Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar

Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
University of Huddersfield · Department of Pharmacy

BPharm MPharm PhD SFHEA
Editing "Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Public Health and Health Services Research in Pharmacy" (Springer 2023)

About

398
Publications
232,113
Reads
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4,172
Citations
Introduction
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar is the Professor in Medicines and Healthcare and the Director of Centre of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice Research at the University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom. He has worked as an academic in Malaysia, New Zealand and in the United Kingdom and understands the medicines, education and health globally.
Additional affiliations
January 2017 - present
University of Huddersfield
Position
  • Professor
December 2007 - December 2015
University of Auckland
Position
  • Head of Department
December 2006 - December 2007
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
May 2003 - October 2006
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Field of study
  • Pharmacy

Publications

Publications (398)
Article
Full-text available
Malaysia's stable health care system is facing challenges with increasing medicine costs. To investigate these issues a survey was carried out to evaluate medicine prices, availability, affordability, and the structure of price components. The methodology developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Action International (HAI) was use...
Article
Objective This review systematically identified published literature on pharmacy education in low- and middle-income countries. Specific aims were twofold: Firstly, to systematically identify and quantify published literature on pharmacy education in the context of low- and middle-income countries. Secondly, to explore and understand the major patt...
Article
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Objectives To identify priority medicines policy issues for New Zealand. Setting Stakeholders from a broad range of healthcare and policy institutions including primary, secondary and tertiary care. Participants Exploratory, semistructured interviews were conducted with 20 stakeholders throughout New Zealand. Primary and secondary outcome measures...
Article
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Objective: To review existing regulations and policies utilised by countries to enable patient access to orphan drugs. Methods: A review of the literature (1998 to 2014) was performed to identify relevant, peer-reviewed articles. Using content analysis, we synthesised regulations and policies for access to orphan drugs by type and by country. R...
Article
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Generic medicines are commonly used in New Zealand; however, Pharmaceutical Management Agency of New Zealand (PHARMAC) has indicated a need for better information to the public. Studies on consumers' perceptions suggest that pharmacists play an important role in consumers' choice; hence, "quality use of generic medicines" can be promoted with a bet...
Article
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Background People with weakened immune systems may not develop adequate protection after taking two doses of the mRNA-combined COVID-19 vaccine. The additional dose may improve the level of protection against Covid-19. Objectives Current study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and determents of third COVID-19 vaccine booster dose acceptanc...
Article
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Background: Precision medicine beckons new horizons for therapy geared to one’s genetics, lifestyle, and environmental determinants. Molecular, pathology, and clinical diagnostics can be integrated to provide pharmaceutical care. Aims: The value and appeal of precision medicine to community pharmacists, knowledge attained, and training programmes p...
Article
Objectives The objective of the literature review is to collect data on how cancer medication pricing affects affordability and availability around the world. Key findings A literature search was carried out between 12 October 2020 and 2 December 2020, articles were selected based on them being available as full texts online and written in English...
Article
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The timely reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) could improve pharmacovigilance (PV) in a healthcare system. However, in almost all healthcare systems barriers exist that lead to the underreporting of ADRs. The objective of this study was to identify the barriers and facilitators regarding PV activities from the point of view of healthcare pr...
Article
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Objectives: Due to the absence of necessary rules, poor coordination, and various challenges, the pharmacovigilance system of Pakistan is not optimally functional at all levels of the health system. The objective of the study was to assess the stakeholders' perceptions of the current ADR reporting system and to identify the pharmacovigilance policy...
Article
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Background Pharmacy practice research publications has increased significantly in the last decade. This is also true for Middle Eastern countries. Aims The aim of this study was to document and review pharmacy practice literature in the Middle Eastern Arab countries. Materials and methods A scoping review was conducted using PRISMA-ScR guidelines...
Article
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Vaccine coverage for children is an important indicator of the performance of national health and immunization systems. Most of the existing literature has targeted mothers' low educational level, living in underserved districts and/or remote rural areas and economic poverty that are correlated with low immunization coverage but the supply- and dem...
Article
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Background: Diabetes is among the top ten most prevalent diseases in Pakistan, suggesting that these patients may be the major drug consumers. Insulin was discovered a century ago, to treat diabetes, however, its access in several parts of the globe remains an issue. So, we evaluated insulin access in Pakistan. Methods: A nationwide cross-sectional...
Article
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Background: Successful mass vaccination programmes are public health achievements of the contemporary world. While pharmaceutical companies are actively developing new vaccines, and demonstrating results of effectiveness and safety profiles, concerns on COVID-19 vaccine management are under-reported. We aimed to synthesise the evidence for efficien...
Article
Objectives This study aims to measure expectations and perceptions about the general practice pharmacists’ (GPPs) roles in England and Australia. Methods The study is based on the interviews conducted with key stakeholders from England and Australia, including general practitioners, nurses, GPPs, organizational lead and academics. There were a tot...
Article
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Equitable access to medicines has played a vital role to improve patient health outcomes and reducing mortality globally. However, it is important to note that medicines pricing is a key determinant in promoting access to medicines. The studies and empirical data have shown that there are wide variations in prices across countries for the same bran...
Article
Aims There has been an increase in prescribing and costs of oral hypoglycaemic agents in England and other countries. This study aims to investigate the trends in prescriptions, costs, and adverse events of metformin and metformin-based single pill drug combinations from 2015 to 2020 and explore why changes in use or cost are occurring. Methods Pre...
Article
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Objectives: Pakistan felt the need for an effective and robust pharmacovigilance (PV) system after one of the deadliest drug-related tragedies causing more than 300 deaths in 2012. The country set up its national PV center in 2015 and joined WHO’s Program for International Drug Monitoring (PIDM) in 2018 as a full member. The current study was aimed...
Article
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While having access to safe and efficient vaccines is essential for eradicating the COVID-19 pandemic, gaining marketing authorisation is a critical step in enabling and speeding this process. On December 2, 2020, the United Kingdom became the first country to approve the first COVID-19 vaccine. This commentary aims to provide a quick overview of t...
Article
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The expansion of the pharmacist-led services has resulted in increased demand to have evidence in terms of necessity, efficacy, and cost. Evidence-based practice is crucial to provide the best patient health outcomes and pharmacy practice research can play a key role in this regard. This commentary provides a background of pharmacy practice researc...
Article
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic has put community pharmacists at the frontline of prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery efforts. Pharmacies had to reorganize and implement several different interventions and measures within a very short time frame. Objectives 1) To map the current reported practice and trends and to review the literatu...
Article
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Objectives To identify priority medicines policy issues, including the ‘use’ and ‘access to medicines’ in Qatar. Design In this qualitative study, general inductive method was used and semi-structured exploratory interviews conducted. Setting Stakeholders from a broad range of academic and healthcare practitioners in Qatar. Participants Explorat...
Article
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The lack of access to safe medicines and quality healthcare services in peri-urban and rural areas is a major challenge driving a health system to innovate new models of care. This commentary will discuss the implementation and impact of the "Guddi baji" tele-pharmacy model, a project piloted by doctHERs, one of Pakistan's leading telemedicine orga...
Article
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Background Private sector retail pharmacies, or drug shops, play an important role in access to essential medicines and services in low-and-middle-income countries. Recognising that they have the potential to contribute to health system strengthening efforts, many recent initiatives to engage with drug shops have been launched. These include initia...
Preprint
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Background: Many patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have poor physical and mental health, little is known about these health domains in individuals with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). The study aimed to study how symptoms, depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) differed between ESRD and CKD patients. Methodology: P...
Article
Purpose This study looked at the impact of a community-based public health campaign on hypertension and diabetes mellitus awareness and prevention, as well as student experiential learning in a campaign conducted by pharmacy students. Design/methodology/approach A convenience sampling cross-sectional pre–post survey was done to assess disease awar...
Article
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Background Tuberculosis is a major contributor to the global burden of disease, causing more than a million deaths annually. Given an emphasis on equity in access to diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in global health targets, evaluations of differences in tuberculosis burden by sex are crucial. We aimed to assess the levels and trends of the...
Article
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Background The shortage of medicines represents a complex global phenomenon that triggers patient care and safety issues. The study was undertaken to explore the impact of medicines shortages on patients in Pakistan. The study also identified barriers which hinder the solutions of medicines shortages issue. Methods A qualitative study design was a...
Article
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The objective of this qualitative study was to explore how the medicine sales staff responded to presumptive COVID-19 patients in Pakistan. The data were obtained from the medicine sales staff working at drug retail outlets of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan, through in-depth face-to-face interviews using a semi-structured interview guide. A two-step...
Article
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Background Measuring routine childhood vaccination is crucial to inform global vaccine policies and programme implementation, and to track progress towards targets set by the Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP) and Immunization Agenda 2030. Robust estimates of routine vaccine coverage are needed to identify past successes and persistent vulnerabiliti...
Article
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Background: Measuring routine childhood vaccination is crucial to inform global vaccine policies and programme implementation, and to track progress towards targets set by the Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP) and Immunization Agenda 2030. Robust estimates of routine vaccine coverage are needed to identify past successes and persistent vulnerabilit...
Article
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Direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are replacing conventional VKA (vitamin K antagonist, i.e., warfarin) for various indications where a therapeutic anticoagulant effect is desired. We evaluated the prescribing patterns of the DOACs and warfarin, cost implications of the increasing DOACs prescribing, and deduce the reporting of serious and f...
Article
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Introduction: Dementia is currently one of the leading causes of mortality globally, and mortality due to dementia will likely increase in the future along with corresponding increases in population growth and population aging. However, large inconsistencies in coding practices in vital registration systems over time and between countries complica...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Measuring routine childhood vaccination is crucial to inform global vaccine policies and programme implementation, and to track progress towards targets set by the Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP) and Immunization Agenda 2030. Robust estimates of routine vaccine coverage are needed to identify past successes and persistent vulnerabilit...
Article
Full-text available
Drug shortage is a global issue affecting low, middle, and high-income countries. Many countries have developed various strategies to overcome the problem, while the problem is accelerating, affecting the whole world. All types of drugs, such as essential life-saving drugs, oncology medicines, antimicrobial drugs, analgesics, opioids, cardiovascula...
Article
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Introduction: Access to essential medicines (EMs) is a basic human right. Non-availability and shortages of EMs are reported for Pakistan but there is insufficient data to define the nature and magnitude of this problem. The current study is designed to systematically analyze the medicines included in the National Essential Medicines List (NEML) f...
Article
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Background: Prices of cancer medicines are a major contributor to the cost of treatment for cancer patients and the comparison of these cost needs to be assessed. Objectives: To assess the prices of cancer medicines for the three most common cancers ((breast, prostate and colorectal) in the private healthcare sector of South Africa. Methods: The me...
Article
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Background Prices of cancer medicines are a major contributor to the cost of treatment for cancer patients and the comparison of these cost needs to be assessed. Objectives To assess the prices of cancer medicines for the three most common cancers ((breast, prostate and colorectal) in the private healthcare sector of South Africa. Methods The meth...
Article
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Background High-resolution estimates of HIV burden across space and time provide an important tool for tracking and monitoring the progress of prevention and control efforts and assist with improving the precision and efficiency of targeting efforts. We aimed to assess HIV incidence and HIV mortality for all second-level administrative units across...
Article
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Background: Since the WHO announced that Covid-19 had become a global pandemic, online pharmacies have emerged as an extremely popular way to purchase medication due to the quarantine measures introduced by numerous countries to prevent the virus's spread. Aim: The aim of this study was to collect information regarding the extent of online medic...
Article
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Background The emerging threat of antibiotic resistance is growing exponentially and antibiotic stewardship programs are cornerstone to fight against this global threat. The study aimed to explore the knowledge, perspectives and practices of physicians regarding various aspects of antibiotic stewardship program including antibiotic stewardship acti...
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Background: Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally accounting for more than half of deaths in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). Cancer treatment is expensive and the high prices of cancer medicines have a huge impact on access in LMICs. Scarcity of pricing or affordability data is one of the major barriers in the development o...
Article
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Background Hearing loss affects access to spoken language, which can affect cognition and development, and can negatively affect social wellbeing. We present updated estimates from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study on the prevalence of hearing loss in 2019, as well as the condition's associated disability. Methods We did systematic reviews...
Article
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Background Hearing loss affects access to spoken language, which can affect cognition and development, and can negatively affect social wellbeing. We present updated estimates from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study on the prevalence of hearing loss in 2019, as well as the condition's associated disability. Methods We did systematic reviews...
Article
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Background Poor availability and unaffordability of key access antibiotics may increase antimicrobial resistance in the community by promoting inappropriate antibiotic selection and abridged therapy compliance. Objective To check the prices, availability, and affordability of the World Health Organization (WHO) key access antibiotics in private se...
Chapter
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The prevalence of CVDs within the Gulf Cooperation Council, of which Qatar is a member country, is very high. In today’s healthcare system, secondary prevention health management programs have become indispensable approaches for health promotion and disease pre...
Chapter
Continuing professional development (CPD) has the potential to provide pharmacists with the skills they require to meet the health needs of their local population. It also ensures that key learning needs of pharmacists are met. Evidence shows that CPD can improve clinical knowledge, and improve pharmacists’ perceptions of their practice. However, t...
Article
Introduction The role of pharmacists in healthcare is undergoing transformation throughout the world. The continuing professional development (CPD) model has motivated pharmacists in developed countries to adopt lifelong learning. This is vital to improve competence and to optimize patient care. This study aimed to explore the existence and underst...
Article
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The 4th PPRI Conference, held in Vienna in October 2019, addressed issues related to equitable and affordable access to medicines. A multi-stakeholder audience from around the globe discussed solutions and best practice models for current challenges such as high-priced medicines, limitations of current pricing and reimbursement policies and tight b...
Preprint
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Article
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Background Antimicrobial agents are among the most commonly prescribed drugs in pregnancy due to the increased susceptibility to infections during pregnancy. Antimicrobials can contribute to different maternal complications. Therefore, it is important to study their patterns in prescription and utilization. The data regarding this issue is scarce i...
Article
Background Community pharmacists’ role in the primary health care, patient-centered services, beyond traditional dispensing services is well established in the developed world. However, this role is not fully established in low-middle-income countries including Pakistan. Objective To explore community pharmacists’ perspectives and preparedness abou...
Article
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Medicines are important health interventions and their appropriate use could improve health outcomes. Throughout the globe, pharmacists play a very important role to improve the use of medicines. Though high-income countries are debating on futuristic approaches, independent prescribing of pharmacists, clinical skills, and to expand pharmacy servic...
Cover Page
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Pharmacy Practice Research Case Studies narrates examples, interventions, case studies depicting evaluation, innovation, service delivery in pharmacy services. The topics include pharmacy services, medicines use, medicine compliance, counselling, economic evaluation of pharmacy services, RCT on pharmacy services showing advancement in care etc The...
Chapter
After its independence, Ukraine has seen its pharmacy come a long way from infancy to reaching the appropri