definition the association function refers to real persons/places or persons/places known from literature or cultural tradition. Names with the association function do not have to be identical with referential names, they can be only similar to them. The guiding principle of the association function is understanding of allusion, fi...
Article
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Ždánidla is a name of a peak in Šumava Mountains. Etymology of this name is not clear. Toponyms such as Ždáň, Ždánice or Ždánov are derived from anthroponym Ždán. However, we do not interpret Ždánidla as a name connected with this anthroponym. According to our opinion Ždánidla could be related to old Czech verb ždáti “wait”, “expect”. Czech name Žd...
Article
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Literary onomastics is relatively young discipline of research. We can find few articles about literary names in 1950’s. However, literary names have been studying systematically since 1970 in our country. Especially analysis of concrete literary work and work of one author were in a centre of interest in the first period of research. They were foc...
Conference Paper
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I was concerned with archaic myths and “primitive“ cultures where the myth remains part of everyday life. I focused only on one aspect of archaic or “primitive” way of thinking – understanding the word and the proper name and the use of them. I was interested in the power of the word and name as well as in prohibition of saying them aloud (taboo)....
Article
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There is not a general agreement which kind of names should be considered to be „literary names“. According to my opinion ALL names in literary works are literary. However, not only proper names are able to identify character, in some cases (depending on the context of the whole story) some appellatives can be interpreted in the same way as proper...
Conference Paper
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The main function of foreigner’s name is to signal “foreignness” of the character and also to enable classification of his/her national origin. The signal of “foreignness” may be for example the graphic form of the name, its spelling or morphological structure. Typical or common names in some national language are chosen for literary foreigners as...
Conference Paper
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I focused on the power of names as well as on prohibition of saying them aloud (taboo) in modern literature. Calling someone by his/her name can be prohibited by the whole society (e. g. the name of Lord Voldemort) or by the character her/himself (e. g. Sauron) because the proper name is an integral part of personality and her/his self-reflection (...
Article
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My paper is focused on functions of urbanonyms in literature. I have tried to analyze various roles which urban names may play in fiction. There are two different sorts of these names – real and unreal. Most authors use real urbanonyms which can be found in a concrete town. Some descriptions are so detailed that the reader could take a map and see...
Article
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Analysing the toponyms in the novel Robinson Crusoe by D. Defoe and the novel by J. V. Pleva based on the Defoe’s original, we try to show the functions of the place-names in these texts and the different approach of these authors to the illusion of reality evocated by using or non-using of real toponyms. In Robinson by Defoe there is no place-name...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
My paper is focused on a few particular situations of voluntary erosion of the identification (Identifizierung) and illusionistic (Illusionierung) function of the literary person’s name. One of them is a situation when the name is given to the character in the course of the story, in front of the reader’s eyes (the person is named by the narrator,...

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Jewish antroponyms in Bohemia and Moravia from different points of view