Z. J. Rong

Z. J. Rong
Chinese Academy of Sciences | CAS · Institute of Geology and Geophysics

PhD

About

127
Publications
15,303
Reads
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1,308
Citations
Citations since 2016
85 Research Items
1080 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Introduction
magnetosphere dynamics solar-terrestial/planetray interaction storm-substorm
Additional affiliations
March 2014 - February 2015
Swedish Institute of Space Physics
Position
  • Scholar visitor
January 2013 - present
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
July 2009 - December 2012
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (127)
Article
An earlier statistical survey suggested that the flow-aligned component of upstream interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) may play an important role in controlling the lobe-asymmetries of the Venusian magnetotail. The tail current sheet would be displaced and the magnetic field configuration would show asymmetries with respect to the current sheet. T...
Article
Full-text available
Plain Language Summary Without the protection of an intrinsic magnetic field, solar wind can interact directly with the Martian atmosphere and drive ion escape, which plays a vital role in the evolution of the planetary atmosphere. It was shown that, on average, all Martian ions accelerated by the solar wind flow downstream and escape to interplane...
Article
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The geomagnetic field prevents energetic particles, such as galactic cosmic rays, from directly interacting with the Earth's atmosphere. The geomagnetic field is not static but constantly changing, and over the last 100,000 years several geomagnetic excursions occurred. During geomagnetic field excursions, the field strength is significantly decrea...
Article
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Using over 6 years of magnetic field data (October 2014–December 2020) collected by the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN, we conduct a statistical study on the three‐dimensional average magnetic field structure around Mars. We find that this magnetic field structure conforms to the pattern typical of an induced magnetosphere, that is, the int...
Article
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Mercury has a terrestrial‐like magnetosphere which is usually taken as a scaled‐down‐version of Earth's magnetosphere with a similar current system. We examine Mercury's magnetospheric current system based on a survey of Mercury's magnetic field measured by the Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging spacecraft as well as comp...
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Ion escape from the atmosphere to space is one of the most likely reasons to account for the evolution of the Martian climate. Based on three-dimensional multifluid magnetohydrodynamic simulations, we investigated the impact of the magnetic inclination angle on O ⁺ escape at low altitudes of 275–1000 km under the typical solar wind conditions. Nume...
Article
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The photoelectron boundary (PEB) at Mars is defined to be the boundary separating the photoelectron-dominated ionosphere from the external plasma environment. Extensive studies have been presented to analyze the PEB variation in the Martian dayside ionosphere. However, the PEB was identified manually in previous studies because of the difficulty in...
Article
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In the White Paper, submitted in response to the European Space Agency (ESA) Voyage 2050 Call, we present the importance of advancing our knowledge of plasma-neutral gas interactions, and of deepening our understanding of the partially ionized environments that are ubiquitous in the upper atmospheres of planets and moons, and elsewhere in space. In...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mercury has a terrestrial-like magnetosphere which is usually taken as a scaled-down-version of Earth’s magnetosphere with a similar current system. We examine Mercury’s magnetospheric current system based on a survey of Mercury’s magnetic field measured by the Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft as...
Article
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On the great journey to Mars, China"s first planetary exploration mission, the Tianwen-1 came within 26 million kilometers of Mars from 31 October 2020 to 25 January 2021 and was getting closer to its destination, the red planet, in search of answers to the cataclysmic climate change that occurred in Martian history. Both the escape of the Martian...
Article
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Key Points: We present the first results of Tianwen-1/MINPA solar wind observations. q The MINPA solar wind data are compared with Earth-based OMNI data. q The blocking effect due to the lander capsule is analyzed quantitatively. Abstract: The Mars Ion and Neutral Particle Analyzer (MINPA) is one of the three scientific instruments onboard the Tian...
Article
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Ion escape to space through the interaction of solar wind and Mars is an important factor influencing the evolution of the Martian atmosphere. The plasma clouds (explosive bulk plasma escape), considered an important ion escaping channel, have been recently identified by spacecraft observations. However, our knowledge about Martian plasma clouds is...
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The current work investigates the Venusian solar-wind-induced magnetosphere at a high spatial resolution using all Venus Express (VEX) magnetic observations through an unbiased statistical method. We first evaluate the predictability of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) during VEX’s Venusian magnetospheric transits and then map the induced fi...
Article
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The geomagnetic field originates from interior dynamo currents and can be approximated well by a simple dipolar field in the vicinity of Earth's surface. Given that the dipolar field is induced by a current loop, it is possible to invert the loop parameters by tracing the sampled magnetic field geometry. Drawing on the analysis of field geometric s...
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We review the range of applications and use of the curlometer, initially developed to analyze Cluster multi‐spacecraft magnetic field data; but more recently adapted to other arrays of spacecraft flying in formation, such as MMS small‐scale, 4‐spacecraft configurations; THEMIS close constellations of 3–5 spacecraft, and Swarm 2–3 spacecraft configu...
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This study presents a new spherical harmonic (SH) model of the crustal magnetic field of Mars, based on the magnetic field data set measured by the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) and the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) spacecraft. To minimize the influence of external fields due to solar wind interaction with Mars, we rejected data that...
Article
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Held in Suzhou, Jiangsu province of China in June 2021, the conference served to unite a wide community of planetary science within China, and hopes to become one of the world’s premier planetary science conferences in the future.
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Plain Language Summary The magnetic field plays a key role in the dynamical evolution of space plasmas; it traps and stores plasma particles, and controls the transfer, conversion, and release of the energies. The magnetic field can form various structures, where the magnetic field lines can bend and twist. At the present time, full imaging of the...
Article
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The Venusian plasma environment is divided into two distinct regions by the induced magnetosphere boundary (IMB): the domain of solar wind protons and the domain of local planetary ions. Previous studies on the identification of the IMB gave various IMB definitions. Here we study the well-structured Venusian IMB with a sudden magnetic field rotatio...
Preprint
Full-text available
The current work investigates the Venusian solar-wind-induced magnetosphere at a high spatial resolution using all Venus Express (VEX) magnetic observations through an unbiased statistical method. We first evaluate the predictability of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) during VEX's magnetospheric transits, and then map the induced field in a...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter covers a selection of the range of multispacecraft techniques that have been initially developed to analyze Cluster data. We begin the chapter with a short introduction, following this with an account of the methods and their application. The topics are separated into those dealing with magnetic field gradients and topology (which incl...
Article
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Using the data sets of Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN and OMNI for the period 2014 October 10-2020 February 14 and the heliocentric distance of 1-1.66 au, we investigate the statistical properties of solar wind upstream of Mars for the first time. The key parameters, including interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), proton density (N), bulk ve...
Article
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The balloon-borne Planetary Atmosphere Spectroscopic Telescope (PAST), China’s first planetary optical remote-sensing project, will be launched for testing and conducting scientific flights during 2021 and 2022. Images of the planetary atmosphere and plasma in ultraviolet and visible wavelengths will be used to investigate the diversity of the plan...
Article
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In the absence of solar radiation, precipitating electrons from the solar wind (SW) are generally thought to be the dominant source of energy deposition in the nightside Martian upper atmosphere, creating a patchy ionosphere and possibly also affecting the nightside thermal budget of various neutral and ionized species. Previous model calculations...
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Plain Language Summary The oscillation of a magnetotail current sheet, known as the magnetotail flapping motion, plays an important role in dissipating the magnetic field energy stored in a magnetotail. This flapping motion is a common dynamic behavior of a magnetotail, which has been observed widely for Earth and other planets of our solar system....
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Plain Language Summary Magnetic reconnection is known as an important process that transforms magnetic energy into the kinetic and thermal energy of plasma, and has been frequently observed in the Earth's magnetosphere. In contrast to Earth, Venus lacks an intrinsic magnetic field and magnetic reconnection in the space environment of Venus has been...
Article
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Magnetic flux ropes, characterized as magnetic field lines that wrap and rotate around a central axis, are observed ubiquitously in the space-plasma environment. Accurately examining the physical parameters (e.g., axis orientation, helical handedness, current density, curvature radius, and size) of flux ropes is essential for studying their evoluti...
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This research aims to determine the geometrical configurations of boundary surfaces in the space environment, based on multiple spacecraft measurements. To achieve this, the Normal Field Analysis (NFA) method is presented here. With multipoint observations, the three‐dimensional gradient of the normal of boundary layers can be obtained, and the pri...
Article
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In this study, we reported the large-amplitude and fast-damped flapping of the plasma sheet, which co-occurred with magnetic reconnection. Data from the Double Star TC-1 and Cluster satellites were used to analyze the features of the plasma sheet flapping 1.4 R E earthward of an ongoing magnetic reconnection event. The flapping was rapidly damped,...
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Unlike Earth, Mars lacks a global dipolar magnetic field but is dominated by patches of a remnant crustal magnetic field. In 2021, the Chinese Mars Rover will land on the surface of Mars and measure the surface magnetic field along a moving path within the possible landing region of 20°W–50°W, 20°N–30°N. One scientific target of the Rover is to mon...
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Energy circulation in geospace lies at the heart of space weather research. In the inner magnetosphere, the steep plasmapause boundary separates the cold dense plasmasphere, which corotates with the planet, from the hot ring current/plasma sheet outside. Theoretical studies suggested that plasmapause surface waves related to the sharp inhomogeneity...
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Plain Language Summary Earth, Venus, and Mars have very different atmospheres although they are thought to possess similar atmospheres about 4.5 billion years ago. One of the main reasons considered for the losses of H2O and O2 is dramatic decreases in the dipole magnetic field on Venus and Mars. Although the Earth has kept its intrinsic magnetic f...
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We investigate the influence of orbital eccentricity and interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) direction on the dimensions of Mercury’s magnetosphere using four Earth years of data collected by the MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging spacecraft. The variations in magnetopause subsolar distance, flank distance, and tail radiu...
Article
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The flapping motion of Mercury's magnetotail current sheet is investigated based on the observations of MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER). The typical flapping period in Mercury's magnetotail is much shorter (~13 s), comparing with ~10–20 min at Earth's magnetotail. The magnetic field oscillation amplitude in...
Article
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Earth's present dipolar magnetic field extends into the interplanetary space and interacts with the solar wind, forming a magnetosphere filled up with charged particles mostly originating from the Earth's atmosphere. In the elongated tail of the magnetosphere, the particles were observed to move either Earthward or tailward at different locations,...
Article
Proton cyclotron waves (PCWs) can be generated by ion pickup of Martian exospheric particles in the solar wind. The solar wind ion pickup process is highly dependent on the “IMF cone angle” — the angle between the solar wind velocity and the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), which also plays an important role in the generation of PCWs. Using dat...